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AND David assembled all the princes of Israel: Israel
9 2 Sam. 15. 12.
2 Sara. 15. 37. 16. 16.
Al Nam. 16. 713.
30 Over the camels also was Obil the Ishmaelite: over the hundreds, and the stewards cover all the and over the asses was Jehdeiah the Meronothite: substance and possession of the king, tand of his
31 And over the flocks was Jaziz the Hagerite. sons, with the officers, and with the mighty men, All these were the rulers of the substance which was and with all the valiant men, unto Jerusalem. king David's.
2 Then David the king stood up upon his feet, 32 Also Jonathan, David's uncle, was a counsellor, and said, Hear me, my brethren, and my people : a wise man, and a "scribe: and Jehiel the tson of As for me, I had in mine heart to build
an house Hachmoni was with the king's sons.
of rest for the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and 33 And Ahithophel swas the king's counsellor: for the footstool Sof our God, and had made ready and Hushaithe Archite was the king's companion; for the building.
34 And after Ahithophel was Jehoiada the son of 3 But God said unto me, Thou shalt not build an Benaiah, and Abiathar:' and the general of the house for my name; sbecause thou hast been a man king's army was Joab.
of war, and hast shed blood.
4 Howbeit the LORD God of Israel chose me CHAPTER XXVIII.
before all the house of my father to be king over The account we have of David's exit, in the beginning of the first book of Kings, Israel for ever : for he hath chosen Judah 'to be the
does not make his sun near so bright as that gives bis his and here follows hand ruler; and of the house of Judah, the house kof my must own that he finished well. In this chapter, we have, t. A general conven: father; and among the sons of my father he liked
of the A vino entail buth of the crown, and of the honour of building the temple, upon
to make me king over all Israel: Solomon, v. 2–7. III. An exhortation both to the people, oad to Solomon, to 5 And of all my sons (for 'the Lord hath given make religion their business, v. 8-10. IV. The model and materials delivered to Solomon for the building of the temple, v. 11--19. V. Encouragement giveu me many sons) he hath chosen Solomon my son to hiin to undertake it, and proceed in it, v. 2), 21,
sit upon the throne of the kingdom of the Lord over
6 And he said "unto me, Solomon thy son, he the companies that ministered to the king by course, shall build my house and my courts : for I have and the captains over the thousands, and captains chosen him to be my son, and I will be his father. • or, secretary.
e 2 Sam. 7. 2. Ps. 132. 27. Ps99.5. Lam. 2. 1. & 1 Kings 5. 3. S blooda. . 1 Kings 1.7. 10.11.6 a c. 27. 16. 6 c. 27. 1, 2. cc, 27. 3. or, caltle.
i Gen. 49. 8. 10. e. 5. 2. P. 80, 7. 78. 68. Heb. 7. 14. tor, and his song. I or, eumnache. dc. 11. 10, &c.
I Sam. 10. 1. 1 c. 3. I, &c. n. 22.9, 10. 2 Sam. 7. 13, 14. heart, turned to no good account; for it was never perfected, vidual among them, yet minor universis-less than the whole of nor done with exactness, nor was it ever recorded as an au them together. His age and infirmities, as well as his dignity, thentic account: Joab was disgusted with it, and did it by might well have allowed him to keep his seat; but he would halves; David was ashamed of it, and willing it should be for- show that he was indeed humbled for the pride of his heart, both gotten, because there fell wrath for it against Israel. A good in the numbers of his people, and his dominion over them. man cannot, in the reflection, please himself with that which he Then it was too much his pleasure, that they were all his knows God is displeased with; cannot make use of that, nor servants, (ch. 21. 3,) now he calls them his brethren, whom ho take comfort in that, which is obtained by sin.
loved, his people whom he took care of, not his servants whom III. Of the officers of the court.
he had the command of. Hear me, my brethren, and my people, 1. The rulers of the king's substance, (as they are called, It becomes superiors thus to speak with affection and condev. 31,) such as had the oversight and charge of the king's tillage, scension, even to their inferiors; they will not be the less his vineyards, his olive-yards, his herds, his camels, his asses, honoured for it, but the more loved. Thus he engages their his focks. Here are no officers for state, none for spori, no
attention to what he was about to say. master of the wardrobe, no master of the ceremonies, no master III. He declares the purpose he had formed to build a temple of the horse, no master of the bounds, but all for substance, for God, and God's disallowing of that purpose, v. 2, 3. This. agreeable to the simplicity and plainness of those times. David he had signified to Solomon before, ch. 22. 7,8. A house of was a great soldier, a great scholar, and a great prince, and yet rest for the ark is here said to be a house of rest for the footstool a great husband of his estate, kept a great deal of his ground of our God: for heaven is his throne of glory; the earth, and in bis own hand, and stocked it, not for pleasure, but for profit; the most magnificent temples that can be built upon it, are but for the king himself is served of the field, Ec. 5. 9. Those his footstool. So much ditference is there between the manie magistrates that would have their subjects industrious, must be festations of the divine glory in the upper, and the lower world. themselves examples of industry, and application to business. Angels surround his throne, Is. 1. We, poor worms, do but We tind, however, that, afterward, the poor of the land were worship at his footstool, Ps. 99. 5.–132. 7. As an evidence of thought good enough to be vine-dressers and husbandmen, the sincerity of his purpose to build the temple, he tells them 2 Kings 25. 12. Now David put his great men to preside in that he had made ready for it, but that God would not suffer these employments.
