Imágenes de páginas

is everywhere and in everything a lone (1), and on the other, whatever opinion pattern. While the work will supply to

may be entertained respecting the composition the numerous friends of the deceased a

of the book of Genesis (Vol. i. $ 20. 2), such a

reply is decidedly at variance with the con pleasure which only they can feel, mul

tents of that book (2) titudes to whom the great scholar and Miracle and prophecy are the two indispengood man was unknown, or known only sable accompaniments, vehicles, and messenby name, will pore over these animated gers of revelation (see Vol. i. $ 4). In each

there is a manifestation to man of the fulness pages with the deepest interest. The

of the Godhead; in the former of the power of monument, however simple and unpre

God, in the latter of His wisdom. And tending, is one which will live; and the

through each the Divine fulness enters into fact that it has been reared by such a covenant association with the history of a hand will render it all the more in humanity, co-operates in its development, and

ensures its safe arrival at its destined end. teresting in the eyes of posterity.

That end is the incarnation of God and the

consequent entrance of the whole fulness of History of the Old Covenant. From the

the Divine essence, in a living and personal Sermon of J. H. KURTZ, D.D., Pro form, into an intimate and abiding union with fessor of Theology at Dorpat. 2 Vols. man. We have already shown in Vol. i. $ 50, T. and T. Clark.

how the first advances towards this end were

manifested in elementary forms as it were; This is every way a great work, com how, for example, there was as yet no miraprising a multitude of matters of the culous power given to man, whilst the gift first moment, not suggested by the title. of prophecy was but seldom possessed, and It is, morever, to be distinctly under

that only in particular, culminating points of

history (1).—The substance of patriarchal restood, that while the author's erudition

velation, and its results in patriarchal history, is immense, his views of evangelical have already appeared, as we followed the truth are radically sound. On some course of that history in the former parts of points, indeed, there are peculiarities this work. The sum of the whole is that the both of view and of expression, but none

will of God was revealed in the selection, the

call, and the appointment of Abraham and bis of these are vital. The elaborate dis

seed, to be the instruments through whom salsertations on the geological and astro vation should be introduced and completed; nomical difficulties connected with the the knowledge of God in the announcement of Mosaic account of Creation are en this call to those who were intrusted with it; titled to special notice. Here there is

and lastly, the power of God in the creative

production of the promised seed from an unmuch both new and striking, that will

fruitful body, in the separation of that seed furnish material for devout study. As

from the natural branches, and in the protec-, mere masses of thought these 130 pages tion and guidance of those who had been will serve to exalt and ennoble the chosen. mind. The following is a specimen of

The religion and worship of the patriarchs

were modified and determined by the nature the work :

and extent of the revelation, which had been GENERAL SURVEY OF THE PATRIARCHAL

transmitted to them by their ancestors, or com

municated directly to themselves. As the acAGE.

counts of primeval times, which are preserved We have already seen (Vol. i. & 12. 13), that in the book of Genesis, must, if historically in order to determine to what extent the con true, have been handed down by tradition, and sciousness of God was developed under the as this tradition must have been restricted to Old Testament economy, it is essentially ne the family of the patriarchs, we must necescessary to make a twofold distinction in the sarily assume that this family possessed an process of Divine revelation; that is to say, acquaintance with the religious views emit is necessary to distinguish the preservation bodied in those accounts. Hence we must and government of the world in general, from pre-suppose a knowledge on their part of the the more special operations connected with unity, the personality, and the holiness of God, the introduction and working out of the plan the almighty Creator of the heavens and the of salvation. We have also seen that this dis earth, of the image of God, in which man was tinction was exhibited to the religious con created, of the corruption into which he had sciousness of the chosen people, in the two fallen through sin, and of the hope of a future names by which God was known, Elohim and victory to be gained by humanity over the Jehovah. The only questions remaining for principle of evil. These views were now to discussion at presentare, whether there was any receive a fresh vitality, to be deepened, exdistinct apprehension in the patriarchal age, of panded, and rendered more definite, by the the difference between these two manifestations revelations of which they were to be the perof God? and if so, whether it was expressed by sonal recipients. The peculiar intimacy with the two different names of God at that age ? God which they enjoyed, the call they reSome have thought that a negative answer to ceived, the promises given to them, and the these questions is rendered necessary by Ex. guidance of God, which fitted them for their vi. 3 ; but this is not the case. For, on the vocation, all confirmed and enlarged their one hand, the explanation of the passage on knowledge of God and of salvation, and which this answer is founded is an erroneous awakened the faith which was reckoned to


