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Jehovah had chosen Great Britain, as He chose Palestine of old, to be the depository of His selectest blessings, and the Dispenser of them by its' noble men and peerless women to the uttermost ends of the earth. And when I revolve our various advantages, material, moral, and spiritual, I could enter into all the enthusiasm of the greatest of our poets, when he speaks of
“ This sceptred isle, This other Eden, demi-Paradise; This precious stone, set in the silver sea; This fortress built by Nature for herself, Against the envy of less happier lands; This nurse, this teeming womb of royal men, This land of such dear souls, this dear, dear
course, we Saxons attribute much of all this to temperament, both on the side of the speakers and the hearers; but that there was also a great deal of principle in it has been demonstrated by the permanence of its issues.
This is a subject of some importance at this time. We recently heard of a great revival of religion in the United States of America. Tidings of a similar revival have since come to our ears from the north of Ireland, with I know not svhat physical phenomena. News, also, of a revival of a peculiar kind has reached me from the granite city of Aberdeen, the place of my study, and from the cold district of Strath bogie, the place of my birth. I could have ignored America and Ireland; but there must be something inore than usual, I think, in the quiet revolution which is going on in Scotland. I learned, the other day, from the British Standard, that Wales, likewise, had its tale to tell; which, doubtless, we shall hear on some of these days. It is not for me to pronounce a positive opinion on these movements, nor is it for me to prescribe any measiires to my brethren, to induce such movements. To be genuine, in my judgment, they must be spontaneous. I would only venture to intimate my persuasion, that they would not be merely occasional, but normal, and without noise or observation, if our ministers and our churches were all as they ought to be. Be it yours and mine, dear brethren, to cultivate, more than we have done, à habit of intercourse with unseen realities; and let us encourage all free efforts on the part of those who possess the gift of speech and various religious aptitude; and we may confidently expect “ that the beauty of the Lord our God will be upon us, and that He will establish the work of our hands.”
And with that enthusiasm I would blend a lively sense of obligation to the Most High, who has caused to come upon us what the patriarch Jacob auspiced for Joseph his best beloved“the chiefest blessings of the Almighty: blessings of the heaven above-blessings of the deep that coucheth beneath -blessings of the ancient mountains and the lasting hills-blessings of the head, the heart, and the home !" Yes, all these blessings has the Most High caused to come on the head of Britain, “on the crown of the head of the nation that was separate from its brethren;" or, as the Roman poet expressed it"Ēt penitus toto divisos orbe Britannos.”
Then, again, to glance at the relation of our country to other lands, who could have imagined, 1,800 years ago, that the people thus spoken of as far remote from the great centres of civilisation, and likewise represented (or rather, as I believe, misrepresented) as little better than barbarians, should come to possess the highest mental culture, and the most potent sovereignty in Europe, with invincible pavies, and a soldiery that could conquer the elements, conquer old routine, and in the end conquer all its foes. Yet so it is. Nay more, the nation of shopkeepers, as the first Napoleon contemptuously styled them, sways more than the sceptre of the Great Mogul in the East, and has brought the celestitude of China to the dust, and will questionless bring it to the dust again in more signal style ; gives laws directly to above a hundred millions of pagans, and exerts a controlling influence over many thousand thousands more. Nor is this all. As a
CONCLUDING REMARKS. In fine, if the course of thought which I have pursued is at all warranted by facts, we have some reason to be proud of this “our own, our native land," on its own account; and we have every reason to be thankful to heaven for the favour that has been shown to it for many an age. If I am not mistaken, we have been mainly indebted for that favour to our Divine religion—that too its original bestowment-and to our God-born, Christ-breathing, self-asserting liberty. It does appear to me, as if
people we have multiplied, and are dis- | outlandish cupning: yea, other nations persing ourselves in a manner unique will then covet to serve ye, for lordship and unexampled since the great disper and victory are but the pages of justice sion of the human family from the and virtue. Commit securely to true plains of Shinar. There is this differ wisdom the vanquishing and uncasing ence, however, in our favour, that of craft and subtilty, which are but her whereas that motherland is now empty, true runagates : join . your invincible and void, and waste, this island-home might to do worthy and godlike deeds ; of ours still teems with population, as a and then be that seeks to break your hive of industry and honey, unexhausted union, a cleaving curse be his inherit. -inexhaustible; and yet, its essential ance to all generations." spirit or genius, towering in her strength An awful thing it were, indeed, if and majesty, “as an eagle muing her this auspice of ours as to the future of Inighty youth, and kindling her un Great Britain and the world should be dazzled eyes at the full midday beam,” dashed, or thrown back for a period on Cader Idris, or Helvellyn, or Ben indefinite. There are who think that Macdhui, can look abroad with com it is menaced at this present time. placency on her giant progeny. The It is very remarkable, that, with some United States of America are the off small exceptions, the nations of Europe spring of Britain, and, barring the are subject to an absolute despotism. I stripes on their banner, which suggest have already alluded to the significant ugly associations, we may be proud of fact, that the two greatest rulers of the them, and need not inind indulging darkness have together agreed to give them in their frowardness-running a their power—if they can compass itrace with us as they do for a magnifi to what we Protestants are accustomed cent fate. Then there are the Canadas to call “the beast.” And there can be and Columbia, with how many isles of little doubt, that neither of them, nor beauty