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7 And they slew the sons of Zedekiah before his fers, and the spoons, and all the vessels of brass eyes, and put out the eyes of Zedekiah, and wherewith they ministered, took they away. bound him with fetters of brass, and carried him to 15 And the fire-pans, and the bowls, and such Babylon.
things as were of gold, in gold, and of silver, in 8 And in the fifth month, on the seventh day of silver, the captain of the guard took away. the month, (which is the nineteenth year of king 16 'The two pillars, sone sea, and the bases, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon,) came Nebuzar- which Solomon had made for the house of the adan, captain of the guard, á servant of the king Lord; the brass of all these vessels was without of Babylon, unto Jerusalem :
weight. 9 And -he burnt the house of the Lord, and the 17 The height mof the one pillar was eighteen king's house, and all the houses of Jerusalem, and cubits, and the chapiter upon it was brass : and the fevery great man's house burnt he with fire. height of the chapiter three cubits; and the wrea
10 And all the army of the Chaldees, that were then work, and pomegranates upon the chapiter with the captain of the guard, brake down sthe round about, all of brass: and like unto these had walls of Jerusalem round about.
the second pillar with wreathen work. 11 Now the rest of the people that were left in 18 And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the city, and the fugitives that fell away to the the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, king of Babylon, with the remnant of the multitude, and the three keepers of the "door: did Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard carry 19 And out of the city he took an officer that away.
was set over the men of war, and five men of them 12 But the captain of the guard left of the poor that **were in the king's presence, which were found kos the land to be vinedressers and husbandmen. in the city, and the principal scribe of the host
13 And the pillars kot brass that were in the house which mustered the people of the land, and threeof the Lord, and the bases, and the brazen sea that score men of the people of the land that were found was in the house of the Lord, did the Chaldees in the city: break in pieces, and carried the brass of them to 20 And Nebuzar-adan, captain of the guard, Babylon.
took these, and brought them to the king of Baby14 And the pots, and the shovels, and the snuf- lon to Riblah: • made blind. d E2. 12. 13, c. tor, chief marshal. e 1 Kings 9. 8. Ps. 79. k Ex. 27. 3. 11 Kings 7. 47, 50. S the one. mn 1 Kings 7.15. n I Chr. 6. 14. 1. Is. 64. 10, 11. I Am. 2. 5. Neh. 1.3. Jer. 52. 14, &c. fallen away. Ezra 7.1. o Jer. 21. 1. 29. 25, 29. threahold, k c. 24. 14. Jer. 40.7. i Jer. 27. 19, &c. 1 Kings 7. 15—27.
king'a face, Esth. 1. 14. 17 or, ecribe of the captain of the host. he might be ready to give orders both to bis court at home and apocryphal writers does indeed tell us that the prophet Jerehis army abroad.
miah got it out of the temple, and conveyed it to a cave in mount 2. His sons were slain before his eycs, though children, that Nebo on the other side Jordan, and hid it there, 2 Mac. 2. this doleful spectacle, the last his eyes were to behold, might 4, 5;) but that could not be, for Jeremiah was a close prisoner leave an impression of grief and horror upon his spirit as long at that time. By the burning of the temple, God would show as he lived; in slaying his sons, they showed their indignation how little he cares for the external pomp of his worship, when at his falsehood, and, in effect, declared that neither he, nor the life and power of religion are neglected; the people trusted any of his, were fit to be trusted, and therefore that they were 10 the temple, as if that would protect them in their sins, not fit to live.
(Jer. 7.4;) but God, by this, lets them know that when they 3. His eyes were put out, by which he was deprived of that had profaned it, they would find it but a refuge of lies. This common comfort of human life, which is given even to them that temple had stood about 420, some say, 430 years; the people are in misery, and to the bitter in soul, the light of the sun; by having forfeited the promises made concerning it, those prowhich he was also disabled for any service. He dreaded being mises must be understood of the Gospel temple, which is God's mocked, and therefore would not be persuaded to yield, (Jer. 38. rest for ever. It is observable that the second temple was 19:) but that which he feared, came upon him with a witness, burned by the Romans, the same month, and the same day of and, no doubt, added rouch to his misery; for as they that are the month, that the first temple was burned by the Chaldeans, deaf, suspect that every body talks of them, so they that are which, Josephus says, was the 10th of August. blind, suspect that every body laughs at them; by this, two 2. The walls of Jerusalem are demolished, (v. 10,) as if the prophecies that seemed to contradict one another, were both victorious army would be revenged on them that had kept them fulfilled. Jeremiah prophesied that Zedekiah should be brought out so long, or, at least, prevent the like opposition another to Babylon, Jer. 32. 5.-34. 3. Ezekiel prophesied that he time. Sin unwalls a people, and takes away their defence. should not see Babylon, Ez. 12. 13. He was brought thither, These walls were never repaired till Nehemiah did it. but, his eyes being put out, he did not see it; thus he ended his 3. The residue of the people are carried away captive to days, before he ended his life.
