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the payment continued until the year 1685, when it ceased. But The Company, since the investigation of The Commissioners, have adopted the plan of distributing this 101., as in JESTON's charity, among four
poor Clergymen of the Establishment.51
In the North of England, there are yet some lingering vestiges of the Superstitious observances of PASSION SUNDAY, or the Sunday immediately preceding PALM SUNDAY, which, before The REFORMATION, were general throughout the Kingdom.--Among other of the old Ceremonies, soft beans were distributed as a kind of Dole, to denote this season of grief, a custom, no doubt, derived from Pagan Rome,-offerings of that species of Pulse having been deemed by the Heathens peculiarly propitious in appeasing the ghosts of the departed. The Latin Church, however, attributes the Custom to an imitation of the Disciples, who plucked the ears of Corn, and rubbed them in their hands, &c. Instead of beans, our Northern Countrymen use pease in their repast of this day, especially in Northumberland, in some places they are first parboiled, and then parched,—in other districts, they are only parched, -and the day is still known by the name of “ CARE or CARLING SUNDAY,” in Durham and the adjoining Counties, a title which it once universally bore in England, though now no longer noticed in our Calendar, signifying a day of especial care or devotional attention.
51 Rep. x. p. 216.
After THE REFORMATION, when the follies or usages of this day were discontinued, the common people testified their approbation of that relief from mortification, by the humble but expressive couplet, still in use in Nottinghamshire, of
“ Care Sunday, care away,
Palm Sunday, and Easter-day.!"
At Newark-upon-Trent, one of the public Fairs is denominated “ Careing
Fair,” and is holden the Friday before Careing Sunday, which is the Sunday fortnight before Easter,--and the remembrance of that Sunday, which governs this Fair, and others in Lent, is also preserved in another common saying in the North, of
“Tid, Mid, Misera,
Carling, Palm, and Paste-Egg day." This saying is thus explained, - the “ Tid, Mid, Misera," being corruptions of the old Latin service Te Deum, Mi Deus, Miserere Mei, -" Carling, and Palm,” as already elucidated, — and “Paste-Egg day,” allusive to the Paschal · Eggs, which are presented on Easter Day, being prettily stained of various co-lours.52
Gilt or coloured Eggs were considered by the Romish Church to be emblematical of the Resurrection, and were accordingly given away at this season.
The old appellation of “ Care Sunday” is commemorated in the Will of WILLIAM
Brady's Clavis Calendaria, vol. i. p. 261.
HAWKES, dated in 1631, in which he desires that, out of the rents of certain lands, 138. 4d. shall be yearly given, for ever, to the Minister who shall preach two Sermons,—the one upon Care Sunday in the afternoon, and the other
upon Palm Sunday, in the afternoon, within the Parish Church of St. Mary's, in the City of Lichfield.53
Before the close of the Fourteenth Century, and before the ancient Family of FURNIVAL (to whom the town of Sheffield is so largely indebted) had become extinct, the artificers of Sheffield had obtained a certain reputation for Cutlery, which still continues to be regarded as the staple manufacture of the place. For thus writes our venerable old Poet, CHAUCER, when describing the accoutrements and appearance of a Miller in the days of King EDWARD the Third,
Rep. VII. p. 416.
“ A Shefeld thwitel bare he in his hose,
The Reve's Tale.
A thwittel or whittle, a word not quite gone out of use, was a Knife, such as was carried about the person so late as the time of King CHARLES the First by those, whose quality did not entitle them to the distinction of a Sword.54
SHAKESPEARE also introduces it,
“ for myself,
Timon of Athens.
There was an ancient custom at Setmurthey and other places, in Cumberland, which was very characteristic of the simplicity of former times, called “ The Whittle-Gate,”—this was the maintenance of the Schoolmaster for a certain number of weeks by each of the inhabitants, in part payment of his Salary for the education
54 Hunter's Hallamshire, p. 41.