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portion of the islands. From the limited re- 1 is given at nearly 29 per cent. This being the turns that have been collected, we infer that average ratio throughout the whole of the the population does not exceed 70,000 souls slave States, it is very instructive to observe on all the islands—a diminution of 10,000 how some States rise above, and how miserably since the census of January, 1849.

others fall below this average. In North Statistics of the population of the Kona Carolina the increase is only 12 per cent., in district, from the official returns :-Natives, Maryland it is only 7 in ten thousand, in 10,186; foreigners, 1,169-total, 11,355. In Delaware there is a decrease of 17:38. The 1850 the number was 14,484, showing a de loss of natural increase in some of the States is crease of 3,123 in three years.

made up in some measure by the enormous

increase in others. Thus in Georgia that inDRUNKENNESS.

crease is 35.85; in Missouri, 50·10; in Florida,

52.85; in Mississippi, 58.74; and in Arkansas, There are nearly 100,000 houses for the sale

136.26. These figures tell their tale very of intoxicating drinks in England, that is, one

plainly, and show how the Uncle Toms have to every thirty-two families, or about 160

changed hands, and passed from the St. Clairs, individuals. These are chiefly frequented and

where they were treated kindly, to the brutal upheld by the labouring classes. In these

Legrees, who tyrannized over them with brutal nurseries of vice and crime upwards of 8,000

fury. friendly societies hold their meetings, and

It is calculated that the internal slave-trade there the members make their payments, and

of the United States, during the last ten years, transact all the business of the associations.

has resulted in a profit of about seventeen The temptations which are presented to them

millions and a half sterling-a fact which will are insidious and strong. According to the

readily account for the tenacity with which best authority, there is annually an average

the dealers in these chattels cleave to their of 30,000 individuals taken into custody by the

craft, and the zeal and principle with which police in London, on account of being found

their well-paid ministers defend it. is dead drunk" on the streets, but who are not

The benighting influence of slavery on the guilty of any other offence. In addition to

minds of its patrons is also shown by the these, there are 60,000 more who are seen

census, in the fact that in the Southern States, drunk, but who are not taken into custody.

where the gross number of native whites is In Glasgow there are annually 9,000 persons

3,240,056, the number above 20 who can brought before the police-office magistrates

neither read nor write is 292,873, or 10 per charged with drunkenness. In Edinburgh,

cent. of the population. In the North, the the number brought annually to the police

proportion is only one and a half per cent., office in a state of drunkenness averages 4,550. It is calculated that there are 600,000 drunk

the number being only 79,970 out of 5,935,216. ards in our land; and that of these 60,000 STATE AND PROSPECTS OF GREECE. die anually, leaving their places to be filled

Notwithstanding the ancient glory of Greece up by those who formerly drank "moderately.”

it was well-nigh trampled out by the hoof of a It is calculated that the produce of upwards

cruel barbarism. It has nevertheless experiof 2,000,000 acres of land is annually con

enced a sort of resurrection.. Its statistics are sumed in the manufacture of strong drink.

curious. The population amounted in 1832 to It is calculated that there are above 50,000

612,600 souls ; in 1843, to 853,000; and in brewers and distillers in Great Britain, carrying on the business in nearly 100,000 places;

1853, to 1,042,527. Athens had 31,100; Her

mopholis' (Syra), 20,000; Patras, 19,500; that these manufacture annually upwards of

Argos, 10,560; Sparta, 6,700; Thebes, 4,200; 500,000,000 of gallons of strong drink; and

Corinth, 3,200 inhabitants. There were, in that there are nearly 250,000 persons licensed

1853, 30 bishops and archbishops, 5,114 priests to dispose of it by retail. Of course, each of

and monks, 12,549 officials, 252 lawyers, 274 these makers and sellers employs some assistants, and some of them have large numbers

medical men, and 1,300 midwives, 674 teachers,

39,881 school-boys and 5,455 school-girls, in their establishments. It is calculated that fully seventy millions of pounds sterling are