Babylon, v. 11. Most of the inhabitants had perished by sword 4. He was bound in fetters of brass, and so carried to Baby- or famine, or had made their escape when the king did, (for it lon; he that was blind, needed not to be bound, (his blindness is said, v. 5, His army was scattered from him,) so that there fettered him,) but for his greater disgrace, they led him bound; were very few left, who, with the deserters, making in all hut only, whereas common malefactors are laid in iron, (Ps. 105. 832 persons, (as appears, Jer. 52. 29,) were carried away into 18.–207. 10,) he, being a prince, was bound with fetters of captivity; only the poor of the land were left behind, (v. 12,) to brass; but that the metal was somewhat nobler and lighter, till the ground, and dress the vineyards, for the Chaldeans. was little comfort, while still he was in fetters: let it not seem Sometimes poverty is a protection ; for they that have nothing, strange, if those that have been held in the cords of iniquity, have nothing to lose. When the rich Jews, who had been come to be thus held in the cords of affliction, Job 36.8. oppressive to the poor, were made strangers, nay, prisoners, in
V.8–21. Though we have reason to think that the army of an enemy's country, the poor, whom they had despised and the Chaldeans were much enraged against the city for holding oppressed, had liberty and peace in their own country; thus out with so much stubbornness, yet they did not therefore put Providence sometimes remarkably humbles the proud, and all to fire and sword as soon as they had taken the city, (which favours them of low degree. is too commonly done in such cases,) but, about a month after, 4. The brazen vessels, and other appurtenances of the tem(compare v. 8 with v. 3,) Nebuzar-adan was sent with orders ple, are carried away, those of silver and gold being most of to complete the destruction of Jerusalem; this space God gave them gone before; those two famous columns of brass, Jachin them to repent, after all the foregoing days of his patience, but and Boaz, which signified the strength and stability of the house in vain, their hearts (for aught that appears) were still har of God, were broken to pieces, and the brass of them carried to dened, and therefore execution is awarded to the utmost. Babylon, v. 13. When the things signified were sinned away,
1. The city and temple are burned, v. 9. It does not appear what should the signs stand there for? Ahaz had profanely cut that the king of Babylon designed to send any colonies to peo- off the borders of the bases, and put the brazen sea upon a parople Jerusalem, and therefore he ordered it to be laid in ashes, ment of stones, (ch. 16. 17;) justly therefore are the bases as a nest of rebels. At the burning of the king's house, and themselves, and the brazen sea, delivered into the enemy's the houses of the great men, one cannot so much wonder; (the hand. It is just with God to take away his ordinances from inhabitants had, by their sins, made them combustible:) but those that profane and abuse them, that curtail and depress them. that the house of the Lord should perish in these flames, that Some things remained of gold and silver, (v.15,) which were now that holy and beautiful house should be burned with fire, (Is. 64; carried off; but most of this plunder was brass, such a vast 11,) is very strange, that house which David prepared for, and quantity of it, that it is said to be without weighi, v. 16. The which Solomon built, at such a vast expense; ihat house which carrying away of the vessels wherewith they ministered, (v. 14,) had the eye and heart of God perpetually upon it, (1 Kings 9. put an end to the ministration. It was a righteous thing with 3,) might not that have been snatched as a brand out of this God to deprive those of the benefit of his worship, who had burning ? No, it must not be fire-proof against God's judgments; slighted it so long, and preferred false worships before it; they this stately structure must be turned into ashes, and, it is pro- that would have many altars, now shall have rone. bable, the-ark in it, for the enemies, having heard how dear 5. Several of the great men are slain in cold blood; Seraiah the Philistines paid for the abusing of it, durst not seize that, the chief priest, who was the father of Ezra, (as appears, Ezra nor did any of its friends take care to preserve it, for then we 7.1,) the second priest, who, when there was occasion, officishould have heard of it again in the second ternple; one of the ated for him, and three door keepers of the temple, (v. 18,) the Vol. 1.-118
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21 And the king of Babylon smote them, and slew with him, and smote Gedaliah that he died, and the them at Riblah in the land of Hamath. So r Judah Jews and the Chaldees that were with him at Mizpah. was carried away out of their land.
26 And all the people, both small and great, and 22 And as for the people that remained in the the captains of the armies, arose, and came to land of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzer king of Egypt :s for they were afraid of the Chaldees. Babylon had left, even over them he made Geda 27 And it came to pass, in the seven and thirliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, ruler. tieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of
23 And when all the captains of the armies, they Judah, in the twelfth month, on the seven and and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had twentieth day of the month, that Evil-merodach made Gedaliah governor, there came to Geda- king of Babylon, in the year that he began to reign, liah to Mizpah, even Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, did lift up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah and Johanan the son of Careah, and Seraiah the out of prison; son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaaza 28 And he spake tkindly to him, and set his niah the son of a Maachathite, they and their men. throne above the throne of the kings that'were with
24 And Gedaliah sware to them, and to their him in Babylon; men, and said unto them, Fear not to be the ser 29 And changed his prison garments: and he vants of the Chaldees : dwell in the land, and serve did eat-bread continually before him all the days of the king of Babylon, and it shall be well with you. his life.
