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Against his foe and mine: Watch thou, I

pray; :
For evill is at hand him to offend."

So having faid, eftfoones he gan display . His painted nimble wings, and vanilht quite away.

! IX. ' . The Palmer seeing his lefte empty place, · And his slow eies beguiled of their fight, Woxe fore 'affraid, and standing still a space Gaz'd after him, as fowle escapt by flight: At last, him turning to his charge behight, With trembling hand his troubled pulse gan

try; Where finding life not yet dislodged quight,

VIII. 6. Watch thou, I pray;], Considering the dignity of the angelical speaker, this reading I would alter; and either read, ".Watch thou und pray;" because these words are joined in feripture, Mark xii. 33. “ Take ye heed, watch and pray," and again xiv. 38. “Watch ye and pray:” or rather thus, “ Watch thou, I Say : And this emendation is becoming the dignity of the angel, and is likewise scriptural. Mark ii. 11. I fay unto thee, arise.” 'Tis in several other places, but one occurs, much to our purpose, Mark xiii. 37. And what I say unto you, I fay unto all, watch." Upton. IX. 1. The Palmer seeing his lefte empty place,

And his now eies beguiled &c.] That is, the Palmer seeing his place. left empty, and his eyes being beguiled of their fight, woxe sore afraid. And his sow eyes &c. is put absolute. We have the same construction, F.Q. i, v. 45, ii. iii. 36.

- UPTON. . IX. 5.

to his charge behight,] To the ,charge entrusted to him. See the note on hight, F. Q. i. iv. 6.

TODD.

i He much reioys, and courd it tenderly, As chicken newly hatcht, from dreaded destiny,

At last he spide where towards him did pace
· Two Paynim Knights al armd as bright as

fkie,
And thern beside an aged Sire did trace,
And far before a light-foote Page did flie"
Thật breathed strife and troublous enmiţie,
Those were the two fonnes of Acrates old,
Who, meeting earst with Archimago slie

Foreby that Idle Strond, of him were told That he, which earst them combatted, was

. Guyon bold,

- and courd it tenderly, As chicken newly hatcht,] And protected it, as a hen fits couring over her young chicken. Skinner, ". To coure, ab Ital. covare, fr. couver, incubare ; metaphora fumpta a gallinis ovis incubantibus." See Menage in v. Couver. But Junius brings it from the old British word, cwrrian. Milton'applies this expression to the beasts bending or cowring down, Par. Loft, B. viii. 539. But I believe Spenser uses it in the former sente, as Skinner and Menage explain it. In the Glossary, usually printed with Spenser's Works, it is said to be put for covered, as if corrupted from it. Spenser plainly had in view the affecting fimile of our Lord, Matt. xxiii. 37. UPTON. ..

In the first edition of Ganimer Gurton's Needle, we find * They coure so over the coles;" which in all the subsequent ones is very improperly altered to cover. To coure, is to bend, stoop, hang or lean over. See Beaumont and Fletcher's Monheur Thomas, A. iv. S. vi, and Nash's Pierce Pennilefle's Supplication to the Devil, 1592, p. 8. (Old Pl. edit. 1780, vol. ii. p. 9.) REED.

*X, 7. IVho meeting earft &c.] See before, C. iv. st. 41, and C. vi. ft. 47. UPTON.

XI. Which to avenge on him they dearly vowd, Whereever that on ground they mote him

find : False Archimage provokt their corage prowd,

And stryful Atin in their stubborne mind. · Coles of contention and whot vengeaunce

· tind. · Now bene they come whereas the Palmer

fate, Keeping that sombred corse to him afsind ;

Well knew they both his person, sith of late With him in bloody armes they rafhly did . debate.

:,: . XII. Whom when Pyrochles faw, inflam'd with rage That Şire he fowl bespake; “ Thou dotard

vile, That with thy brutenesse fhendst thy comely ' ' age,

Abandon foone, I read, the caytive spoile

XI. 4. And stryful Atin in their stubborne mind

Coles of contention and whot vengeaunce tind.] This description of the furious Atin is evidently drawn from the pure fountain of wisdom, Prov. xv. 18. " A wrathfull man itirreth up strife." Prov. xxvi. 21. “ As coals are to burning coals, and wood to fire; fo is a contentious man to kindle ftrife." TODD. XI. 5.

- tind.] Kindled, excited. See the note on tind, F. Q. iii. vii. 15. TODD. XII. 3.

bruteneffe] Sottishness, stupidity of a brute, brutishness. Upton.

Of that same outcast carcas, that erewhile
Made itselfe famous through false trechery,
And crownd his coward creft with knightly

stile; .. Loe! where he now inglorious doth lye, To proove he lived il, that did thus fowly dye."

. . XIII. : . To whom the Palmer fearelesse answered; : “ Certes, Sir Knight, ye bene too much to

blame, · Thus for to blott the honor of the dead,

And with fowle cowardize his carcas shame Whose living handes immortalizd his name. Vile is the vengeaunce on the ashes cold; And envy base to barke at sleeping fame:

Was never wight that treafon of him told: Yourselfe his proweffe prov'd, and found him

fiers and bold.”

. . si" XIV.. " ni in Then fayd Cymochles; “ Palmer, thou doeft

dote...

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Ne canst of prowesse ne of knighthood deeme,

XII. 9: To proove &c.] This sentiment is truly Pagan. In this and the four following stanzas, the charačters of the fpeakers are admirably supported. CHURCH. . • XIII. 6. Vile is the vengeaunce on the ashes cold;

And envy base to barke at fleeping fame:) " At sleeping fame," i. e. at the fame of a person now dead; of one now fallen asleep, xexosunuéve, mortui. The fentence is proverbial, and perhaps from Homer, Odyl: %. 412. . . Ούχ οσίη κταμένοισιν επ' ανδράσιν ευχετσασθαι. See also Virg. Æn. xi. 104, Taiso C. xix. 117. Upton, .

Save as thou seest or hearst: But well I wote, That of his puiffaunce tryall made extreeme: Yet gold all is not that doth golden feeme; Ne al good Knights that shake well speare

and shield: · The worth of all men by their end esteeme;

And then dew praise or dew reproch them yield: Bad therefore I him deeme' that thus lies dead con field.”

XV. * Good or bad," gan his brother fiers reply,

“ What do I recke, fith that he dide entire ?
Or what doth his bad death now fatisfy
The greedy hunger of revenging yre,
Sith wrathfull hand wrought not her owne

desire ?

Yet, since no way is lefte to wreake my spight,
I will him reave of armes, the victors hire,
And of that shield, more worthy of good

Knight;
For why should a dead dog be deckt in armour

bright?"

XV. 2.

fith that he dide entire ?] That is, feeing that he died a natural death. This fenfe is suitable to the mind of the speaker. Church.

Entire, not mangled, or wounded; as we say, in a whole skin, And integer is thus ufed by Statius, Sylv. L. II. i. 156.

" Manefque fubivit
Integer, et nullo temeratus corpora damno."

Upton. XV.7.

- the victors hire,] See the dote on “ shield renverst,F. Q. i. iv. 41. TODD.

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