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Buffalo friends contributed the handsome , Rev. Thomas Henderson, at the parsonage, " surprise.” A very natural expression of and presented him with a purse containing countenance, under the circumstances, we one hundred dollars, accompanied by an affecmust say!

tionate address. The Portland Advertiser says, that while Rev. L. L. Gage, of De Ruyter, acknowDr. Carruthers and his wife were absent from ledges the receipt of one hundred and thirty home on Wednesday evening of last week, a dollars, and speaks of indications of a revival large number of his parishioners took posses in his church. “The liberal soul shall be sion of his house. On the Doctor's return, W. made fat." W. Thomas, Esq., presented him, in the name of the numerous party, with a beautiful and Now while an air of the ludicrous costly testimonial, in the form of an elegant rests upon the whole thing, it is so perembossed silver pitcher, bearing the following inscription :-“ Presented to J.J. Carruthers,

vaded by the spirit of kindness and D.D., by the Second Congregational Church

generosity, as to promote laughter and and Society, in testimony of their esteem and admiration. It is their way ; they seem Christian affection.” The pitcher, however, to enjoy it; and they are ready to pay was but one of many gifts to the Doctor and

for their pleasure. Would that they his household. To the whole was added a considerable sum of money.

who may be disposed to jeer at“ repubOn New Year's day a depntation from the

lican vulgarity” would but emulate Baptist Church in Kingston waited on the republican benevolence!

The Lay Preachers' Corner.

REV. H. W. BEECHER. Few names in the New World are better always much in Mr. Beecher's sermons and known to Englishinen than that of | lectures to feed the mind. They are full of Henry Ward Beecher, Congregational

racy, vigorous, original thought, and abound

in apt and striking illustrations. Minister, Brooklyn, State of New York.

“Nor is this all. Mr. Beecher has a large A few facts and opinions concerning heart and a sympathetic nature, and his serhim may not be without interest. The mons partake largely of this spirit. His following sketch is from the pen of the power lies not so much in logical argument as correspondent of the London Record :

in the ability to put the thoughts and feelings

of those who listen to him into words. Speak“I have often intended to devote at least ing what he himself feels, he meets a full one letter to the subject of preachers and response from all around him. At times, preaching in our country, but the delicacy and though not often, he rises into the region of difficulties of the task have hitherto deterred the intellectual and spiritual. But he prefers me. It is not easy to speak of living men in to dwell upon the earth, to mingle with flesh such a way as to do them strict justice, and and blood, to deal with men and things just as vet give no offence. When such a man as he finds them. He is not deficient in the eleSpurgeon appears, all manner of criticisms ments of the poetical and the beautiful-not will be indulged in. By some he will be ex at all; but he loves to sit down with the mertolled beyond measure, while others will see chant, the mechanic, the farmer, the day la nothing good either in manner or matter. bourer, and hold free converse with him to Some will admire his blunt and pointed illus take him in his every-day life. The consetrations, others will regard them as coarse and quence is, everybody listens to him with vulgar. Some will see nothing but brilliancy pleasure, and I think with profit. and wit in his peculiarities, while others will "Mr. Beecher is often charged with heterolook upon them as commonplace, if not out of doxy, and at times he gives occasion for place. It is, therefore, almost impossible to something of the kind. He is naturally a obtain a just estimate of such a man. Fortu liberal man, disposed to look upon the fairest nately, perhaps, such men are very rare. In side of everything, and hence he fraternizes this country we have none. The only man with nearly everybody who professes any who bears any resemblance to him is the Rev. | Christianity at all. In this many of his friends Henry Ward Beecher, of the city of Brooklyp. think he commits an error. But Congrega