25 But rit came to pass, in the seventh month, 30 And his allowance was a continual allowance that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of given him of the king, a daily rate for every day, Elishama, of the seed "royal, came, and ten men all the days of his life. D Lev. 26. 33. Deut. 28. 36, 61. c. 23. 27. Ez. 12. 25.-28. 24. 14. 9 Jer. 40.5, &c. u Gen. 40. 13, 20. t good things with him. Dan. 2. 37. 5. 18, 19. w Is. 61. 3. r Jer. 41.1, &c. • of the kingdom. Jer. 43. 4, 7, i Jer. 52. 31, &c.
2 Sam. 9. 7. y Neh. 11. 23. Dau. 1. 5. Matt. 6. 11. Acta 6. 1. general of the army, five privy-counsellors, (afterward, they fered greatly by it, would not have been punished for it: but, made them up seven, Jer. 52. 25,) the secretary of war, or pay- under pretence of this apprehension, contrary to the counsel of master of the army, and sixty country gentlemen who had con- Jeremiah, they all went to Egypt, where, it is probable, they cealed themselves in the city; these, being persons of some mixed with the Egyptians by degrees, and were never heard of rank, were brought to the king of Babylon, (v. 19, 20,) who more as Israelites; thus was there a full end made of them by ordered them to be all put to death, (v. 21,) when, in reason, their own folly and disobedience, and Egypt had the last of them, they might have hoped that surely the bitterness of death was that the last verse of that chapter of threatenings might be fulpast.
These the king of Babylon's regency looked upon as filled after all the rest, Deut. 28. €8, The Lord shall bring thee most active in opposing him; but Divine Justice, we may sup- into Egypt again. These events are more largely related by pose, looked upon them as ringleaders in that idolatry and the prophet Jeremiah, ch. 40. to ch. 45. Quæque ipse miserrima impiety which were punished by these desolations. This com- vidit, et quorum pars magna fuit,Which scenes he was doomed pleted the calamity : 80 Judah was carried away out of their to behold, and in which he bare a melancholy part, land, about 860 years after they were put in possession of it by II. The reviving of the captive prince ; of Zedekiah we hear Joshua. Now the scripture was fulfilled, The Lord shall bring no more, after he was carried blind to Babylon; it is probable thee, and the king which thou shalt set over thee, into a nation that he did not live long, but that when he died, he was buried which thou has not known, Deut. 28. 36. Sin kept iheir fathers with some marks of honour, Jer. 34. 5. Of Jehoiachin, or Jeforty years out of Canaan, and now turned them out: the Lord is coniah, who surrendered himself, (ch. 24. 12,) we are here told, known by those judgments which he executes, and makes good that as soon as Evil-merodach came to the crown, upon the death that word which he has spoken; (Am. 3. 2,) You only hare of his father Nebuchadnezzar, he released him out of prison, I known of all the families of the earth, therefore I will punish (where he had lain 37 years, and was now 55 years old,) spake you for all your iniquities.
kindly to him, paid more respect to him than to any other of the v. 22-30. In these verses, we have,
kings his father had left in captivity, (v. 28,) gave him princely I. The dispersion of the remaining people, the city of Jerusa- clothing instead of his prison garmenis, maintained him in his lom was quite laid waste; some people there were in the land own palace, (v. 29,) and allowed him a pension for himself and of Judah, (v. 22,) that had weathered the storm, and (which his family, in some measure corresponding to his rank, a daily was no small favour at this time, Jer. 45. 5) had their lives given rate for every day as long as he lived. Consider this, them for a prey. Now see,
1. As a very happy change of Jehojachin's condition: to have 1. What a good posture they were put into; the king of Baby- honour and liberty, after he had been so long in confinement lon appointed Gedaliah, one of themselves, to be their governor and disgrace, the plenty and pleasure of a court, after he had and protector under him, a very good man, and one that would been so long accustomed to the straits and miseries of a prison, make the best of the bad, (v. 22;) his father Ahikam was one was like the return of the morning after a very dark and tedious that countenanced and protected Jeremiah, when the princes night. Let none say that they shall never see good again, behad vowed his death, Jer. 26. 24. It is probable that this Geda- cause they have long seen little but evil; the most miserable liah, by the advice of Jeremiah, had gone over to the Chaldeans, know not what blessed turn Providence may yet give to their and had approved himself so well, that the king of Babylon in- affairs, nor what comforts they are reserved for, according to the trusted him with the government; he resided not at Jerusalem, days wherein they have been afflicted, Ps. 90.15. However, the but at Mizpah, in the land of Benjamin, a place famous in death of afflicted saints is to them such a change as this here Samuel's time; thither those came, who had Aed from Zedekiah, was to Jehoiachin; it will release them out of their prison, (v. 4,) and put themselves under his protection, (v. 23,) which shake off the body, that prison garment, and open the way to he assured them of, if they would be patient and peaceable under their advancement; will send them to the throne, to the lable the government of the king of Babylon, v. 24. Gedaliah, though of the King of kings, the glorious liberty of God's children. he had not the pomp and power of a sovereign prince, yet might 2. As a very generous act of Evil-merodach's; be thought have been a greater blessing to them than many of their kings that his father made the yoke of his captives too heavy, and had been, especially having such a privy-counsellor as Jeremiah, therefore, with the tenderness of a man, and the honour of a who was now with them, and interested himself in their affairs, prince, made it lighter; it should seem, all the kings he bad in Jer. 40. 5, 6.
