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the 6th of July, 1675, he took the degrees of batchelor and doctor in divinity, at Oxford. His preferments, though not very considerable, enabled him to live in the country with great decency and hospitality, and he discharged his duty with a most conscientious diligence. In 1683, the commissioners for ecclesiastical affairs, in consideration of his former service at Tangier, conferred upon him the deanery of Litchfield, in which he was installed the 3d of July. On the 8th of De- Ibida cember, 1684, he was collated to the archdeaconry of Coventry, and held it with his deaconry in commendam. In the convocation, which met on the 4th of December, 1689, dean Addison was present, and was one of the committee, appointed by the lower house, to acquaint the lords, that they had consented to a conference on the subject of an address to the king. He died on the 20th of April, 1703, in the seventy-first year of his age, and was buried in the church-yard of Litchfield, at the entrance of the west door, with the following epitaph on his tomb stone.

Hic jacet Lancelotus Addison, S.T. P. hujus ecclesiæ Decanus, nec non Archidiaconus Coventriæ, qui obiit 20 die Aprilis Ann. Dom. 1703. Ætatis fuæ 71.

Dr. Addison wrote many learned and useful treatises, of which we shall give an account in a note (a).

(a) 1. West Barbary : or, a Mort honourable Sir Joseph Williamson, narrative of the revolutions of the principal secretary of state. kingdoms of Fez and Morocco, with 3. The primitive Institution ; or, an account of the present customs, a reasonable discourse of catechifing, sacred, civil and domestic, by Lan- wherein is shewn the antiquity, becelot Addison, chaplain to his ma. Defit, and necessity thereof; together jesty in ordinary. Oxford, 1671. with its suitableness to heal the preThis piece is dedicated to Joseph fent distempers of the church of En. Williamson, efq; It contains many gland. curious particulars, related by the 4. A modest Plea for the Clergy, author on his own knowledge, agree- wherein is briefiy considered the ori. able to what he fays in his preface, ginal, antiquity, and necessity of that that this book was not composed from calling ; together with the spurious' the accounts given by others, but and genuine occasions of their present was the fruit of diligent observations contempt. London, 1677. and many years enquiries.

5. The first State of Mahometism; · 2. The present State of the Jews, or, an account of the author and more particularly relating to those in doctrine of that impofture. London, Barbary, wherein is. contained an 1578. exact account of their customs, re. 6. An Introduction to the Sacra. cular and religious; to which is an- ment; or, a short, safe, and plain nexed, a summary discourse of the way to the communion table, col. Misna, Talmud, and Germara. Lone lected for, and rendered familiar don, 1675

to, every particular communicang, This is also dedicated to his former 1681, patron, under the title of the right

7. A Discourse of Tangier, on- such as were unable to read those au. der the government of the earl of thors in Greek and Latin. Tiviot. London, 1685.

10. The Christian's daily Sacrifice 8. The Catechumen; or, an ac- duly performed; or, a practical difcount given by the young person to course, teaching the right perforthe minister, of his knowledge in re- mance of prayer. Printed for Robert ligion, upon his first admission to the Clavel, 1698. Lord's table. Recommended to the 11. An Account of the Milennium, press by two eminent divines of the the genuine Use of the Two Sacrachurch of England London, 1690. ments, viz. Baptism and the Lord's

9. XPIETOE AYTOQ-02; or, an Supper, with the Christian's obligahistorical account of the heresy, de- tion frequently to receive the latter. nying the godhead of Christ, Lon. These three last books, with the don, 1689.

Catechumen, are ascribed to Dr. AdThis book comprehends, in a nar. dison in a catalogue printed at the end row compass, the history of various of his Christian's daily Sacrifice, pube heretics, clearly stated from original lished in the year 1698. authors, for the ute, probably, of

ADDISON (Joseph) son of Dr. Addison, mentioned in the last article. He was born the ist of May, 1672, at Ambresbury, in the county of Wilts, where his father was rector. He received the first rudiments of his education at the place of his nativity, under the reverend Mr. Nailh ; but was soon removed to Salisbury, under the care of Mr. Taylor; and

from thence to the Charter-house, where he commenced his Memoires acquaintance with Sir Richard Steele. About fifteen, he was des Hommes entered at Queen's College, Oxford, where he applied very illuftres, vol. XXXI. p. ©

ole closely to the study of classical learning, and made a surprising 69. proficiency therein. In the year 1687, Dr. Lancaster, dean '. of Magdalen College, having, by chance, seen a Latin poem

of Mr. Addison's, was so pleased with it, that he immediately Tickel's got him elected into that house, where he took up his degrees preface.

