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Ratt, Esq.; Rev. Thomas James; Rev. H. Christopherson; Rev. John Kennedy; Rev. W. M. Statham; Rev. John Bartlett; Rev. E. Prout; Rev. Dr. Ferguson; Rev. John Hayden; and the Rev. Dr. Pomeroy.

The Secretary read the Report of the Council, which stated that the number of ministerial students on the register at the commencement of the session, was fifty. Eight were received on probation. One of these, after trial, was not approved, and the rest had been folly admitted to the privileges of the Institution. One student, who had accomplished a considerable part of his term in the College, had, through family circumstances, been obliged to relinquish his intention, for the present, of entering the ministry. One student, Mr. Grey, had died. He went to supply for the Rey. W.Tarbotton, at Limerick, and was seized with an illness which terminated in death. The general health of the students in the College had been excellent; fifteen lay students had attended the classes during the whole or part of the session, and some of them had applied to enter the theological department. One of the gentlemen had been accepted by the London Missionary Society for labour in China, and another had gone to Australia. The Report also supplied a number of very interesting details, showing how acceptable several of the students had been to the churches as supplies; and mention was made of the zealous Sabbath labours of some half-dozen of them amongst the population by the Victoria Docks.

The President and Professors, Dr. Halley, J.H. Godwin, Dr. W. Smith, Professors Lankester, Newth, and Nenner, gave in their several reports, and united in their testimony to the diligence of the students, and the unusual success that attended their studies.

From the financial statement, it appeared that the total receipts for the year were £4,315 12s. 98., and that the expenditure had been £550 more than this—which is the balance due to the treasurer.

It was announced that the next Session would commence on the 30th of September, with an introductory dissertation by Dr, William Smith,

tion, the students had applied themselves with exemplary diligence to their studies, with most encouraging success.

The present number of students in the Institution was thirteen. One had left, and become comfortably settled at Market Drayton. Several applications were under consideration, and the Committee had resolved to receive students, under certain regulations, for the theological course alone. The Home's first prize of £20 had been awarded to Mr. W. C. Barber, and the second of £10 to Mr. A. T. Skinner. C. E. Mudie, Esq., had kindly given twenty-four volumes to the library, and J. W. Gilbart, Esq., F.R.S., had made a donation of five books. Grants had been made for the propagation of the Gospel in certain villages, to the amount of £204 15s. 3d. The total expenditure was £1,966 18s. 5{d. The income was less than this amount by £523s. 3 d., the amount due to the treasurer. The proposed enlargement of the Institution had been delayed in consequence of Mr. Watson's death ; but the Committee were so fully satisfied of its necessity to meet the wants of the times, that they were resolved not to abandon it.

HACKNEY THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY.—The Annual Meeting of the Hackney Theological Seminary and Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, was held at Pembury Chapel, the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor in the chair.

The Secretary read thie Report, which commenced with a very full statement of the circumstances of the death of the late Theological tutor, the Rev. John Watson; and it was mentioned that, on the morning of his melancholy death, Mr. Watson had attended a meeting of the Committee, when it was resolved to enlarge the College, so as to extend its usefulness. The Committee had not yet succeeded in finding a successor to the late tutor; and, meanwbile, the duties of the office were discharged by the Rev. S. Ransom, the classical tutor. The Rev. Thomas Timpson, of Lewisham, had delivered a course of lectures, and other gentlemen had rendered valuable services to the Seminary. The Rev. Robert Redpath, who had examined the pupils, testified in his report, that without a single excep

CHESHUNT COLLEGE.-After the usual service, the company adjourned to a marquee erected in the meadow belonging to the College, where dinner was provided. A very large number sat down. The chair was taken by the Right Hon. the Earl of Shaftesbury, supported by the Rev. J. G. Faithfull, the Vicar of Cheshunt; the Revs. Dr. Spence; J. Sherman ; H. Allon; Dr. Alliott; and B. S. Hollis; and many others.

