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without grimace. His address was Nor was he less attentive to the gracious solemn, but not sour; easy, but not influence of the Holy Spirit in the applicareless ; deliberate, but not drawling; cation of redemption. No minister pointed, but not personal; affectionate, could with more judgment detect the but not fawning. He would often weep, human heart in all its subtle machinabut never whine. His sentences were tions, or with greater accuracy describe short, but not ambiguous. His ideas progressive religion in the soul. Comwere collected, but not crowded. Upon munion with God was what he mucli the whole, his manner and person were enforced in the latter stages of his agreeable and majestic. But what ministry: it was, indeed, his own meat transcended all the above excellencies, and drink, and the banquet from which and gave him such an ascendency in he never appeared to rise. the consciences of his numerous hearers, Having so good a Master, he entered were the doctrines he taught, together upon his work with cheerful steps, and with their unbounded influence upon all pursued it with the greatest industry, the powers of his mind and traysactions He did not confine his labours to the of his life. Deep necessity compelled narrow limits of Everton, a small and him to embrace and preach Jesus trifling parish ; but, like the majestic Christ, and the same necessity led him sun, illumined an extensive tract of into more enlarged discoveries of His country. His love to mankind was grace. Living under their perpetual ardent. He knew the worth of an imcontrol, and enjoying their ineffable mortal soul; he knew the awful terrors sweetness, he was not only willing to of the Lord; he knew the emptiness of impart the truths of the everlasting the present world; he knew the sandy Gospel, but to consecrate himself to the foundation upon which thousands service of his Lord, and the souls of men. build; he knew the dangerous devices
When he explained the nature, end, of Satan; he knew the awful precipice and use of the law, he was very awful upon which the ungodly stand. His and affecting. “And now," to adopt his | bowels melted with pity, his heart own words, “I dealt with my hearers in yearned to assist them. He therefore à very different manner from what I left no means unattempted to awaken used to do. I told them very plainly | their concern, and allure them to the that they were the children of wrath, Son of God. In his itinerancy he would and under the curse of God, though they take the counties of Bedford, Cambridge, knew it not, and that none but Jesus Essex, Hertford, and Huntingdon, maChrist could deliver them from that king the episcopal mandate the iuvari. curse. I told them, if they had ever able rule of his operation, “Go, and broken the law of God once in thought, seek Christ's sheep wherever thou canst word, or deed, no future good behaviour find them.” In this circuit he preached could make any atonement for past upon an average from ten to twelve miscarriages. For, if I keep all God's sermons a week, and frequently rode laws to-day, this is no amends for break- - an hundred miles. Nor were these exing them yesterday: if I behave peace traordinary exertions the hasty fruit of ably to my neighbour this day, it is no intermitting zeal, but were regularly satisfaction for having broke his head continued during the long succession of yesterday. So that if once a sinner, more than twenty years, exemplifying nothing but the blood of Jesus can through the whole of his ministerial cleanse me from sin." Jesus was a career, the motto of a late celebrated name on which he dwelt with peculiar dissenting clergyman, Dum vivimus excellence and delight. With what vivamus. melted affections would he extol the As to his usefulness, we learn from bleeding Lamb! with what streaming more sources of information than one, eyes would he point to His agonizing that he was in the first year visited by sufferings ! how would they sparkle 1,000 different persons under serious when he displayed the exceeding richez impressions; and it has been computed of His grace ! and what a reverential that, under his own and the joint minisgrandeur marked his countenance, when try of Mr. Hicks, about 4,000 were he anticipated His glorious appearing ! awakened to a concern for their souls In short, to adopt the language of the in the space of twelve months. Incremelodious poet, Jesus was
dible as this history of his success may “The circle where his passion moved,
appear, it comes authenticated through The centre of his soul."
a channel so highly respectable, that to
refuse our belief would be unpardonably his company. He invariably left an illiberal.