arose from the desire to maintain and enlarge the family, and this was also the cause of the peculiar institution of the Levirate marriage (see Vol. i., $ 86. 2).

While the book is emphatically one for ministers and students of divinity, it is eminently suited to be useful to all Christians. The entire subject is discussed with the utmost breadth and the amplest learning. Spiritual Songs and Penitential Cries. By

JOHN Mason, M.A., and T. SHEPHERD,

M.A. Sedgwick. ALTHOUGH songs, it is clear that the present volume is published, not for the purpose of singing, but of reading, with a view to edification. The introduction is full of interesting biographical matter, which forms an excellent preparation for the perusal of the subsequent pages, which abound in excellent evangelical sentiment, showing in what light the cross of Christ was viewed by our remote ancestors. Restoration and Revival; or, Times of Refresh

ing. By J. G. SMALL. Hamilton and


them for righteousness, the obedience which cheerfully followed the leadings of God, and the hope which grasped the promised salvation as something already possessed, and rested upon it amidst all the privations they had to endure. The truth and purity of the religious knowledge of the patriarchs are great and marvellous when contrasted with heathenism, which was so deeply sunk in mere natureworship. But when looked at from an objective point of view, however thoroughly it was fitted to the progressive character of the sacred history, it appears faulty, imperfect, and one-sided; for it does not present a single religious notion, in a form sufficiently complete and definite to express fully the objective truth, and even heathenism often surpassed it in the greater richness and comprehensiveness of its religious views, although they were perverted to pantheism, and therefore issued in its own destruction (1). In its comparative poverty, yet absolute purity, the patriarchal worship resembled the patriarchal religion. It was always sufficient to meet the necessities of the moment, but it was destitute of any systematic and complete organisation; it bad no established, binding rules, and was not attached to any particular persons, places, or times (2).

The general culture of the patriarchs was undoubtedly affected by their nomadic mode of life. But nothing can be more unwarrantable, than to attribute to the patriarchs all the rudeness and hopeless degradation of ordinary nomad-hordes, who determinately fence themselves against any influence from the civilization by which they may be surrounded. Their wandering mode of life in the holy land was the necessary consequence of their being foreigners without a home. Their pilgrimage was forced upon them, and the period of its cessation was the constant object of their hopes and desires. Hence we find that, so far as it was possible, they did participate in the benefits resulting from the culture and civilization of the more settled tribes, with whom they came in contact. (1)-The external constitution of the patriarchal commonwealth partook of the characteristics of a family. The head of the family concentrated the whole authority and jurisdiction in his own person ; he even possessed the power of life and death, controlled only by certain fixed traditions (Gen. xxxviii. 24). The position of the woman was a subordinate one, as it always was before the time of Christ, her claim to equal rights being nowhere fully recognised. Hence polygamy was regarded as perfectly justifiable. But we find no trace among the patriarchs of such degradation of the woman, as is found wherever she is regarded as nothing but a slave of the man, affording him the means of perpetuating his race and gratifying his lusts. On the contrary, we find many a proof of the esteem and love which she received as a wife, and of the personal rights which she possessed as the mistress of the house. (2) We also find the inviolable purity of the marriage bed maintained with such severity that adultery was punished with death (Gen. xxxviii. 24), and in the case of the patriarchs it was rendered peculiarly important from their consciousness of a Divine call and of the destiny of the family. The strongest incitement to polygamy

