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ADAM (Melchior) lived in the 17th century. He was born in the territory of Grotkaw in Silesia, and educated in
the college of Brieg, where the dukes of that name, to the Melch. As
utmost of their power, encouraged learning and the reformed Gani in epift. religion as profelled by Calvin. Here he became a firm dedicze. Ger. Protestant, and was enabled to pursue his studies by the libeTheolog. tality of a person of quality, who had left several exhibitions foschin.. for young students. He was appointed rector of a college Bergerus ; at Heidelberg, where he published his first volume of illustrious his epif. de.
men in the year 1615. This volume, which consisted of bois Ociman philosophers, poets, writers on polite literature, and historians, philluduphers. &c. was followed by three others; that which treated of di.
vines was printed in 1619; that of the lawyers came next; and finally, that of the physicians : the two last were pub-, lifhed in 1620. All the learned men, whose lives are contained in these four volumes, lived in the 16th, or beginning of the 17th century, and are either Germans or Flemings; but he published in 1618 the lives of twenty divines of other countries in a separate volume. All his divines are Protestants. He has given but a few lives, yet the work cost hini a great deal of time, having been obliged to abridge the pieces from whence he had materials, whether they were lives, funeral serions, eulogiums, prefaces, or memoirs of families. He
omitted several persons who deserved a place(a) in his work as Mo-biofius well as those he has taken notice of. The Lutherans were pohitot not pleased with him, for they thought him partial; nor will p. 192. 209.
"They allow his work to be a proper standard, whereby to judge
(a) This he himself confefres, “Quæ many persons, who are not mentioned dam mihi monendus aut rogandus es, in this work, as unworthy of a place ini lector. Primum ne præteritos aut in it. The fault, reader, is not omissos non paucos queraris, haud in- mine, but is owing to the scarcity of dignos, qui hoc in theatro appareant. materials, which I could by no means In eo mea, mi lector, culpa nulla procure. I chose therefore to be eitfed penuria fecit hiftoriæ; quam wholly filent about many excellent Dancisci nullam uspiam porui. Malui persons, rather than to say but a very itaque prorsus tacere de multis præ- little (after the manner of the man Danubus viris, quam, ut ille de Car- fpeaking of Carthage) or to use those ahagine pauca dicere, et trita illa, trite expressions; He was born, he natus est, obiit, scribere. Suppleri died. Yet this deficiency may be tamen poterit hic desectus, volente supplied, if good men and lovers of deo, et mutuas operas tradentibus their country will contribute their ar. bonis patriæque amantibus fi hujus fiftance to the second volume of this voluminis tomus fecundus fuerit a. work. The same I desire may be dornatus. Quod idein dictum volo, understood concerning the lives of de reliquis vitis juris copíultorum ;” the lawyers, statesmen, physicians, 1. e." Reader, I must acquaint you and philofophers." Melch. Adam. with, or request some things of you. præfat. Theolog. Germanorum. Evy that you would not think the
of the learning of Germany. He wrote other works besides
(6) Viz. 1. Apographum monu- In the catalogue of the Bodleian mentorum Heidelbergenfium. library, he is said to have been the
2. Notæ in Orationem Julii Cæ. author of Historia Ecclesiastica Ham-
according to Mr. Bayle, was written