him to proceed, because he had appointed other work for him 2. The aitendants on the king's person. They were such as to do, which was enough for one man, namely, the managing of were eminent for wisdom, being designed for conversation. the wars of Israel; he must serve the public with the sword, His uncle, who was a wise man, and a scribe, not only well another must do it with the line and plummet. Times of rest skilled in politics, but well read in the scriptures, was his coun are building times, Acts 9. 31. sellor, v. 32. Another who, no doubi, excelled in learning and IV. He produces his own title first, and then Solomon's, to prudence, was tutor to his children. Ahithophel, a very cun the crown; both were undoubtedly jure divino-divine. They ning man, was his counsellor : but Hushai, an honest man, was could make out such a title as no monarch on earth can; the his companion and confidant. It does not appear that he had Lord God of Israel chose them both immediately, by prophecy, many counsellors; but those he had, were men of great abilities. not providence, v. 4, 5. No right of primogeniture is pretendMuch of the wisdom of princes is seen in the choice of their ed; Detur digniori, not seniori-It went by worth, not by age. ministry. But David, though he had all these trusty counsellors 1. Judah was not the eldest son of Jacob, yet God chose that iribe about him, preferred his bible before them all: (Ps. 119. 24, to be the ruling tribe ; Jacob entailed the sceptre upon it, Gen. Thy testimonies are my delight and my counsellors.
49. 10. 2. It does not appear that the family of Jesse was the senior house of that tribe ; from Judah, it is certain that it was
not, for Shelah was before Pharez; whether from Nahshon and V. 1-10. A great deal of service David had done in his day, Salmon, is not certain. Ram, the father of Nahshon, had an had served his generation according to the will of God, Acts 13. 36. elder brother, (ch. 2. 9,) perhaps so had Boaz, Obed, Jesse ; yet But now the time draws nigh, that he must die, and as a type “ God chose the house of my father.” 3. David was the youngof the Son of David, the nearer he comes to his end, the more est son of Jesse, yet God liked him to make him king ; so it busy he is, and does his work with all his might. He is now a seemed good unto him. God takes whom he likes, and likes little recovered from the bad indisposition mentioned i Kings whom he makes like himself, as he did David, a man after his 1. 1, when they covered him with clothes, and he gat no heat: own heart. 4. Solomon was one of the youngest sons of David, but what cure is there for old age? He therefore improves his and yet God chose him to sit upon the throne, because he was recovery, as giving him an opportunity of doing God and his the likeliest of them all to build the temple, the wisest and best country a little more service.
inclined. I. He summons all the great men to attend him, that he might V. He opens to them God's gracious purposes concerning take leave of them all together, v. 1. Thus Moses did, (Deut. Solomon, (v. 6, 7,) I have chosen him to be my son. Thus he 31. 28,) and Joshua, ch. 23. 2.–24. 1. David would not declares the decree, that the Lord had said to Solomon, as a declare the settlement of the crown, but in the presence, and to type of Christ, Thou art my son, (Ps. 2. 7,) the son of my love; the satisfaction of those that were the ropresentatives of the for he was called Jedidiah, because the Lord loved him, and, people.
Christ is his beloved Son. of him, God said, as a figure of IÍ. He addresses them with a great deal of respect and ten- him that was to come, 1. He shall build my house ; Christ is derness. He not only by an effort quitted his bed, to give them both the Founder, and the Foundation of the Gospel temple. the meeting, (the occasion putting new spirits into him,) but | 2. I will establish his kingdom for ever. This must have its he rose out of his chair, and stood up upon his feel, (v.2,) in re- accomplishment in the kingdom of the Messiah, which shall verence to God, whose will he was to declare, and in reverence continue in his hands through all the ages of time, (Is. 3.7. to this solemn assembly of the Israel of God, as if he looked Luke 1. 33,) and shall then be delivered up to God, even the upon himself, though major singulis-greater than any indi-| Father, yet, perhaps, to be delivered back to the Redeemer for VOL. I.-123
NOTES TO CHAPTER XXVIII.
7 Moreover, I will establish his kingdom for ever, 13 Also for the courses of the priests and the Leiføbe be *constant to do my commandments and my vites, and for all the work of the service of the house judgments as at this day.
of the Lord, and for all the vessels Sof service in 8 Now therefore, in the sight Pof all Israel, the the house of the Lord. congregation of the Lord, and in the audience of 14 He gave of gold by weight for things of gold, our God, skeep rand 'seek for all the commandments for all instruments of all manner of service; silver of the LORD your God, that 'ye may possess this also for all instruments of silver by weight, for al good land, and leave wit for an inheritance for your instruments of every kind of service: children after you for ever.
15 Even the weight for the candlesticks of gold, 9 And thou, Solomon my son, "know thou the and for their lamps of gold, by weight for every God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect candlestick, and for the lamps thereof; and for the heart, and with a willing mind: for the LORD candlesticks of silver by weight, both for the candlesearcheth vall hearts, and understandeth all the stick, and also for the lamps thereof, according to imaginations of the thoughts: if "thou seek him, he the use of every candlestick. will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he 16 And by weight he gave gold for the tables of will cast thee off for ever.
show-bread, for every table; and likewise silver for 10 Take heed now; for “the Lord hath chosen the tables of silver: thee to build an house for the sanctuary : be strong, 17 Also pure gold for the flesh-hooks, and the and do it.