and fertility there in the west the Cossack of the North, would be still our own, in range and capacity sorry to see the humiliation of “ perscarce inferior to Yankeedom. Then fidious Albion." Now, I have not there is the goodly and delightsome shared in the apprehensions lately region of South Africa, with half a con bruited in the House of Lords, and tinent before us. Then there is Aus echoed in the public press; and I have tralia, with New Zealand, and countless laughed to scorn the idea of the success islands in the Pacific, which may grow of any invasion of our coasts—come into an empire that shall reach to though it did from “the three corners China and Japan. There they all are, of the world" of Europe ; but, considerso many little Britains, destined to be ing the vast internal interests depen. come larger than Great Britain ; more dent on our safety, and the world-wide or less organising according to the interests identified with our maritime parent type, and preparing for huma supremacy, I would not have them susnity a future in which religion, liberty, pected even for a moment. You will science, brotherly kindness and happi. pardon me, when I say, in the words of ness shall clasp hands and find their à living poet, when the decease of the millennium.
Duke of Wellington was his theme :With such a prospect before you, “go on, hand in hand,” Oye peoples of
"O statesmen, guard us; guard the Eye, the
Soul England and Wales, Scotland and Ire Of Europe. Keep our noble England whole, land ;-allow me to address you in the And save the one true seed of freedom sown glowing words of Milton: “Go on, O Betwixt a people and their ancient throne;ye peoples, never to be disunited: be
That sober freedom out of which there springs
Our loyal passion for our temperate kings : the praise and the heroic song of all
For, saving that, ye help to save mankind, posterity ; merit this, but seek only vir. Till public wrong be crumpled into dust; tue, not to extend your limits ; (for what And drill the raw world for the march of needs to win a fading triumphant laurel mind out of the tears of wretched men ?) but
Till crowds at length be sane, and crowns be
just: to settle the pure worship of God in His
But wink no more in slothful overtrust!" church, and justice in the State. Then shall the hardest difficulties smooth out No doubt, we have, as a people, offended themselves before ye; envy shall sink very grievously. There was a time to hell, craft and malice be confounded, when Coleridge could say, in bitterness whether it be home-bred mischief or of soul,
“ From east to west
tion, and “laugh at the shaking of A groan of accusation pierces heaven !
foreign spear." There shall be no The wretched plead against us,-multitudes. Countless and vehement, the sons of God,
more room for corruption in the Church Our brethren !"
or the State. Ignorance and vice shall
hide their diminished heads. Faction In various ways, which it would be shall cease its mercenary fray, and painful to descant on, we have incurred Sectarianism its unholy war. Peace the frown of the Governor among the shall be within our borders, and prosnations: and He has frowned upon perity in all our coasts. Then our us. He may be frowning now. It is * races,” no longer “alien," shall be for us, brethren, to do what in us lies, linked together in a “three-fold cord;" to circulate a holier influence among and the Shamrock not scouting the our population, and to breathe a more Rose and the Thistle, shall twine for the Christian spirit into our Government. scutcheon on our banner an emblem of
At the same time, allow me to repeat, surpassing beauty, over which the iris that I have entire faith in the destinies of celestial hope shall“ smile en. of our empire. When I reflect on all chanted.” Then“ Britannia," if I may the dealings of Providence with us, venture here more directly to introduce politically since the era of Runnymede, the personified genius of our empireand religiously since that of the Re taking to herself “the shield of faith, formation, I am disposed to exclaim, and the sword of the Spirit; and for an "The Lord hath done great things for helmet, the hope of salvation,” shall sit us, whereof we are glad.” I cannot on her rock-throne, secure and benefi. imagine that we have been so crowned cent, with compassion or disdain for the with blessings, only to be the monu wrecks of Revenge or Revolution, that ments of Divine wrath ; no, surely, but are dashed by the billows at her feet. rather to be the agents of Divine good Then shall her fleet continue to ride ness. And I do not doubt that this isle triumphant over the seas; and, while it will still remain the abode of the free, shall bring in its commerce the glory the asylum of the oppressed, the shrine and wealth of the nations into our of truth, the exemplar of pure and un midst, it shall go forth, no longer to defiled religion, the herald of progres affright with robber-bands, or allure by sive improvement in all directions - | useless wares, but to be hailed as the “the wonder, terror, and delight of dis welcomest of guests, with the merchantant nations!" Only let us prove our dise of heaven as well as of earth. selves worthy of the ancient inhabitants And, as they descry its approach from of these islands, by our sturdy inde afar, the African on his sunny strand, pendence and excelling information, the Indian on his sheening river, the and mental power, and practical ability, Polynesian on his coral rock,- they and fervent zeal. Let us hold sacred shall exclaim with delight, “How beauthe memory of the faith and patience of tiful upon the mountain-wave is the our religious forerunners, the Culdees meteor-flag of the nation that bringeth and Covenanters, the Lollards and good tidings, that publisheth peace, that Wickliffites, the Puritans, Independents, bringeth good tidings of good, that and Nonconformists. Let us be true to publisheth salvation; that saith to" ourselves, and faithful to our God. Let Africa, to Asia, to America, “thy God us destroy the “Achan" in our hearts, reigneth!” O Earth, “thy God and cast the “accursed thing” from our
reigneth!" high places. Let us individually live, Yes! which of us can hesitate to not to ourselves, but to the common accept the auspice? Great Britain weal; let us nationally consult less for “ throned by the West,” with its coloa private end than a universal good; nies, or without them, shall continue to and we need fear no evil. We shall rule in the civilisations—the Christiani “ tread on the lion and adder” of sedi- | ties—of generations yet unborn!
THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. THE recent lectures by Professor Marsh, of have given some brief notice, have embraced Vermont, in the experimental university course a mass of interesting facts as to the construcof Columbia College, New York, of which we | tion and philosophy of the language. To show how a great standard work in common AUSTRALIAN EMIGRATION FROM use tends to preserve the purity of the lan
LIVERPOOL. guage and to retain the same words in use, he mentioned the remarkable facts, that of the
The emigration returns, so far as the port of 6,000 words in King James's translation of the
Liverpool is concerned, for the year 1858, show Bible, not 200 have become obsolete; of the
a decline of nearly 50 per cent. as compared 15,000 words in Shakespeare, not more than
with 1857; the numbers are500 or 600 have gone out of use or changed
For 1857 ..................... 155,652 their meanings; and of Milton's 8,000 words,
For 1858 ................... 80,722 there are scarcely a hundred which are not as familiar to-day as when he used them. This falling off has chiefly been to the On the contrary, if the subordinate writers of United States and Canada. To Australian the same times are examined, it will be found ports, 117 ships were despatched, the tonnage that a much larger proportion of their words being 129,361 tons in 1858, against 149 ships, have gone out of use, and that of very many | 169,515 tons in 1857. of them the true signification is nearly lost, The whole number of passengers carried and must be guessed from the connexion. out from Liverpool to the Australian colonies Words become obsolete by changes in the in 1858 (exclusive of cabin passengers) was. customs and arts of life.
The following scale represents the number RACES AND RELIGIONS.
of ships and passengers despatched by each of
the leading firms :The whole North American Continent has
Ships. Tons. Passengers. only thirty-six millions of inhabitants, hardly White Star Line... 29 35,424 6,724 as much as France or Austria. The whole of
Black Ball Line... 21 26,220 6,388 Central and South America has only twenty Mersey Line ...... 13 17,752 3,006 three millions—less, then, than Italy. Euro Eagle Line......... 10 17,999 2,176 pean Russia, with its sixty millions, has as Liverpool Line ... 4 4,531 512 many inhabitants as America, Australia, and Polynesia together. More people live in London than in all Australia and Polynesia. EFFECT OF DRUNKENNESS ON LIFE. China Proper has more inhabitants than America, Australia, and Africa together; and
Mr. Neison states that, out of 357 who died India has nearly three times as many inhabi
of drunkenness, there would have been only tants as the whole of the New World. The
110 according to the ratio of sober mortality. result is, that our planet bears 1,288 millions
It was not only computed, but scientifically of mankind, of which sum total 522 millions
demonstrated, that between the ages of twentybelong to the Mongolian, 369 millions to the
one and thirty, the mortality of the drunkard Caucasian, 200 millions to the Malayan, 196
is five times greater than that of the rest of millions to the Ethiopian, and one million to the
the community; that between thirty and fifty American race. Divided according to their
it is twice as great. The drunken man, at the confessions, there are 335 millions of Christians,
age of twenty, may expect to live fifteen years, five millions of Jews, 600 millions belonging to
and the sober man forty-four; at thirty, the the Asiatic religions, 160 millions to Moham
drunkard may expect to live thirteen years, and medanism, and 200 millions of heathens.
the sober man thirty-six; at forty, the drunkard may expect to live but eleven years, and
the sober man twenty-eight. These surely MULTUM IN PARVO.
are facts that need only be known to make a The number of languages spoken is 4,064.
powerful impression on the minds of all. The number of men is about equal to the number of women. The average of human
NOAH'S ARK AND THE GREAT life is thirty-three years. One quarter die
EASTERN. before the age of seven. One half before they
The following is a comparison between the have reached the age of seventeen. To every
size of the Great Eastern and Noah's Ark:one thousand persons, one only reaches one hundred years. To every one hundred, only
Noah's Ark. six reach seventy-five years; and not more than one in five hundred will reach eighty
According to According to Great years. There are on the earth one thousand
Newton. Wilkius. Eastern.