his power were favoured, but Jehoiachin above them all; some 2. What a fatal breach was made upon them, soon afterward, think, for the sake of the antiquity of his family, and the honour by the death of Gedaliah, within two months after he entered of his renowned ancestors, David and Solomon; none of the upon his government. The utter extirpation of the Jews, for kings of the nations, it is likely, were descended from so long a the present, was determined, and therefore it is in vain for them race of kings in a direct lineal succession, and by a male line, to think of taking root again, the whole land must be plucked as the king of Judah. The Jews say that this Evil-merodach up, (Jer. 45. 4;) yet this hopeful settlement is dashed to pieces, had been himself imprisoned by his own father, when he returnnot by the Chaldeans, but by some of themselves: the things of ed from his madness, for some mismanagement at that time, their peace were so hidden from their eyes, that they knew not and that in prison he contracted a friendship with Jehojachin, when they were well off, nor would believe when they were told. in consequence of which, as soon as he had it in his power, he
(1.) They had a good governor of their own, and him they showed him this kindness as a sufferer, as a fellow-sufferer. slew, out of spite to the Chaldeans, because he was appointed Some suggest that Evil-merodach had learned from Daniel and by Nebuchadnezzar, v. 25. Ishmael, who was of the royal his fellows the principles of the true religion, and was well family, envying Gedaliah's advancement, and the happy settle affected to them, and, upon that account, favoured Jehoiachin. ment of the people under him, though he could not propose to 3. As a kind dispensation of Providence, for the encourage. sot up himself, resolved to ruin him, and basely slew him and ment of the Jews in captivity, and the support of their faith and all his friends, both Jews and Chaldees : Nebuchadnezzar would hope concerning their enlargement in due time; this happened not, could not, have been a more mischievous enemy to their just about the midnight of their captivity; thirty-six of the sepeace, than this degenerate branch of the house of David was. venty years were now past, and almost as many were yet
(2.) They were as yet in their own good land, but they for- behind, and now to see their king thus advanced, would be a sook it, and went to Egypt, for fear of the Chaldees, v. 26. The comfortable earnest to them of their own release in due time, in Chaldeans had reason enough to be offended at the murder of the set time: unto the upright there thus ariseth light in the darkGedaliah; but if those that remained, had humbly remonstrated, ness, to encourage them to hope, even in the cloudy and dark alleging that it was only the act of Ishmael and his party, we day, that at evening time it shall be light; when therefore we are may suppose that they who were innocent of it, nay, who suf-perplexed, let us not be in despair.
In common things, repetition is thought needless and nauseous; but in sacred things, precept must be upon precept, and line upon line,
To me, says the apostle, to write the same things is not grievous, but for you it is safe, Phil. 3. 1. These books of Chronicles are, in a great measure, repetition; so are much of the second and third of the four evangelists : and yet no tautologies, either here or there, no vain repetitions. We may be ready to think that of all the books of holy scripture, we could best spare these two books of Chronicles. Perhaps we might, and yet we could very ill spare them; for there are many most excellent useful things in them, which we find not elsewhere. And as for what we find here which we have already met with, 1. It might be of great use to those who lived when these books were first published, before the canon of the Old Testament was completed, and the particles of it put together; for it would remind them of what was more fully related in the other books. Abstracts, abridgments, and references, are of use in divinity as well as law. That, perhaps, may not be said in vain, which yet has been said before. 2. It is still of use, that out of the mouth of two witnesses, every word may be established, and that, being inculcated, it may be remembered. The penman of these books is supposed to be Ezra, that ready scribe in the law of the Lord, Ezra 7.6. It is a groundless story of that apocryphal writer, 2 Esd. 14. 21, &c. that, all the law being burned, Ezra was divinely inspired to write it all over again, which yel might take rise from the books of Chronicles, where we find, though not all the same story repeated, yet the names of all those who were the subjects of that story. These books are called in the Hebrew words of days; journals, or annals, because, by divine direction, collected out of some public and authentic records.
The collection was made after the captivity, and yet the language of the originals, written before, is sometimes retained, as 2 Chr. 5. 9, There it is unto this day, which must have been written before the destruction of the temple. The Septuagint calls it a book Ilapaleuropévwv, of things left, or overlooked, by the preceding historians; and several such things there are in it. It is the rereward, the gathering host, of this sacred camp, which gathers up what remained, that nothing might be lost.