bowls, and the cups; and for the golden basins he 11 Then David gave to Solomon his son the gave gold by weight for every basin; and likewise pattern of the porch, and of the houses thereof, and silver by weight for every basin of silver: of the treasuries thereof, and of the upper chambers 18 And for the altar of incense refined gold by thereof, and of the inner parlours thereof, and of the weight; and gold for the pattern of the chariot of the place of the mercy-seat,
cherubims, that spread out their wings, and covered 12 And the pattern of all that the had by the the ark of the covenant of the LORD. Spirit, "of the courts of the house of the Lord, and 19 All this, said David, the LORD "made me of all the chambers round about, of the treasuries understand in writing by his hand upon me, eren of the house of God, and of the treasuries of the all the works of this pattern. dedicated things :
20 And David said to Solomon his son, Be 'strong,
o c. 22. 13. strong. p Deut. 4.6. Matt. 5. 14-16. Deut. 29 10, 15. – Ps. 119. 4, 10. ls. 34. 16. Acts 17. 11. Deut. 6. 1-3 Ezra 9. 12. Prov. 13. 22.
Jer. 9. 24. John 17. 3. Job 36, 11, 12 2 Kinga 20. 3. Ps. 101. 2. John 4. 94. Rorn. 1. 9. Heb. 12. 28. y 1 Sam. 16. 7. Ps. 7. 9. Jer. 17. 10. Rev. 2. 23.
z Ps. 139, 2. a 2 Chr. 15. 2. b ver. 6. c Ex. 31. 2, 3. A NILA A M. d Ex. 25. 40. Heb. 8. 5. e c. 26. 20). JI Kine 7. 13. & Zech. 4.2. Rev. 1. 13, 20 h 1 Sam. 2. 13. 14. i Ex. 25. 18-22. 1 Sam. 4.4. 1 Kings 6. 23. Heb. 9. S. & ver. 11. 12. I Deut. 31.7, 8. Josb. 1. 6-9, c. 22. 13.
ever. As to Solomon, this promise of the establishment of his desert his service, and turn from following him, he will cast kingdom is here made conditional; If he be constant to do my us off for ever, and that is enough to make us miserable. commandments, aus al this day. Solomon was now very towardly Note, God never casts any off, till they have first cast him off. and good ; "If he continue so, his kingdom shall continue, Here is one argument peculiar to Solomon : (v. 10,)“ Thou otherwise, not." Noto, If we be constant to our duty, then, art to build a house for the sanctuary; therefore seek and serve and not otherwise, we may expect the continuance of God's God, that that work may be done from a good principle, in a favour. Let those that are well taught, and begin well, take right manner, and may be accepted." 3. The meads prenotice of this—if they be constant, they are happy ; persever- scribed in order hereunto, and they are prescribed to us all. ance wears the crown, though it wins it not,
(1.) Caution. Take heed; beware of every thing that looks VI. He charges them to adhere steadfastly to God and their like, or leads to, that which is evil. (2.) Courage. Be strong, duty, v. 8. Observe, l. The matter of this charge : Keep, and and do it. We cannot do our work as we should, unless we seek for, all the commandments of the Lord your God. The put on resolution, and fetch in strength from divine grace. Lord was their God, his commandments must be their rule, V. 11-21. As for the general charge that David gare his they must have respect to them all, must make conscience of son to seek God and serve him, the book of the law was, in keeping them, and, in order thereunto, must seek for them, that that, his only rule, and there needed no other; but, in building is, must be inquisitive concerning their duty; search the scrip- the temple, David was now to give him three things. tures, take advice, seek the law at their mouth whose lips were 1. A model of the building, because it was to be such a builde to keep this knowledge, and pray to God to teach and directing as neither he nor his architects ever saw. Moses had a them.' God's commandments will not be kept without great pattern of the tabernacle showed him in the mount, (Heb. care. 2. The solemnity of it. He charges them in the sight 8. 5,) so had David of the temple, by the immediate haird of all Israel, who would all have notice of this public charge, and of God upon him, v. 19. It was given him in writing, proin the audience of their God. God is witness, and this con- bably, by the ministry of an angel, or as clearly and exactly gregation is witness, that they have good counsel given them, represented to his mind, as if it had been in writing. But and fair warning; if they do not take it, it is their fault, and God it is said, (v. 12,) He had this pattern by the Spirit, The and man will be witnesses against them. See 1 Tim. 5. 21. contrivance either of David's devotion, or of Solomon's wis2 Tim. 4. 1. Those that profess religion, as they tender the dom, must not be trusted to in an affair of this nature. The favour of God, and their reputation with men, must be faithful temple must be a sacred thing, and a type of Christ, there to their profession. 3. The motive to observe this charge; it must be in it, not only convenience, but significancy: it was was the way to be happy, to have the peaceable possession of a kind of sacrament, and therefore it must not be left to man's this good land themselves, and to preserve the entail of it upon art or invention to contrive it; but, it must be framed by their children.
divine institution. Christ, the true Temple, the church, the VII. He concludes with a charge tn Solomon himself, v. 9, 10, Gospel temple, and heaven the everlasting temple, all are He is much concerned that he should be religious. He was to framed according to the divine counsels, and the plan laid in be a great man, but he must not think religion below him: a wise the divine wisdom, ordained the world for God's glory man, and this will be his wisdom. Observe, 1. The charge he and ours. This pattern David gave to Solomon that he might gives him. He must look upon God as the God of his father, his know what to provide, and might go by a certain rule. When good father, who had devoted him to God, and educated him Christ left with his disciples a charge to build his Gospel for God. He was born in God's house, and therefore bound in church, he gave them an exact model of it, ordering them to duty to be his; brought up in his house, and therefore bound in observe that, and that only, which he cornmanded. The partigratitude. Thine oun friend, and thy father's friend, forsake not. cular models are here mentioned : of the porch, which was He must know God, and serve him; we cannot serve God arighi, higher than the rest, like a steeple; then the houses, both the if we do not know him; and in vain do we know him, if we do not holy place, and the most holy, with the rooms adjoining, which serve him; serve him with heart and mind.
