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Mr. Jowett, with reference to these fishing towns, says :-“ After a very feverish and wakeful night, I was quite unable to ride to the ruins of Capernaum. While Mr. Fisk did this, I stayed within doors the whole morning. He brings back a very meagre account indeed of the remains of that city-once exalted unto heaven, but now barely leaving a relic sufficient to attest its former existence. He found Bethsaida also existing in little more than the name.” — Researches.
Dr. Richardson says, that on asking some natives of a village at some distance from the lake, if they knew such a place as Capernaum, they answered, “ Capernaum and Chorazinthey are quite near, but in ruins.”
from another place of the same name, situated in the tribe of Asher, in the neighbourhood of Sidon, John xix. 28. The town shown as the scene of our Lord's first miracle is situated about eight miles north of Nazareth. About a quarter of a mile from the village is a copious spring, which is supposed to be the same which supplied the water that was turned into wine. Mr. Carne, in his letters from the East, observes :-"The same kind of waterpots as are mentioned by John are still in use in the village of Cana. We saw several of the women bearing them on their heads as they returned from the well.” Mr. Jowett adds, “ Cana is at present a very small and poor village. With some difficulty we found out the Christian priest. We went with him to church, in which he showed us, fixed in the wall, one of those waterpots referred to, John ii. 8. The population was stated to be about thirty houses Mussulman, and thirty houses Christian, of the Oriental Greek Church.
CANA OF GALILEE. “And the third day there was a marriage in
Cana of Galilee. And there were set there six waterpots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews."-John ii. 1, 6. This village was so called to distinguish it
REV. J. BERRIDGE, M.A., VICAR OF EVERTON In connexion with the great spiritual, ing these friendly invitations. But movement now going forward in the having obtained the reputation of being North of Ireland, it may be useful to a pious child, he was afraid to risk it by show that, precisely this time one hun a refusal. On his return from a fair, dred years, a corresponding movement where he had been to enjoy a holiday, burst forth in many parts of England. he hesitated to pass the door of his We shall confine ourselves, however, young neighbour, lest he should be for the present, to the parish of Everton, accosted as before. The youth, howand to the labours of the justly celebra ever, was waiting for him ; and when he ted John Berridge.
approached, renewed his invitation, and, John Berridge, son of John Berridge, in addition to his former request, asked á reputable and wealthy farmer and if they should pray together. In this exgrazier of Kingston, in Nottinghamshire, ercise it was that he began to perceive he was born at Kingston, March 1st, 1716. | was not right, or the amusements of a Being a particular favourite of an aunt, fair would not have been preferred to who resided at Nottingham, he spent the pleasures of devotion; and such was the greater part of his early years with the effect of this interview, that not a her in that town, and there he received great while after he himself adopted a all the education which was necessary similar practice with his school comto qualify him for business. His father panions. intended to bring him up to agriculture; At the age of fourteen, God was but God designed him to occupy a more pleased to convince him that he was a exalted station in society; and began to sinner, and must be born again. About prepare his mind for it, at so early a this time he left school, and returned to period, that his piety excited the atten his father, with an intention to apply tion of all who knew him. But the bimself to business. A tailor who was circumstance to which he ascribed his occasionally employed in the family, first serious impressions was singular. being a man of strict sobriety, and Once, as he was returning from school, struck with the uncommon appearances a neighbouring youth invited him into of piety in one so young, conversed with his house, and asked if he should read him on serious subjects, whenever he a chapter to him out of the Bible. He came to the house on business. As consented. This being repeated several opportunities of this nature seldom 'times, he began to fiel a secret aversion, occurred, his love for religion induced and would gladly have declined accept- | him to cultivate a more intimate acVOL. XVI.