Dr. Alliott read a brief statement respecting the College, of which the following is an abstract:

“There have been, during the past session, twenty-one students, and there are others waiting to supply the vacancies that occur at the termination of the session. At Christmas last, two students left the College to enter upon ministerial duty,—the Rev. Ě. T. Egg, to undertake the pastorate of the Church at Woodford, and the Rev. J. Chater, that of the Church at Douglas, Isle of Man. Four other students are now leaving the College, of whom Mr. Henry Hermann Carlisle, B.A., becomes co-pastor with the Rev. T. Adkins, of Southampton; and Mr. Robert Dawson, B.A., shortly leaves England for China, as a missionary in connexion with the London Missionary Society. During the session, three of the students have passed examinations at the University of London. Mr. S. Wardlaw McAll has taken the degree of M.A.; Mr. Henry H. Carlisle that of B.A.; and Mr. Robert Dawson gained a prize of books at the Scriptural Examination. The greater number of the students have been engaged in preaching every Sunday, and frequently all have been engaged in supplying the places that have stood upon the College list. At Wormley, one of the preaching stations attached to the College, it has become necessary to provide more ample accommodation for those who wish to hear the Gospel; and, accordingly, the students have collected about £120 towards building a small chapel in the village. The work will be commenced as

soon as further subscriptions shall have been received."

From this statement it appeared that the College was never in so prosperous a condition. Never has it had so much reason for gratitude for the past, and hope for the future.

AIREDALE COLLEGE.—The Annual Meeting was held in the College Library, when the chair was taken by Henry Brown, Esq., Mayor of Bradford, and Treasurer of the Institution. Mr. George Snashall, B.A., the senior student, read a paper on

“The Work of the Holy Spirit in the Conversion and Sanctification of Man." The annual address to the students was delivered by the Rev. Daniel Fraser, LL.D., the President and Theological Professor of the College. After the address, the various reports of the Committee, Treasurer, and Examiners were read. The resolutions to be submitted to the Meeting were eleven, and were spoken to by the Revs. J. Calvert; J. Hoyle, B.A.; A. Thomson, M.A. ; W. Guest; H. R. Reynolds, B.A.; J. R. Campbell, M.A.; D. Horne; J. S. Hastie; J. Tattersfield; I. Watts; T. Scales ; and J. Pridie; Messrs. R. Milligan; J. Baldwin; W. Milnes; S. Clapham; F. Sykes ; R. Yates; N. Booth ; H. Coates; T. Burnley; and J. P. Clapham.

was

CONGREGATIONAL SCHOOLS. HOME AND SCHOOL FOR Sons OF MisSIONARIES, BLACKHEATH.-The Anniversary of the above Institution was held on Thursday, the 23rd June, at half-past three o'clock in the afternoon.

Prizes were presented to those who had distinguished themselves in the various branches of their education. It stated in the Report, that since the commencement of the Institution, upon its present broad and catholic basis, in January, 1852, ninety-seven boys have been admitted. Seven of the senior youths have left during the past year. Examinations had been conducted by the Rev. Samuel Newth, M.A., of New College, in mathematics; Rev. A. Reed, B.A., in classics and German; the Rev. T. Marzials, B.D., in French; and the Rev. J. Russell, in Biblical knowledge, English history, geography, &c. The reports of these gentlemen were read, and were of a highly satisfactory character, proving that much care must have been bestowed on the education of the pupils during the past year. At the close, all appeared to have been deeply interested and gratified with the evidence of the highly efficient state of the Institution.

CONGREGATIONAL SCHOOL, LEWISHAM.The Midsummer examination of the pupils took place on June 22, and was conducted by the Rev. S. Newth, M.A., of New College; and Rev. J. C. Harrison, of Camden-town. The morning was devoted to the classics, and the proficiency of the pupils was regarded by the examiners and other ministers present, as reflecting great credit on the master. The afternoon and evening were occupied with the English department, comprising grammar, history, geography, Scripture, &c. Several essays on chosen subjects were recited by the senior pupils.

The prizes awarded by the Committee for classical and English attainments, good conduct, and Scriptural knowledge, were distributed, together with several presented by the Rev. I. V. Mummery, F.R.A.S.; J. Jay, Esq. ; and R. F. Potter, Esq.; and, after some appropriate speeches by R. J. Kitchener, Esq. ; J. Viney, Esq.; J. Carter, Esq. ; with the Revds. Messrs. Lucy; Mann; and Marchant, the concluding prayer

was offered, the doxology was sung, and the numerous assembly departed amidst the hearty cheers of the boys, all of whom on the following day departed to increase the happiness of their homes, by exhibiting to their parents and friends the beneficial results of their training in the Congregational school.