We make nothing were for treasuries, chambers, and parlours, especially the place of religion, if we do not mind it, and make heart work of it; serve of the mercy-seal, (v. 11:) of the courts likewise, and the chamhim with a perfect, that is, an upright heart; for sincerity is bers about them, in which the dedicated things were laid up. our Gospel perfection, and with a willing mind, from a princi- Bishop Patrick supposes that, among other things, the tabernaple of love, and as a willing people, cheerfully, and with plea-cle which Moses reared, and all the utensils of it, which there sure. 2. The arguments to enforce his charge. Two argu was now no further occasion for, were laid up here : signifying ments of general inducement. (1.) That the secrets of our that in the fulness of time, all the Mosaic economy, all the rites souls are open before God; he searches all hearts, even the and ceremonies of that dispensation, she uld be respectfully laid hearts of kings, which to men are unsearchable, Prov. 25. 3. aside, and something better come in their room. He gave him We must therefore be sincere, because if we deal deceitfully, a table of the courses of the priests, patterns of the vessels of God sees it, and cannot be imposed upon; we must therefore service, (v. 13,) and a pattern of the chariot of the cherubims, employ our thoughts, and engage them in God's service, be- v. 18. Beside the two cherubims over the mercy-seal, there cause he fully understands all the imaginations of them, both were two much larger, whose wings reached from wall to wall, good and bad. (2.) That we are happy or miserable here. (1 Kings 6. 23, &r.) and of these David here gave Solomon the and for ever, according as we do, or do not, serve God. If pattern, called a chariot: for the angels are the chariots of God, We seek him diligently, he will be found of us, and that is Ps. 68.17. enough to make us happy, Heb. 11. 6. If we forsake him, I 2. Materials for the most costly of the utensils of the temple.
and of good courage, and do it: fear not, nor be colours, and all manner of precious stones, and
good, of gold and silver, which I have given to the
things of silver, and for all manner of work to be
made by the hands of artificers. And who then is CHAPTER XXIX.
willing to consecrate* his service this day unto the David had said what he had to say to Solomon. But he had something more to say LORD? 1. II. They made their presents accordingly with great generally to the tribes of Israel, and the captains of thousands according to their ability, toward the building and furnishing of the temple, 6 Then dthe chief of the fathers, and princes of 10–20, with sacrifices, . 2. v. Solonen was, hereupoor
, enthroned with and of hundreds, with the rulers of the king's work, course, .. 26–30. And it is hard to say which shines brighter here, the setting sun, or the rising sun.
7 And gave, for the service of the house of God,
, all the congregation, Solomon my son, whom drams; and of silver, ten thousand talents; and of God alone hath chosen, is yet young and tender, brass, eighteen thousand talents; and one hundred and the work is great:
for the palace
is not for thousand talents of iron. man, but for the LORD God.
8 And they with whom precious stones were 2 Now I have prepared with all my might for the found gave them to the treasure of the house of the house of my God, the gold for things to be made of Lord, by the hand of Jehiel /the Gershonite. gold, and the silver for things of silver, and the 9 Then the people rejoiced, for that they offered brass for things of brass, the iron for things of iron, willingly, because with perfect heart they offered and wood for things of wood: onyx-stones, and willingly to the LORD: and David the king also stones to be set, glistering stones, and of divers rejoiced with great joy. m Heb. 13.5. c. 24-25. Ez. 35. 25, 26. 36. 1, 2. Rom. 13. 1. p Tit. 3. I. 21.18. & 1 Kings 9. 28. Job 28. 16. All his hand. de. 27, &c. • 2 Cor. 9.7. * 1 Kings 3. 7. c. 22. 5. Prov. 4.3. 6 Ex. 23.20. 19. 6, &c. Is. 51.11, 12. Rev. c. 26. 21. & Prov. B. 15. That they might not be made any less than the patterns, he assistance. It is good service to encourage those in the work weighed out the exact quantity for each vessel, both of gold and of God, that are as yet young and tender. silver, v. 14. In the tabernacle there was but one golden can 2. That the work was great, and all hands should contribute dlestick, in the temple ten, (1 Kings 7. 49,) beside silver ones, to the carrying of it on. The palace to be built, was not for which it is supposed, were hand candlesticks, v. 15. In the man, but for the Lord God; and the more was contributed tabernacle there was but one table ; but in the temple, beside toward the building, the more magnificent it would be, and therethat on which the show-bread was set, there were ten others, for fore the better would it answer the intention. other uses, (2 Chr. 4.8,) beside silver tables. For, this house 3. He tells them what great preparations had been made for being much larger than that, it would look bare if it had not this work. He did not intend to throw all the burden upon furniture proportionable. The gold for the altar of incense, is them, nor that it should be built wholly by contributions;
said to be refined gold, (v. 18,) purer than any of that they should show their good will, by adding to what was the rest; for that was typical of the intercession of Christ, than done, v. 2, I have prepared with all my might; that is, “I have which nothing is more pure and perfect.