half-crown for the homely provision of This work, as we have seen, was at the day, and during his itinerancy it first accompanied with bodily convul. actually cost him £500 in this single sions, and other external effects, on some article of expenditure. Nor was his of the hearers, very unaccountable to liberality contined to these channels. us; a circumstance, however, not alto His ear was ever attentive to the tale gether unusual, when God begins to of woe, his eye was keen to observe the sound a general alarm in the consciences miseries of the poor, the law of kindness of men, as appears from what took place was written upon his heart, and his in New England, Scotland, North hand was always ready to administer Wales, and other countries at that relief. The gains of his vicarage, of his period, and what is now taking place in fellowship, and of his patrimonial inIreland. But those effects soon sub come (for his father died very rich), sided, as did these, and the interests of were appropriated to support his libe. religion were promoted more quietly rality; and even his family plate was and gradually.
converted into clothes for his itinerant As his labours were prosperous, so preachers. they were opposed. It could not be But the most prominent feature in grateful to the prince of darkness his character was his unaffected huto behold his kingdom so warmly mility. We have enjoyed the privilege attacked, and his subjects in such num of an acquaintance with him seventeen bers desert his standard. Hence he years, and notwithstanding his unabated stirred up all his strength, and a furious popularity, we never saw him betray persecution ensued. No opposition was tbe least symptom of vanity on any too violent, no names were too opprobri occasion. And so happily did this most ous, no treatment was too barbarous. desirable grace emancipate him from Some of his followers wrre roughly the shackles of religious bigotry, that it handled, and their property destroyed. rendered him equally easy in the comGentry, clergy, and magistrates became pany of the peer and the peasant, and one band, and employed every engine | alike familiar with the dignified clergy to check his progress, and silence him and the unpolished lay preacher. He from preaching. The “old devil” was the never spoke of himself but in language only name by which he was distin the most depreciating; and when he guished among them between twenty related any interfering providence, or and thirty years. But none of these display of stupendous grace on his bethings moved him. He had counted half, it would generally be with streamthe cost, and was prepared for the fool's ing eyes, and the sweetest expressions cap. The clamours of the multitude of praise upon his lips. Nor do we had no more effect upon his mind, in ever recollect, in all our extensive the regular discharge of his duty, than acquaintance, a man so conscientious, the barking of the contemptible car has so uniformly, and yet so pleasantly upon the moon in her imperial revolu spiritual. None who intimately knew tions. Vengeance was not his. The bim will consider this as an exaggerated only revenge he sought was their salva history, but will rather join the honest tion; and when they needed any good man, who told the minister at the close office, his hand was the first to render of his funeral sermon in London, “Sir,
I have known Mr. Berridge about forty It would be a task to recollect the years, and after all your commendation, numerous instances of his benevolence. I must say, as the Queen of Sheba did Never man entered upon the work of on another occasion, the half has not his Master with more disinterested views. been told.'” His purse was as open as his heart, In a word, in his parish he was a kind though not so large. At hoine, his benefactor, and in his family a father tables were served with a cold collation rather than a master; in his ministry for his numerous hearers, who came he was a burning and a shining light; from far on Sabbath-days, and his fields in his promises he was scrupulously and stable open for their horses. exact, in his devotion invariably regular, Abroad, houses and barns were rented, in his friendship inviolably faithful; lay preachers maintained, and his own and as in his life he was much beloved, travelling expenses disbursed by him. so in his death he will be long lamented. self. Cottagers were always gainers by In January, 1793, he intended to have
again visited the Tabernacle, London, but, instead of his presence, bis friends received the disagreeable intelligence of his death. For some days previous to his decease, his strength and health had visibly decreased, and on Sunday, the 20th, he came down into his parlour as usual, but with great difficulty reached his chamber in the evening. A few hours after he was in bed, he appeared to be seized with the symptoms of immediate dissolution. His face was contracted, and his speech faltered; and in this situation he continued till about three o'clock on Tuesday afternoon, January 22, when, breathing less and less, this champion for his Redeemer fell a victim to mortality in the seventysixth year of his age. His frame of mind during his last hours appeared to have been peculiarly comfortable. A clergyman who resides near Everton, said, “Sir, the Lord has enabled you to fight a good fight, and to finish a truly glorious course.” He answered, “Blessed be His holy name for it.” It was also said to him, “ Jesus will soon call you up higher.” He replied, “Aye, aye, aye, higher, higher, bigher.” He once exclaimed, “Yes, and my children too will shout and sing, “Here comes our father.'” On the ensuing Sabbath, his remains were interred in his own parish churchyard. The Rev. Mr. Simeon, a pious clergyman of Cambridge, preached the funeral sermon from 2 Tim. iv. 7,8. “I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith: henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, shall give me at that day.” Six neighbouring clergymen attended to bear his pall. The almost immense concourse of people who assembled from all parts of the country to be present at this solemnity, the undissembled grief which was depicted upon every countenance, the tears which trickled down every cheek, were a melancholy but expressive eulogium on his character, and should be considered as a just panegyric on his worth,
The “ Christian World Unmasked," and a volume of Hymns, called “ Sion's Songs,” are the only works which he published. The latter was composed during his long indisposition, and will, we apprehend, be a profitable closet companion for all experienced Christians.
