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hassock. This bequest occurs in the County of Devon, and the purchase of butts was to

be made at Easter. Butts of LAND, v. SELion of LAND. Byerleys, a division or township,-in an ac

count of the monies given to the poor of Dalton, in Lancashire, is a sum to the poor of three particular Byerleys within that parish. Rep. iii. p. 202.- Byrlaw or Burlaw, rural Laws so named, which are made and determined by consent of neighbours, who are elected and chosen by general acquiescence in the Courts, called “ The Byrlaw

Courts.”—SKENE. CHEAT BREAD, household bread, wheaten bread

of the second sort. See, Manchet. Church MEASURE, v. Lug. Clew, or ClEUGH, a precipice, a rugged ascent,

a cliff, a dam. Cobbs, loaves made of barley meal, so called in

Oxfordshire.—Cobloaf, a bunn,-a crusty, uneven loaf. SHAKESPEARE applies the word contemptuously to personal appearance, where Ajax calls Thersites a “ cobCROFT, a little close adjacent to a house,

loaf.Troilus and Cressida. Act. ii. Sc. i. Common Ham, a meadow, or piece of ground

over which the right of Common extends.

This have I learn'd,
Tending my flocks hard by, i'th' hilly crofts
That brow this bottom glade.

Milton's Comus. CROWDE, a vulgar corruption of Crypt, the

burying place under the church. This word is used in the Parish of St. Nicholas, in Bristol, and is not uncommon in the County of Somerset. Has it any reference to the expression of the Antients, when speaking of a dead person, Abiit ad plures,” he is gone to the many, or the crowd ?--Jamieson says, that Croud metaphorically implies,

to groan, to complain. CURTILAGE, a piece of void ground, a garden,

yard, or field lying near, or belonging to, a

messuage. Dagswain, a rough coarse mantle,-a sort of

carpet, a carpet to lay on a table, such as

we call, “ Turkey work.”—TODD. Dallops, patches of land in arable, where the Day's Math, is applied only to meadow or

plough has not reached, owing to some natural or accidental impediment.Then down with the headlands, that groweth about, Leave never a dallop, unmown and had out,

TUSSER’s Five hundred Points, p. 171. or ridge. FARDING-DEAL, or FERUNDEL of LAND, the

grass-lands, and averages about a Statute acre-in other words, it is that quantity of grass usually mown by one man in one day,

for the purpose of making hay.--DUNCUMB. Dole, a charitable gift or donation, also, a

small portion of land, in the form of a balk to which they originally belonged, the price having lately been 401. This land was not inclosed in the Laleham Act, and was specially excepted in the Chertsey Inclosure Act of 1808. When the water is high, the Cows swim across the river from Laleham to the Pasture, after having been collected by a Cowherd, and swim back again.Manning and Bray's Hist. of Surrey, vol.

fourth part of an acre. FARRENS, there is a tract of meadow contain

ing about 160 acres, called “ Laleham Borough or Burway,in the Parish of Chertsey, but in the Manor of Laleham, a village in Middlesex on the other side of the Thames. It pays no tythe or taxes of any kind to either Parish. The pasturage belongs exclusively to the Owners of estates within the Manor of Laleham, and is lett by them to the Occupiers of those estates, or to others, even living in other Parishes. This right is divided into about 300 parts, called “ Farrens," of which some are entitled to the feed of one horse, others of a cow and calf. A horse Farren will lett for 17. 17s. 6d. a year, that of a single cow for 11. 58. – They are often sold distinct from the estate


3. P:

p. 204.

Farthing of Land, thirty acres of good soil, GORE, a small narrow slip of ground.-Ken

in the County of Cornwall, are reckoned a Farthing.-More is taken in measure, where the ground is of inferior quality,-four Farthings go to a Cornish acre, and four

such acres to a Knight's fee. FERDELL, or FERUNDEL, v. YARD LAND. Ferling, the same as Ferdell, the fourth part

of a Yard Land. FORE-RIGHT BREAD, household bread ? FOREST Measure, v. Lug. GALLs, veins of land through which the water

oozes. GARB, a sheaf of corn, in which manner tythe

was to be collected. It extended also to a cock of hay, a faggot of wood, or any other of the fruits or product of the earth.


Hay, a hedge, a separate inclosure, within a

forest or park.—“ The Hay of Hereford
was a great Woodland ground near the

City, and heretofore reputed a Forest.
Hope, or DINGLE, a little valley.

He has guided them o'er moss and muir,
O'er hill and hope, and mony a down.

Scott's Minstrelsy, i. 245.
Hove, a house,—the diminutive of which is

With whins or with furzes, thy hovell renew,
For turf and for sedge, for to bake and to brew.-

TUSSER's Five hundred Points, p. 164.
Ings, a common pasture, low meadow ground

near a river. INTACK, an inclosure on a common, waste, or

LAND-Scores, anciently the greatest part of

the Country lay in common, only some
parcels about the villages being inclosed,
and a small quantity in Land-Scores al.

lotted out for tillage.
LAND YARD,' two staves or 18. feet, in the

County of Cornwall, are a Land Yard, and 160 Land Yards are an English acre.

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