of batchelor and master of arts. His Latin pieces, in the course of a few years, were exceedingly admired in both universities (a); nor were they less esteemed abroad, particularly

by (a) His poetical pieces in Latin Coll. Magd. Oxon. A Poem on the were published in the second volume Resurrection, as described in a paintof Musarum Anglicanarum analecta, ing aver the altar in Magdalen Coldedicated to Mr. Montague, chan- lege, Oxford. cellor of the exchequer. They are 5. Spærifterium. The Bowling. eight in number.

green. 1. Pax Gulielmi auspiciis Europæ 6. Ad D. D. Hannes insigniffi. reddita, 1697; i. e. Upon the Peace mum Medicum et Poetam. An Ode restored to Europe by king William. to Dr. Hannes, that excellent Poet

2. Barometri Descriptio. A De and Physician. scription of the Barometer.

7. Machinz Gesticulantes. The 3. OTrMAIO-CEPANOMAXIA. The Puppet-thew. battle betwixt the Pigmies andCranes. 8. Ad insigniffimum Virum D. 4. Resurrectio delineata ad altare Tho. Burnettum sacræ Theoriz Tel

by the celebrated Boileau, who is reported to have said, Ibid. that he would not have written against Perrault, had he. before seen such excellent pieces by a modern hand. He published nothing in English before the twenty-second year of his age, when there appeared a short copy of verses wrote by him, and addressed to Mr. Dryden (6), which procured him great reputation from the best judges. This was foon followed by a translation of the Fourth Georgic of Virgil, (omitting the story of Aristæus) much commended by Mr. Dryden. He wrote also the Esay on the Georgics, Drydent, prefixed to Mr. Dryden's translation (c). There are several Virgil, vol. other pieces written by him about this time ; amongst the "Il. p. 822. reft, one dated the 3d of April, 1694 (d), addressed to H. S. that is, Dr. Sacheverel, who became afterwards so famous, and with whom Mr. Addison lived once in the greatest friendship; but their intimacy was some time after broke off by their disagreement in political principles (e). In the year 1695, he wrote a poem to king William on one of his campaigns, addressed to Sir John Somers, lord keeper of the great feal. This gentleman received it with great pleasure, took the auchor into the number of his friends, and bestowed on him

luris Authorem. An Ode to the ce- come from a friend, whose name 'is lebrated Dr Thomas Burnet, Au- not mentioned, because he defired to thor of the Theory of the Earth. have it concealed. Dedication to the

These poems have been translated Drummer. into English by Dr. Sewel, of Peter (d) This poem must always be ehouse, Cambridge, Mr. Newcomb, steemed a curious and valuable piece, and Nicholas Amhurst, Esq; of Ox- as it contains the judgment of a great ford.

poet on our greatest English poets. (6) These verses are dated from (e) In the year 1710, Mr. Addison Magdalen College, in Oxford, June wrote several papers in the Whig 2, 1693. They contain a very fine Examiner, in opposition to a paper compliment on Mr. Dryden's transa- called the Examiner. In one of tions of Virgil, Horace, Ovid, Per- these he divides nonsense into two seus, and Juvenal.

kinds, high nonsense and low non(c) Mr. Tickell having expressed sense, and says, that we meet with himself somewhat surprised, that Mr. the first in every Grub-ftreet produce Dryden, who had complimented Mr. tion; “ but, I think, (says he) there Addison on his trandation of the 4th are none of our present writers, who Georgic, did not likewise acknow. have hit the sublime in nonsense, beledge his obligation to him for this sides Dr. Sacheverel," (who had just essay: Sir Richard Steele has taken públished his sermon). This public occasion to vindicate Mr. Dryden, by raillery upon Dr. Sacheverel is a conThewing, that the essay upon the vincing proof, that all their former Georgics is the same with the preface friendship was now entirely extinprefixed to them in Mr. Dryden's guished. Whig Examiner, No. 4. trandation of Virgil's works, and Thursday, Oct. s. that this is acknowledged to have


avels.22 In 17 Halifax, wance, and so I was tranh

Tickell's, many marks of his favour. Mr. Addison had been strong> preface. ly solicited, when at the university, to enter into orders,

and had cnce resolved upon it; but receding from his choice, and having expressed an inclination to travel, he was encouraged thereto by his patron above-mentioned, who, by his interest, procured him from the crown a penfion of three hundred pounds per annum to support him in

his travels, and he accordingly made a tour to Italy in Ibid.