W. A. HANKEY. FROM a very valuable Sermon* improving the death of this much respected man, we shall extract some portions of special interest. In the dedication to the Deacons the Rev. J. Kennedy remarks :
You and I stand in a "spiritual succession" of no mean honour, and of no small responsibility. Since the formation of the church in 1644, you have had at least eight-and-thirty predecessors in your office, and I have had eight in mine. The history of many of your predecessors cannot be traced, but I am not aware that any of them dishonoured his profession. And of my predecessors it is known that, without exception, they preached to the last“ the Gospel of the grace of God," and were enabled to walk without reproach in the steps of their Divine Master. How earnestly does it become us to pray that we may be found worthy of those who have gone before, and may be enabled to serve our generation according to the will of God, as they served theirs. Let us work while it is called to-day, for the night cometh when no man can work.
These facts are not more grave than interesting. The following facts are now alike instructive and cheering :
The honoured brother whose decease we mourn to-day, became a member of this church on the 1st of March, 1792, in the twentieth year of his age. In 1800, he was elected to the office of deacon. And from that period we find his name associated, in public life, with the noble band of Christian men by whom were founded those great religious societies which are the glory of our age. In 1801, two years after the formation of the Religious Tract Society, he became a member of its Committee, and for eight years," according to the published History of the Society, "took a zealous part in its proceedings. "In his house the venerable John Townsend and other friends compiled 'The Scripture Extracts'-a tract which was very useful, particularly in foreign countries. Mr. Hankey rendered essential service to the Society when it began to publish tracts in foreign languages, for the benefit of prisoners of war who were confined in this country. These tracts were referred to him for careful revision, and he devoted much time to the object, after the hours of business were over." For this service Mr. Hankey was better qualified than most men of business, by his early education at the University of Edinburgh. “He made one interesting and somewhat novel contribution to the Society's work. He mastered Spanish, that he might be duly qualified to revise the tracts in that language for the press, so as to ensure their freedom from error. Such an unexampled effort shows how entirely his
* "Your fathers, where are they?” A Sermon preached at Stepney Meeting, on Lord's Day, April 3rd, 1859, on occasion of the Death of William Alers Hankey, Esq., by the Rev. John Kennedy, M.A. Ward and Co.
heart was consecrated to the great objects of , ancient and venerable Church of the Book, and the Society, when the time and mental labour in the desire to give it to all nations, the necessary to acquire a language were presen- | multitude of them that believed were of one ted as a cheerful offering to the Institution." heart and soul.'”