" Mr. Beecher attracts much attention, and tionalism, with which he is associated, holds draws crowds to hear him. I doubt whether its doctrines very loosely. This is one of the there is another preacher in America who can reactions of Puritanism. Perhaps Mr. Beecher everywhere draw together so many people to is more to be pitied than censured for these hear him. But all sorts of feelings and mo particular defects. tives operate to bring together these crowds, "In personal appearance Mr. Beecher is and consequently they are made up of all kinds of medium height-thick set with large grey and classes of men and women. The man who eyes--open, joliy-looking countenance, indidelights in wit and fun will be sure to go, and cating in all its features a genial nature and a so will the man who admires a homely, vigo great flow of spirits. His manner in the pulrous, and driving style. And then there is | pit is so varied that it hardly admits of a de

scription. At times he is very grave, with but little action—then exceedingly animated, with constant gestures. His acting at times is inimitable. By an expression of countenance, a tone of voice, a shake of the head, or the movement of his hands and body, he gives wonderful effect to his words. He preaches with or without notes, just as it happens, but is never under constraint. He passes so rapidly from one thing to another-from the grave to the light-from the serious to the mirthful-from the sublime to almost the ridiculous, that he keeps his hearers in a state of constant excitement, ready to frown, laugh, or cry, at a moment's warning. Mr. Beecher is unquestionably a genius-a wonderful man, and I trust is doing much good. But we do not need but one such man.

There is much truth in the foregoing. We know Mr. Beecher. Nine or ten vears ago he was repeatedly our guest, and we also heard him address a large assembly. The Correspondent nevertheless bears false witness against his neighbours when he says, “ Congregationalism holds its doctrines very loosely.” The contrary is the fact, and the writer ought to know it. In the official character and proceedings of Mr. Beecher, however, notwithstanding bis matchless power and brilliancy, there is a large amount of drawback. "A minister of a Congregational Church in the States, whose communication shows him an attentive observer, writes as follows respecting the influence of Rev. H. W. Beecher:

“We have been quite admirers of Mr. Beecher. He has said some true and very brilliant things, but we have, of late, been astonished and pained at some things he has said and done, being a professing minister of Christ. We are almost forced to the conclusion that he is doing a vast preponderance of harm to the cause of pure Christianity. Every little while some new fact comes to light, going to show how loose and dangerous his course is. If we had but one or two such facts before our mind, we might be disposed, in charity, to overlook them, by ascribing them to his want of caution, or some other cause, consistent with soundness in the faith. But when a considerable number of facts of the same class are brought together, we have a right, according to the Baconian principle, to deduce a conclusion. A few of the facts we shall here notice.

“ Awhile since we saw it stated in the Ambassador, a Universalist paper, that Mr. Beecher lectured in Dr. Chapin's meetinghouse, (Universalist,) in New York, for the purpose of raising funds to aid in endowing the Universalist Institution at Clinton, which we believe is the principal literary institution of the denomination in the State. If we have been correctly informed, there is a great deal of direct infidel control in that institution, even too much to suit some Universalists. Mr. Beecher, however, did not scruple to give the influence of his name, and to render his

service for the purpose of building up an institution that is most bitterly opposed to pure Christianity-that we may say, with truth, is a decisive bulwark of Satan. The enemies of the religion that Mr. Beecher professes to preach, cannot respect him for such an act, however much they may applaud him for doing it. The glaring inconsistency a child can see, and no one can truly respect an inconsistent minister. Such an act is a wound infiicted on the cause of Christ.

"A few weeks since, Mr. Beecher advised, from his pulpit, his people to go to hear a Unitarian preacher belonging to Philadelphia. Said he, 'I advise you to go and hear Dr. Furness, who may, by God's help, stir your souls to manly action. Is it possible that a professing orthodox minister advises his people to attend the preaching of one who denies the Lord that bought him, who rejects Christ in His essential character ? But such is the case. Dr. Furness belongs to the class of teachers that Peter speaks of when he says, • But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them. Any further comment on this act of Mr. Beecher may be expressed most forcibly in the language of the Apostle John in his second epistle, Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God. He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he hath both the Father and the Son. If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into your house, neither bid him God-speed; for he that biddeth him God-speed is partaker of his evil deeds.'

