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and was so pleased with it, that he immediately appointed
A tastefor operas beginning at this time to prevailin England, and many persons having solicited Mr. Addison to write one, he complied with their request, and composed his Rosamond. This however, whether from the defect of the music, for which our language is faid by some to be very improper, or from the prejudices in favour of the Italian taste, did not fucceed upon the stage ; but the poetry of it has, and always will be, juftly admired. About this time, Sir Richard Steele wrote his comedy of the Tender Husband, to which Mr. Addison wrote a prologue. Sir Richard surprized him with
sage, engaged in an uproar of na- time, and have all the natural hor.
'Twas then great Marlboro's mighty foul was provid,
Rides in the whirlwind, and directs the storm."
a dedication of this play, and acquainted the public, that he
The marquis of Wharton, being appointed lord lieutenant Tickel's
(9) “But I have (says the author of hope (says he) the apology I have
(m) Sir Richard Steele thus ex. all the delicacy of style, and all the
dian, another paper in the fame taste, which entertained the town in 1713 and 1714. His celebrated Cato appeared in 1713. He formed the design of a tragedy upon this subject when he was very young, and write it when on his travels; he retouched it in England, without any intention of bringing it on the stage ; but his friends being persuaded it would serve the cause of liberty, he was prevailed on by their solicitations, and it was accordingly exhibited on the theatre with a prologue by Mr. Pope, and an epilogue by Dr. Garth. It was receive with the most uncommon applause, having run thirty-five nights without interruption; and all parties, however divided, agreed in giving this play the commendation it deserved (o). It was no less esteemed abroad, having been translated into French, Italian, and German ; and it was acted at Leghorn, and several other places, with vast applause. The Jesuits at St. Omers made a Latin version of it, and the students acted it with great magnificence. Her majesty queen Anne signified an inclination of having the play dedicated to her; but the author having proposed to dedicate it elsewhere, to avoid giving offence, published it without a dedication. He had formed a design of writing another tragedy upon the
and it has preserved a great part of to Sir William Trumbal, April 30, its original graces and beauty in the 1713, writes in the following man. French translation. There is such a ner : “ Cato was not so much the prodigious variety in it, both with wonder of Rome in his days, as he regard to the style and the subjects is of Britain in ours; and though all which it treats of, that we juftly af- the foolish industry poffible has been firm, the French nation has nothing used to make it be thought a party to oppose to this work, that can be play, yet, what the author once said confidered equal to it." Tom. IX. of another, may, the most properly p. 159, 160.
in the world, be applied to himself (0) Mr. Pope, speaking of the re- on this occasion. ception this play met with, in a letter
Envy itself is dumb, in wonder loft,
And factions strive who shall applaud him moft. The numerous and violent claps of tween one of the acts, and presented The Whig party on one side of the the. him with fifty guireas, in acknowatre were echoed back by the Tories ledgement (as he expresied it) for deon the other ; while the author sweat- fending the cause of liberty ro well ed behind the scenes, with concern, to against a perpetual dictator. The find their applause proceeding more Whigs are unwilling to be distanced from the hand than the head. This this way, and therefore design a prewas the cafe too of the Prologue wri- sent to the same Cato very speedily ; ter, who was clapped into a staunch in the mean time they are getting Whig, at almost every two lines. I ready as good a sentence as the former believe you have heard, that after all on their fide : fo betwixt them, it is the applauses of the opposite faction, probable, that Cato (as Dr. Garth my lord Bolingbroke sent for Booth, expressed it) may have something to who played Caco, into the box, be live upon after he dies."
death of Socrates; but this he never carried into execution, 16:4. He intended also to have composed an English dictionary upon the plan of the Italian (Della Crusca); but, upon the death of the queen, being appointed secretary to the lords justices, he had not leisure to carry on such a work.
When the earl of Sunderland was appointed lord lieutenant of Ireland, Mr. Addison was again made secretary for the affairs of that kingdom, and, upon the earl's being removed from the lieutenancy, he was chosen one of the lords of trade, Mrs. Manley was much dissatisfied with Mr. Addison for leaving the muses, and giving himself up to business; but she, at the same time, pays him the highest compliments (D). In 1715, he began the Freeholder, a political paper, which was much admired, and proved of great use at that juncture. Ibid. He published also about this time, verses to Sir Godfrey Kneller upon the king's picture, and some to the princess of Wales with the tragedy of Cato. In April 1717, his majesty king George appointed our author one of his principal secretaries of state ; but the fatigue of his employment having brought upon him an asthmatic disorder, with which he had been before afflicted, he resigned his office, and retired from business. In his retirement, he applied himself to a religious work, which he had begun long before ; part of which, scarce finished, has been printed in his works. He intended also to have given an English paraphrase of some of David's Psalms; but a long and painful relapse cut short all his designs, and carried off this great man on the 17th of June, 1719, in the 54th year of his age. He died at Holland-house,
() “I (says that lady, in her Ata- be an idle spectator, rather than a lantis) who cannot be properly named celebrater of those actions he fo well a judge of the Greek, yet find such knows how to define and adorn? enchantment in Maro's (a name un. Virgil himself, nor Virgil's greater der which she shadowed Mr. Addison) master, Homer, could not boast of strains, that feeling how I myself, a finer qualifications than Maro; Maforeigner, am ravished, must thence ro! who, alone of all the poets truly conclude his better judges, the Gre- inspired, could cease to be himself, cians, entranced by him. I could could degenerate his godlike Toul, and not behold him in Sergius's (lord prostitute that inborn genius, all Halifax) gallery without something those noble accomplishments of his of an ejaculation, an oblation due to for gold, could turn away his eyes Maro's shrine from all that can read from the delicious gardens of Par: him. O pity, that politicks and sordid nafsus, of which he was atready in interest should have carried him out possession, to tread the wandering of the road of Helicon, snatched him maze of business. Farewel Maro; from the embraces of the muses, to till you abandon your artificial pathrow him into an old withered arti- tron, fame 'muft abandon you." ficial statesman's arms! Why did he Memoirs of Europe towards the clore prefer gain to glory? Why chuse to of the 8th century, vol. II. p. 1532"
Heår Kénlington, leaving behind him onė daughter by the countéfs of Warwick, to whom he was married in 1716. After his decease, Mr. Tickel, by the author's instructions, published his works in fout volumes in 4to. In this edition, there are several pieces hitherto unmentioned, viz The Dissertation on Medals, which, though not published till after his death, yèt he had collected the materials, and begun to put them in order, at Vienna, in 1702 (9). A pamphlet, entitled the present State of the War, and the Neceflity of an Augmentation considered; the late Tryal and Conviction of Count Táriff ; the Whig Examiner came out on the 14th of September, 1916: there were five of these papers attributed to Mr. Addison, and they are the severest pieces he ever wrote, The Drummer, or the haunted House, a comedy not taken notice of in this edition, was published afterwards as Mr. Addison's, by Sir Richard Steele (r). He is said also to have
(9) Mr. Pope has addressed an e- the following lines of which we hope bifle to Mr. Addison on this piece; will not be disagreeable to our readers,
<< With Tharpen'd fight pale antiquaries pore,
And art reflected images to art.”