229,259 field labourers, 6,280 shopkeepers,

26,312 mariners, 25,546 operatives, 11, 149 comannually expended in cash directly on strong

mon workmen. The military power had, in drink, by the people of our country. To this

1853, 4,021 men for taking the field and 2,418 must be added nearly, if not quite as much more, for loss of time, health, strength, life,

for garrison duty, 325 horsemen, 570 technical

troops, 1,451 mounted police, 744 seamen, &c. and character, through drinking. These are

The merchant shipping amounted, in 1853, to general facts, yet they tell a startling tale.

4,230 vessels of 247,000 tons, and these were Reader, ponder them well. Think what must

manned by crews numbering 27,312 seamen. be the moral influence of these things.-First

In 1851, the imports amounted to 26; in 1852, Prize Essay on Drunkenness.

to 25; in 1853, to 20; in 1854, 214 millions of

drachmas; 91 millions of which were from AMERICAN SLAVERY.

France, 43 millions from Austria and Germany, Philanthropists are waiting with much 41 millions from England, 13 millions from anxiety the appearance of the next American Italy, 1 million from Russia, &c. The excensus, which, it is believed, will tell a dread ports amounted in 1852 to 10 millions; in ful tale, The ratio of the increase of the whole 1853, to 9 millions; and in 1854, to 6,800,000 slave population during the decade ending 1850, | drachmas,

331

Literary Notices.

Lessons from Jesus; or, the Teaching of the modes of instruction which he has adopted

Divine Love. By W. P. BALFERN. Lon in those classes.” We are happy to hear it. don: Shaw.

The volume bespeaks a highly cultivated and The title of this precious volume, though

well-informed mind; and the essays, as here briefly yet emphatically indicates its character.

presented, do great credit to their author, since It exhibits the Lord of glory in a great va

they are much fitted to promote Christian riety of situations, many of which bear some

edification. resemblance to those in which the people of

Blind Bartimeus, and his Great Physician. God are here placed. It is throughout much fitted to instruct, encourage, and strengthen.

By Professor W. J. HOGE. Edinburgh : The chapters on Apostolic Preaching and

Strahan and Co. London: Hamilton

and Co. Positive Theology are specially excellent.

This volume presents a very masterly expoTitles of Our Lord, adopted by Himself in the sition of one of the most captivating portions

New Testament. By J. M. RANDALL, Vicar of the New Testament. A fine and a pure of Langham, Norfolk. London: Religious fancy has been successfully employed to islusTract Society.

trate abstract truth. The doctrinal is beauti

fully sustained by the pictorial; and the whole We have a number of books on this all-impor

constitute a most valuable lesson of Christian tant subject already, but we believe we have

life and labour. none so eminently adapted to universal circulation. The subjects, as far as they go, are

The Congregational Pulpit. Vol. VII. Lonwell selected, and worked out in a manner

don: Judd and Glass. highly satisfactory.

This is another volume of very excellent The Beginnings of Divine Grace. By H. R. sermons, on a great variety of subjects, mainly REYNOLDS, B.A. London: Hamilton and written by a number of efficient men. While Co.

the discourses are good, the original outlines We are truly glad to find Mr. Reynolds once

are also valuable, furnishing excellent matemore restored to his people, his pulpit, and his

rial for Christian meditation. pen. The present very pretty volume has no

Frank Elliott; or, Wells in the Desert. By preface from which an account might be de

JAMES CHALLEN. Philadelphia: Challen rived of its origin and object; but we presume

and Son. that it is intended for the direct instruction of his flock, and the public, in great lessons of

We are not sure that we can very rapturously religion. The discourses are very brief, but

bail the appearance of a work of this descripremarkable for solidity, elegance, and elabo- 1

tion. Parables are good, but very few possess ration, while pervaded by a fine current of

the genius requisite to render them efficient Evangelical sentiment.

