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he was removed to Baliol college in Oxford. November 29,

563, he was elected probationer fellow of his college, and having soon after entered into holy orders, he became a celebrated preacher in the university: In 1993, he took his degree of batchelor in divinity, and proceeded doctor in that faculty in May, 1597; and, in the month of September of the fame year, he was elected matter of University College. About this time it was, that the differences began between

Heylin's life him and Dr. Laud, which subsisted as long as they lived. Of Wp Laur In March 6, 1599, he was installed dean of Winchester ; fol. 1688. the year following he was chosen vice-chancellor of the P. 53. university of Oxford, and a second time in 1603. In 1604, Ant. Wondo that translation of the bible now in use was begun by the Fafti Oxon.

vol. I. c. 1574 direction of King James, and Dr. Abbot was the second of the 167:1 eight divines of Oxford, to whom the care of tranflating the whole new testament (excepting the epistles) was.com Fuller's ch. mitted. The year following he was a third time vice-chan-bin. lib. x.

fol. 46. 57. cellor. In 1608, died hiz great patron Thomas Sackville, T. Lewis's earl of Dorset, lord high treasurer of England, and chancellor comp. hist. of the university of Oxford: after his decease Dr. Abbot became

me of the transl. chaplain to George Hume, earl of Dunbar, and treasurer of and reft. 8vo. Scodand; with whom he went to that kingdom to affilt iņ p. 311. establishing an union betwixt the kirk of Scotland and the church of England, and in this affair he behaved with som

1 Hcylin's hift. much address and moderation that it laid the foundation of of presbyre. all his future preferment(b). When he was at Edinburgh, a rians, f. 1672.

p. 383. (b) King James has suffered so " the indiction (or calling).of all ge much by the spirit and power of the neral afsemblies. That the bishops, prefbyterians in Scotland, that he " or their deputies Tould be perper was very defirous of restoring the "tual moderators of the diocesan form of government by bishops in that " synods. That no excommunica, kingdom; the care of which was • tion ar absolution should be proentrusted to the earl of Dunbar. This “ nounced without their approbation. noble lord had proceeded so far two “ That all presentations of benefices years before, as to obtain an act for thould belong to them. That evethe reititution of the estates of bi- " ry minister, at his admission to a Ihops. The presbyterians, however, “ benefice, should take the path of shad made fo ftout a resistance, that “ fupremacy and canonical obedience. the whole affair was in the utmost " That the visitation of the diocele danger of being overthrown; but by “ should be performed by the bishop the good management of Dr. Abbot, .“ or his deputy only : and finally, many difficulties were removed, and “ that the bishop fhould be madera. the clergy of Scotland were brought “ tor of all conventions, for exerto a better temper; for the earl of “ cisings, or prophesyings, which Dunbar, who was wholly guided in" thould be held within their this matter by the advice of his chap-:“ bounds." All which articles were lain, procured an act in the general ratified by the parliament of that affembly, "That the king thould have kingdom.

B 4

profe.

prosecution was commenced against one George Sprot, for having been concerned in Gowry’s conspiracy eight years before A long account of this affair, with a narrative prefixed by Dr. Abbot, was published at London to fatisfy

the publick about this matter, which had 'hitherto appeared Calderwood's doubtful and mysterious. Abbot's behaviour in Scotland for hift. of the much pleased king James, that he ever after paid great defech, of Scotland, p. 443.

147. rence to his advice and counsel : there is extant, a letter

from his majesty to him, relating to the convocation, which he had consulted about the lawfulness of espousing the cause of the states (c). Upon the death of Dr. Overton bishop of

Litch

(c) Here follows a copy of the you please to name it. In the late letter *.