made it my business.” Work for God must be done with all 3. Directions which way to look for help in this great under our might, or we shall bring nothing to pass in it. taking. “Fear not opposition, fear not the charge, care, and 4. He sets them a good example. Beside what was deditrouble, fear not miscarrying in it, as in the case of Uzza; fear cated to this service out of the spoils and presents of the neighnot the reproach of the foolish builder, that began to build, and bouring nations, which was for the building of the house, (of was not able to finish. Be not dismayed; (1.) God will help which before, ch. 22. 14,) he had, out of his own share, offered thee, and thou
must look up to him in the first place; (v. 20,) largely for the beautifying and enriching of it, 3000 talents of The Lord God, even my God, whom I have chosen and served, gold, and 7000 talents of silver, (v.4,5;) and this, because he had who has all along been present with me, and prospered me, and set his affection to the house of his God. He gave all this, not to whom, from my own experience of his power and goodness, as Papists build churches, in commutation of penance, or to I recommend thee; he will be with thee, to direct, strengthen, and make atonement for sin; nor as Pharisees give alms, to be seen prosper thee; he will not fail thee nor forsake thee." Note, We of men; but purely because he loved the habitation of God's may be sure that God, who owned our fathers, and carried them house ; so he professed, (Ps. 26. 8,) and here he proved it
. through the services of their day, will, in like manner, if we be Those who set their affection
upon the service of God, will
think faithful to him, go along with us in our day, and will never no pains or cost too much to bestow upon it. And then pur leave us, while he has any work to do in us, or by us. The same offerings are pleasing to God, when they come from love. They that was Joshua's encouragement, (Josh. 1. 5,) and Solomon's that set their affection on things above, will set their affection here, is given to all believers, Heb. 13.5, He will never leave thee, on the house of God, through which our way to heaven lies. nor forsake thee. God never leaves any, unless they first leave Now this he gives them an account of, to stir them up to do him. (2.) "Good men will help thee, v. 21. The priests and likewise. Note, Those who would draw others to that which Levites will advise thee, and thou mayest consult with them. is good, must lead themselves. Those especially who are adThou hast good workmen, who are both willing and skilful," vanced above others, in place and dignity, should particularly and those are two very good properties in a workman, especially contrive how to make their light shine before men, because the in those that work at the temple. And, lastly, "The princes influence of their example is more powerful and extensive than and the people will be so far from opposing, or retarding the that of other people. work, that they will be wholly at thy command, every one in 5. He stirs them up to do as he had done: (v. 5,) And who his place ready to further it." Then good work is likely to go then is willing to consecrate his service this day unto the Lord ? on, when all parties concerned are hearty in it, and none (1.) We must, each of us, in our several places, serve the Lord, secretly clog it, but all drive on heartily in it.
and consecrate our service to him, separate it from other things NOTES TO CHAPTER XXIX.
that are foreign, and interfere with it, and direct and design it V. 1-9. We may here observe,
for the honour and glory of God. (2.) We must make the ser1. How handsomely David accosted the great men of Israel, Hebrew phrase is. They who engage themselves
in the ser.
vice of God our business ; must fill our hands to the Lord, so the to engage them to contribute toward the building of the temple. vice of God, will have their hands full; there is work enough It is our duty to provoke one another to love, and to do good works; for the whole man in that service. The filling of our hands not only to do good ourselves, but to draw in others to do good with the service of God, intimates that we must serve him only, too, as much as we can. There were many very rich men in serve him liberally, and serve him in the strength of grace deIsrael, they were all to share in the benefit of the temple, and rived from him. (3.) We must be free herein, do it willingly of those peaceable days which were to befriend the building of and speedily, do it this day, who we are in a good mind. Who it; and therefore, though he would not impose on them, as a is willing? Now let him wit present as a fair occasion for a free-will offering ; because what of the tempersuaded to it; yet it is said, They offered willingly,
II. How handsay they all contributed toward the building is done in works of piety and charity, should be done willingly, theve and not by constraint; for God loves a cheerful giver.
So he said, who knew their hearts. Nay, they offered 1. He would have them consider that Solomon was young a
with a perfect heart, from a good principle, and with a sincere tender, and needed help; but that he was the person
God respect to the glory of God, v. 9. How generous they were, had chosen to do this work, and therefore was was worthy their appears by the sum total of the contributions, v. 7, 8. They
U 10 Wherefore David blessed the Lord before all 15 For we are strangers before thee, and sothe congregation: and David said, Blessed be thou, journers, as were all our fathers: our days on the Lord God of Israel kour Father, for ever and ever. earth are as a shadow, and there is none abiding.
11 Thine, O Lord, is the greatness, and the 16 O LORD our God, all this store that we have power, and the glory, and the victory, and the ma- prepared, to build thee an house for thine holy name, jesty : for all that is in the heaven and in the earth cometh of thine hand, and is all thine own. is thine ; thine is the kingdom, O Lord, and thou 17 I know also, my God, that thou' triest the art exalted as head above all.
heart, and hast pleasure in uprightness. As for 12 Both "riches and honour come of thee, and thou me, in the uprightness of mine heart, I have wilreignest over all; and in thine hand is power and lingly offered all these things : and now have I seen might, and in thine hand it is "to make great, and with joy thy people, which are spresent here, to to give strength "unto all.
offer willingly unto thee. 13 Now therefore, our God, we thank thee, and 18 O LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel, praise thy glorious name.
our fathers, keep this for ever in the imagination of 14 But who am I, and what is my people, that we the thoughts of the heart of thy people, and 'preshould be able to offer so willingly after this sort ? pare their heart unto thee : for all things come of thee, and Pof thine town have 19 And give unto Solomon thy son a perfect we given thee.
heart, to keep thy commandments, thy testimonies, A 2 Chr. 20.26-28. i Ps. 89. 32. I Tim. 1. 17. Rev.5. 12, 13. Gen. 33. 20.