in exhibiting Divine truth. The writer tells

us, that “love and murder, immorality and The Heavens and the Earth ; or, Familiar

rationalism, are all deemed quite proper in Mustrations of Astronomy. By the Rev. T.

works which make appeal to the imagination; MILNER, M.A. London: Religious Tract

but those subjects which belong to the highest Society.

purposes of life should be ignored and pro

scribed, and nothing but what is as dry as We have here another of the exquisite per summer's dust should be given for the soul formances of Mr. Milner, who has popularised, to feed on!” We have our doubts about this, in a manner the most masterly, the sublimest

, and do not quite admire the style of expressubject within the whole cyclopædia of mate

sion. We concur in what the author says rial knowledge. The work is by far the most

about the prophets of the Old Testament, and complete and comprehensive publication of its

the prodigal son; nor would we speak lightly class, with which we are acquainted. It is

of him in relation to this performance; but astronomy made easy. The book cannot fail

the work is by no means one entirely to our of commanding an immense circulation. It

taste. It will, nevertheless, be read with deserves a place, not only in every school,

interest by young people, who will find in it but in every family in the British Empire.

a considerable amount of thoughtfulness. Hid Treasures, and the Search for them. Lectures, Expository and Practical, on the Being the substance of Lectures delivered to

Book of Esther. By A. D. DAVIDSON, Bible-classes. By J. HARTLEY. London:

D.D. Edinburgh: T. and T. Clark. Mason,

This book is thoroughly Scotch, full of solid The author tells us " that many of the following matter, ably put together, considerably repages have been read to different Bible-classes minding us of the celebrated Dr. A. Thompwhich it has been the happiness of the writer son's Expository Discourses. We have to conduct.” We do not like “read" instruc already several publications on the same tion anywhere, and least of all in the Bible subject ; but, we believe, there are none which class. It is just possible, however, that Mr. admit of advantageous comparison with the Hartley has so managed matters as to render present. The subject is one of the most intethe exercise comparatively unexceptionable, resting, touching, and beautiful to be found, for he adds, "they do not afford specimens of even in the inspired volume; and the author

has so thoroughly penetrated and digested its essence and its attributes, as to have fully prepared himself for its effectual development. Closet Devotional Exercises for the Young ;

from Ten Years old and upwards. By the Rev. ALEXANDER FLETCHER, D.D, Lon

don: Hall, Virtue and Co. DR. FLETCHER is, in diverse respects, a peculiar and an extraordinary man. For nearly fifty years he has been the most popular preacher to juvenile assemblies in England, perhaps in the world. Not satisfied with his supremacy in teaching the young, and his success in discoursing to the old, he aspired to render liturgical service to families; and to this end he prepared a book of enormous magnitude, and of a necessarily great price, comprising an apparatus which comprises the year, which has sold in thousands upon thousands. That Dr. Fletcher, a Scotchman, and a Presbyterian pastor, should have so far travelled in the direction of Rome, as his fathers would probably have said, as to perform such a service, and perform it with such success, is not a little remarkable. Our famous preacher, however, has not been satisfied even with that, but has prepared a similar work for young people, from ten years old and upwards. The present volume, however, unlike its ponderous predecessor, which covered the year, spans only three months; but if it shall be favoured with acceptance, the author promises three more volumes, which will complete the fifty-two weeks. Although we are not exceedingly partial to crutches for any but those who are absolutely lame, we feel something like a wish that the contingency may be realised, and that the work may be completed. The volume is a remarkably workman-like affair, Every page is complete in itself, comprising, first, in donble columns, a few verses of Scripture and on the opposite page a hymn, to which is subjoined a brief but comprehensive prayer, in large type, across the page. We must in all candour say, that the book, in our judgment, is decidedly the best thing of the kind we have ever seen. It is fitted to be eminently useful, not only to the class for whom it is designed, but to plain, simple people generally, Properly used, it would enable them, in due course, to do without it. Memoir of Elizabeth George. By the Rev. H.