' queen's time, this kingdom was "Good Dr. Abbot,

• very free in assisting the Hollanders "I cannot abstain to give you my " both with arms and advice, and ' judgment on the proceedings in the none of your coat ever told me, • convocation, as you will call it, and that any scrupled at it in her reign. • both as rex in folio, and unus gregis Upon my coming to England, you ' in ecclefia, I am doubly concerned. may know that it came from some • My title to the crown nobody calls • of yourselves to raise scruples about ' in question, but they that love nei. " this matter; and albeit I have often • ther you nor me, and you may guess • told my mind concerning jus reg: um I whom I mean : all that you and in fubditos, as in May laft, in the • your brethren have said of a king 'ftar chamber, upon the occasion of • in poffeffion, (for that word, I tell Hales's pamphler; yet I never took ' you, is no more than that you any notice of these scruples till the • make use of in your canon) con- ' affairs of Spain and Holland forced * cerns not me at all, I am the next me to it. All my neighbours call * heir, and the crown is mine by all on me to concur in the treaty be« rights you can name, but that of ? tween Holland and Spain, and the • conqueit; and Mr. Sollicitor has honour of the nation will not suffer • sufficiently expressed my own the Hollanders to be abandoned, • thoughts concerning the nature of ' especially after so mach money and • kingship, and concerning the nature - men spent in their quarrel; there• of it ut in mea perfona; and I be- o fore I was of the mind to call my "lieve you were all of his opinion, « clergy together, to satisfy not fo • at least, none of you said any thing much me as the world about us, • contrary to it at the time he spoke of the justness of my owning the • to you from me: but you know • Hollanders at this time. This I - all of you, as I think, that my needed not to have done, and you • reason of calling you together, was ' have forced me to say, I wish I had • to give your judgments, how far not; you have dipped too deep in . a christian and a protestant king ( what all kings reserve among the • may concur to assist his neighbours « arcana imperii, and whatever aversion s to shake off their obedience to their « you may profess against God's being • own sovereign, upon account of the author of sin, you have stumbled • oppression, tyranny, or what else upon the threshold of that opinion,

' in

* New Observator, vol. III. n° 12. the author of which tells us, the ariginal is in the bands of an eminent person; the four last lines in the king's own band, and the rift in the secretary's,

Litchfield and Coventry, the king named Dr. Abbot for his fuccelior, and he was accordingly consecrated bishop of those two united fees, in December 1609. About a month afterwards he was translated to the fee of London, vacant by the death of Dr. Thomas Ravis. Upon the decease of Dr. Richard Bancroft, archbishop of Canterbury, on the second of November 1610, his majesty had a new opportunity of teftifying his esteem for Dr. Abbot, and accordingly raised him to the archiepiscopal fee. He became now in the highest favour Regill.iplius, both with prince and people, and was concerned in all the fol. 1. great affairs both in church and state. However, he never appeared over fond of power, nor did he endeavour to carry his prerogative as primate of England to any great height; yet he shewed a steady resolution in the maintenance of the sights of the high commission court, and would not sub. mit to lord Coke's prohibitions. Being a man of mode- Winwood's ration in his principles, he greatly displeased some of the memorials,

n for high churchmen; but he had as great concern for the vol;

the vol. III. p.

281. church as any of them, when he thought it really in danger. His great zeal for the protestant religion, made him a strenuous promoter of the match between the Elector Palatine, and the princess Elizabeth, which was accordingly concluded and folemnized the 14th of February, 1612, the archbishop performing the ceremony on a stage erected in the royal chapel... On the oth of April his electoral highness set out for Germany: before his departure, he made a present of plate to the archbishop, of the value of a thousand pounds; and as a mark of his confidence, he wrote a letter to him from Canterbury, informing him of the grounds of that discontent with which he left England. About this time it was Ib. p. 454. that the famous Hugo Grotius came over to England, to endeavour to give his majesty a better opinion of the remonstrants, as they then began to be called; we have a very fingular account of the man, and of his negotiation in a letter from the archbishop, to sir Ralph Winwood. In the Ib. p. 459. • in saying upon the matter, that ? theory bufiness; I shall give you • even tyranny is God's authority, • my orders about it by Mr. Sollicitor, • and should be remembred as such. ( and until then, meddle no more in $ If the king of Spain should return ' it, for they are edge tools, or ra. • to claim his old pontifical right to "ther like that weapon that is said to « my kingdom, you leave me to seek cut with one edge, and cure with ! for others to fight for it, for you the other. I commit you to God's • tell us upon the matter beforehand, ' protection, good Dr. Abbot, and

his authority is God's authority if reft • he prevail.

"Your good friend, • Mr. Doctor, I have no time to express my mind further on this

1. JAMES R.!"

follow

following year happened the famous case of divorce betwixt the lady Frances Howard, daughter of the earl of Suffolk, and Robert earl of Eflex : this affair has been by many confidered as one of the greatest blemishes of king James's reign, but the part acted therein by che archbishop added much to the reputation he had already acquired for incorruptible integrity (d). In 1618, the king published a declaration, which

he ordered to be read in all churches, permitting sports and ...pastimes on the Lord's day; this gave great uneasiness to

.. the archbishop, who happening to be at Croydon when it Heylin'shift. came thither, had the courage to forbid its being read. - On of the Sabb. the 5th of April, 1619, fir Nicholas Kempe laid the first p. 493

ftone of the hospital at Guilford; the archbishop, who was present, afterwards endowed it with lands to the value of three hundred pounds per annum, one hundred of which was to be employed in setting the poor to work, and the remainder for the maintenance of a master, twelve brothers, and eight fifters, who have blue cloaths, and gowns of the same colour, and half-a-crown a week each. The 29th of October, being the anniversary of the bishop's birth, is com

memorated here, and the archbishop of Canterbury for the Aubrey's an- time being is the visitor of the hospital. Towards the end tiq. of Surrey, of this year, the Elector Palatine accepted of the crown of vol. III. p.