Job 14. 2. B. 90.9. 102. 11. 141. 4. I Matt. 6.13. m Deut. 8. 18. Prov. 8. 18. Ec. 5. 19. Roma. 11. 36. Ps. 75. 6, 7. 18. 40.6–8. Jam 4. 14. 1 espectation. Ps. 24.
1. 16.23.9. u Pror. 11. 20. 16. 40. 29. rebain, or, obtain strength. p Rom. II.
36. Jam. 1. 17. f hand. Sor, found. Il or, establish, P. 10. 17. Prop. 16.1. gave like themselves, like princes, like princes of Israel. And 2. He acknowledges with thankfulness the grace of God a pleasant day's work it was : for, 1. The people rejoiced; enabling them to contribute so cheerfully toward the building which may be meant of the people themselves that offered : they of the temple; (v. 13, 14,) Now therefore, our God, we thank were glad of the opportunity of honouring God thus with their thee. Note, The more we do for God, the more we are insubstance, and glad of the prospect of bringing this good work to debted to him for the honour of being employed in his service, perfection. Or, the common people rejoiced in the generosity and for grace enabling us, in any measure, to serve him. Does of their princes, that they had such rulers over them, as were he therefore thank that servant? Luke 17. 9. No: but that forward to this good work. Every Israelite is glad to see tem- servant has a great deal of reason to thank him. He thanks ple work carried on with vigour. 2. David rejoiced with great God that they were able to offer so willingly. Note, (1.) It is joy, to see the
good effect of his psalms, and the other helps of a great instance of the power of God's grace in us, to be able devotion he had furnished them with ; rejoiced that his son and to do the work of God willingly. He works both to will and to successor would have those about him that were so well affected do; and it is in the day of his power, that his people are made to the house of God, and that this work, which his heart was willing, Ps. 110.3. (2.) We must give God all the glory of all the so much set upon, was likely to go on. Note, It is a great re- good that is at any time done by ourselves or others. Our own viving to good men, when they are leaving the world, to see good works must not be the matter of our pride, nor the good those they leave behind, zealous for religion, and likely to keep works of others the matter of our flattery, but both the matter of it up; Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace. our praise: for certainly it is the greatest honour and pleasure V. 10–22. We have here,
in the world, faithfully to serve God. I. The solemn address which David made to God upon occa 3. He speaks very humbly of himself, and his people, and the sion of the noble subscriptions of the princes, toward the build- offerings they had now presented to God. ing of the temple ; (v. 10,) Wherefore David blessed the Lord, (1.) For himself, and those that joined with him, though they not only alone in his closet, but before all the congregation were princes, he wondered that God should take such notice of This I expected, when we read (v. 9) that David rejoiced with them, and do so much for them: (v. 14,) Who am I, and what great joy; for such a devout man as he, would, no doubt, make is my people? David was the most honourable person, and that the matter of his thanksgiving, which was so much the Israel the most honourable people then in the world, yet thus matter of his rejoicing. He that looked round with comfort, does he speak of himself and them, as unworthy the divine cogwould certainly look up with praise. David was now old, and nizance and favour. David now looks very great, presiding in looked upon himself as near his end; and it well becomes aged an august assembly, appointing his successor, and making a saints, and dying saints, to have their
hearts much enlarged in noble present to the honour of God; and yet he is little and low praise and thanksgiving. This will silence their complaints of in his own eyes: Who am I, O Lord for, (v. 15.) We are their bodily infirmities, and help to make the prospects of death strangers before thee, and sojourners, poor despicable creatures. itself less. David's psalms, toward the latter end of the book, Angels in heaven are at home there, saints on earth are bot are most of them psalms of praise. The nearer we come to the strangers here : Our days on the earth are as a shadow. David's world of everlasting praise, the more we should speak the days had as much of substance in them as most men's; for he language, and do the work, of that world. In this address, was a great man, a good man, a useful man, and now, an old 1. He adores God, and ascribes glory to him, as the
God of män; one that lived long, and lived to good purpose : and yet Israel, blessed for ever and ever. Our Lord's prayer ends with he puts himself not only into the number, but in the front, of a doxology, much like this which David here begins with ; for those who must acknowledge that their days on the earth are as thine is the kingdom, the power, and
