Imágenes de páginas

in a more secure place, and dedicated it to the same faint; and, as he desired the relics of the faint should be kept in the new church, he sent some persons to dig them out of the ruins of the old one ; but they not finding the relics, the faint appeared to some Christians, and told them, if the primate himself did not come, they would never be found. Abul Faragius hearing of this would not believe it, and, feigning to be fick, shut himself up in his cell from Friday till the Sunday evening, when a glorified boy (d) appeard to him, and told him, the relics were deposited under the altar of the old church. Upon this the primate went immediately with his brother and two bishops in quest of those holy remains, which they found according to the boy's direction.

. In ter. parte The eastern nations are generally extravagant in their ap- Chronic): 2.

Po 260, 261, plause of men of learning, a circumstance which is either owing to the few learned men they have amongst them, or to the particular turn of their minds. They have accordingly bestowed the highest encomiums and titles upon Abul Faragius(e).

s cell foreve it, andda Abute him.

(d) Nor will Allemanus allow this ope fuffultus Mar Gregorius, Abulmiracle : “ This, says he, must have Pharai, filius excellentis fapientis been a dream of Abul Faragius, or a Aaronis Medici Malatienfis," "That story invented to raise the piety of is, “ Thus said Mar Gregory, Abulthe people." Ib.

Pharagus, fon to the skilful Aaron, (e) Dr. Pocock found what follows physician of Malatia, our lord, our prefixed to a manuscript of Abul Fa- holy excellent father, famous for his ragius's, written in the gooth year of learning and erudition, the prince of the Hegirah: “ Dixit Dominus nofter the learned, the most excellent of pater sanctus, eximius, doctrina et those who moft excel, the example eruditione insignis, doctorum rex, of his times, the phænix of his age, excellentium excellentiffimus, tempo- the glory of wise men, the doctor rum suofum exemplar, fæculi phe sustained by the divine assistance.” nix, fapientum gloria, Doctor divina

ACCA, bishop of Hagustald, or Hexam, in Northumberland (a), succeeded Wilfrid in the year 709. He was a monk of the Benedictine order, an Anglo-Saxon by birth, and had his education under Bosa bishop of York. He was afterwards taken under the patronage of Wilfrid, whom he accompanied to Rome, where he improved himself in several

things (a) This episcopal fee has been long where the first cohort of the Spaniextinct. Camden gives the follow- ards were in garrison, as the name ing account thereof: “And now the implies, as also its fituation on a ria whole Tine being well grown, and fing hill; for the Britons called such still encreasing, presses forward in a mount Dunum. But take an acone channel for the ocean by Hexam, count of this place from Richard, its which Bede calls Hagustald. This prior. “Not far from the southern was the Axelodunum of the Romans, « bank of the river Tyne, stands a

% town


of the saintstical learnitected a nobled it allo"

things relating to ecclesiastical usage and discipline. Acca adorned and ornamented his cathedral in a most beautiful and magnificent manner. He furnished it also with plate and holy vestments, and erected a noble library, consisting chiefly of ecclesiastical learning, and a large collection of the lives of the saints, which he was at great pains to procure..

He was accounted a very able divine, and was famous for his skill in church music (6). The following pieces are said to have been wrote by him: I. Paffiones Sanctorum ; the Sufferings of the Saints. 2. Officia suæ ecclesiæ; the Offices of his own church. 3. Epistolæ ad amicos; Letters to his

friends. 4. Pro illustrandis scripturis ad Bedam ; For exBaleus de plaining the scriptures, addressed to Bede. In the year 733 Script. Brit. he was forced from his fee into exile, but for what reason is · centur. I. 6. 90.

not certainly known. He died in 740 (c), having enjoyed the fee of Hexam twenty-four years, under Egbert king of the Northumbrians.

