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Kyng's business as for the Churche'and Parishe, — worth 20s. per annum.' It appears by an inscription still remaining on the front, that it was built in the

year 1520, when CHRISTOPHER URSWICK was Rector. This house was for many years occupied by The Free School, but is now used again for it's original purpose.*

DOG WHIPPERS, AND SLEEPERS IN THE

CHURCH.

There are certain donations, which it may

be difficult to view with becoming gravity. In the Wills of four persons we find distinct Payments to be made to individuals, for whipping dog's out of the church during the time of Divine Service. And with equal solemnity, a person is directed to awaken Sleepers, who are thus unmindful of their devotions.. Lysons's Environs of London, vol. ii.

p.

512. Rep. IV. p. 249.-Rep. V. p. 635.-Rep. vII. p. 471. -Rep. VII. p. 582.

Rep. IV. p. 249.-Rep. v. p. 634.

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The humourous account which is given of Sir ROGER de COVERLEY by THE SPECTATOR, No. 112., has, therefore, some grounds for it's reality,

As Sir Roger is Landlord to the whole Congregation, he keeps them in very good order, and will suffer no body to sleep in it besides himself,—-for, if by chance he has been surprised into a short nap at Sermon, upon recovering out of it he stands up and looks about him, and if he sees any body else nodding, either wakes them himself, or sends his servant to

them.”

Even at Oxford, so late as 1697, a bequest was made for a poor man, to sweep and keep clean the doors of St. Mary's Church, and to keep the same quiet from noise and disturbance during the time of Divine Service at Morning and Evening Prayers.

This is now, probably, the petty Officer of a Parish, called the “ Beadle."

7 Rep. VI. p. 438.

BULL CHARITY.

There is an ancient annual payment of 51. out of an estate at Biddenham, in the County of Bedford, which formerly belonged to the Family of BOTELER, and is now the Property of Lord Viscount HAMP

DEN.

This sum is regularly paid on St. Thomas's day to the Overseers of the Poor, and is applicable, by the terms of the original gift (of which, however, no written memorial is to be found) or by long-established usage, to the purchase of a Bull, which is killed, and the flesh thereof given away among the poor persons of the Parish.

For many years past, the annual fund being insufficient to purchase a Bull, the deficiency has been made good out of the rents of land purchased with a bequest of Mrs. BOTELER for the use of the poor.

It was proposed some years ago by the Vicar, that the 51. a year should be laid out in buying meat, but the poor insisted upon the customary purchase of a Bull being continued, and the usage is accordingly kept up.8

CREMITT MONEY.

By an order of The Lord Treasurer of England, dated from Whitehall, the 24th of May, 1705, reciting that the Lord Mayor and Aldermen of York had, amongst other things, represented to The Lord Treasurer that there was an ancient Charity, called “ Cremitt Money, being 411. 6s. 8d. per annum, which had been granted by Queen ELIZABETH, to be paid out of the Fee-farm rents arising to the Crown in the County of York, and City and County of the City of York, payable to and amongst Thirty-one such poor inhabitants of the City as the Mayor and Aldermen in their discretion thought most proper objects of the same,—but that of late the Receiver had not only refused to pay it to the Mayor and Aldermen for the use of the

poor,
but had taken

upon

him to distribute the Charity as he thought fit, and to deny the continuance of it to several persons whose circumstances entitled

Rep. vi. p. 32.

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them to the same,

and to pay part to others who were not proper objects of it, --It was ordered, that the Receiver should from time to time, for the future, pay over the said Cremitt Money to 31 such poor housekeepers or others of the City as should be nominated from time to time in Lists to be signed by the Lord Mayor and major part of the Aldermen, as Her Majesty's charity, every year,— And the sum of 411. 6s. 8d. is regularly paid once a year, in October, by The Receiver of the Crown Rents for the County of York, in sums of 1l. 6s. 8d. to 31 poor persons of York, selected by the Lord Mayor and Aldermen from housekeepers in York not receiving alms or Parish allowance.

A fuller abstract than usual has been given of this ancient charity, in order to lead to a -satisfactory explanation of it's name. It is, doubtless, either an abbreviation or a corruption, and what approaches the nearest to it is, the “ Crementum Comitatus, which Cowel describes to be, The improvement of the King's rents above the ancient Vicontiel Rents, for

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