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Ber. My lord, I neither can nor will deny Dia. I did, my lord, but loath am to produce But that I know them: do they charge me fur- So bad an instrument: his name's Parolles. ther?
Laf. I saw the man to-day, if man he be. Dia. Why do you look so strange upon your King. Find him, and bring him hither. wife?
Ber. What of him? Ber. She's none of mine, my lord.
He's quoted for a most perfidious slave,
With all the spots o' the world taxed and deboshed;
That will speak anything? You give away myself, which is known mine: King.
She hath that ring of yours. For I by vow am so embodied yours,
Ber. I think she has : certain it is I liked her, That she which marries you must marry me;
And boarded her i' the wanton way of youth : Either both or none.
She knew her distance, and did angle for me, Laf. Your reputation [to BERTRAM] comes too Madding my eagerness with her restraint, short for my daughter; you are no husband for As all impediments in fancy's course her.
Are motives of more fancy; and, in fine, Ber. My lord, this is a fond and desperate Her insuit coming with her modern grace, creature,
Subdued me to her rate. She got the ring; Whom sometime I have laughed with : let your And I had that which any inferior might highness
At market-price have bought.
Dia. I must be patient :
(Since you lack virtue I will lose a husband), Till your deeds gain them. Fairer prove your Send for your ring; I will return it home; honor
And give me mine again. Than in my thought it lies !
Ber. I have it not. Dia. Good my lord,
King. What ring was yours, I pray you ? Ask him upon his oath, if he does think
Dia. Sir, much like the same upon your finger. He had not my virginity.
King. Know you this ring? this ring was his King. What sayst thou to her?
of late. Ber. She's impudent, my lord :
Dia. And this was it I gave him, being abed. And was a common gamester to the camp.
King. The story then goes false, you threw it Dia. He does me wrong, my lord : if I were so,
him He might have bought me at a common price : Out of a casement. Do not helieve him. O, behold this ring,
Dia. I have spoke the truth. Whose high respect and rich validity
Ber. My lord, I do confess the ring was hers.
King. You boggle shrewdly; every feather Of six preceeding ancestors, that gem
starts you. – Conferred by testament to the sequent issue,
Is this the man you speak of?
King. Tell me, sirrah, but tell me true, I charge King. Methought you said
you, You saw one here in court could witness it. Not fearing the displeasure of your master
Ay, my lord.
(Which on your just proceeding I'll keep off), Laf. This woman 's an easy glove, my lord; she By him and by this woman here what know you ? goes off and on at pleasure.
Par. So please your majesty, my master hath King. This ring was mine; I gave it his first been an honorable gentleman : tricks he hath had
wife. in him, which gentlemen have.
Dia. It might be yours or hers for aught I know. King. Come, come, to the purpose : did he love King. Take her away, I do not like her now; this woman?
To prison with her: and away with him.Par. 'Faith, sir, he did love her: but how? Unless thou tell'st me where thou hadst this ring, King. How, I pray you?
Thou diest within this hour. Par. He did love her, sir, as a gentleman loves
Dia. I'll never tell you.
King. Take her away. King. How is that?
Dia. I'll put in bail, my liege. Par. He loved her, sir, and loved her not. King. I think thee now some common customer.
King. As thou art a knave and no knave.- Dia. By Jove, if ever I knew man, 't was you. What an equivocal companion is this !
King. Wherefore hast thou accused him all this Par. I am a poor man, and at your majesty's
while ? command.
Dia. Because he's guilty, and he is not guilty: Laf. He's a good drum, my lord, but a naughty He knows I am no maid, and he'll swear to't: orator.
I'll swear I am a maid, and he knows not. Dia. Do you know he promised me marriage ? Great King, I am no strumpet, by my life; Par. ’Faith, I know more than I 'll speak. I am either maid, or else this old man 's wife. King. But wilt thou not speak all thou knowest?