(d) This affair was by the king Ho continued, however, inflexible in referred to a court of delegates. It his opinion, and when fentence was was drawn out into a great length, pronounced, the court was divided and many accidents happened in the in the following manner: course of it, which gave the arch-. The commissioners who gave fenbifhop disquiet. He saw plainly, that tenee' in the lady's behalf, were the king was very desirous the lady Winchester, hould be divorced, but he was, in Ely,.

Bishops. his own judgment, directly against the Litchfield and Coventry,.. divorce. He laboured all he could to Rochester, extricate himfelf from these difficul. Sir Julius Cæfar, e ties, by having an end put to the Sir Thomas Parrey, s Do&ors of law. cause by some other, way than by Sir Daniel Dunn, J. . fentence; but it was to no purpose, The commissioners diffenting, for those who drove on this affair, Archbifhop of Canterbury, had got too great power to be re- Bifhop of London, frained from bringing it to the con: Sir John Bennet, ? clufion he desired. He prepared a Francis Jamies, Doctors of law, speech, which he intended to have Thomas Edwards, {poken, against the nullity of the The king was very desirous the lady marriage, in the court at Lambeth; should be divorced : che archbishop but he did not make use of this speech, being against it drew up his reasons, because the king ordered them to de- which the king thought fit to antwer liver their opinions, in few words. himself, * Saunder fou'sshistory of king James, page 390.

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Bohemia, which occasioned great disputes in king James's councils: fome were desirous that his majesty should not interfere in this matter, foreseeing that it would produce a war in Germany ; others again were of opinion, that natural affection to his son and daughter, and a just concern for the Protestant interest, ought to engage his majesty to support the new election. The latter was the archbishop's sentiment, and not Heylin's life being able at that time to attend the privy council, he wrote of ab?. Laud, his mind with great boldness and freedom to the secretary of Pose state (e). The archbishop being now in a declining itate of

health,

(c) The letter is as follows

of the earth that gave their power ! Good Mr. Secretary,

unto the beast (all the word of God I have never more defired to be must be fulfilled) fall now tear the present at any consultation than whore and make her defolate, as

that which is this day to be handled, " St. John in his revelation has fore. " for my heart and all my heart goeth “ told. I pray you therefore with all • with it ; but my foot is worse than the spirits you have, to put life into ' it was on Friday, so that by ad-' this business; and let a return be

vice of my physician, I have sweat ' made into Germany with speed,

this whole night past, and am di- ' and with comfort, and let it be • rected to keep my bed this day. really prosecuted, that it may ap- .

. But for the matter ;' my humble • pear to the world, that we are 6 advice is, that there is no going awake when God in this fort calleth * back, but a countenancing it against us. " all the world ; yea, so far as with 'If I had time to express it, I • ringing of bells, and making of could be very angry at the fhuffing « bonfires in London, so soon as it " which was used towards my lord • fhall be certainly understood that Doncaster, and the flighting of his • the coronation is past. I am fatis. ' embasage so, which cannot but • fied in my conscience, that the caufe "touch upon our great master who ! is juft, wherefore they have rejected • did send him; and therefore I would " that proud and bloody man, and so never have a noble son forsaken for ' much rather, because he hath taken respect of them who truly aim at

a course to make that kingdom not nothing but their own purposes. elective, but to take it from the do- ' Our striking in will comfort the ' nation of another man. And when" Bohemians, will honour the Palfe • God hath fet up the prince that is 's grave, will strengthen the union, • chosen to be a mark of honour « will bring on the states of the Low* through all Christendom, to pro- ' Countries, will ftir up the king of " pagate his gofpel and to protect the " Denmark, and move his own uncle's

oppressed, I dare not for my part < the prince of Orange and the duke "give advice, but to follow where • de Bouvillon, together with Tre«God leads.

136 moville (a rich prince in France) to " It is a great honour to the king caft in their shares; and Hungary, • QUT master, that he hath fuch a ' as I hope (being in that same cave):

fon, whore virtues have made him will run the same fortune. For * thought fit to be made a king; and the means to fupport the war, I

methinks I do in this, and that of " hope providebit Deus: the parlia. ( Hungary, foresee the work of God, ' ment is the old and honourable I that by 'piece and piece, the kings way, but how aflured at this time

* çabala, third edition, fage 102

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