Out of the Tract Society it will be remem There is another of our great societies with bered that the Bible Society arose. On the which the name of our departed brother was 7th of December, 1802, the Rev. Thomas still more prominently associated in after Charles, of Bala, appeared before the Com years,—The London Missionary. This Instimittee of the then infant Institution, to tution was formed in 1795, and in 1801 his represent the destitution of the Holy Scrip name appears in the list of directors. From tures in Wales. In the course of the conver 1816 to 1832, he held the office of treasurer, sation which ensued, the Rev. Joseph Hughes and in this capacity used to occupy the chair remarked, " Surely a Society might be formed at its annual meetings. One of the happiest for the purpose, and if for Wales, why not for recollections of my own boyhood, when I began the world?” and in this remark originated to take an interest in religious operations, is the British and Foreign Bible Society. Our | the reading of his speeches on these great departed friend, then the junior deacon of this occasions, not dreaming that I should ever church, was present on the occasion. Various stand to him in the honourable relation of conferences on the question thus mooted were pastor. Mr. Hankey continued to take the held, in which he seems to have taken an deepest interest in the London Missionary active part. And what took place, when, as Society to the end of life, and contributed £100 the result, a meeting was held at the London per annum to its funds. Tavern, on the 7th of March, 1804, for the Of the founders of the Bible Society there purpose of actually establishing the Bible survives only the venerable Dr. Steinkopff. Society, is thus told by the author of “The Of the Committee of the Tract Society at the Book and its Story.”—“The business of the time of Mr. Hankey's first connection with it, day was opened by Robert Cowie, Esq.; Wil I think one survives. Of the Directors of the liam Alers Hankey, Esq., followed, and was London Missionary Society in 1801, when our supported by Samuel Mills, Esq., and the Rev. friend joined the Board, Dr. Steinkopff alone J. Hughes; each spoke of the want of the now lives. And over the whole church then Holy Scriptures throughout the world, and assembling within these walls, we have alurged the necessity of fresh means of supply, ready said, the grave has closed. Have I not in a strain of good sense and temperate said rightly, that we seem to-day to stand, not
by the grave of an individual, but of a generaThe Rev. John Owen, afterwards the his tion; and death says to us in triumph, "Your torian of the Bible Society, was a very fathers, where are they?” reluctant convert to the propriety of uniting with Dissenters in this work, and describes
The latter days of Mr. Hankey were himself as having been “surrounded by a strongly characteristic ; there was multitude of Christians, whose doctrinal and
everywhere a predominance of the ritual differences had for ages kept them
intellectual. Faith was strong, peace asunder, and who had been taught to regard each other with a sort of pious estrangement,
was perfect, but there was little of the or rather of consecrated hostility.” “Mr.
emotional. His experience was a close Owen sat and listened," we read in “ The resemblance to that of the Rev. A. Book and its Story," "and felt that he must Fuller. Mr. Kennedy remarks :give assent, though with half reluctance, for the thought of uniting with all denominations
Five or six months ago he spoke of his inof Dissenters, for any purpose on earth, was
creasing weakness, and remarked that he was exceedingly distasteful to him ; and when
getting nearer to his appointed home; he felt good Dr. Steinkopff, a German Lutheran
no dismay or fear at its approach, as his entire clergyman, arose, the representation he gave
trust and confidence were in his Saviour, on of the scarcity of the Scriptures which he had whom he could cast himself without reserve. himself observed in foreign parts, the unaffec
About the same period he had a season of ted simplicity and tender pathos of his appeal
unusual spiritual excitement-a rich foretaste for his own countrymen, subdued at once both
of heaven, it seemed to be. He was overheard the mind and heart of Mr. Owen; and by an as he lay on his couch, addressing expressions impulse which he had neither the inclination
of adoration, love, and gratitude to Christ, as nor the power to disobey,' he rose and ex
to a seen Saviour. His attendants and some pressed his conviction that such a Society was
members of his family were attracted by his needed, and that its establishment should not
voice, and listened in solemn silence. Becom
ing partially conscious that they were within “There had been hitherto no point where hearing, he exhorted all to seek the Saviour Christians, for ages kept asunder through dif now, that they might enjoy His presence when ferent systems of discipline in their communi they should come to be in the condition in ties, and regarding each other too often with which he was then. “It was," I am told, a sort of pious horror, could meet, to make one
" an outburst of holy desire, that all might united and loving effort against the evil
come to Christ." He spoke of the vanity of which is in the world; but Mr. Owen now
everything unconnected with the salvation of felt that the British and Foreign Bible Society
the soul. Prayer and praise for himself and would afford this meeting-point; for that,
others continued for nearly half-an-hour, and whatever might be the differences of opinion
he concluded by repeating the hymn,and discipline, all who became its members “Come, dearest Lord, descend and dwell would declare that they belonged to the most | By faith and love in every breast."