[Pointing to LAFEU. Par. Yes, so please your majesty: I did go be- King. She does abuse our ears; to prison with tween them, as I said ; but more than that, he
her. loved her,— for indeed he was mad for her, and Dia. Good mother, fetch my bail. — Stay, royal talked of Satan, and of limbo, and of furies, and I
[Exit Widow. know not what: yet I was in that credit with them The jeweler that owes the ring is sent for, at that time that I knew of their going to bed; And he shall surety me. But for this lord, and of other motions, as promising her marriage, Who hath abused me, as he knows himself, and things that would derive me ill-will to speak Though yet he never harmed me, here I quit him: of; therefore I will not speak what I know. He knows himself my bed he hath defiled;
King. Thou hast spoken all already, unless thou And at that time he got his wife with child : canst say they are married. But thou art too fine Dead though she be, she feels her young one kick; in thy evidence; therefore stand aside.-- This ring, So there's my riddle, - one that's dead is quick: you say, was yours?
And now behold the meaning.
Ay, my good lord.
Re-enter Widow, with HELENA.
King. Is there no exorcist Dia. It was not given me, nor I did not buy Beguiles the truer office of mine eyes ? it.
Is 't real that I see?
Hel. No, my good lord :
The name, and not the thing.
Ber. Both, both, O pardon! King. If it were yours by none of all these Hel. O, my good lord, when I was like this maid, ways,
I found you wondrous kind. There is your ring. How could you give it him?
And look you, here 's your letter : this it says: Dia. I never gave it him.
“When from my finger you can get this ring,
And are by me with child,” &c.— This is done : Choose thou thy husband, and I'll pay thy dower; Will
you be mine, now you are doubly won ? For I can guess that, by thy honest aid, Ber. If she, my liege, can make me know this That kept'st a wife herself, thyself a maid. — clearly,
Of that, and all the progress, more and less,
Resolvédly more leisure shall express :
[Fourish. Laf. Mine eyes smell onions, I shall weep anon: - Good Tom Drum [to PAROLLES], lend me a
Advancing. handkerchief: so, I thank thee; wait on me home, The King's a beggar, now the play is done : I'll make sport with thee. Let thy courtesies All is well ended, if the suit be won, alone, they are scurvy ones.
pay King. Let us from point to point this story with strife to please you, day exceeding day. know,
Ours be your patience, then, and yours our parts: To make the even truth in pleasure flow.- Your gentle hands lend us, and take our hearts. If thou beest yet a fresh uncroppéd flower,
[Esceunt. [To DIANA.
“ O, that had l'how sad a passage 't is !”- Act I, Scene 1. “ Not my virginity yet.” A similar phrase occurs in “TWELFTH Passage is anything that passes; as we now say, a passage in an
Noht:"_“You 'll nothing, madam, to my lord by me?” author; and, as was said formerly, the passage of a reign. When the
With reference to the "thousand loves” that Bertram is to find at Countess mentions Helena's loss of a father, she recollects her own court, Mr. Heath remarks, “I believe it would not be difficult to find loss of a husband, and stops to observe how heavily that word " had”
in the love-poetry of those times, an authority for most, if not for passes through her mind.
every one, of these whimsical titles. At least, I can affirm it from
knowledge, that far the greater part of them are to be found in the “ Where an unclean mind carries virtuous qualities, their commenda
Italian lyric poetry, which was the model from which our poets chiefly tions go wilh pity; they are virtues and traitors too." -- Act I., Scene 1.
“What power is il which mounts my love so high ; The meaning probably is, that estimable and useful qualities,
That makes me see, and cannot feed mine eye ?" joined with an evil disposition, give that evil disposition power over
Act I, Scene 1. others; who, by their virtue, are betrayed to the malevolence. The “TATLER," mentioning the sharpers of his time, observes, that some That is, by what influence is my love directed to a person so much of them are men of such elegance and knowledge, that a young man above me? Why am I made to discern excellence, and left to long who falls into their way is betrayed as much by his judgment as his after it, without the food of hope ? passions.
“ The mightiest space in fortune, nature brings “ If the living be enemy to the grief, the excess makes it soon mortal.”
1) join like likes, and kiss like native things." Act I., Scene 1.