Feet. Feet. millions of inhabitants. Of these, 33,333,333
Length between die every year ; 91,824 die every day ; 7,780
perpendicular 612.62 517 680 every hour, and sixty per minute, or one
Extr. breadth.. 85.94 91•16 85 every second. These losses are about balanced
Height ......... 51.56 54.70 60 by an equal number of births. The married are longer lived than the single; and, above
Tonnage ...... 18,231:58 21,760.50 23,092-25 all, those who observe a sober and industrious The difference in the dimensions which exist conduct. Women have more chances of life between the calculations of Newton and Wilprevious to the age of fifty-five years than kins arises from their personal interpretation men, but fewer after. The number of mar of the measure mentioned in the Old Testilriages are in the proportion of seventy-six to ment, which, according to one, was 20:625 one hundred.- New York Merchant Magazine. | English inches, and to the other, 21.88.
RELIGION IN WALES. To Christian Ministers of all Denominations in the Principality. FRIENDS, BRETHREN, AND FATHERS, | Aberdare has infinitely more reason to -The recent gathering of the members be congratulated! of the Congregational Union in the Men and brethren, from uncontrolprincipal town of one of your counties lable circumstances it was not perunitted has led multitudes of the excellent of me to mingle with you on the late the earth, both Churchmen and Dis occasion, to enjoy your fellowship and senters, in England, to direct their profit from your counsels. This I felt thoughts towards Wales, while the eyes to be a great privation ; but, if unavoidof numbers were at the same time ably absent from the meetings, I was attracted to an opposite part of the not indifferent; I was with you in island by a gathering of a very different, spirit, and a most deeply interested although of a highly interesting charac spectator of all your proceedings-proter. In the south, religion lifted up ceedings which awakened in my mind her standard; and in the north, science. a multitude of thoughts touching the While each of these organisations past, the present, and the future of the had subjects peculiar to itself, each also Principality; and some of these had mingled with its proceedings a thoughts I would now, with all respect, great representative personage. Science put on record, and lay before you. At boasted of the Prince Consort of the the most, I can only “stir up your greatest monarch on earth, the first minds by way of remembrance;" but man in the empire. Religion, of the there are many in this and other lands Lord Mayor of London, the first man with whom it is otherwise, who will of the first city in the world. In the acquire the first knowledge of the main one gathering, the great things were facts of your remarkable history in the matter and time; in the other, spirit and matter of religion from these columns. eternity. In the former, there was a Both geographically and politically, selection of the wise ones of the earth; your position is peculiar; you have no in the latter, an assembly of the faithful place in the great secular histories of -a class of whom the world is not the empire; and in most of our eccleworthy! There was vast excitement in siastical chronicles your name scarcely both localities; but the emotion in each occurs. This is easily accounted for : respectively found expression in a very from your position, you were not redifferent manner. The one closed with quired to participate in the struggles an exhibition of the games of a barba which from age to age have taken place rous age; the other with a proclamation on the great theatre of British politics of the Gospel of the grace of God to and religion. You dwelt alone, in comlistening thousands. Each, so to speak, parative safety, sharing neither the had their “sections,” but how different suffering nor the glory of Englishmen. the spirit which pervaded the discus The result is, that you have been but sion! In Aberdare, the stamp impressed little accounted of by Imperial stateson everything was, God in Christ; in men and public writers. You have Aberdeen, God in nature! In Aber been viewed and treated as a people dare, devotional exercises began and afar off. The Principality has, notclosed each successive session; in Aber withstanding, been a place of great deen, worship had no place; the works moment in relation to the kingdom of of God were discoursed of, but His Christ and the universal church; it service was omitted! There was much is far from being the least amongst the of His wisdom and power, but nothing princes of our Gentile Juda. There are of His justice and mercy; the sages in Europe kingdoms, and even empires, have still to learn the first principles of proud and powerful, who admit of no true philosophy,—viz., “ The fear of comparison with you in matters rethe Lord is the beginning of wisdom, ligious. Wales has had its own place and to depart from evil, that is under allotted to it in the counsels of eternity, standing." Aberdeen is proud of the and a lofty place it is! Nowhere in the honour which has been conferred on it; | world has a territory of the same extent,