quaintance with this man, by going , her authority, he was compelled to frequently to his house for the purpose relinquish sentiments so derogatory to of serious conversation. His relations, God, and so suhversive of every good at length, suspecting he had too much principle and practice. He now disreligion, and fearing to what it would covered, that they not only lessened God grow, discovered some inclination to the Son in his esteem, but God the discourage it. They insinuated, that Father also; and tended to promote no since his attachment was so strong to higher a morality than what comported his new companion, he should be bound with all the maxims and pleasures of to him in articles of apprenticeship. the present world. With the renuncia
This threat had not the desired effect: tion of his former errors, be returned to for so prevalent was his bias to reading, the regular exercise of devotional reliprayer, and serious discourse, that he gion, although it was but a small frequently repeated his visits. Finding remove, if any, from pharisaical. this their scheme unsuccessful, and con Soon after this, he began to feel ceiving that his predilection for reading strong inclinations to exercise bis and religion would entirely unfit him ministry, and accordingly, in the year for business, they resolved, though 1749, accepted the curacy of Stapleford, reluctantly, to send him to the Univer near Cambridge, which he regularly sity. In this determination, which was served six years from college. His paperfectly congenial with his own incli rishioners were extremely ignorant and nations, he most readily concurred; dissolute, and he was much concerned and, after previous preparation, entered | to do them good. He took extraordiClare Hall, October 28, 1734, in the nary pains, and pressed very earnestly nineteenth year of his age. A neigh-, upon them the necessity of sanctificabour soon after meeting his father, and tion; but had the mortification to find inquiring for his son, he jocosely re that they continued as unsanctified as plied, “ He is gone to be a light to the before. " There was indeed a little Centiles.” This testimony was true. more of the form of religion in the
Being now in his element, he pursued | parish ; but nothing more of the power.” his studies with uncommon avidity, and In the year 1755, on the 7th of July, he made such progress in every branch of was admitted to the vicarage of EverLiterature as rendered him in no res ton, in the gift of Clare Hall, where he pect inferior to any of his contempo continued to reside to the end of his raries. But as he seemed to have life. Here again he pressed sanctificaknown very little of the plague of his tion and regeneration upon his hearers heart, and less of Jesus Christ, it requi as strenuously as be could, but with as red more grace than he yet possessed to little success as before. “ Nor was it to withstand the temptations of his situa be wondered at, as his preaching rather tion and connexions. Favoured with a tended to make them trust to themselves good understanding, improved by lite as righteous, than to depend upon rature, and possessing a natural vein of Chri-t for the remission of sins, through Lumour, which was extremely fascina faith in His blood.” ting, he rose in respect; and his ac Having continued for two years in quaintance was courted at the Univer this unsuccessful mode of preaching, sity by ecclesiastics of superior rank, and his inclinations to do good contithough of wider principles, and less | nnaliy increasing, he began to be disrigid morals. As evil communications couraged. A doubt now arose in his corrupt good manners, he caught the mind, whether he was right himself, contagion, and drank into the Socinian and preached as he ought to do. This scheme to such a degree as to lose all suggestion he rejected, for some time, serious impressions, and discontinue with disdain, supposing the advantages private prayer, 'for the space of ten of his education, which he had improved years, a few intervals excepted. In these to a high degree, could not leave him intervals he would weep bitterly, reflect ignorant respecting the best method of ing on the sad state of his mind, com instructing his people. This happened pared with what it was when he came about Christmas, 1757; but not being to the University, and would frequently able to repel, though he strenuously say to a fellow student, an eminent opposed these secret misgivings, his mninister in the Establishment, “ ( that mind was wrought to a degree of emit were with me as in years past!" Con barrassment and distress, to which he science, however, at length resuming | had been hitherto a stranger. This,
however, had a happy effect, as it led | firmod was he thereby, in the persuahim to cry mightily to God for direc sion that his late impressions were from tion. The constant language of his God, that he determined in future to heart was this: "Lord, if I am right, know nothing but Jesus Christ, and keep me so; if I am not, make me so; Hiin crucified. Now he was deeply and lead me to the knowledge of the humbled, that he should have spent so truth as it is in Jesus.” After the many years of his life to no better puralmost incessant repetition of a prayer, pose than to confirm his hearers in their so evidently sincere and childlike, it is ignorance. Thereupon immediately he no wonder that God would lend a gra burnt all his old sermons, and shed a cious ear, which He did by returning flood of the tears of joy in their deshim an answer about ten days after, in truction. These circumstances alarmed the following remarkable manner. As the neighbourhood, the church