This is the amplification of a discourse, by the gifted author, on the great subject of spiritual baptism. The rallying points are the restoration of the lost-the awakeningthe church's strength-progress--and preservation. Under these heads we have a vast amount of subdivision, all exhibiting points and topics peculiarly pertinent to the subject of the work. The book is remarkable for its thoughtfulness, solidity, and spirituality. Short Sermons. By HENRY LEECH. John

Day. No class of men preach so much as the Methodists; and it is because they preach so much they preach so well. The great and good Mr. Cecil declared, that were he “to preach only once a month, he would soon lose the power of preaching altogether;" and, we believe, most preachers would bear a similar testimony. The discourses before us are remarkable for their single-minded character. They are distinguished throughout by directness, fire, force, and pungency. Their life and their brevity greatly fit them for domestic reading. Each discourse may, without fatigue, be read at a sitting; and, as the number is thirteen, they will cover a quarter of a year of Sabbaths.

Ragged Homes, and How to Mend Them. By

Mrs. BAYLY. Nisbet and Co. Woman, the angel of mercy, is never more in her element than when attending to the neglected, and remembering the forgotten. The present work presents a peculiarly striking illustration. We would rather have been its author than have produced all the most popular and celebrated romances that have issued from the female pens of England, during the last half - century. This is a book which

Paul, “ the tent-maker," would have read | with pleasure, and have commended to others.

While its subject is one of a peculiarly touch

ing character, it comprehends a far wider | mind. The writer deserves passing well for range of thought and matter, than might at the excellent service he has rendered, and we first sight appear. Ragged homes have points can now only desire for his publication a of contrast and association, from the palace circulation of thousands and hundreds of down to the penitentiary. We are exceedingly thousands. gratified with the work, which is eminently calculated to promote the interests of a large A Method of Prayer. By T. C. UPHAM. and depressed portion of our fellow-creatures, London: Low and Co. and thereby to promote the best interests of

The mystics, once famous in their generasociety.

tion, were an amiable and devout, but weak Botany and Religion; or, Illustrations of the

and enthusiastic people. They attended a great Works of God in the Structure, Functions,

deal too much to what they deemed the voice Arrangement, and General Distribution of

of God within, and too little to that voice Plants. Third edition, much enlarged. By

without and in the written word. There was J. H. BALFOUR, A.M., M.D., Professor of

still something good about them; and lessons Botany in the University of Edinburgh.

of practical wisdom may be derived from their A. and C. Black

works, one of the sweetest portions of which is

the tract before us, which has been prepared by This is by no means an every-day perform a gentleman of the highest intelligence, and of ance. It is at once a book of science and a

a truly Christian spirit—a gentleman combook of beauty, totally eclipsing everything of bining in himself the poet, the logician, the the sort with which we are acquainted. Its

philosopher, and Christian. range is immense, while its text is enlightened, correct, clear, and beautiful. Its illus

Light in Darkness: A Short Account of a trations are inimitable. The approach to

Blind Deaf-Mute. London: Nisbet and Co. perfection is so near, as for a long time to come to discourage any attempt at superseding it.

THE account here presented is one of a chaIt is precisely what the title-page indicates racter which it is difficult to describe. Anybotany and religion-a splendid volume, a

thing more affecting it has never been our lot captivating section of natural theology.

to read. Those who shall carefully peruse it

will remember it for ever, and be filled with The Orphans of Lissau, and other Narra an unquenchable passion to promote the weltives. Simpkin and Co.

fare of one of the most pitiable classes of the This volume is introduced by a name that

human family. suffices to guarantee everything wbich ought to appear in such a volume. A better judge

The Gospel of the Grace of God, Illustraten! than Dr. Wilson, of the Free Church, Bom

in a Series of Meditations. By B. W. bay, it would be difficult to find. The volume

NOEL, M.A. London: Nisbet and Co. is one full of life and incident, things grave This is a little publication on a great subject, and things playful, just the sort of book over by one of the most devout and excellent men which young persons will linger with delight, of the present generation. The fact that 8,000 and abounding in scenes which they will re copies are already afloat is a proof that it has member with pleasure.

been duly appreciated. Catherine. By the Author of "Agnes and the The Words She Wrote; or, The Blood-Stained Lost Key." ' Knight and Son.