When he came to the words, “Thine unmeasu served, the same communion of saints is rable grace," he prolonged and rendered maintained. Having obtained help of God emphatic every syllable, as if he had not this church continues unto this day, witnessing power sufficient to express how unmeasurable none other things than those for which our he found that grace to be.
fathers, two hundred years ago, suffered conThe same evening, his prayer with his fiscation and exile, and were prepared to suffer household seemed as if he felt himself on the death itself, threshold of heaven. He thanked God for the The Divine Providence which has removed mercies of the day, and with submission to the from us the last survivor of a former generaDivine will asked for blessings for the night; tion, admonishes us to take heed to our posiif wakeful hours were appointed, that his mind tion, and to seek grace to follow worthily in might be stayed upon God, and that he might the steps of those who have gone before. enjoy a foretaste of that glory to be revealed To the end of his days he remembered, with in and through Jesus Christ; and when the fond attachment, the church whose fellowship time of death should come, which for him was and principles were the objects of his youthful fast approaching, that he might have grace and preference; and in the last interview I had faith to say, “O Death, where is thy sting? with him he offered prayer, with all the ferO Grave, where is thy victory?".
vour and intelligence of other years, for the But a 'few weeks before his death he said, minister of this place, its deacons, its members, “ The river is fast carrying me away, but I and its various institutions, with all the have no fears; it causes me no unlappiness. minuteness of detail which would have been My foundation is sure.” A few days later natural if he had been in daily intercourse with "I am going to a better home, a brighter in us. These prayers come to us to-day as an heritance. Oh! if I were there there seems
echo of the Saviour's voice" Behold. I come to be so much between it and me." One day quickly; hold that fast which thou hast, that when in great pain, he said, “Gracious Lord, no'man take thy crown." give me patience to wait thy will." And, speaking of pain, he said, “I would not part
These extracts form the best recomwith it if I could, while it is God's will for me mendation that can be given of this to endure it.” He seemed frequently to pass masterly discourse. It was our privilong intervals in communion with the
lege to know Mr. Hankey intimately ; heavenly world, and on any one approaching his bed, would say, “Waiting, waiting, long
and it is now interesting as well as ing to be gone, trusting only in my Saviour.
affecting to reflect that the object of As I lie here, that is my consolation."
his last visits to our residence was to
seek advice relative to the settlement of After some most judicious remarks
the accomplished minister whose entouching death - bed experience, the
lightened pen has paid this valuable author goes on :
tribute to his worth, character, and To us, especially, who worship within these services. “Stepney Meeting" lay very walls, has been left the heritage of a church
near his heart, and the settlement of which has now a history of two hundred and fifteen years. Former ministers and members
Mr. Kennedy was a great relief to him. have not been suffered to continue, by reason
All further anxiety about the cause was of death. Even of those who were united in at an end. The good man soon withdrew fellowship here under the ministry of the Rev. from all public affairs, both secular and George Ford, which terminated only in 1821,
ecclesiastical, and seating himself on only two or three remain. But the light which was kindled here in days of darkness
the brink of eternity, he calmly awaited and persecution still shines. The same Gospel | with patient hope the coming of his is preached, the same ordinances are ob- | Lord.
Lessons by the Way; or, Things to Think On.
Never to think the worse of another on occasion of his differing with me in political and religious opinions.
Not to dispute with a man more than seventy years of age, nor with a woman, nor an enthusiast.
RULES FOR THE JOURNEY OF LIFE.!
The following rules from the papers of Dr. West, were, according to his memorandum, thrown together as general way-marks on the journey of life:
Never ridicule sacred things, or what others may esteem such, however absurd they may appear.
Never show levity when people are professedly engaged in worship.
Never to resent a supposed injury till I know the views and motives of the author of it. Never on any occasion to retaliate.
Always to take the part of an absent person who is censured in company, so far as truth and propriety will allow.
CONVERSATION. The art of conversation is the finest of the fine arts; it is not the art of saying much, but of saying well. There are preaching men who talk, but listen not, or who speechify in private; or gossiping men, who think little and are never still, and yet they are not conversible men. The real art of conversation consists, not only in expressing your own