In this first book, we have, 1. A collection of sacred genealoges, from Adam to David: and they are none of those which the apostle calls endless genealo
gies, but we have their use and end in Christ, ch. 1.-9. Divers litile passages of history are here inserted, which we had not
before. II. A repetition of the history of the translation of the kingdom from Saul to David, and of the triumph of David's reign, with
large additions, ch. 10.-21. III. An original account of the settlement David made of the ecclesiastical affairs, and the preparation he made for the building of the temple, ch. 22.-29. These aro words of days, of the oldest days, of ihe best days, of the Old Testament church. The reigns of kings, and dates of kingdoms, as well as the lives of common persons, are reckoned by days; for a little time often gives a great turn, and yet all time is nothing to eternity.
B. C. 4004.
with in the sacred history, and put them all together, with considerable addi-
& Gen. 4. 25, 26. 5. 3, 9.
Genealogies. son of Abraham, the son of Adam, And now that he is come for whose sako these registers were preserved, the Jews since have so lost all their genealogies, that even that of the priests, the most sacred of all, is forgotten, and they know not of any one man in the world, that can prove himself of the house of Aaron. When the building is reared, the scaffolds are removed. When the promised
Seed is come, the line that was to lead to him, is broken off.
till we come to Jacob. I. The descents from Adam to Noab and his sons, out of
ADAM, Sheth, Enosh,
6 Gen. 10. 2, &c.
NOTES TO CHAPTERI.
we were all made miserable ; by the covenant of grace made V. 1—27. This paragraph has Adam for its first word, and with the latter, we all are, or may be, made happy. We all Abraham for its last. Between the creation of the former, and are, by nature, the seed of Adam, branches of that wild olive. the birth of the latter, were 2000 years; almost the one half of Let us see to it, that, by faith, we become the seed of Abraham, which time Adam himself lived. Adam was the common father (Rom. 4.11, 12,) that we be planted into the good olive, and of our flesh, Abraham the common father of the faithful. By partake of its root and fatness. the breach which the former made of the covenant of innocency, I. The four first verses of this paragraph, and the four last,
and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, 23 And Ophir, and Havilah and Jobab. All and Tiras.
these were the sons of Joktan. 6 And the sons of Gomer; Ashchenaz, and *Rip 24 Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah, hath, and Togarmah.
25 Eber, Peleg, Rue, 7 And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, 26 Serug, Nahor, Terah, Kittim, and Dodanim.
27 Abram;" the same is Abraham. 8 The sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, Put, 28 The sons of Abraham; Isaac, and Ishmael. and Canaan.
29 These are their generations: The first-born 9 And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and "of Ishmael, Nebaioth; then Kedar, and Adbeel, Sabta, and Raamah, and Sabtecha. And the sons and Mibsam, of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.
30 Mishma, and Dumah, Massa, Hadad, and 10 And Cush begat Nimrod; he began to be Tema, mighty upon the earth.
31 Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah, These are 11 And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, the sons of Ishmael. and Lehabim, and Naphtubim,
32 Now the sons of Keturah, Abraham's concu12 And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (of whom came bine : she bare Zimram, and Jokshan, and Medan, the Philistines,) and Caphthorim.
and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah. And the sons 13 And Canaan begat Zidon his first-born, and of Jokshan, Sheba, and Dedan. Heth,
33 And the sons of Midian; Ephah, and Epher, 14 The Jebusite also, and the Amorite, and the and Henoch, and Abida, and Eldaah. All these Girgashite,
are the sons of Keturah. 15 And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite, 34 And Abraham begat Isaac. The sons of 16 And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Isaac;
Esau, and Israel. Hamathite.
35 The msons of Esau; Eliphaz, Reuel, and 17. The sons of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah. Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, 36 The sons of Eliphaz; Teman, and Omar, and Gether, and #Meshech.
Zephi, and Gatam, Kenaz, and Timna, and 18 And Arphaxad begat Shelah, and Shelah Amalek. begat Eber.
37 The sons of Reuel; Nahath, Zerah, Sham19 And unto Eber were born two sons: the name mah, and Mizzah. of the one was $Peleg, (because in his days the earth 36 And the sons of Seir; Lotan, and Shobal, and was divided,) and his brother's name was Joktan. Zibeon, and Anah, and Dishon, and Ezar, and
20 And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Dishan. Hazarmaveth, and Jerah,
39 And the sons of Lotan; Hori, and Homam : 21 Hadoram also, and Uzal, and Diklah,
and Timna was Lotan's sister. 22 And Ebal, and Abimael, and Sheba,
40 The sons of Shobal; ft Alian, and Manahath, • or, Diphath, as it is in some copies. † or, Rodanin, according to some copies. Gen. 25. 13-16. lor, Hadar, Gen. 25. 15. : Gen. 25. 1. &c. Gen 21, e Deut. 2. 23. 1 or, Mash, Geo. 10. 23. $i, e. Divusion, Gea. 10. 25. 2. 3. 1 Gen. 25. 35, 25. m Gen. 36. 9, &c. ! or, Zepho, Gen. 36. 11. & Gen. 11. 10, &c. Gen. 17.6. / Gen. 21. 2, 3. & Gen. 16. 11, 15.
