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stick, which was the first day. It was I those who deny the obligatory chanot the extinction of the light, but the racter of the Decalogue ; but that it transference of it from one day to the gives no support to their argument, a other.” The principal difference now very brief notice of the design and scope lies in the object of commemoration. of the epistle to the Romans will suffice “The Christian Sabbath, not overlooking to show. Paul is insisting on salvation man as a creature, regards him specially | by grace through faith ; and is most as a sinner; and while it still bids him solicitous in warning the parties adadore God the Creator, it summons dressed against depending on the works him particularly to confide in God the of the law for eternal life; that is, apart Redeemer, and sets before him the from satisfaction for past transgression. Saviour's triumph in His resurrection But that salvation by grace in no way from the dead. Our Sabbath combines dispenses with the law as a rule of both man's relations as a creature and works, is another chief point illustrated a sinner, but assigns to the latter á in the epistle. Thus he demands, in peculiar and just pre-eminence in its chapter iii. 31, “Do we then make void change of day, and in the eclipsing the law through faith? God forbidglory of the event which it commemo yea, we establish the law.” The grand rates.” Such, then, is in brief the object of the work and sufferings of scriptural argument for the observance Christ was, as we have already seen, to of the Lord's day. Add, to the special render satisfaction for man's guilt. But reasons here adduced, the more general this, so far from setting us free from the considerations already enumerated in duty of obedience, brings home most support of the Decalogue as a whole, and, forcibly to our minds that very obligawe submit, few Bible institutions are tion; for by the atoning work of Jesus established by more satisfactory evi we are placed on a vantage ground dence.
hitherto unknown; and have free access · Resuming our argument in support to stores of power which God will freely of the obligatory character of the entire dispense for the specific object of enmoral law, we observe that it was rati couraging conformity to His precepts. fied and fulfilled by the mission and Doubtless we are to guard against work of Christ. He magnified the law trusting to works of our own for acceptand made it honourable by obeying all ance with heaven. Unquestionably we its precepts and perfectly complying are to beware of regarding our obedience with ali its requirements. The object to Divine law as the procuring cause of of this was to teach us what we ought salvation. But at the same time obe to do. Embodying as He did in His dience is essential as giving evidence of life all the virtues inculcated in the faith, and as being the fruit of the Decalogue, those virtues come to us Spirit. To live in sin, and encourage for cultivation stamped with His ap ourselves with the belief that in the proval, and enforced by that holy ex present dispensation we are free from ample which it is our duty to imitate. moral obligation, is the most guilty And unless this law be obligatory, how presumption. Those acting thus are can we be interested in His sufferings they “who sin wilfully, after having and sacrifice ? Foreseeing that we received the knowledge of the truth; should incur the curse of destruction by and for such there remaineth no more our violations of the Divine require sacrifice for sin, but a certain fearful ments, He gave His life a ransom for looking for of judgment.” It is unus. God can now be merciful to us. necessary to enter more fully into an How is this? Because THE LAW was examination of the New Testament covered with glory when its fearful writings. Had we no other testimony sanction was owned and vindicated and than that contained in the epistle to endured by the Mediator Jesus Christ. the Romans, it would be sufficient. We might dwell on this topic at great Paul commends the moral law to us as length; but what has been said will “ holy, just, and good.” Rom. vii. 12. suffice to establish beyond doubt the We are therefore bound to accept it as point in question.
perpetually binding upon us and all In conclusion, what testimony do we | men. derive from the writings of the apostles,
J. W. LM. one of whom asserts, "We are not under
Ireland, May 12, 1859. the law, hut under grace?" Rom. vi. 15. -Great stress is laid on this passage by
TEMPTATION. By the late Rev. John Davies, of Daventry. The means necessary to be used, in order that temptation may not prevail against us.
1. If you would not be overcome by temptation, study sobriety, according to the admonition of St. Peter : “Be sober, because your adversary walketh about.” Sober-mindedness consists in the moderate use of earthly things.
2. Be always upon your watch-tower; watch against Satan's wiles and subtleties. “ Be vigilant, because your adversary the devil walks about."