the year 1699. In 1701, he wrote a poetical epistle from Italy to the earl of Halifax, which has been universally

esteemed as an excellent performance, and some give it the Tickell's preference to all his other productions (). It was translat4to edition, ed into Italian verse by the abbot Antonio Maria Salvini, 4:43. Greek professor at Florence. In the year 1705, he published

an account of his travels, dedicated to lord Somers, which, though at first but indifferently received, yet, in a little time, it met with its deserved applause (8). In the year 1702, he was



(f) The poem opens thus :

While you, my lord, the rural shade admire,
And from Britannia's public posts retire,
Nor longer her ungrateful fons to please,
For their advantage sacrifice your eafe,
Me into foreign realms my fate conveys,
Thro'nations fruitful of immortal lays,
Where the soft season and inviting clime,
Conspire to trouble your repose with rhyme.

The commons had this year im- self in his preface : "For my own peached lord Halifax, and had ad- part (says he) as I have taken notice dressed his majesty to remove him of several places and antiquities, that from his council. Mr. Addison de- no body else has spoken of; ro, I dicating a poem to him at this junc- think, I have mentioned but few ture, is therefore a noble proof of his things in common with others, that gratitude. Mr. Tickell has observe are not either set in a new light, or ed, that this poem may be considered accompanied with different reflecas a text, and the book of travels as tions. I have taken care particularly a large comment upon it. Tickell's to consider the several passages of the preface.

ancient poets, which have any rela($) This piece, though at its first tion to the places or curiosities I met publication it did not meet with the with. For, before I entered on my applause it deserved, yet, in a little voyage, I took care to refresh my time, it was better relished, and the memory among the classic authors, price, at last, rofe to five times the and to make such collections out of original value before there was a fe- them, as I might afterwards have cond edition. We have an account occasion for. I must confess, it was of bhre work from Mr. Addison him. not one of the least entertainments

je to return foro attend princey; but the demais affair, as Tickel's

about to return to England, when he received advice of his
being appointed to attend prince Eugene, who then com-
manded for the emperor in Italy; but the death of king
William happening soon after, put an end to this affair, as Tickel's
well as his penfion; so that all his hopes of advancement preface.
were now greatly fallen.

He returned to England, and remained for a consider-
able time without any opportunity of displaying his abili-
ties, or receiving suitable encouragement: a lucky inci-
dent however, at length, happened; in the year 1704, soon
after the battle of Blenheim, the lord treasurer Godolphin,
being in company with the earl of Halifax, faid, it would be
a pity if ever such a victory should be forgot, and begged,
that the earl, who was such a distinguished patron of the
poets, would name a person capable of doing justice to so
great a subject. Lord Halifax replied, somewhat hastily,
that he did know such a person, but would not mention him;
adding, that long had he - seen, with indignation, men of
no merit maintained in luxury at the public expence, whilst
those of real worth and modesty were suffered to languish
in obscurity. The treasurer answered very coolly, that
he was sorry there should be occasion for such an obser-
vation, but that he would do his endeavour to wipe off
such reproaches for the future; and he engaged his ho-
nour, that whoever his lordship named, as a person capable
of celebrating this victory, should meet with a suitable re-
compence. Lord Halifax thereupon named Mr. Addison,
insisting, however, that the treasurer himself should send to
him, which he promised. Accordingly he prevailed on Mr. ,
Boyle (afterwards lord Carlton) then chancellor of the ex-
chequer, to make the proposal to Mr. Addison, which he did :
in so polite a manner, that our author readily undertook the Mt. Pude
task. The lord treasurer had a sight of the piece, when it gel's Life of
was carried no farther than the celebrated simile of the angel (i), Lord Orreryo

and p. 150.

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that I met with in travelling, to ex- name of it to recommend them.”
amine there several descriptions, as Addison's works, vol. II. preface. .
it were upon the spot, and to com- (i) It is highly extolled in the
pare the natural face of the country Tatler, No, 43. « But the sublime
with the landskips that the poets have I am talking of (says the author of
given us of it. However, to avoid that paper) and which I really think
the confusion that might arise from a as great as ever entered into the
multitude of quotations, I have only thought of man, is, in the poem,
cited such verses, as have given us called the Campaign, where the fimile
some image of the place, or that of a ministring angel fees forth the
have something else besides the bare most sedate and the most active cou.


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