Leaf A True Story of Two Highlanders at The subject of this volume is one which will Lucknow. By B. L.'WATTS, M.Ă. London: never lose its power. It has to do with life, Wertheim and Co. death, and immortality. While pervaded by This is a tractate for all, illustrating most sound doctrine, it is written with singular

impressively the horrors of war, the blessings beauty and pathos, and is in no ordinary de

of peace, and the value of the everlasting gree calculated to advance the interests of true

Gospel. piety among the young.

Earnestness in the Pulpit. A Few Hints to the Lectures to Children. Second Series. By

Clergy. By ABDELRACHMA. Second EdiJOHN TODD, D.D. Knight and Son.

tion. London: Heylin. THE hearts of thousands will dance with delight at the intimation that Dr. Todd is

This is an exceedingly judicious, instructive,

and edifying tractate. Although offered only once more among children, discoursing to them of the Lonely Cradle--the Lost Child Found

to a class, it may profitably be perused by - Gathered Lilies – the Little Ship — the

all. Its iinportance is not to be estimated by Great Change--the Broken Staff-the Angel's

its magnitude. It comprises points, princiErrand and the Oldest Riddle. To say that

ples, thoughts, and suggestions which might the present not only equals, but surpasses the

have been driven out into a considerable former volume, is to give it the highest praise

volume, We greatly commend it. of which it admits.

The Marriage that will Suit You, and how to Socinian Dilemmas; or, The Divinity of Christ enjoy it. By J. W. HOWELL. John Day. Demonstrated. By T. KERN, M.D. Heylin.

This is a very captivating little volume, WIThin a very limited space, and by way of abounding in good sense, sound principle, dialogue, we have here a remarkably clear, and penetrating observation. It is one of the comprehensive, and satisfactory exhibition of best little books of its class with which we are the greatest subject known to the human acquainted.

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HOME EVANGELIZATION. DORSET.—A conference of the ministers and fewer than eighteen districts, as shown by the friends of home evangelization connected with census returns, with a population of 2,000 the Dorset Association, was lately held at persons in each, where there is not one IndeDorchester, to receive a statement from the pendent church, and where the means of grace Rey. J. H. Wilson, the Secretary of the Home as supplied by other denominations is very Missionary Society, in explanation of the new deficient. Mr. Samuel Morley, of London; position which that Society has taken in rela Mr. Joshua Wilson, Mr. John Finch, Mr. tion to the county unions of our Congrega Newton, and other leading laymen of the gational churches. The Rev. Mr. Miller was county, besides ministers, took part in this called to the chair, and the Rev. E. R. Con