3. Make use of the word. This the apostle calls the “sword of the Spirit.” Three times Christ wounds the serpent with this sword. There is no teinptation but what we have a fit Scripture to answer it.
If Satan tempts to Sabbath-breaking, answer bim, “ It is written, · Remember to keep the Sabbath-day holy.'”
If he tempts to uncleanness, answer him, “ It is written, 'Whoremongers and adulterers God will judge.'”
If he tempts to carnal fear, say, “It is written, 'Fear not them that kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do.'”
If he tempts to despondency, say, “ It is written, 'Be of good cheer, I have overcome the world.'”
If he tempts to unbelief, say, “It is written, 'He that believeth not is condemned.'”
4. Let us be careful of our own hearts, that they do not decoy us into sin. The apostle saith a man is drawn away of his own heart and enticed. Every man hath a tempter in his own bosomn. A traitor in the castle is dangerous. Our principal enemies are those of our own housebold.
5. If you would overcome temptation, make use of faith. “Above all things, take the shield of faith.” Faith wards off Satan's fiery darts : “Whom resist, steadfast in the faith.” Faith brings Christ to the help of the soul; and with Christ in the vessel, the soul smiles at the storm. It is this that makes faith an all-conquering grace ; it takes hold of Christ's merit value, and virtue. Faith lays hold of Omnipotence itself. The tempter trembles and flees away.
6. If you would overcome temptation, be fervent in continual prayer. It is the best antidote against temptation. A Christian fetcbeth down strength from
| heaven by prayer. Samson cried to
beaven for help: “O Lord God, remember me, I pray thee, that I may be avenged of the Philistines. And the house fell upon the lords, and upon all the people.”
7. Exercise the grace of humility. It is to the humble in spirit that God gives the more grace. The tempter fears not the pride of a man, but humility renders the soul invulnerable. The garment of humility is so impenetrable, that the poignant arrows of the tempter cannot inake their way through. “Be clothed with humility." The humble soul only is fit for the heavenly protection.
8. If ye would not be foiled by temptation, don't dispute with it. When Eve began to argue the case with the serpent, the serpent was too hard for her, and by his logic disputed her out of Paradise. Satan is too subtle a sophist to hold an argument with him; dispute not, but fight; to arms immediately, or you will lose the victory.
9. If we would not be overcome by temptation, let us put on Christian fortitude. An enemy we must expect, let us be armed with courage. “Deal courageously, and the Lord shall be with the good.” And to animate us in our combat with our enemy, let us remember
We have a good Captain that marches before us. Christ is called the “ Captain of our salvation."
We have good armour. Grace is armour of God's making, Eph. vi. 11.
Satan is beaten in part already. Christ hath given him his death-wound upon the cross, Col. iii. 15.
He is already manacled; his power is limited; he cannot force the will.
He is a cursed enemy, and God's curse always blasts; therefore put on holy gallantry of spirit and magna. nimity. Fear not, greater is He that is with you than he that is against you.
10. If we would not be overcome by temptation, let us seek the communion of saints. The fervent prayer of the righteous availeth much. There is a tendency in this communion to enlighten, to strengthen, and to fortify the soul against temptation. It is no wisdom in fighting with an enemy to give him the advantage of the ground: we give the tempter the advantage of the ground when we are alone. Eve was foiled in the absence of her husband. It is a Scripture expression, “Two are better than one." Get into the com.
munion of saints, and you will find it a a few moments to certain solemn and remedy against temptation.
tender inquiries? + 11. If we would not be overcome by 1. Are you an enemy of a revival ? temptation, let us make use of all the You shudder at the thought! vetenemies encouragements we can.
there are; an arcb-enemy, a liar, a murIf Satan be a roaring lion, yet he is derer, the old serpent, is still the foe under the absolute control of Christ, of Cbrist and all His works. His aids who is " the Lion of the tribe of Judah." and emissaries seek to hinder the arousIf Satan tempts, Christ prays.