J. Piggott, B.A. London: Mason. All Christians, but especially the female sex, will read with delight this most touching, instructive, and edifying narrative. It abounds in Gospel truths and religious experience. Modern Anglican Theology. Chapters on

Coleridge, Hare, Maurice, Kingsley, and Jowett; and on the Doctrine of the Sacrifice and Atonement. By J. H. Rigg. Second

Edition. London: Heylin. IT reflects credit on the public that they have so appreciated this masterly volume as to call for a new edition. The work, on its original appearance, made a very considerable sensation amongst thinking men; and, we believe, the numbers are increasing of those who are

capable of estimating its sound sentiment and masterly reasoning. It is, in all respects, a most valuable contribution to the cause of Scripture truth. It is one of those books which will live, and, for ages to come, do credit to its author, The Poetical Works of Spenser. With Memoir and Critical Dissertation. By the Rev. G. GILFILLAN. In Five Vols. Vol. III. Edinburgh: J. Nichol. London :

Nisbet. In the present volume we have a splendid essay on the genius and poetry of Spenser, worthy alike of its author and its subject. Mr. Gilfillan seems to have felt that he would require to take his gold pen, and brace himself for a very arduous undertaking, and he has done so by giving the public a piece of exquisite criticism, The English Bible. History of the Transla

tion of the Holy Scriptures into the English tongue, with specimens of the old English Version. By Mrs. C. CONANT. Edited, and with an Introduction, by the Rev, C. H.

SPURGEON. London: Hall, Virtue and Co. We find it difficult to impart any idea of this rich and peculiar volume, in a few words. We may, nevertheless, say in general terms, that it is a book of extraordinary interest and special value. It could scarcely be a common performance that could bring Mr. Spurgeon down from his rostrum, to introduce it by the copious and enlightened preface with which we are here presented. The volume forms a species of cyclopædia on the subject of which it treats. Everything is here, Bible History, in connection with the General

History of the World. By the Rev. W. G,

BLACKIE, A.M. London: T. Nelson. This volume, without pretension, may correctly be designated a great work. It is not only great, but original, differing materially from everything of the kind with which we have hitherto met. Its most comprehensive outline is filled up in a very elaborate and highly informed manner. It is quite a treasure; and its value is greatly enhanced by the appended gazetteer of Bible localities, and the general index, Midnight Musings, and other Poems. By

G. X. GIDDINS. 'London : Judd and Glass. This is the production of a young man of sound principles and high promise. He need not trouble himself, for the next seven years or more, to publish anything. Let him in the meanwhile, to the utmost of his ability, cultivate his mind, replenish his memory, thoroughly digest the best of the English poets, and ceaselessly exercise his pen, and in due season he may give the world something which they will not be willing to lose. The Psalter; or, Psalms of David. London:

Bagster and Sons. This is a very beautiful pocket edition, which will be much prized, especially by persons somewhat up in years, since the type is the largest size, and can be read with the utmost comfort even in a railway carriage. They are:

moreover, set forth as they are to be sung or said in churches. TheBook of Psalms, according to the Authorised

Version. London: Bagster and Sons. This beautiful edition, as the title-page bears, is according to the authorised version. The value of the publication is much enhanced by the fact, that there is a table of all the passages quoted, or alluded to, in the New Testament, which will, perhaps, surprise most readers by their number. The Book of Revelation. By S. P. TRE

GELLES, D.D. London: Bagster and Sons. We are right glad to see a new edition of this very valuable work. In the brief but beautifal preface, the views of the learned translator are set forth with great clearness, while the introduction embodies, within a moderate space, a very large portion of erudite matter, all tending to throw light on this sublime, but mysterious book. The publication, as a whole, possesses a peculiar value, and it cannot fail of being highly prized by the educated portion of the Church of Christ. But we have something more here than the Book of Revelation. A prospectus of a critical edition of the Greek New Testament, now in preparation, with an historical sketch of the printed text. This appendix is a considerable publication in itself, of a deeply learned and very instructive character. Bille Psalmody. London: Haddon. Those who have a preference for this species of worship will find the present to be a very helpful publication. We have so frequently expressed our opinion as to its comparative merits and adaptation to dissenting worship, that for the present we shall forbear. Bible Training. A Manual for Sabbath School