Act I., Scene 1. That is, if the living do not indulge grief, grief destroys itself by its The meaning appears to be, that the affections given us by nature As in the “ WINTER'S TALE:"
often unite persons between whom fortune or accident has placed the ." Scarce any joy
greatest distance or disparity; and cause them “ to join like likes," Did ever live so long; no sorrow
- like persons in the same station or rank of life. A corresponding But killed itself much sooner.”
phrase occurs in “ TIMON OF ATHENS:”
“Thou solderest close impossibilities,
And mak'st them kiss."
“ The Florentines and Senoys are by the ears." — Act I., Scene 2. Helena's meaning appears to be, that the great tears which were then
The “ Senois," as the term is translated by Painter, are called by falling from her eyes, appear to do more honor to her father's mem- Boccaccio the "Sanesi.” They formed a small republic, of which Siory, than those less copious ones which she actually shed for him on enna was the capital. bis death,
“ He had the wit which I can well observe
Today in our young lords ; but they may jest
Bu their oron scorn return to them unnoted,
Ere they can hide their levity in honor."
Act I., Scene 2 That is, I cannot be united with him, and move in the same sphere, but must be comforted at a distance by the radiance that shoots on
Honor does not here signify dignity of birth or rank, but acquired all sides from him.
reputation. “Your father, says the King, "had the same airy flights
of satirical wit with the young lords of the present time; but they do “ He that hangs himself is a virgin : virginity murders itself."
not what he did, - hide their unnoted levity in honor; cover petty Act I., Scene 1.
faults with great merit.”- This is an excellent observation. Jocose
follies and slight offenses are only allowed by mankind in him that A virgin, and he that hangs himself, are in this circumstance alike overpowers them by great qualities.- JOHNSON. - they are both self-destroyers.
" What's the matter,
That this distempered messenger of wet,
The many-colored Iris, rounds thine eye ?”
Act I., Scene 3.
There is something exquisitely beautiful in this representation of Act I., Scene 1.
that suffusion of colors which glimmers around the sight, when the Something is plainly wanting here, to connect Helena's reply with eyelashes are wet with tears. The poet has described the same apthe question of Parolles. Mr. Tyrwhitt plausibly proposes to read :
pearance in his “RAPE OF LUCRECE:”“Will you anything with us !” that is, “Will you send anything with “ And round abut her tear distained eye us to court?” to which Helena's answer would be proper enough:- Blue circles streamed, like rainbows in the sky."— HENLEY
" Or were you both our mothers, I care no more for than I do for Heaven,
So I were not his sister." — Act I., Scene 3. “I care no more for,” here signifies, “I care as much for; I wish it equally."
Perhaps this is the same thought, though more solemnly expressed, that we meet with in "King HENRY IV.,” Part I.:
-"He's as todious As a tired horse, a railing wife; Worse than a smoky house."
“ You have made shift to run into', boots and spurs and all, like him " Let higher Italy
that leaped into the custard.” — Act II., Scene 5. (Those 'bated, that inherit but the fall
Our old dramatists abound with pleasant allusions to the enormous of the last monarchy) see that you come
size of their " quaking custards," which were served up at the city Not to woo honor, but to wed it." - Act II., Scene 1.
feasts, and with which such gross fooleries were played. Thus GlapThis passage is confessedly obscure, and probably corrupt. The thorne: meaning, according to Dr. Johnson, is this:-"Let Upper Italy,
“I'll write the city annals, where you are to exercise your valor, see that you come to gain honor,
In meter which shall far surpass Sir Guy to the abatement (that is, to the disgrace and depression) of those that have now lost their ancient military fame, and inherit but the
Of Warwick's Iristory, or John Stow's, upon fall of the last monarchy." Hanmer proposed to read “ bastards” for
The custard with the four-and-twenty nooks, “'bated;" and the whole tenor of the passage makes the suggestion
At my lord-mayor's feast.” --- WIT IN A CONSTABLE. bighly probable.