ing of saints, and the conversion of If Satan be a serpent to sting, Christ sinners. Perbaps you have heard them is like the brazen serpent to heal.
sueer and rail at the work of grace; · If the conflict be hard, look to the which they deride as a disease or an crown. Whilst we are fighting, Christ infatuation. “These people are insane."" will succour us; and when we overcome “ These men are full of new wine," He will crown us. What makes the Acts ii. 13. Perbaps you have joined soldier endure a bloody fight, but hope in the laughter of the sons of Belial; of a golden harvest? Think that shortly or have been afraid or ashamed to break God will call us out of the field where silence. Consider with which party you the ballets of temptation fly so fast, and then ranked yourself. “ Who is on the He will set a diadem of glory upon our Lord's side ?" (Exod. xxxii. 26) is still head. How will the case be altered! the question. To mock at the opera Instead of fighting, singing; instead of tions of the Holy Spirit, ascribing them a helmet, a diadem; instead of a sword, to lower causes, is not unlike the sin of a palm-branch of victory; instead of the Pharisees, who dishonoured the armour, white robes; instead of Satan's miracles of Christ, Mark ii, 22; Lake skirmishes, the kisses and embraces of xi. 15. a Saviour.
Men may fight against God (Aets The viewing these eternal recom- | v. 39), and oppose His work of grace, pences would keep us from yielding to by denying or disparaging it; by dwelltemptation. In the heavenly regions, ing on every person or incident which the place prepared for all that fight has a ludicrous side ; by repressing the under Immanuel's banner, there shall feelings of awakened souls; or by enbe no fears to harass the mind, po dan couraging frivolous and distracting congers to overcome, no enemies to subdue; versation, reading, or amusements, when and all tears shall for ever be wiped the Spirit of God is clearly and mightily away from their eyes; they sball drink moving the community to solemn conof the living streams that flow from sideration, bitter grief for sin, and under the throne of God and the Lamb.
earnest turning from the world to Christ.
2. Do you rejoice in a revival ? The
church cries to God: “Wilt thou not A REVIVAL.
revive us again, that thy people may re
joice in thee?” The church has no WHEN many souls are coming to Christ greater joy on earth; yea, the church at one time, we call it a “ Revival of in heaven rejoices over one siuner that Religion.” There is no impropriety in repenteth (Luke xv.7); God and Christ this, even though the obvious effects rejoice over multitudes renewed and are in converting sinners. This is forgiven. Is this your joy, 0 reader ? always preceded by the refresbing of When the mighty awakening took place the church, and just as God reneweth in the region of Samaria, - there was the face of the earth (Psalm civ. 30), great joy in that city," Acts viii, 8. One in the spring, by calling forth grass and converted famuly is cause of joy; when flowers, so He revives the wintry places a whole church, when a whole neighof His church by bringing to light bourhood, when multitndes in a city, thousands of hitberto darkened souls. turn unto the Lord, how exceedingly From Pentecost onwards, the Holy Spirit great should be the gladness of all who has been frequently sent in effusion so love Christ and love souls! Are you copious as to add multitudes simulta
conseious of such joy? Can it be a neously to the church of such as shall matter of indifference to a truly renewed be saved. O reader! a time of refresh soul, even to hear a report of hundreds ing from the presence of the Lord is brought to confess the Lord Jesus? also a time for great “ searchings of Feel as Christ and holy angels feel, and heart," Judges v. 16. Will you give you will possess a joy in the salvation
of your fellow-creatures and the glory of your Lord. But possibly you know nothing of all this."
3. Are you a subject of a revival ? The kingdom of God has come nigh unto you; but are you of it? You hear, perhaps you speak, of a great revival; but have you been yourself revived? Has your cold heart, dead in trespasses and sins, been made alive by the Spirit of the living God?“Dost thou believe on the Son of God?" John xix. 35. Have old things passed away, and have all things become new? 2 Cor. v. 17. Have you that love to the Lord Jesus Christ, withont which your sentence is ANATHEMA MARANATHA? 1 Cor. xvi. 22. Have you crucified the flesh, with the affections and lusts?