Teachers and Parents. By D. Stow. Edinburgh : Constable and Co. The ninth edition of such a work alone suffices to demonstrate its acceptance, and that may be taken as presumptive proof of its excellence. It sets forth a beautiful outline of parental and Sabbath-school instruction; to which succeeds the local system of establishing Sabbath schools. We have then an account of classes for preparing Sabbath-school teachers-a section which comprises many points well worthy of consideration. The last chapter, exhibiting the leading features of the training system, and hints on the practical principle, is peculiarly valuable. The Life of John Steggal; a Suffolk Man.

Edited by the Author of "Margaret Catchpole.” London: Simpkin and Co. We have already spoken in the most laudatory terms of this remarkable publication; and have, therefore, only to express our satisfaction at finding another edition so soon called for. It eclipses all romance for interest, and in its way is a little storehouse of information. Scripture Lessone. Second Series. London:

T. C. Jack. This publication consists of a series of exercises on great scriptural subjects, such as the

Fall of Man, the Coming of the Lord, the
Wise Men of the East, the Gospel, &c., &c.
On all the leading points we have first a long
text, and then a short commentary.
On True Religion: How it is to be Sought, and

How it is to be Secured. By E. ELDRED, Jun.

London : Hladdon. WE bave here seven sections :-On False Worship, the Trinity, Prayer, the Bible, the Duties of Life, Religion, and Controversy, every part being worked out in such a manner as to show what is false and what is true. Brief although it is, it comprises much sound thought, set forth in clear and accurate language. Illustrative Teaching. By W. H. Groser.

London : Ward and Co. It is customary to talk of this or that as being “worth its weight in gold." We do not think we should be at all extravagant were we to say that the present publication, of some sixty pages, is so. It is in its way a perfect gem, embodying a very large amount of exquisite thought, and suggestive observation. A Short and Plain Instruction and Prepara

tion for the better understanding of the Lord's Supper. By the Rev. T. WILSON.

London: Routledge and Co. Tuus publication is well known to the Church of God, and it has been serviceable to multitudes all but countless. Although more especially adapted to Church people, Dissenters may read it with advantage. Twilight Hours. A Selection of Poems. By

Lizzie May. London: Snow. The volume is pervaded by a gentle spirit, largely bedewed with evangelism. The variety is very considerable, and many of the pieces are remarkable for their pathos and beauty. A Simple Interpretation of the Revelation. By

H. W. Monk. London: Tallant and Co. THERE is, from the nature of the subject, much speculation in this volume. What reception it may meet with from the student of prophecy we cannot tell; it is, nevertheless, obviously the fruit of much thought and inquiry, and a close appeal to the word of God; and whatever be its merits as a piece of exposition, no man can read it carefully without deriving an addition to his wisdom, and experiencing an improvement in his affections. Pleading with God. By W. D. HOGARTH.

Edinburgh : J. Maclaren. The present publication is intended to illustrate a principle of infinite importance. The truths presented are remarkable for their simplicity, spirituality, and evangelism, and the text by which it is accompanied is worthy of it. Sabbath Scenes and Meditations. By the Rev.

J. C. FAIRBURN. Edinburgh : Elliot. It is worthy of note that the spirit of poetry appears more largely to rest upon the ministers of the Presbyterian communities of Scotland than on those of any other denomination in Great Britain. Mr. Fairburn thinks well, and versifies well. These meditations present much sound truth, clothed in appropriate cos

tume. These portraits cannot fail to strike that when he gave out his text he found every the English eye, and to reach the English auditor with a Bible in his hand, and the heart, although it is probable they will be rustle of simultaneous opening throughout the more fully realised beyond the Tweed. It is mighty throngs made a sensible flapping noise. said, when Whitefield went to Scotland, he was Our poet supplies some fine thoughts on the specially struck and delighted with the fact | subject.