Heman, Gen. 36.22. 11 or, Alran, Gen. 36. 23. wbich are linked together by Shem, (v. 4, 24,) contain the us? Mal. 2. 10. Our register hastens to the line of Abraham, sacred line of Christ from Adam to Abraham, and are inserted breaking off abruptly from all the other families of the sons of in his pedigree; the order, Luke 3. 34-38, ascends, here it Noah, but that of Arphaxnd, from whom Christ was to come. descends. This genealogy proves the falsehood of that reproach, The great promise of the Messiah (says Bishop Patrick) was
As for this man, we know not whence he is. Bishop Patrick translated from Adam 10 Seth, froin hun to Shem, from him to well observes here, that a genealogy being to be drawn of the Eber, and so to the Hebrew nation, who were intrusted, abova families of the Jews, this appears as the peculiar glory of the all nations, with that sacred treasure, till the promise was perJewish nation, that they alone were able to derive their pedi- formed, and the Messiah was come, and then that nation was gree from the first man that God created, which no other nation made not a people. pretended to, but abused themselves and their posterity with V. 28—54. All nations, but the seed of Abraham, are already fabulous accounts of their originals ; the Arcadians fancying shaken off from this genealogy; they have no part or lot in this that they were before the moon; the people of Thessaly that matter. The Lord's portion is his people, them he keeps account they sprang from stones; the Athenians that they grew out of of, and knows by name; but those who are strangers to bim, the earth; much like the vain imaginations which some of the he beholds afar off. Not that we are to conclude that theri fore philosophers had of the origin of the universe. The account no particular persons of any other nation, but the seed of Abrawhich the holy scripture gives both of the creation of the world hain, found favour with God. It was a truth, before Peter perand of the rise of nations, carries with it as clear evidences of ceived it, that in every nution he that feared God, and wrought its own truth, as those idle traditions do of their own vanity righteousness, was accepted of him. Multitudes will be brought and falsehoods.
to heaven out of all nations, (Rev. 7. 9,) and we are willing to II. All the verses between, repeat the account of the reple- hope there were many, very many, good people in the world, nishing of the earth by the sons of Noah after the food. 1. He that lay out of the pale of God's covenant of peculiarity with begins with those who were strangers to the church, the sons Abraham, whose names were in the book of life, though not of Japhet, who were planted in the isles of the Gentiles, those descended from any of the following families written in this western parts of the world, the countries of Europe. Of these book. The Lord knows them that are his. But Israel was a he gives a short account, (0.5—7,) because with these the Jews chosen nation, elect in type; and no other nation, in its nahad hitherto had little or no dealings. 2. He proceeds to those, tional capacity, was so dignified and privileged as the Jewish many of whom had been enemies to the church, the sons of nation was. That is the holy nation, which is the subject of Ham, who moved southward towards Africa, and those parts the sacred story; and therefore we are next to shake off all the of Asia which lay that way. Nimrod son of Cush began to be seed of Abraham, but the posterity of Jacob only, which were an oppressor, probably, to the people of God in his time. But all incorporated into one nation, and joined to the Lord, while Mizraim, from whom came the Egyptians, and Canaan, from the other descendants from Abraham, for aught that appears, whom came the Canaanites, are both of the names of great were estranged both from God and from one another. noto in the Jewish story; for with their descendants, the Israel I. We shall have little to say to the Ishmaeliles; they were of God had severe struggles to get out of the land of Egypt, the sons of the bond-woman, that were to be cast out, and not and into the land of Canaan; and therefore the branches of to be heirs with the child of the promise ; and their case was Mizraim are particularly recorded, v. 11, 12, and of Canaan, to represent that of the unbelieving Jews, who were rejected, v. 13-16. Sce at what a rate God valued Israel, when he gave (Gal. 4. 22, &c,) and therefore there is little notice taken of Egypt for their ransom, (Is. 43. 3,) and cast out all these na That nation. Ishmael's twelve sons are just named here, tions before them, Ps. 80. 8. 3. He then gives an account of (v. 29–31,) to show the performance of the promise God made those that were the ancestors and allies of the church, the pos- to Abraham, in answer to his prayer for him, that, for. Abraterity of Shem, v. 17–23. These peopled Asia, and spread ham's sake, he should become a great nation, and particularly themselves eastward; the Assyrians, Syrians, Chaldeans, Per- that he should beget twelve princes, Gen. 17. 20. sians, and Arabians, descended from these. At first, the ori. II. We shall have little to say to the Midianites, who deginals of the respective nations were known; but at this day, scended from Abraham's children by Keturah; they were chilwe have reason to think the nations are all so mingled with one uren of the east, (probably, Job was one of them,) and were disanother, by the enlargement of commerce and dominion, the missed from Isaac, the heir of the promise, (Gen. 25. 6,) and transplanting of colonies, the carrying away of captives, and therefore they are only named here, v.32. The sons of Jokshan, many such occasions, that no one nation, no nor the greatest the son of Keturah, are named also, and the sons of Midian, part of any, is descended entire from any of these fountains. (v. 32, 33,) who became most eminent, and perhaps gave Only this we are sure of, that God has created of one blood all denomination to all these families, as Judah to the Jews. nations of men; they are all descended from one Adam, ono III. We shall not have much to say to the Edomites; they Noah. Have we not all one father? Has not one God created I had an inveterate enmity to God's Israel; yet, because they
and Ebal, *Shephi, and Onam. And the sons of
in some of our latter editions ; for they are of great use to those who diligently
search the scriptures. They are said to be drawn up by that great master in Zibeon; Aiah, and Anah.