These are very serious questions, to which you have long since given a deliberate answer, if you have been faithful to your own soul. Believe me, dear reader, it is not enough to be a communicant in the church. Thousands have been such, who are now in bell. A revived church possesses revived members. Are you such a one? Lay the hand on the breast and say, has the pervading influence of the blessed Spirit kindled your soul to new faith, hope, love, devotion, and duty? If not, you are still outside of this shower of grace.
4. Do you pray for a revival ?. Many thousands are so praying. It began in prayer. This fresh gift of the loving Saviour was born amidst the cries and tears of His people. While they were speaking, God was near, to bless. Thus He came upon the gathered eleven, and thus upon the pentecostal meeting for prayer, John xx. 19, 26; Acts i. 14, ii. 1. The precept is still in force, “ Pray for the peace of Jerusalem ;" the promise still bolds good, “ They shall prosper that love thee," Ps. cxxii. 6. As revivals begin in prayer, so are they maintained by prayer. The minister of the word is but a fainting Moses, if Aaron and Hur cease to uphold his hands, Exod. xvii, 10, 12. If we would see many thousands converted to God, we must pray. " For thus saith the Lord God, I will get for this be inquired of by the house of Israel to do it for them; I will increase them with men like a flock; as the holy fock, as the flock of Jerusalem in ber solemn feasts,” Ezek. xxxvi. 37, 38. In the house of God, in the converted meeting of brethren, in
the Sunday school, in the family, in the closet, pray, pray, pray!
5. Are you helping forward a revival! There is much work to be done among saints and sinners. Almighty God is the only effectual power. Paul and Apollos are nothing, till God give the increase. Yet men are co-workers with God; humble instruments to convey His truth and promote His glory. Say not you are weak; He hath chosen the weak things of this world to confound the mighty. Say not you have no influence : you have already exerted too much, on the wrong side. Go forward in the name of the Lord, with light and love, and you shall behold the fruit of your labour. You have a relative, a partner, a friend, a dependant, a neigh bour, whose soul you have neglected. You have an hour in the week, or five minutes in the day, which you have failed to devote to saving an immortal being. You may conduct one to a religious meeting ; you may bless another by rebuke. You may lend a book, give a tract, write an affectionate letter. Especially you may plead with some fellow.creature, that he would be reconciled to God. Peradventure your working-time is short.
6. Does your heart care for the fruits of a revival? There is a duty to the golden sheaves after the ears have fallen before the sickle. Folded sheep must be watched and fed. New converts are endangered creatures, lambs amidst wolves. Christ cares for them, and wills that His servants should care for them. It is not tbe will of the Father that one of these little ones should perish, Matt. xviii. 14. Beware how you offend, that is, betray inio sin, one of these little ones. Seek to prevent their straying. Seek to imbue them with sound doctrine. This ductile condition is the very one in which to receive the mould of truth, Rom. vi. 17. Earnestly endeavour to bring them to an intelligent and sincere profession of faith, and then to useful labours. Half the benefit of revivals is lost from neglect of those who have been converted. Might not classes of instruction for such persons, after the primitive model, be found valuable ? Dear Christian reader, if your heart has ever felt true penitence and love to Jesus, feed His sheep, feed His lambs!
7. Have you sought to honour Cod in a rerival? The glory of God the Saviour is the chief end to be regarded in the
salvation of the perishing. Every true , and meek. Pray for the “love of the conversion adds splendour to Messiah's Spirit,” Rom. xv. 30. Shun all that is crown. By every true revival of reli | censorious, or savouring of spiritual gion, glory redounds to the Lord God pride. All religious experiences are Almighty. But this declarative glory doubtful, which leave the soul arrogant, is lessened by everything in the work unteachable, harsh, and denunciatory. which overclouds Divine grace, or exalts Let the awe of God's presence affect us, poor, sinful man, and his doings and as it did the seraphim; and when our deservings. Oh, how careful should we exultation is highest, let us most deeply be, in every meeting, in every devotion, cry-HOLY, HOLY, HOLY! Isa. vi, 1-6. in every word, to maintain a reverence How tenderly we should fear lest any and godly fear for that Holy One whom uncrucified tempers of ours should “eat we profess to believe present! “ For as doth a canker," and spread conour God is a consuming fire,” Heb. tagion through the blessed work, 2 Tim. xii. 29. The young Levite, who un ii. 17. So live, beloved brother in the warily touched the ark, was zealous but Lord, that you may be able to say of all not reverent. When dealing with or around you, as did Paul, “ And they for souls, we cannot be too gentle and glorified God in me," Gal. i. 24. tender, even as a nurse cherisheth her