the glory. This is properly a shadow ; which intimates that our life is a vain life, a dark praising God, with holy awe and reverence, and agreeable affec-life, a transient life, and a life that will have its period either in tion, acknowledging, (1.) His infinite perfections ; not only that perfect light, or perfect darkness. The next words explain it, he is great, powerful, glorious, &c. but that his is the greatness, There is no abiding, Heb. no expectation. We cannot expect power, and glory; that is, he has them in, and of himself; he any great matters from it, nor can we expect any long conis the Fountain and Centre of every thing that is bright and tinuance of it. This is mentioned here, as that which forbids blessed. All that we can, in our most exalted praises, attribute us to boast of the service we do to God: alas! it is confined to to him, he has an unquestionable title to. His is the greatness, a scantling of time; it is the service of a frail and short life, and his greatness is immense, and incomprehensible; and all others therefore what can we pretend to merit by it? are little, are nothing, in comparison of him. His is the power, (2.) As to their offerings, Lord, says he, of thine oun have and it is almighty and irresistible ; power belongs to him, and we given thee, (v. 14,) and again, (0.16,) It cometh of thine hand, all the power of all the creatures is derived from him, and and is all thine own." "We have it from thee, as a free gift, and depends upon him. His is the glory; for his glory is his own therefore are bound to use it for thee; and what we present to end, and the end of the whole creation. All the glory we can thee, is but rent or interest from thine own." "In like mangive him with our hearts, lips, and lives, comes infinitely short ner” (says Bishop Patrick) “we ought to acknowledge God in of what is his due. His is the victory; he transcends and sur-all spiritual things, referring every good thought, good purpose, passes all, and is able to conquer and subdue all things to him- good work, to his grace, from whom we receive it." Let him sell, and his victories are incontestable, uncontrollable. And that glories therefore, glory in the Lord. his is the majesty, real and personal: with him is terrible (3.) He appeals to God concerning his own sincerity in what majesty, inexpressible, and inconceivable. (2.) His sovereign he did, v. 17. It is a great satisfaction to a good man, to think dominion, as rightful Owner and Possessor of all; " All that is that God tries the heart, and has pleasure in uprightness; that in the heaven, and in the earth, is thine, and at thy disposal, by whoever misinterpret or contenın it, he is acquainted with, and the indisputable right of creation; and os supreme Ruler and approves of, the way of the righteous. It was David's comfort Commander of all: thine is the kingdom, and all kings are thy that God knew with what pleasure he both offered his own, and subjects; for thou art Head, and art to be exalted and wor saw the people's offering. He was neither proud of his own shipped as Head above all.” (3.) His universal influence and good work, nor envious of the good works of others. agency. All that are rich and honourable among the children (4.) He prays to God both for the people and for Solomon, of men, have their riches and anours from God. This ac- that both might hold on as they began. In this prayer he ndknowledgment he would have the prices take notice of
, and dresses himself to God, as the God of Abraham, Isaac, and join in, that they might not think they had to pued any thing
of Jacob, a God in covenant with them, and with us for their sakes. God by their generosity; for from God to fy mhävas bur riches Lord, give us grace to make good our part of the covenant, that part of what they had received from him. Whoever are great their integrity by the grace of God establishing their way; let among men, it is God's hand that makes theme song and whateret i. Same grace that was sufficient for them best for hand our Father, v, 10. Ps. 68. 35.
put into their Inds, he would always keep there, that they
b Gen. 25.8.
Job 5. 26.
: Ec. 2. 9.
and thy statutes, and to do all these things, and to 24 And all the princes, and the mighty men, and build the palace for the which "I have made pro- all the sons likewise of king David, submitted vision.
themselves unto Solomon the king. 20 And David said to all the congregation, Now 25 And the Lord magnified Solomon exceedbless the LORD your God. And all the congrega- ingly in the sight of all Israel, and bestowed -upon tion blessed the Lord God of their fathers, and him such royal majesty as had not been on any king bowed down their heads, and worshipped the LORD before him in Israel. and the king.
26 Thus David the son of Jesse reigned over all 21. And they sacrificed sacrifices unto the LORD, Israel. and otlered burnt-otlerings unto the Lord, on the 27 And athe time that he reigned over Israel morrow alier that day, even a thousand bullocks, a was forty years; seven years reigned he in Hebron, thousand rams, and a thousand lambs, with their and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem. drink-otlerings, and sacrifices in abundance for all 28 And he died bin a good old age, full of days, Israel :
riches, and honour: and Solomon his son reigned 22 And did eat and drink before the Lord on in his stead. that day with great gladness: and they made Solo 29 Now the acts of David the king, first and last, mon, the son of David, king the second time, and behold, they are written in the book of Samuel the yanointed him unto the LORD to be the chief gover- seer, and in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in nor, and Zadok to be priest.
the book of Gad the seer. 23 Then Solomon sat on the throne of the Lord 30 With all his reign and his might, and the as king instead of David his father, and prospered; times dthat went over him, and over Israel, and over and all Israel obeyed him.
all the kingdoms of the countries. * *, P. 14. I Ps, 115, 1, y 1 Kingõ 1. 3, đc. gave the hand under, Gen. 24.
al Kings 2. 11.