quickly he sat one morning musing upon a text became crowded, and God gave testiof Scripture, these words were, in a mony to the word of His grace, in the wonderful manner, darted into his mind, very frequentconviction and conversion and seemed indeed like a voice from of sinners. heaven: “Cease from thine own works; Hitherto he had confined his labours only believe.” No sooner were these to his own parish, and had been accus. words impressed upon his mind, than tomed to wiite his sermons at full the scales fell from his eyes, and he per length ; but an accident occurred, as ceived the application. Just before ibis unexpected to him as it was novel in occurrence he was in a very unusual itself, which led him to preach extemcalm; but now his soul experienced an pore. He had not exercised his minisimmediate tempest. Tears gushed try in an evangelical strain many forth like a torrent. He saw the rock months, before he was invited to preach upon which he had been splitting for wbat is commonly called a Club Sernear thirty years, by endeavouring to mon. Ali his old ones were burnt, and blend the law and the Gospel, and unite much of his time was engrossed in Christ's righteousness with his own. writing new discourses. When he inImmediately he began to think upon tended to compose this, he was so much the words Faith and Believe, and look engaged with people, who came under ing into his concordance, found them serious impressions, that he found himinserted in many successive columns. self straitened for time, and therefore This surprised him to a great extent, resolved to give the people one of his and he instantly formed a resolution to new discourses, which he had delivered preach Jesus Christ, and salvation by at home, not expecting that any of his faith. He therefore composed several parishioners would be present. On the sermons of this description, and addres Sabbath evening, one of his hearers insed his hearers in a manner very formed him of his intention to accomunusual, and far more pointed than pany him the next day. This was an heretofore.
unwelcome intimation, and he endeaNow God began to bless his ministry. voured to dissuade him from his resoluAfter he had preached in this strain tion, but to no purpose. Upon this, he two or three Sabbaths, and was rumina resolved to rise very early, pursue his ting whether he was yet right, as he journey, and compose his serinon at the had perceived no better effects from place where it was to be delivered, that these, than his former discourses, one of he might not be interrupted by the visits his parisbioners unexpectedly came to of his people. In going he comforted inquire for hinn. Being introduced, himself that there would be but a small * Well, Sarah," said he. She replied, congregation, and that a shorter dis“Well, not so well, I fear.” “Why, course might be dispensed with. But what is the matter, Sarah?” “Matter, to his great surprise, on his arrival, he I don't know what's the matter. These was informed that all the clergy and new sermons. I find we are all to be people of the neighbouring parishes lost now. I can neither eat, drink, nor were come to hear him. This wrought sleep. I don't know what's to become up his mind to such a degree of agitaof me." The same week came two or tion, as absolutely incapacitated him three more, on a like errand. It is easy for study; and he was therefore obliged to conceive what relief these visits must to ascend the pulpit, and to preach, have afforded his mind, in a state of bona fide, an extempore sermon. But such anxiety and suspense. So con- here God wonderfully and most agreeably disappointed his fears, by affording i 1759, Wesley and a friend paid him a him such extraordinary assistance, as visit. The following is Wesley's enabled him to rise superior to all his em report, in No. XI. of his published barrassment, and to command the most Journals, of the things he saw and solemn attention from his numerous heard on the occasion :audience. This was a happy event both for himself and others, as it released him
“ Sunday, May 20.-Being with Mr. B- II,
at Everton, I was much fatigued and did not from the toil of writing his sermons
rise. But Mr. B. did, and observed several before he delivered them (for he never fainting and crying out while Mr. Berridge afterwards penned a discourse, except was preaching. Afterward, at church, I heard on a very particular occasion), and gave many cry out, especially children, whose him the opportunity of preaching more
agonies were amazing: one of the eldest, a
girl ten or twelve years old, was full in my frequently, not only at home, but in the
view, in violent contortions of body, and adjacent villages.
weeping aloud, I think incessantly, during the Hitherto, Messrs Wesley and White whole service. And several much younger field were personally unknown to him ; children were in Mr. B- ll's view, agonizing and as common report had operated
as this did. The church was equally crowded
in the afternoon, the windows being filled much to their disparagement, he found
within and without, and even the outside of no inclination to seek an acquaintance
the pulpit to the very top; so that Mr. Berwith them. But as his ardent zeal and
ridge seemed almost stifled by their breath. peculiar success became the general Yet, feeble and sickly as he is, he was contopics in religious circles, a correspon
tinually strengthened, and his voice for the dence was soon opened; this prepared
most part distinguishable, in the midst of all
the outcries. I believe there were present the way for an interview, and a perfect
three times more men than women, a great intimacy succeeded.