J. W. ALEXANDER. [own] children; we cannot be too humble !
of the lake He fell aslethe lake, ameopardy.”
SEA OF GALILEE. “Now it came to pass on a certain day, that He, upon the lake to remind us of its former use."
went into a ship with His disciples; and He said | Researches in Suria unto them, Let us go over unto the other side
Mr. Bonar, of the Church of Scotland's deof the lake. And they launched forth. But as
putation to Palestine, gives the following dethey sailed He fell asleep, and there came down a storm of wind on the lake, and they were
scription in a letter of 15th of July, 1839. filled with water, and were in jeopardy.”
“We are now in our tents by the side of this LUKE viii, 22-24.
memorable lake, close by the town of Tiberias.
We washed in its waters, and got into the only THE Sea of Galiiee is a fresh-water lake, the boat upon it, and now we have just seen the Hebrews calling any large sheet of water a last of the setting sun fade from the hills of sea. It has four names in Scripture, taken Bashan, which are full in our view, and there from different localities connected with it. It is a deep stillness and serenity on the surface is called the Sea of Chinneroth, Numb. xxxiv. of the lake. We sat in quiet and thoughtful 11, from an ancient city of that name, situated meditation till near midnight, remembering on its western border; the Sea of Galilee, as how Jesus twice came to deliver His disciples lying in that district of country, Matt. iv. 18; at the darkest hour; how He walked on the the Lake of Gennesaret, Luke v. 1, from a waves, and spoke peace. We could fancy it small plain or strip of land lying along the was on such a night as this that Peter and the shore; and the Sea of Tiberias, John xxi. 1, others went out to fish, and caught nothing till from a city of that name, built by Herod An next morning. We got some of the fish of tipas, in honour of the Emperor Tiberius, on the lake broiled, to our evening meal. The its south-west coast. Mr. Carne thus describes lake is clear, and the channel is not muddy, it:-. The length of the Lake of Tiberias is but pebbly; the water is sweet and soft. The about fourteen miles, and the breadth five. edge is either bare, or fringed with reeds, but The fish it contains have a most delicious occasionally rhododendrons in full bloom, and flavour, and are much the size and colour a species of convolvulus, form a beautiful of a mullet. The boats used on it are in some border. The hills on the opposite side are seasons of the year much exposed, from the very steep, just such as the swine might run sudden squalls of wind which issue from be down. While conversing with a very re- . tween the mountains. The water is perfectly spectable and intelligent Jew respecting the sweet and clear. The Jordan is seen to enter Sea, we asked him about the squalls that sweep it at its northern extremity, and its course is over it, and he said that in winter time it was distinctly visible through the whole extent of often far more stormy than the Great Sea. the lake. The range of mountains forming The deputation estimate the lake at fifteen its eastern shore is very lofty; their steep and miles in length, by nine in breadth. They add, rocky sides are barren, with a sprinkling of “The eastern side is bounded by bare and trees on a few of the summits."
lofty mountains; along the north-west margin Mr. Jowett observes :—"The Sea of Ga is a plain, about three or four miles long, and lilee, in its dimensions, resembles exactly the a mile, or a mile-and-a-half broad, supposed size of the Isle of Malta-about twenty miles to be the land of Gennesareth, where Caperin length, twelve in breadth, and sixty in naum and other fishing towns were situated." circumference. There is not a single boat now | --Narrative of Mission to the Jews.