scripture learning, Mr. Hugh Broughton. We meet with them soroetimes in old
Bibles. 41 The sons of Anah; Dishon. And the sons
HESE are sons of Cheran.
42 The sons of Ezer; Bilhan, and Zavan, and 2 Dan, Joseph, and Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, Jakan. The sons of Dishan; Úz, and Aran. and Asher.
43 Now these are the kings that reigned in the 3 The sons of Judah ;' Er, and Onan, and Sheland of Edom, before any king reigned over the lah: which three were born unto him of the daughter children of Israel; Bela the son of Beor: and the of Shua the Canaanitess. And Er, the first-born of name of his city was Dinhabah.
Judah, was evil in the sight of the LORD; and he 44 And when Bela was dead, Jobab the son of slew him. Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his stead.
4 And Tamar his daughter-in-law bare him 45 And when Jobab was dead, Husham of the Pharez and Zerah. All the sons of Judah were five. land of the Temanites reigned in his stead.
5 The sons dof Pharez; Hezron, and Hamul. 46 And when Husham was dead, Hadad the 6 And the sons of Zerah; Zimri, and Ethan, son of Bedad, (which smote Midian in the field of and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara, five of them in Moab,) reigned in his stead : and the name of his all. city was Avith.
7. And the sons of Carmi; “Achar, the troubler 47. And when Hadad was dead, Samlah of Mas- | 'of Israel, who transgressed in the thing accursed. rekah reigned in his stead.
8 And the sons of Ethan; Azariah. 48 And when Samlah was dead, Shaul of Reho 9 The sons also of Hezron, that were born unto both by the river reigned in his stead.
him ; Jerahmeel, and "Ram, and "Chelubai. 49 And when Shaul was dead, Baal-hanan the 10 And Ram begat Amminadab; and Amminason of Achbor reigned in his stead.
dab begat Nalishon, prince bof the children of 50 And when Baal-hanan was dead, Hadads Judah; reigned in his stead : and the name of his city was
11 And Nahshon begat **Salma, and Salma begat Pai; and his wife's name was Mehetabel, the Boaz, daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahah. 12 And Boaz begat Obed, and Obed begat Jesse,
51 Hadad died also. And the dukes of Edom 13 And Jesse begat his first-born Eliab, and were; duke Timnah, duke Aliah, duke Jetheth, Abinadab the second, and 11Shimma the third,
52 Duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke Pinon, 14 Nethaneel the fourth, Raddai the fifth, 53 Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar, 15 Ozem the sixth, David the seventh,
54 Duke Magdiel, duke Iram. These are the 16 Whose sisters were Zeruiah, and Abigail. dukes of Edom.
And the sons of Zeruiah; Abishai, and Joab, and
17 And Abigail bare Amasa," and the father of We are now come to what was principally intended, the register of the children | Amasa vas +1Jether the Ishmeelite.
of Israel, that distinguished people, that were to duell alone, and not be reckoned among the nations. Here is, 1. The names of the twelve sons of Israel,
18 And Caleb the son of Hezron begat children 1,2. And then, II. An account of the tribe of Judah, which has the prece of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth: her sons are our Lord, who sprang out of Juilah, Heb. 7. 14. 1. The first descendants from these ; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon. Judah, down to Jesse, v. 312 2. The children of Jesse, v. 13-17. 3. The
19 And when Azubah was dead, Caleb took unto posterity of Hezron, not only through Ram, from whom David carne, but through Caleb, v. 18–20. Sego, 21–24. Jerahmeel, v. 25–33, and no to v. 41, and him Ephrath, which bare him Hur. more by Caleb, v. 42- 49, with the family of Caleb, the son of Hur, v. 50-55.