part of whom came from far; thirty of them His acquaintance with Mr. Wesley having set out at two in the morning, from a commenced on the 2nd of June, 1758; place thirteen miles off. The text was, and on the 22nd (not more than six
Having a form of godliness, but denying the
power thereof.' When the power of religion months after the change in his religious
began to be spoken of, the presence of God sentiments), he began to itinerate. really filled the place. And while poor sinners August 1st, in the same year, God was felt the sentence of death in their souls, what pleased to bless his ministry to the Rev.
sounds of distress did I hear! The greatest
number of them who cried or fell were men: Mr. Hicks, a clergyman of Wrestling
but some women, and several children, felt worth, about four miles from Everton,
the power of the same almighty Spirit, and who, we find, became afterwards a very
seemed just sinking into hell. This occasioned useful man, and a companion with him a mixture of various sounds; some shrieking, in his travels.
some roaring aloud. The most general was a We learn, by the following extract of
loud breathing, like that of people half
strangled and gasping for life; and indeed a letter, that his first sermon out of
almost all the cries were like those of human doors was on May 14th, 1759 :—“On
creatures dying in bitter anguish. Great Monday sennight Mr. Hicks accompa numbers wept without any noise; others fell nied me to Meldred. On the way, we down as dead; some sinking in silence; some called at a farm-house. After dinner I with extreme noise and violent agitation. I went into the yard, and seeing near a
stood on the pew seat, as did a young man in
the opposite pew, an able - bodied, fresh, hundred and fifty people, I called for a
healthy countryman; but in a moment, while table, and preached, for the first time, in he seemed to think of nothing less, down he the open air. We then went to Mel dropped with a violence inconceivable. The dred, where I preached in a field to adjoining pews seemed shook with his fall. I about 4,000 people. In the morning, at
heard afterward the stamping of his feet, ready
to break the boards, as he lay in strong confive, Mr. Hicks preached in the same
vulsions at the bottom of the pew. Among field to about 1,000. Here the presence
several that were struck down in the next of the Lord was wonderfully among us, pew, was a girl, who was as violently seized and I trust, beside many that were as him. When he fell, B- ll and I felt our slightly wounded, near thirty received
souls thrilled with a momentary dread, as
when one man is killed by a cannon-ball, heartfelt conviction.”
another often feels the wind of it. About this time, the work went on
“Among the children who felt the arrows of with great power, in Everton, and the Almighty I saw a sturdy boy, about eight throughout the surrounding districts. years old, who roared above his fellows, and Wesley and Whitefield, it may well be
seemed in his agony to struggle with the supposed, were deeply interested in the
strength of a grown man. His face was as
red as scarlet; and almost all on whom God .conversion and the labours of this re laid His hand, turned either very red, or markable man. In the month of May, almost black. When I returned, after a little Falk, to Mr. Berridge's house, I found it full eleven or twelve years old, exceeding of people. He was fatigued, but said he would, 1 poorly dressed, who appeared to be as deeply nevertheless, give them a word of exhorta wounded and as desirous of salvation as any : tion. I stayed in the next room, and saw the but I lost sight of her, till I heard the joyful girl whom I had observed so particularly dis sound of another born in Sion; and found, tressed in the church, lying on the floor as upon inquiry, it was her, the poor, disconsoone dead, but without any ghastliness in her late, gipsy-looking child. And now did I see face. In a few minutes we were informed of a such a sight as I do not expect again on this woman filled with peace and joy, who was side of eternity. The faces of the three justicrying out just before. She had come thirteen fied children, and I think of all the believers miles, and is the same person who dreamed present, did really shine; and such a beauty, Mr. Berridge would come to her village on that such a look of extreme happiness, and at the very day whereon he did come, though with same time of Divine love and simplicity, did I out either knowing the place or the way to it. never see in human faces till now. The She was convinced at that time. Just as we newly justified eagerly embraced one another, heard of her deliverance, the girl on the floor weeping on each other's neck for joy. Then began to stir. She was then set in a chair ; they saluted all of their own sex, and besought and after sighing awhile, suddenly