corde, or, history. 2. 47. 29. 2 Cbr. 30. 8. Ex. 17. 18. might never be worse than they were now; might never lose he was, in a peculiar manner, King of Israel, 1 Sam. 12. 12. He the convictions they were now under, nor cool in their affec- had the founding, he had the filling, of their throne, by immediate tions to the house of God; but always have the same thoughts direction. The municipal laws of their kingdom were divine ! of things as they now seemed to have. Great consequences Urim and prophets were the privy counsellors of their princes, depend upon what is innermost, and what uppermost, in the therefore is their throne called the throne of the Lord. Soloimagination of the thoughts of our heart; what we aim at, and mon's kingdom typified the kingdom of the Messiah, and his is what we love to think of. If any good have got possession of indeed the throne of the Lord; for the Father judgeth no man, our hearts, or the hearts of our friends, it is good by prayer to but hath committed all judgment to him; hence he calls hini commit the custody of it to the grace of God: “Lord, keep it his King, Ps. 2. 6. Being set on the throne of the Lord, the there, keep it for ever there. David has prepared materials throne to which God called him, he prospered. They that for the temple; but, Lord, do thou prepare their hearts for such follow the divine guidance, may expect success by the divine a privilege;" establish their hearts, so the margin. “Confirm blessing. Solomon prospered ; for, their resolutions; they are in a good mind, keep them so, when 1. His people paid honour to him, as one to whom honour is I am gone, them and theirs for ever." [2.) For Solomon he due. All Israel obeyed him; that is, were ready to swear alleprays, (v. 19,) Give him a perfect heart. He had charged him giance to him ; (v. 23,) the princes and mighty men, and even (ch.28.9) to serve God with a perfect heart, now here he prays ihe sons of David, though, by seniority, their title to the crown to God to give him such a heart. He does not pray, “Lord, was prior to his, and they might think themselves wronged by make him a rich man, a great man, a learned man;" but, bis advancement ; God thought fit to make himn king, and made " Lord, make him an honest man;" for that is better than all. him fit to be so, and therefore they all submitted themselves to "Lord, give him a perfect heart, not only in general, to keep thy him. God inclined their hearts to do so, that his reign might, commandments, but in particular, to build the palace, that he from the first, be peaceable. His father was a better man than may do that service with a single eye." Yet his building the he, and yet came to the crown with much difficulty; after house would not prove him to have a perfect heart, unless he long delay, and by many and slow steps. David had more faith, made conscience of keeping God's commandments. It is not and therefore had it more tried. They submitted themselves, helping to build churches, that will save us, if we live in dis- Heb. They gave the hand under Solomon, that is, bound themobedience to God's law.
selves by oath to be true to him. Putting the band under the II. The cheerful concurrence of this great assembly in this thigh, was a ceremony anciently used in swearing; or, they great solemnity.
were so entirely devoted, that they would put their hand under 1. They joined with David in the adoration of God. When his feet to serve him. he had done his prayer, he called to them to testify their con 2. God put honour upon him; for those that honour him, he currence; (Now hless the Lord your God, v. 20,) which accord will honour : The Lord magnified Solomon exceedingly, v. 25, ingly they did, by bowing down their heads, a gesture of adora- His very countenance and presence, I am apt to think, had tion. Whoever is the mouth of the congregation, those only something in them very great and awful: all he said, and all he have the benefit, who join with him, not by bowing down the did, commanded respect. None of all the judges or kings of head, so much as by lifting up the soul.
Israel, his predecessors, made such a figure as he did, nor lived 2. They paid their respects to the king, looking upon him as in such splendour. an instrument in God's hand of much good to them; and, in II. Here is David's setting; that great man going off the honouring him, they honoured God.
stage. The historian here brings him to the end of his day, 3. The next day, they offered abundance of sacrifices to God, leaves him asleep, and draws the curtains about him. (v.21,) both burnt-offerings, which were wholly consumed, and 1. He gives a summary account of the years of his reign, peace-offerings, which the offerer had the greatest part of to v. 26, 27. He reigned forly years, as Moses did, Othniel, Debobimself. Hereby they testified a generous gratitude to God for rah, Gideon, Eli, Samuel, and Saul, who were before him, and the good posture their public affairs were in, though David was Solomon, after him. going the way of all the earth.
2. He gives a short account of his death, (v.28,) that he died 4. They feasted, and rejoiced, before God, v. 22. In token full of days, riches, and honour ; that is, (1.) Loaded with them. of their joy in God, and communion with him, they feasted He was very old and very rich, and very much honoured both of upon their peace-offerings, in a religious manner, before the God and man. He had been a man of war from his youth, and, Lord. What had been offered to God, they feasted upon; as such, had his soul continually in his hand ; yet he was not by which was intimated to them, that they should be never cut off in the midst of his days, but was preserved through all the poorer for their late liberal contributions to the service of the dangers of a military life, lived 10 a good old age, and died the temple; they themselves should feast upon the comfort in peace, died in his bed, and yet in the bed of honour, of it.
(2.) Satiated with them. He was full of days, riches, and 5. They made Solomon king, the second time. He having honour ; that is, he had enough of this world, and of the riches been before anointed, in haste, upon occasion of Adonijah's and honours of it, and knew
when he had enough, for he was rebellion, it was thought fit to repeat it, for the greater satis- very willing to die and leave it, having said, (Ps. 49. 15,) God faction of the people. They anointed him to the Lord. Magis- shall receive me; and, (Ps. 23. 4,) Thou art with me. Á good trates must look upon themselves as set apart for God, to be his man will soon be full of days, riches, and honour; but will ministers, and must rule accordingly in the fear of God. Zadok never be satisfied with them; no satisfaction but in God's also was anointed to be priest, in the room of Abiathar, who had loving kindness. lately forfeited this honour. Happy art thou, O Israel, under 3. For a fuller account of David's life and reign, he refers his such a prince, and such a pontiff.
reader 10 the histories or records of those times, which were V. 23-30. These verses bring king Solomon to his throne, written by Samuel while he lived, and continued, after his and king David to his grave. Thus the rising generation death, by Nathan and Gad, v. 29. There was related what thrusts out that which went before, and says, “Make room for was observable in his government at home, and his wars us.” Every one has his day.
abroad, the times, that is, the events of the times, that went over 1. Here is Solomon rizing ; (v.23,) Solomon sat on the throne him, v. 29, 30. These registers were then in being, but are of the Lord. Not his throne which he prepared in the heavens, now lost. Note, Good use may be made of those histories of but the throne of Israel is called the throne of the Lord, because the church, which are authentic, though not sacred, or of divine he is not only King of all nations, and all kings rule under him, but / inspiration.