conference. Mr. Morley and Mr. Wilson, Seder, of Poole, introduced the business of the cretary to the Home Missionary Society, jneeting. Mr. Wilson stated that the Com stated the grounds on which that institution mittee of the Home Missionary Society had was prepared to co-operate with the Kent Asaccepted the resolution of the conference of sociation. One gentleman offered £20 a-year, ministers and other delegates, held at the if other nine could be found to give as much Congregational Library, London, on the 8th each ; and it was resolved not only to accept of December, 1858, and were now engaged in this challenge, but to make an effort to obtain preparing a scheme of affiliation, the object 200 annual subscribers of 1s. a-week, in adof which was to bring the Society in harmo dition to the ordinary contributions of the asnious co-operation with the county associa sociation. It was also resolved to co-operate tions. Their aim was to maintain the character cordially with the Home Missionary Society of that institution as a Home Mission, charging in jointly working stations in the county. In itself, in the first place, with the responsibility the evening a public meeting was held in the of sending agents to preach the Gospel in the chapel, Mr. Morley in the chair, which was more destitute parts of England and Wales, well attended. Mr. Morley, in opening the where county unions might not exist, or be proceedings, said he congratulated the meeting too feeble to undertake the sole management on the desire that had been shown to promote of destitute districts, and to stimulate efforts the cause of home evangelization in the county in counties where associations already exist, of Kent; and he did hope that the resolutions by enabling the churches in those counties to passed would lead to highly practical results. do the work of evangelization more efficiently But they were so much in the habit of theothan they could do alone. The committee rising at these meetings, and of doing so little would provide agents of the highest order and to carry their theories into effect, that he felt character, and place them under the care of himself called on to urge his brethren to lay county associations, and twice a-year there the subject most seriously to heart. There would be general meetings of the Committee was no getting over the fact, that with all in London, for the purpose of receiving the their means and appliances for doing good, reports and distributing the funds; the county they were surrounded by a mass of positive associations being represented at these meet heathenism, both in town and country, which ings in the same manner as county churches in some of its aspects was perfectly appalling; were represented at the half-yearly meetings and the details of which, as brought out by of the London Missionary Society. In all the census returns, so ably analysed and exthis, it would be a leading object to encourage hibited by Mr. Horace Mann, were so well the county associations to increase their funds calculated to excite a practical interest in the by proportioning the grants to those made by churches on behalf of those who in the midst their associations, and it was confidently of much light were yet living in utter neglect hoped that the resources of the churches of the duties and obligations of the Christian throughout the country would thus be fully religion. They boasted of their Independency, developed. After a very animated and prac and there was much in it of which they might tical discussion, the Conference very cordially well be proud; but he was afraid that they passed a series of resolutions in accordance were trusting too much to organization, and with the objects set forth by Mr. Wilson, and relying too little on the power of individual also a vote of thanks for the valuable state effort, to reclaim the moral wastes around ment which he had made. It was agreed to them. Mr. Morley read a very interesting make a special effort to raise funds by appoint extract from a little work by Dr. Bonar, ing committees in every church for collecting showing that every Christian has a work to subscriptions, such committees to be chiefly do, which no other Christian can do for him, composed of ladies, and after a vote of thanks | and concluded his highly practical address to the chairman, the Conference separated. amid the warmest applause. The Rev. J. H.

Wilson, Rev. Dr. Ferguson, and other gentleKENT.—The annual meetings of the Kent men then addressed the meeting, the interest Association of Congregational Churches were of which was sustained to the last. lately held at Maidstone. A special conference was held with a view to the adoption of more efficient means than have yet been in operation

COLLEGES. for raising sufficient funds to promote the evangelization of the country, there being no ROTHERIAN COLLEGE.The sixty-fourth annual meeting of the subscribers and friends, professional. Are not the students yet in of this institution was held in the College danger of becoming simply scholars, and ac library. Among the ministers and gentlemen quiring the habits of the literary recluse present were Professor Falding, D.D.; Pro What are they doing in the way of evange+ fessor Tyte; the Rev. James Parsons; Rev. lical labours ? What interest do they take, David Loxton; Rev. B. Grant; Rev. B. B. and what efforts do they put forth in the real Haigh; Rev. J. Lockwood, and many old work of practical religion? The best answer students of the College from various parts of that can be given to this question is contained the kingdom ; Aldermen F. Hoole and Thos. in the following facts. The students during Oates; James Yates, Esq. ; Messrs. R. Leader, the last session, from September to June, have jun., Brown, Habershon, Haywood, and other supplied 62 congregations; they have preached gentlemen.