rose up, both men and women to help them in praising rejoicing in God. Her face was covered with God. the most beautiful smile I ever saw, She fre "I have mentioned only one man, two women, quently fell on her knees, but was generally and three children, at this time justified in the running to and fro, speaking these and the like house, but have, perhaps, omitted some; and words: 0 what can Jesus do for lost sinners! it is probable there was more than one justiHe has forgiven all my sins! I am in heaven! I fied at the church, though but one came to am in heaven! O how He loves me! And how I speak of it; for all are not equally free to love Him !' Meantime I saw a thin, pale glorify God in the midst of His people. I wish girl, weeping with sorrow for herself and joy all who find the same salvation with Mr. Coe, for her companion. Quickly the smiles of were as ready to proclaim redeeming love! heaven came likewise on her, and her praises “ Thursday, 24th.-Mr. B- lland I went to joined with those of the other. I also then hear Mr. Hicks, at Wrestlingworth, four miles laughed with extreme joy; so did Mr. B- ll, from Everton. We discoursed with him first, (who said it was more than he could well and were glad to hear he had wholly given bear.) So did all who knew the Lord, and himself up to the glorious work of God, and some of those who were waiting for salvation; that the power of the Highest fell upon his till the cries of them who were struck with the hearers, as upon Mr. Berridge's. While he arrows of conviction were almost lost in the was preaching, fifteen or sixteen persons felt sounds of joy.
the arrows of the Lord, and dropped down. A "Two or three well-dressed young women, few of these cried out with the utmost violence, who seemed careless before, now felt the power and little intermission, for some hours; while of God, and cried out with a loud and bitter the rest made no great noise, but continued cry. Mr. Berridge, about this time, retired; struggling, as in the pangs of death. I and the Duke of M-- with Mrs.
A ll, observed, beside these, one little girl deeply came in. They seemed inclined to make a convinced, and a boy, nine or ten years old. disturbance, but were restrained, and in a Both these, and several others, when carried short time quietly retired. We continued into the parsonage-house, either lay as dead, praising God with all our might; and His or struggled with all their might; but in a work went on as when Mr. Berridge was ex short time their cries increased beyond meahorting. I had, for some time, observed a sure, so that the loudest singing could scarce young woman all in tears, but now her coun be heard. Some at last called on me to pray, tenance changed. The unspeakable joy ap which I did, and for a time all were calm, but peared in her face, which, quick as lightning, the storm soon began again. Mr. H- S was filled with smiles, and became of a crim then prayed, and afterward Mr. B- ; but son colour. About the same time, John still, though some received consolation, others Keeling, of Potton, fell into an agony; but he remained in deep sorrow of heart. grew calm in about a quarter of an hour, “Upon the whole I remark, that few ancient though with a clear sense of pardon.
people experience anything of this work of "Immediately after, a stranger, well dressed, God, and scarce any of the rich. These genewho stood facing me, fell backward to the wall; rally show either an utter contempt of, or then forward on his knees, wringing his hands, enmity to it. Indeed so did Mr. H- 8 himand roaring like a bull. His face at first self some time since; having so deep an turned quite red, then almost black. He aversion to it, that he denied the Sacrament rose, and ran against the wall, till Mr. Keel to those of his parish who went to hear Mr. ing and another held him. He screamed out, Berridge. Neither of these gentlemen have * what shall I do? what shall I do? O for much eloquence, but seem rather weak in one drop of the blood of Christ ! As he spoke, speech; the Lord hereby more clearly showGod set his soul at liberty; he knew his sins ing that it is His own work. It extends into were blotted out; and the rapture he was in Cambridgeshire, to within a mile of the Uniseemed too great for human nature to bear. versity, and about as far into HuntingdonHe had come forty miles to hear Mr. Berridge, shire; but flourishes most of all in the eastern and was to leave him the next morning: which and northern parts of Bedfordshire. he did with a glad heart, telling all who came “There were three farmers, in three several in his way, what God had done for his soul. villages, who violently set themselves to
“I observed, about the time that Mr. Coe oppose it; and for a time they kept many (that was his name) began to rejoice, a girl, | from going to hear ; but all three died in