“Mr. Beecher recently delivered one of the course of fraternity lectures in Boston, which course is understood to have originated with Theodore Parker, and his sympathisers. Mr. Parker was himself to deliver four lectures of the course. No one can reasonably doubt but that the great design of the projectors of this course was to spread infidelity. And at the same time Mr. Beecher identifies himself with it. He may excuse himself by saying that he embraced this opportunity to spread truth among those that needed it. But if this were his excuse, he should have been specially guarded in uttering anything that would naturally be construed against Gospel truth. But he uttered one sentiment in his lecture that gave great pleasure to the infidels in his audience-it was enough in their estimation to save the lecture from the charge of any special leaning towards orthodoxy. Mr. Beecher said, selfish men always believe in total depravity. This sentiment drew from the audience great applause. This, of course, was understood by his hearers as a rejection of that fundamental doctrine of the Gospel, expressed extensively in New England by the phrase total depravity; a doctrine to which infidels of various names are exceedingly opposed.

* Mr. Beecher awhile since gave an invitatation to persoas in his congregation to commune, whether they were members of churches or not. About a year ago, a paragraph appeared quite extensively in the papers, stating that one of the Unitarian preachers in Portland, Me., had given an indiscriminate in

vitation to the members of his congregation to commune. This was regarded, even by some Unitarians, as a very singular and unguarded step. But Mr. Beecher ventures to take a similar one, • O tempora ! O mores!"

* It is impossible for us, with the above facts, and others that might be given, to arrive at any other conclusion than that Mr. Beecher pursues a course that is injurious to the cause he professes to serve. And while we do this, we at the same time regard men who make high pretensions to soundness of doctrine and prudence in action, but apologise for great moral evils, as injuring very seriously the cause of pure religion. We need more of sound theology, with hearts and hands ready

for every good work. A mere theology without humanity is not worth much, and mere humanitarian effort, without a Christian theology, is of little worth. We need a positive Christian theology that is to the soul a living reality, and has its corresponding manifestation in the life.”

These facts may well excite solicitude among the judicious friends of Mr. Beecher. While himself thoroughly sound in the faith, a charity so reckless, and language so unguarded, may be attended with the most disastrous consequences.

Essays.

MINISTERS' FAMILIES THE SALT OF THE LAND. THE families of Evangelical Ministers, 1 result, we believe, would be found to be no matter what the denomination, may substantially the same. Everywhere it be said to constitute the material of an would be seen, that the family of the experiment upon human nature. As a “good minister of Jesus Christ,” under rule, their means are narrow, so much so suitable maternal superintendence, is that, with the severe and endless de the “ salt of the earth.” Let us, then, mands which are made on them from hasten on the day, when every family their position, they are in continual and shall be as his family, and when all the frequently very great straits — straits families of the British Isles shall endured by no other class of Christian “ shine in the beauties of holiness,"society-straits, however, not incom when the earth shall be full of the patible with the realization of the chief knowledge of the Lord, and all flesh objects of life—the culture of the mind, shall see His salvation ! and the culture of the heart, and the formation of superior moral habits. Sound intellectual training, and high

MINISTERS' SONS AND DAUGHTERS. moral discipline, founded on evangeli The salaries of the clergy of the United cal principles, parental prayer, and the States do not average 500 dollars a Divine benediction, these constitute year, and yet, as a class, they are the their all wherewith to begin the world : best educated, the most influential, the and it is enough. No more is required most active, refined, and elevated of the to desirable success in life, the accept nation. With less culture, with less able service of their generation, useful character, with less mental power, there ness and comfort. Were all families to are men, all over the land, who earn be reared as is the pastor's family a new from one to 25,000 dollars a year. But face would soon be put on society. We look at the results. Taking them as speak of the rule ; we have nothing to they come, the biographies of 100 clergydo with the exception: nor do we for men who had families show that, of get the axiom, alike true here as every their sons, 110 became ministers; and where, that the corruption of the best of the remainder of the sons, by far the things renders them the worst.