ADAMSON (Patrick) a Scottish prelate, archbishop of St. Andrews. He was born in the year 1563, in the town of Perth, where he received the rudiments of his education, and af. terwards studied philosophy, and took his degree of master of arts at the university of St. Andrews. In the year 1566, he set out for Paris, as tutor to a young gentleman. In the month of June in the same year, Mary, queen of Scots, being delivered of a son, afterwards James VI. of Scotland, and first of England, Mr. Adamson wrote a Latin poem on the occafion. This proof of his loyalty involved him in some difficulties, having been confined in France for six months; nor would he have got off so easily, had not queen Mary, and some of the principal nobility, interested themselves in his behalf (a). As soon as he recovered his liberty, he retired with his pupil to Bourges. He was in this city during the massacre at Paris ; and the same bloody persecuting spirit prevailing amongst the catholics at Bourges, as at the metropolis, he lived concealed for seven months at a public house, the master of which, upwards of seventy years of age, was thrown from the top thereof, and had his brains dashed out, for his charity to heretics. Whilst Mr. Adamson lay thus in his Præfat. in sepulchre, as he called it, he wrote his Latin poetical Job. version of the Book of Job, and his Tragedy of Herod, Calderwood's in the same language. In the year 1573, he returned History of to Scotland, and, having entered into holy orders, be-th
of Scotland, came minister of Paisley. In the year 1575, he was ap- fol. 1680,
pointed one of the commissioners, by the general assembly, to
settle the jurisdiction and policy of the church; and the folCalderwood. lowing year he was named, with Mr. David Lindsay, to re
port their proceedings to the earl of Moreton, then regent. About this time, the earl made him one of his chaplains, and, on the death of bishop Douglas, promoted him to the archiepiscopal see of St. Andrews, a dignity which brought upon him great trouble and uneasiness ; for now the clamour of the presbyterian party rose very high against him, and many inconsistent absurd stories were propagated against him (6). Soon after his promotion, he published his Catechism in Latin verse, a work highly approved, even by his enemies (c); but, nevertheless, they still continued to persecute him with great violence. In 1978, he fubmitted himself to the general assembly, which procured him peace but for a very little time; for the year following, they brought fresh accusations against him. In the year1582, being attacked with a grievous disease, in which the physicians could give him no relief, he happened to take a fimple medicine from an old woman, which did him service. The woman, whose name was Alison Pearsone, was thereupon charged with witchcraft, and committed to prison, but escaped out of her confinement; however, about four years afterwards, she was again found, and burnt for a witch (d).
(6) Mr. Calderwood says, “ That (c) The title of this work was Ca. his father's name was Constance, techismus Latino carmine redditus, a baker in Perth, and, under the et in libros quatuor digeftus, 1577. name of Constance, he affifted as It was written for the use of the a minister in the first general are young king; and was received with sembly of the kirk of Scotland, in 'so much applause, that Mr. Robert the year 1960. After this, having Pont and Mr. James Lawson, both deserted his ministry, he went over violent persecurors of our author, to France to study the laws; but, published two Latin poems in praise upon his return, he betook himself of it. Mackenzic, vol. III. p. 367. again to the ministry, and being (d) Calderwood thus tells the story, baulked of the archbishopric of St. “ Mr. Patrick Adamson, called comAndrews, in the month of February, monly bishop of St. Andrews, had 1572, he preached at St. Andrews; kept his castle, like a fox in a hole, and in his sermon told the people, a long time, diseased of a great fethat there were three sorts of bishops; ditie, as he himself called his disease. my lord bishop, my lord's bishop, He fought cure of women suspected and the Lord's bishop. My lord bio of witchcraft ; namely, of one, who Thop was in the time of popery; was apprehended, tried by the pres. my lord's bishop is now, when my bytery, and committed to the castle, lord getteth the fat of the benefice, to be kept for farther trial, but sufand the bishop sueth for a portion out fered by him to escape ; yet was the of the benefice, to make my lord's apprehended within three or four right sure ; and the Lord's bishop is years after, and was executed in Ethe true minister of the gospel." dinburgh.” True History of the Calderwood, p. 55.
Church of Scotland, p. 140.