Indeed, no common supply was required; for, besides what the cor.“ I have spoke
poration (great devourers of custards) consumed on the spot, it ap
pears that it was thought no breach of city manners to send or take With one that, in her sex, her years, profession,
some of it home with them, for the use of their ladies.- GIFFORD. Wisdom, and constancy, hath amazed me more
Than I dare blame my weakness." — Act II., Scene 1. Laféu, perhaps, means that the amazement Helena excited in him, was so great, that could not impute it merely to bis own weakness, but to the wonderful qualities of the object that occasioned it.
“ Why, he will look upon his boot, and sing ; mend the rufl, and
sing."— Act III., Scene 2.
The tops of the boots, in Shakspeare's time, turned down, and hung
loosely over the leg. The folding part, or top, was the ruff; it was of That is, I am not an imposter that proclaim one thing and design softer leather than the boot, and often fringed. Ben Jonson calls it another; that proclaim a cure, and aim at a fraud : I think what I the ruffle:-“Not having leisure to put off my silver spurs, one of speak.
the rowels catched hold of the ruffle of my boot." - EVERY Max out
OF HIS HUMOR. To this fashion, also, Bishop Earle alludes in his Youth, beauty, wisdom, courage, all
“CHARACTERS" (1638):--" He has learned to ruffle his face from bis That happiness and prime can happy call." — Act II., Scene 1. boot, and takes great delight in his walk to hear his spurs jingle.” Prime is here used as a substantive, and means that sprightly vigor which usually accompanies the prime of life. So in Montaigne's
"Come thou home, Rousillon, “Essays,” translated by Florio:—“Many things seem greater by
Whence honor but of danger wins a scar ; imagination than by effect. I have passed over a good part of my age
As oft it loses all." — Act III., Scene 2. in soupd and perfect health : I say, not only sound, but blithe and wantonly lustful. That state, full of lust, of prime, and mirth, made
The sense is— Come from that place where all the advantage that me deem the consideration of sickness so irksome, that, when I came
honor usually reaps from the danger it rushes upon, is only a scar in to the experience of them, I have found their fits but weak."
testimony of its bravery; as, on the other hand, it often is the cause
of losing all, even life itself.
“ Where do the palmers lodge, I do beseech you."
Act III., Scene 5. The meaning is — Good is good, independent of any worldly distinction or title : 80, vileness is vile, in whatever state it may appear. Palmers were so called from a staff or bough of palm they were The same phraseology is found in “MACBETH:” —
wont to carry, especially such as had visited the holy places at Jerusa“Though all things foul would wear the brow of grace,
lem. A pilgrim and a palmer are said to have differed thus: a pilYet grace must still look so :”
grim had some dwelling-place, a palmer bad none; the pilgrim trav.
eled to some certain place, the palmer to all, and not to any one in that is, must still look like grace; like itself.
particular; the pilgrim must go at his own charge, the palmer must
profess willful poverty; the pilgrim might give over his professions “ Well, thou hast a son shall take this disgrace off me."
the palmer must be constant.
Act II., Scene 3. This the poet makes Parolles speak alone; and this is nature. A “ If you give him not John Drum's entertainment, your inclining coward should try to hide his poltroonery, even from himself. Ad cannol be removed." - Act III., Scene 6. ordinary writer would have been glad of such an opportunity to bring him to confession.- WARBURTON.
“ John Drum's entertainment" (the Christian name varying) ap
pears to have been a common phrase to signify ill-treatment. There - War is no strife
is an old motley interlude (printed in 1601), called “JACK DRUM'S To the dark house and the detested wife."
ENTERTAINMENT,” in wbich Jack Drum is a servant of intrigue, who
Act II., Scene 3. is ever aiming at projects, and always foiled. Holinshead, in his deg. The dark house is a bouse made gloomy by discontent. Milton cription of Ireland, speaking of the hospitality of Patrick Sarsfield
(mayor of Dublin in 1551), says,—“No porter, or any other officer, bays of Death and the King of Hell, preparing to combat:
durst not, for both his ears, give the simplest man that resorted to his “ So frowned the mighty combatants, that hell
house, Tom Drum his entertainment; which is, to hale a man in by Grew darker at their frown." the head, and thrust him out by both the shoulders."