1,145 sermons, delivered 149 Sunday-school Professor Falding read the Report. The addresses, and conducted 77 prayer meetings, following are extracts :

in addition to 204 week-night and open-air “ There are now in the College seventeen services, and many opportunities for visiting students, which is the full number that can be the sick and discharging other duties apperaccommodated in the house. This Midsum taining to Christian usefulness and zeal. It mer the following students finish their period should be borne in mind, also, that the stuof instruction in the College, and enter upon dents are not without opportunities for acquirimportant and interesting spheres of duty, ing such knowledge as shall tend to prepare viz. :-Mr. James Wolfendale, to become pas them for the difficulties and responsibilities of tor of the church at Tutbury, Staffordshire ; the pastoral life. A careful attempt is made Mr. William Sanders, to take charge of a new to bring their minds and hearts into sympathy and promising cause at Stanley, Liverpool; with their future work by careful study of the Mr. John Bonser, B.A., to become assistant pastoral epistles and suitable works on the minister to the Rev. G. Steward, of Newcastle Christian ministry. They have free and cona species of labour highly approved by the stant access to their tutors, one of whom is a committee, and deserving of more extensive pastor, and whose councils and instructions it adoption.”

is their privilege to receive, whilst from the "It will be in the recollection of the friends close proximity of Masbro' Chapel, they have of the College that two students, Messrs. John much opportunity of learning from the wisMacartney and Samuel Jones, recently offered dom and experience of the esteemed pastor, themselves for the service of the London Mis upon whose ministrations, when they have an sionary Society, and were sent out to India for opportunity, they attend. that important work. In reference to this w Your Committee believe that it is possible your Committee have received the following to render your College much more efficient extract from the Directors' minutes :-'At a than it now is. They would greatly desire meeting of the Board of Directors, held at the 1st. That funds might be provided, so as to Mission House, Bloomfield-street, on Monday, enable them to receive a greater number of the 29th of November, 1858, Rev. Dr. Spence students. 2nd. That young men should come in the chair, it was resolved–That one hun in better prepared by mental cultivation and dred guineas be presented to the funds of the literary advantages, who might either by reRotherham College, as an expression of the maining the full time in college become learned high estimate in which the Directors hold and accomplished divines, as well as efficient that institution, and of the important service preachers; or by taking a briefer course in it has rendered to this Society in the education theological studies, be the sooner prepared to of Messrs. Macartney and Jones.'

undertake the work of the pastorate. 3rd. "Every student in turn carefully prepares That churches generally would take a deeper a sermon, which he delivers in the presence of interest in the College, by their pastors, deahis tutors and fellow-students. A senior class cons, or delegates attending the meetings, bealso prepares plans of discourses and expo coming better acquainted with its working, sitions of Scripture, which are carefully ex yielding more abundantly to its support, and amined, and fully discussed in class, opportu seeking, by counsel and prayer, its enlarged nity being thereby afforded to each student to prosperity.” discover and correct his misapprehensions of The reports of the examiners in the various the nature and objects of preaching, and to branches of learning pursued by the students remedy such defects or habits as there may be were next read, and were exceedingly satisin his matter and manner; the endeavour factory. always being to cultivate, not a fastidious ac Among other resolutions, curacy of style or refinement of taste, but Professor Falding, D.D., moved, and Prosoundness of doctrine, vigour of thought, di fessor Tyte seconded,'" The best thanks of the rectness of aim, and simplicity and earnestness meeting be given to the Rev. James Parsons, in manner.

of York, for the excellent address which he "Measures are also employed to secure had delivered to the students and friends that ready and effective speakers. It is much to morning.” be desired that there should be in our College The motion was carried with applause. a capable teacher of reading and elocution; but failing that, your tutors do what they can NEW COLLEGE.—The ninth Annual Geneto secure that object. A portion of each week ral Meeting was held at the College. The is devoted to practice in reading, recitation, chair was taken at one o'clock, by the Rev. and extemporaneous speech, according to a George Smith, of Poplar : and among the plan which has been found to present consider gentlemen present, in addition to the Presiable advantages. But it may be said that all dent and Professors, were T. M. Coombs, Esq. ; that has yet been described is theoretical and James Carter, Esq. ; E. Swaine, Esq.; H,

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