In 1583, king James came to St. Andrews, and the archbifhop, being much recovered, preached before him, and disputed with Mr. Andrew Melvih in presence of his majesty, with great reputation, which drew upon him fresh calumny and perfecution (e). The king, however, was so well pleased with him, that he sent him embassador to queen Elizabeth, at whose court he resided for some years. His conduct, during his embally, has been variously reported by different authors. Two things he principally laboured, viz. the recommending the king, his master, to the nobility and gentry of England, and the procuring some support for the episcopal party in Scotland. By his eloquent preaching, he drew after him such crowds of people, and raised in their minds such a high idea of the young king, his master, that queen Elizabeth forbad him to enter the pulpit during his stay in her dominions. In Vit. Pat. 1584, he was recalled, and fat in the parliament held in Au- Adamlon. gust at Edinburgh. The presbyterian party were still very violent against the archbishop. 'A provincial fynod was held at St. Andrews in April 1586; the archbishop was here accused and excommunicated; he appealed to the king and the ftates, but this availed him but little ; for the mob being excited against him, he durft scarce appear in public in the city of St. Andrews. At the next general assembly a paper being Calderwood, produced, containing the archbishop's submiffion, he was ab. p. 199. solved from the excommunication. In 1558, fresh accusations were brought against him. The year following, he published the Lamentations of the prophet Jeremiah, in Latin verse, which he dedicated to the king, complaining of his hard usage. In the latter end of the same year, he published a translation of the Apocalypse, in Latin verse, and a copy of Latin verses, addressed also to his majesty, when he was in great distress. The king, however, was so far from giving him asistance, that he granted the revenue of his see to the
guttent against thin April 15. he appeal
(e) “ When the king cometh to St. his hand a scroll, which he called the Andrews, (says Calderwood) he (the duke's testament. A merchant woarchbishop) becometh a whole man, man, fitting before the pulpit, and occupied the pulpit incontinent, de. spying narrowly, affirmed, that the claimed before the king against the scroll was an account of four or five ministry and the lords, and their pro- years old debt, which a few days beceeding. He professed before, that fore the had sent to him. It is true, he had not the gift of application, the duke refused to take the facrament now he applieth, but inspired with out of a priest's hand, when he was another spirit than faithful minifters dying ; but had received it hefore, as used to be. In his fermon he af- was reported, out of the bishop of firmed for certain, that the dui e of Glasgow's hand,” Ibid. p. 141. Lenox died a Protestant, having in
duke of Lenox : so that the remaining part of this prelate's life was very wretched, having hardly subsistence for his family. He died in 1591 (f).
() Mr. Wilson published a quarto. phets into Latin verse, prelections on volume of this prelate's works; but, St. Paul's Epistles to Timothy, vabesides what this contained, the rious apologetical and funeral Oraarchbishop wrote also several works tions, and a History of his own which never appeared in print; such Times, and some other pieces, the as fix books on the Hebrew Repub- titles of which are not known, Maclic, various trandations of the Pro- kenzie, vol. III. p. 376.
ADDISON (Lancelot) son of Lancelot Addison, a clergyman, born at Mauldismeaburne, in the parish of Crosby Ravenlworth, in Westmorland, in the year 1632. He was educated at the grammar school of Appleby, and afterwards fent to Queen's College, in Oxford, upon the foundation; on the 25th of January, 1654, he was admitted batchelor of arts, and master of arts on the 4th of July, 1657. As he had now greatly distinguished himself in the university, he was chosen one of the terræ filii for the act which was celebrated in 1658; but, his oration having been very satirical upon the pride, ignorance, hypocrisy, and avarice of those then in power, he was compelled to make a recantation, and to ask pardon on his knees. Soon after he left Oxford, and retired to Petworth, in Suflex, where he resided till the restofation. The gentlemen of Sussex having recommended him to Dr. King, bishop of Chester, as a man who had suffered for his loyalty and attachment to the constitution of church and state, the bishop received him kindly, and, in all probability, would have preferred him, had he not accepted of the
chaplainship at Dunkirk, contrary to his lordship’s approbaWood's A. tion. Mr. Addison continued at Dunkirk till the year 1962, aben. Oxon. when the place being delivered up to the French, he returned
«!. to England. The year following, he went chaplain to the g .
· garrison at Tangier, where he resided some years. He caine back to England in the year 1670, with a refolution to return to Tangier. He was appointed chaplain in ordinary to his majesty foon after his coming over ; he had no thoughts, however, of quitting his chaplainship at Tangier ; nevertheless it was conferred upon another, whereby Mr. Addison became poor in his circumstances. In this situation of his affairs, a gentleman, in Wiltshire, bestowed on him the rectory of Milston, in Wilts, worth about one hundred and twenty pounds per annum. Soon after he was also made prebendary of Minor pars altaris, in the cathedral of Sarum; and, on