larger number rose to eminence as proWe have been led to these observa fessional men, merchants, and scholars. tions by a very striking article, that has As to the daughters, their names are fallen in our way, from the pen of an merged into others; but there is a sigeminent foreign writer,which we shall sub nificant fact, which we do not remember join. The statements therein contained to have seen noticed in that connexion, are certainly not a little remarkable, that not only here, but in England, and of their general truth as to principle, where titles are so highly prized, and and their general correctness as to state the possession of “gentle blood” is a ment, there can be no doubt. Were passport to high places, it is very often British society to be analysed, the referred to, as a matter of note, as indicating safety and respectability-.“ His time degrades herself, at varying intermother was the daughter of a clergy vals, by a regular drunken bout. man." We will venture the opinion, Thus it is that we regard the privathat three-fourths of the great men of tion and the poverty of the clergy as this nation are not over two degrees means of perpetuating the mental vigonr, removed from clergymen's families, or the real thrift and position of our from families strictly religious. When nation. They are literally the salt of it can be said of a man or woman, that the earth; not only its preserving printhe father or grandfather was a clergy ciples of to-day, but for future time. man, there is a feeling within us of a Great reason, then, have clergymen and certain elevation of character, a kind of clergymen's wives to bear their present guarantee of respectability of blood, of | burdens of daily labour and daily stintpurity and integrity.

ing. Plain dwellings, plain clothing, We need not ask if the history of any plain food—and even that not overother hundred families, taken as they abundant, may be their portion here come, of renowned generals, of great below; but beside the reward above, statesmen, of successful merchants, of they will be honoured and affectionately splendid orators, or eminent physicians remembered, when they are dead and and lawyers, can give another 110 sons gone, by the very people for whom they to occupy positions as respectable as laboured, and who allowed them to live their own-never, nor is there any ap on scanty salaries. But there is another proach to it.

and higber reward than human appreHalf of our “successful” merchants ciation-their influences for good are die in poverty eventually, wbile their perpetuated in their children, bodily, sons grow up in habits of idleness and mental, and moral, and this is the pith early dissipation (as is also the case, of this article. The straitened circuminore or less, with most of the children stances of minister's families give that of prominent men); disease wastes their kind of practical teaching, that suitable. bodies, the disease which originates ness and preparation for practical life from demoralizing indulgences; wbile in after years, which is so necessary to the mind itself, from the want of suffi success. cient stimulus to energy, dwindles to a Having nothing to look for but the point below mediocrity. As to the results of their own exertions, they early daughters of the worldly eminent, what learn to be self-reliant and thoughtful, becomes of them? They devote them impressing the whole character with a selves to fashion, and dress, and revelry, manly dignity, which everywhere comand a vain show; to be wooed and won mands respect. In addition, knowing by men who grow up without occupation, that they must depend on themselves, looking to their fathers' fortunes; or by they at once begin those activities adventurers, who live by their wits which insure health, while by stern nathe end being, that most incongruous cessity of extremely plain fare, and of all combinations, poverty and pride, homely accommodations, with the imwith that most bootless of all ambitions, possibility of means to secure luxurious to keep up appearances--than which a | indulgences, or the opportunities of more hideous, painful, and unsatisfying frivolous amusements and tritling restruggle, no human being could ever creations, their bodies grow up to a encounter. In short, the rarest of all vigour and a healthfulness which give things in this country is to find a grand that power to mind which commands child enjoying the fortune or position of success in every department of human the grandparents--if, indeed, there be life. In addition to all these, there are any grandchild at all; for disappoint those moral teachings, which fall as ment, fed by want of occupation, grinds 1 ceaselessly as the dews of the sky, and out the life, and quite early, too, of the as gently, from the earliest infancy, children of the world. A daughter of moulding the character, and fixing those one of the richest men in America, ten principles of action, which so well susyears ago, herself the wife of a great tain their possessors in life's conflicts, man, bas an attendant, whose whole and which elevate all with whom they duty it is to keep her from intoxication. come in contact. Another daughter drank ravenously her Take courage, then, ye “ministers of cologne water, for want of spirits of the word.” You may feel straitened, opinn, and died in her infatuation. and at times greatly discouraged "beOne of the most splendid women of our cause of the way through which you