NORTHERN CONGREGATIONAL SCHOOL, SILCOATES - HOUSE,

WAKEFIELD. The Twenty-eighth Anniversary of this Institution was attended by a numerous and respectable assemblage of visitors. The good conduct prize was awarded to Master Lorraine, by the unanimous vote of all his fellow-pupils. When the distribution of prizes was concluded, an admirable and appropriate address delivered to the pupils. The Public Annual Business Meeting shortly afterwards commenced, J. Crossley, Esq., J.P., of Halifax, presiding. The general Secretary then read the Report, which detailed the course of study during the year, and, after adverting to the good conduct of the pupils, both scholastically and morally, it concluded by stating, that the financial affairs of the establishment were in a much more encouraging condition, than at the last Anniversary

TAUNTON PROPRIETARY School.–After examination, and the usual distribution of prizes by the Principal, Master Freeman came forward as the representative of his schoolfellows, to present to the Rev. W. H. Griffith a handsome salver and tea-service. In presenting, it, he said :-"This testimonial is presented in the name of more than one hundred loving hearts. We consider ourselves indeed happy in having a head master so just and yet kind, so indulgent, and yet so firm, in having such a friend to guide, such a counsellor to advise, and a man of such sterling worth to copy. The memory of his bright example will ever be to us an incentive of imitation and emulation; and I feel assured that many, very many, in after life, will look back to him with gratitude and thankfulness for principles of integrity and uprightness instilled into their minds while young; while to his sound and practical instruction, many will be indebted for their future success.'

On the salver is engraved, “ Presented to the Rev. W. H. Griffith, B.A., Principal of the Independent College, Taunton, as an humble expression of the love and esteem which his pupils entertain for him as their instructor, friend, and Christian adviser. 16th June, 1859," The testimonial was handed to the Rev. gentleman amid enthusiastic and prolonged applause. Mr. Griffith briefly addressed the scholars in acknowledgment of their costly gift, assuring them, that the feelings which had prompted them to offer such a testimonial, were reciprocated in the warmest manner possible by himself,

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LONDON:
JOHN SNOW, 35, PATERNOSTER ROW.

MAY BE HAD OF ALL BOOKSELLERS.

Price Threepence.

J. UNWIN, GRESHAM STEAM PRESS, BUCKLERSBURY, LONDON.

The Christian Witness.

Page Condition and Claims of India ............... 420 Pastor Roussel in Ireland.....................

421 The Revival in Scotland

421 The Congregational Union

422 The Peace

422

Rebibal of Religion.

Page The Religious Awakening in Ireland

385 Religious Movement in Ireland

389 Revival in Scotland

393 Theology. Flight in the Winter-A Word to the

395 The Wise Resolve

397 The Millennium

399 Biblical Illustration. Tomb of Lazarus

400 Ethiopian Fountain

401 Damascus

401 A Garden of Cucumbers

401 The Juniper Tree

401

Young

Statistics.
Canada
British Export Trade in 1858
Sanitary Statistics ...
Labour to Make a Watch
Wrecks and Casualties in 1858
Idolatry in India
Missionaries in China......
Length of a Mile............
Periodicals

423 423 424 424 424 424 424 425 425

...

Biography. Memoranda Respecting the Last Days of the Rev. John Pyer

402
Lessons by the Way.
On Seriousness - Greatness of Little
Things—Augustin

on Slavery-Educa-
tion among the Chinese — Faith and
Love-Grand Peculiarity of the Gospel
-Going to a “ Better Country" — A
Godless Universe - Making a Profes-
sion-Hope for the Vilest........... 408

The Lap Preachers' Corner.
The Preaching of a Minister of Christ 410
Preaching Like Old Hundred”............ 410
Straining after Popularity

411
Essays.
A Word to the Wise

411 Extracts from New Works. Pictures of Life

413 Good and Evil.......

414 Wonders of Creation

414 Divine Mercy ......

415 Simile of the Spiritual World

............... 415 Rules of Happiness

416

Literary Notices.
Memoir, Select Thoughts, and Sermons of
the late E. Payson, D.D.