20 And Hur begat Uri, and Uri begat Bezaleel.m The best expositions we can give of this and the following chapters, and which will give the clearest view of them, is, those genealogical tables which were pub. 21 And afterward Hezron went in to the daughlished with one of the first imprexaiona of the last English Bible about a hun. dred years age, and continued for some time, and it is pity but they were revised ter of Machir "the father of Gilead, whom he $Smar* or, Shephn. Gen. 35. 23. for, Hemian, Gen. 36. 25. 1or, Achan. Gen. 36. şor, Achan. • Josh. 6. 18. 7.1, 25. or, Aram, Mall, 1.3, 4. 1 or, Caleb, 27. Sor, Hvar, Gen. 36. 39. a Geg. 29. 32, &c. 30.5, &c. 35. 18, &c. 46. 8, &c.
h 1 Sam. 16. 6, &c. tt or, Shamonah. 1 Sam. 16. 9. Ć Gen. 38, 29, 30. Mait, 1. 3. d Gen. 46. 12. Ruth 4. 18. 17.25. 1: 2 Sam. 17. 25, Ithra, an Israeiite. Iver. 50. m Ex. 31. 2. n Num. I or, Zabdi, Josh. 7. 1. or, Darda, descended from Esau the son of Isaac, we have here an account free grace, that it was said, Jacob have I loved : Not of works, of their families, and the names of some of their famous men, lest any man should boast. v. 35, to the end. Some slight differences there are between 2. The family of Judah. That tribe was most praised, most some of the names here, and as we had them, Gen. 36. whence increased, and most dignified, of any of the tribes, and therefore this whole account is taken. Three or four names that were the genealogy of it is the first and largest of them all. In the written with a Vau there are written with a Jod here; probably, account here given of the first branches of that illustrious tree, the pronunciation being altered, as is usual in other languages. which Christ was to be the Top Branch of, we meet, (1.) With We now write many words very differently from what they some that were very bad. Here is Er, Judah's eldest son, that were written but 200 years ago.
was evil in the sight of the Lord, and was cut off, in the beginLet us take occasion, from the reading of these genealogies, ning of his days, by a stroke of divine vengeance; the Lord to think, I. of the multitudes that have gone through this world, slew him, v. 3. His next brother, Onan, was no better, and have acted their part in it, and then quitted it. Job, even in fared no better. Here is Tamar, with whom Judah, her fatherhis early day, saw not only every man drawing after him, but in-law, committed incest, v. 4. And here is Achan, called annumerable before him, Job 21. 33. All these, and all theirs, Achar, a troubler, that troubled Israel by taking of the accursed had their day; many of them made a mighty noise and figure thing, v. 7. Note, The best and most honourable families in the world, but their day came to fall, and their place knew may have those belonging to them, that have their blemishes. them no more.
The paths of death are trodden paths, but, (2.) With some that were very wise and good, as Heman and Vestigia nulla retrorsum-None can retrace their steps. 2. Of Ethan, Calcol and Darda, who were not, perhaps, the immethe providence of God, which keeps up the generations of men, diate sons of Zerah, but descendants from him, and are named and so preserves that degenerate race, though guilty and obnox- because they were the glory of their father's house : for when jous, in being upon earth. How easily could he cut it off without the Holy Ghost would magnify the wisdom of Solomon, he either a deluge or a conflagration! Write but all the children of declares him wiser than these four men, who, though the sons men childless, as some are, and, in a few years, the earth will of Mahol, are called Ezrahites, from Zerah, 1 Kings 4. 31. be eased of its burden under which it groans; but the divine That four brothers should be eminent for wisdom and grace, patience lets the trees that cumber the ground, not only grow, was a rare thing. (3.) With some that were very great, as but propagate. As one generation, even of sinful men, passes Nahshon, who was prince of the tribe of Judah, when the camp away, another comes, (Ec. 1. 4. Num. 32. 14,) and will do so of Israel was formed in the wilderness, and so led the van in while the earth remains. Destroy it not, for a blessing is in it. that glorious march; and Salma, or Salmon, who was in that
post of honour when they entered Canaan, v. 10, 11. NOTES TO CHAPTER II.
3. The family of Jesse, of which a particular account is kept V.1-17. Here is,
for the sake of David, and the Son of David, who is a Rod out 1. The family of Jacob. His twelve sons are here named, of the stem of Jesse, Is. 11. 1. Hence it appears that David that illustrious number so often celebrated almost throughout was a seventh son, and that his three great commanders, Joab, the whole bible, from the first to the last book of it. At every Abishai, and Asahel, were the sons of one of his sisters, and turn, we meet with the twelve tribes that descended from these | Amasa of another. Three of the four went down slain to the twelve patriarchs. The personal character of several of them pit, though they were the terror of the mighty. was none of the best, (the four first were much blemished,) and V. 18-55. The persons mentioned in the first seventeen yet the covenant was entailed on their seed; for it was of grace, verses, are most of them such as wo read of, and most of them
}} or, Pa, Gen. 36. 39.
for, Aleh or,
6 Gen. 38. 3, &c.
ver. 18. 42.
Ruth 4. 19, 20.
& Num. 1. 7.
.. or, Salmon, Ruth 1. 21.
i 2 Sam. 2. 19. k 2 Sam.
27. 1. S took.