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LEWNĖS, or LUNES, levies ? --a benefaction of
40s. is payable to the parish of Walsall, to ease the poor inhabitants of their lernes and assessments.-Rep. ix. p. 585.-This word seems peculiar to the County of Stafford, as it occurs in the same sense at
Kingsley.- Rep. xiii. p. 420. Lug, a pole to measure land with. In mea
suring, it is the same with a Perch or Rod, or, as some call it, Lugg. By the Statute of the 35th of ELIZABETH, this measure is a length of 16 feet, but in some Counties it consists of 18 feet, and is called Woodland measure,-in some places of 21 feet, termed Church measure, and in others, of 24 feet, under the name of Forest measure. -PHILLIPS.
And eke that ample pitt, yet far renown'd
SPENSER'S F. Q. b. II. C. x. xi.
The manchet fine, on highe estates bestowe,
An estate in the parish of Hedsor, in the County of Buckingham, called “ Lambert Farm,” was formerly holden under the Manor, by the service of bringing in the first dish at the Lord's table, on St. Stephen's day, and presenting him with two hens, a cock, a gallon of ale, and two manchets of white bread.-Beckwith’s Fragmenta Antiquitatis, p. 444.
NORDEN, in his Speculum Britannie, p. 25, describes Heston, in the County of Middlesex, as “a most fertyle place of wheate, yet not so much to be commended for the quantitie, as for the qualitie, for the wheat is most pure, accompted the purest in manie shires. And, therefore, Queene EliZABETH hath the most part of her provision from that place for Manchet for Her High
nes's own diet, as is reported.” MASLIN, or MISCELIN, a provincial word, im
plying bread made of mingled corn, as
wheat with rye. Meese, meadows ?--an annual rent issuing out
of a certain toft or meese place, is payable
to the poor of Shiffnal, in Shropshire. Met, a measure, a strike or four pecks,-20 mets or 40 bushels of coals are directed to be given to 20 poor widows of Bridlington.
-Rep. ix. p. 732. Mortows, the rent of a parcel of meadow
ground, in two parcels or mottous, is to be appropriated to the poor of Bradley, in the County of Stafford.— Rep. xi. p. 529.Quære, from Motte, a clod, a turf of earth, a little hill, also a Butt to shoot at.-Cot
MUNCORN, or MANGCORN, corn of several kinds
mixed,-as, wheat and rye. It is generally pronounced Mung Corn, and occurs in old records. The word is in common use,
both in Shropshire and Staffordshire, and some parts of Worcestershire, among the poorer people, to denominate an inferior kind of
bread. Nook of LAND, two Ferdells of land make a
Nook, and four Nooks make a Yard Land,
v. Yard LAND. Odd-Mark, in Hereford, one third of the arable
land of a farm ;-thus, if a farm comprised 150 acres, under tillage, it was divided according to the old mode of husbandry, into three equal parts ;--one under fallow, another under wheat, and a third under Lent grain ;-the Odd-Mark particularly applies to the fallow, as under preparation for
wheat.-DUNCUMB. PARROCK, a Paddock, a small inclosure,-the
diminutive of Park,—a field adjoining to,
or surrounding a house. Piddle of Ground, a corruption of Pightel. Pightel, or Picle, a small parcel of land in
closed with a hedge, which, in some parts of England, is called a “Pingle,”—a small
meadow near a house. PINGLE, a small croft, or Picle, that is, á field,
—which, in Lancashire, is called a “ Pin
got.” Proctor, a person appointed to beg, or collect
alms for Leprous or bed-ridden persons, who could not go out for themselves. By an Act of EDWARD the First such persons were allowed to appoint these Proctors, or Procurators, provided not more than two were appointed for one Lazar House. But by an Act of the 39th of ELIZABETH, such “ Proctors, Procurers, or Patent gatherers, for goals, prisons, or hospitals,” were declared Rogues and Vagabonds. Hence they were excepted against in the Regulations
of Watts's Almshouses at Rochester; and
You're best get a clap-dish, and say
Archæologia, vol. xvii. p. 9. PULVERING Days, any days when the Com
munity assemble to let to farm the Town Lands,—but the contract was always confirmed on a particular day, as at Southwold on the 6th of December, being St.
Nicholas's day. Pyke of LAND, the same as Pighter, or PICLE. Quillet of LAND, a small parcel of land. An
annuity, issuing out of a barn and Quillet of land, is payable to the Poor of Great Torrington.-Rep. xi. p. 67.- Quillet, a subtilty, which seems to have originated among the Schoolmen of the Middle ages, by whom it was called a “ Quidlibet.”— Douce.
-- crack the lawyer's voice, That he may never more false title plead, Nor sound his quillets shrilly,
Timon of Athens. RAVEL BREAD, bread of a middle sort, between
white and brown. This term is in use in Kent. It is in some places called, " Black