425 Incidents in the Life of an Italian

426 The Life and Labours of the Rev. Daniel

Baker, D.D., Pastor and Evangelist 426 A Consideration of the Sermon on the Mount

426 Lectures on the First Two Visions of the Book of Daniel

426 Nuggets from the Oldest Diggings......... 426 The Religion of Geology and its connected Sciences

426 The Four Temperaments

427 Light in Life's Shado

427 Voices from Calvary

427 Sunday Afternoons in the Nursery 427 A Hand-Book for the Sick

427 The Pitcher and the Fountain

427 Our World; its Rocks and Fossils 427 The Children of Summerbrook

427 Sabbath Evening Readings on the New

Testament Colossians and Thessa-
lonians,

427 The Poetical Works of Edmund Spenser... 427

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Correspondence.
Unpublished Letter of the late Rev. John
Campbell
, Kingsland.........

417 Life Assurance

418 Answers to Correspondents

419

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NONCONFORMITY IN WALES. Preparing for publication in one large volume, demy 8vo., price to Subscribers, 78. 6d. ;

to Non-Subscribers, 10s. 6d., A HISTORY OF NONCONFORMITY IN WALES, from its Rise to the Present Time. By THOMAS REES, Beaufort, Monmouthshire.

* Subscribers' Names will be thankfully received by the Author, and Mr. John Snow, 35, Paternoster Row, London.

LONDON : JOHN SNOW, PATERNOSTER ROW.

385

Revival of Religion.

THE RELIGIOUS AWAKENING IN IRELAND.

BY M. NAPOLEON ROUSSEL.

I WENT to Ireland solely for the purpose of forming a judgment of the revival. I felt that there was in it, if the movement were genuine, not only a motive to rejoice in the salvation of so many souls, but also a striking proof of the truth of Christianity. It was this last motive, especially, that induced me to undertake the journey.

I went full of mistrust. I had decided to surrender my judgment only to evidence; to question without ceasing ; not to mingle myself up by a single word in public with what I should see; to let no one know my intention of publishing. I followed this plan literally. In the morning and evening of many days I visited new converts ; I assisted, day and night, at the prayer meetings and the re-unions, and I wished not to form an opinion till at a distance from the places and persons I had seen. I believe thus that I took all proper precautions for forming a correct judgment. I wish, first, to bring under your observation what I saw, and then to declare the conyiction at which I have arrived.

The greater number of cases which I visited were accompanied by the physical crisis, which, in general, consists in wringing of the hands, raising the arms, moving the limbs, in a state of violent despair, or at least of great excitement, under the sense of sin. After one, two, or three days of this state, I have seen the person “struck down” arrive insensibly at peace and joy, by the thought of the salvation which is in Christ. All this takes place even without the accompaniment of a preacher or of reading. Without doubt, the preacher is often there; the reading of the Bible takes place; but neither the one nor the other is absolutely necessary. There are also two different opinions on this subject. Some believe that a prayer pronounced in a loud voice, and a hymn sung at the side of the patient, do him good. This is the conviction, for instance, of the Rev. Mr. Toy and his assistants ; but Dr. Cook and Dr. Morgan believe, on the contrary, that these hymns, these exciting prayers, only increase the agitation. In all cases, I affirm that, with or without prayers or singing, the attack follows its course, and terminates always in peace and joy.

I wished to visit persons converted in this awakening without their having passed through this crisis. I saw many of them. I saw men especially who, without having escaped entirely the physical influences, had in their struggle avoided, at least, falling down in public; but their agony was invariably more slow in subsiding.

I ought to add that, according to the testimony of men worthy of credit, the cases of awakening without any physical crisis are by far the most numerous. The physical crisis is comparatively a new phase. It is produced almost exclusively in the cases of those less instructed ; however, there are examples of it even among the pastors.

That which invariably accompanies these awakenings is, 1st. A deep sense of sin ; 2nd. A remarkable love of prayer ; 3rd. A peace and a joy, deep and lasting; and, finally, A moral life, consistent with the Christian profession. But this is all which I saw. There was no particular attraction to such or such a denomination; no secondary views; not the shadow of the spirit of party. Sin, pardon, blessedness through Jesus; this was all the theology of the new converts.

VOL. XVI.

2c

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