are called to pass; but look at the 'tivity, and that compulsory plaipness of reward! The affectionate and respect- living, and that dearth of amusement, fal remembrance of those you once and recreation, and“ enjoyment," falsely preached to, long after you are dead and so called, which your limited means gone, and forgotten, it may be, by the entail on, your children, these are the great world, but never by them-just as things that would make them what you you now think with reverential grati- | would really have them to be--true men tude of the men who were your early and women. They do not, it is true, ministers, and will continue to think inherit from you millions of money, but thus, until life's latest hour! And you entail on them that necessity of then what solid satisfaction is there in ! industrious activity, and that rational leaving sons and danghters behind you i temperance, which are at once the who shall perpetuate your influences, foundaticn of human happiness and and live out your principles for genera- 1 human success. tions to come! That compulsory ac- ,

Extracts from New Works.

ELOQUENCE OF THE PULPIT AND OF THE BAR. I Am not sure that my father's comparison why, because the preacher stands some six can be fairly instituted. Between such foren feet higher than his usual level, he should .sic oratory as that to which he listened, and, assume unnatural attitudes, speak in a false the genuine eloquence of the pulpit, there is no voice, gesticulate in a manner which, if used relation except that of positive contrast; at home, would scare his loving household; or, whilst, on the other hand, some sermons, in worse than all, attempt to woo dying sinners clearness of arrangement, lucidity of statement, with the story of the dying Saviour, in the earnestness of spirit, and continuous aim at a

modes practised by a clever mountebank exwell-defined object, are immeasurably inferior

temporizing at a country fair. A marked and to the speeches which are heard daily in constant simplicity,-the test of sincerity in courts of justice. I speak not of petty wrang the pulpit; the manifestation of the truth, with lings in Criminal Courts, or at "Nisi Prius," manifest truthfulness of purpose, – this of but of the appeals addressed to juries on great ! itself would do much to excite the spirit of occasions, and, especially, of those solemn hearing. The advocate at the bar is intensely argumentations with which astute lawyers, sincere. He means to gain the cause; and so, scholars, and logicians ply the quick" but! it is his prime business to be believed ; and cautious intellects of judges on the bench. To the wish breathes in every look and word. • me, who have conversed much with each kind How would the cool-headed judge survey him, of eloquence, it has often seemed that those through the detecting eve-glass, if every resmodern preachers who make it their study to ture, tone, and sentence were altogetber unlike tickle "itching ears," might gain much if they the man who use i them! “Now they do it cultivated the simplicity of speech without to obtain a corruptible crown."-Life of Dr. which no man rises to high distinction at the Bunting. English Bar. We perplex ourselves greatly with the question why the pulpit, with its

THE LAWFULNESS OF BEARING long-established hold upon the superstition of

ARMS IN DEFENSIVE WARFARE. the ignorant and upon the reverence of the good, and with its various range of momen 1. The arguments which were stated in the tous topics, makes an impression so com papers read at our last meeting will warrant paratively small upon the masses with which the assertion that, in case of emergency, every it deals?' Beardless sciolists and bold adven man, who possibly can, ought to come forward turers try to revive and increase the popular in any way whatever, in which his services are interest in preaching, by degrailing its dignity, most likely to be successful; trusting in the and by secularizing its sacred themes; whilst providence of God to keep him from those multitudes of well-meaning clergy, of all spiritual dangers which attend this painful but schools within the Establishinent, and of all necessary duty, and to give grace according to sects out of it, by some conventional manner- the day. ism of style or of delivery, or by the constant 2. At present, however, it would seem that effort to produce startling effects, or by vapid the danger does not appear to Government to prettinesses of phrase and figure, expect to be of so imminent and pressing a nature as to storm the consciences of sinful men, and to call for an immediate and universal arming of frighten or to cheat them into piety. None of | the mass of the people. If this were the case, these artifices will succeed. They are very some plan would doubtless have been proancient rovelties. The common people have posed, which would render such an universal always distrusted them; and plain sense now arming practicable. Till the Executive Goa-days stares, and asks why an honest man vernment of the country deem it necessary to should vulgarize the great thought of God, or require the adoption of some such plan, I think search for thoughts more true and telling; or religious persons in general are not particu

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