Intelligence.

IRISH MISSIONS. The following Circular is now being issued, and we feel assured it will everywhere meet with the response which is due to an appeal so well founded, and withal so very urgent. It may be safely atfirmed that never was the cause of Christ in Ireland so hopeful as at the present hour. It would seem, indeed, as if the time, yea, the set time, to favour her were come. The tidings daily reaching us are wonderful, and full of encouragement! While God has come down with a shout, and made bare His holy arm, surely His people will not be supine! Let the cry of the hour be, “ Pecuniary aid for Ireland !” “Importunate prayer for Ireland !" “ Preachers full of faith and of the Holy Ghost for Ireland!”

London, Ludgate-street, 1 Irish EVANGELICAL SOCIETY.-Special June, 1859.

Paper with a view to Increased Efforts.- It has “DEAR SIR,—The Committee of the Irish

not been the practice of the Committee to

involve the organizations, or proceedings of Evangelical Society venture respectfully to

the Society in the contests, or schemes of pourge upon the renewed consideration of the litical factions. The labours of its agents are friends of Ireland the sphere and claims of directed to the weifare of all classes of the their mission. The accompanying report will

people; to bring the Gospel among the pea

santry in rural hamlets, and the industrious briefly present to your view the several sta

inhabitants in towns, without respect to sect tions occupied, and the nature of the work

or party. Nevertheless, freedom of teaching sustained by the agencies of the Society. The is required for this end ; and, now that the funds received last year included four special cause of religious liberty as well as of scripdonations to meet an emergency, but yet they

tural instruction in Ireland is in peril, deep were not more than adequate to the expendi

solicitude is awakened. The designs and or

ganizations of political partisans, under a carture. In several of the existing stations addi

dinal's direction, have recently been such as tional agents are required; and in numerous to warrant intense apprehension. The Goother districts there is not only need for, but vernment support of schools where Popish also encouragement to adopt, new stations.

doctrines are openly taught; their continued “ The Committee earnestly desire to do

maintenance of Maynooth College, a nursery

for Romish Priests, to be planted in every more for the moral emancipation of the Irish corner of British territory; and the probability people. They are greatly encouraged by the of a Royal Charter, encouraged by them. to resolution of the English Chapel-Building the Roman Catholic University in Dublin; Society to originate and work a special fund

accompanied by the appointment and extended

support of Catholic priests in workhouses, for the erection of Congregational chapels in

prisons, the army, navy, and Colonial and Ireland

Indian territories and garrisons, are the ri“The present revenues of the Irish Evan pening fruits of a cordial understanding begelical Society do not reach £2000. It is the tween papal dignitaries and English statesmen. wish of the Committee, by earnest efforts, to

The new phases of parliamentary tactics, by

members of the Roman Catholic party and bring them up to £5000 annually; and for

magisterial authorities in Ireland, are calcuthis purpose the Secretary, whose resignation lated to create alarm. The Protestant of other duties will set him free for more liberties hitherto possessed, for scriptural vigorous exertions on behalf of Ireland, has

teaching, are hated by a dominant priesthood,

while it is manifest that the necessity for engaged to seek further support, by personal

evangelical ministrations daily increases among visits to the friends of the cause of God among the masses of the Irish people. the Irish throughout the country.

Were British Protestants wise, they would " THOMAS M. COOMBS,

make Ireland their battle-field with Popery ;

and every section of the Church of Christ " Treasurer.

would arm themselves, for the spiritual war“ JAMES WM. MASSIE,

fare against the Man of Sin, with those wea“ Secretary." pons which are not carnal, but mighty through

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