" town of small extent indeed at episc. Hagustald. Eccl. c. 1. Camd.
" present, and but thinly inhabited; Brit, by bp. Gibson,vol. II. col. 1083.
“ but, as the remaining marks of its (6) Bede tells us, that he kept in
“ antient state will testify, heretofore his service, for twelve years, one
very large and magnificent. This Maban, an excellent finger, by whore
“ place is called Hextolde ham, from help he revived the use of church
“ the little rivulet of Hextold, which music, and singing of anthems. This
“ runs by, and sometimes suddenly Maban had been taught to sing by
“ overflows it. In the year 675, the successors of the disciples of pope
Etheldreda, wife of king Egfrid, Gregory in Kent. Bed. Hift. Ecclef.
“ assigned it for an episcopal see to &c. 20.
“ St. Wilfrid, who built here a (c) His body was buried with great
“ church, which, for the curiousness solemnity in the church of Haguftald,
“ and beauty of the fabric, surpassed and two stone crosses, of exquisite
“ all the monasteries in England." workmanship, were placed, the one
Ricardus Prior Haguttald. de statụ at his head, and the other at his feet.

ACCARISI (Francis) a famous civilian, born in the city of Ancona, in Italy. He studied at Sienna, under Bargalio and Benevolenti, who taught the law there with great reputation. He had a great intimacy with both these professors, especially with the former, who had been extremely communicative, and greatly aflisted him in his studies. This profeffor had also applauded him highly in a speech which was printed, containing elogiums on the family of the Accarifi ; and upon his death-bed left him the care of printing his famous dispute De dolo. The first public employinent which Accarisi obtained 'was, to explain the institutes (a) at Sienna,

(a) A book wherein the elements Law are contained and digested, by and principles of the Roman or Civil order of the emperor Justinian.

which he did for six years. He was afterwards desired to exe. plain the pandects (6); and as several foreigners resorted to Sienna, to pursue their studies, the grand duke Ferdinand ordered a professor to be appointed to explain the civil law, after the manner of Cujacius. Accarisi was chosen, and acquitted himself with great honour. Some time after he was nominated to the chair of law-professor in ordinary, vacant by the death of Bargalio, which he filled with great reputation for twenty years. His fame spread so much, that all the universities in Italy wished to have him, and made him advantageous offers ; but he lived so agreeably in Sienna, that he long 'refifted these solicitations; but he was at last brought to quit the resolution he had formed, of dying in the chair which he first enjoyed. Rainuccio Farnese, Duke of Parma, was the person that prevailed upon him, who made him many great promises, and appointed him his counsellor. The grand duke, however, would not suffer Accarisi to remain long in the service of another prince, and he accordingly brought him back, by appointing him first law-professor in the university of Pisa. Accarisi enjoyed this professorship till his death, which happened about four years after he had got the chair at Sienna, on the 4th of October, 1622.

(6) The digests or body of laws. ing the answers of the ancient law. compiled in the reign of the emperor yers to all law-queries. Justinian, in the year 534, contain

ACCARISI (James) of Bologna in Italy, a doctor of divinity, and professor of rhetoric, which he taught at Mantua, in the academy founded there by duke Ferdinand, in the year 1627. He published a volume of orations, spoken by him in Rome, Colen, Mantua, and other places ; another of Letters; a History of the propagation of the faith ; and a Latin translation of the history of the troubles of the Low Countries, written by cardinal Bentivolio.

ACCIAIOLI (Donatus) a Florentine of great learning, who lived in the fifteenth century. He was honoured with many considerable employments in his native country ; but notwithstanding his public engagements, he found means to devote part of his time to study. He had been a disciple of Argyrophylus, the Byzantine ; and he published commene taries on this professor's Latin translation of Aristotle's Ethics. He acknowledges, in his epistle dedicatory to Cosmo de Medicis, that he collected these commentaries from the lectures of Argyrophylus, and that he had only enlarged the explications D4


ment. in

Simon Si- which he had heard. Simon Simonius and Gabriel are moni com- the

on therefore in the wrong, after such a declaration, when they Aristot. Eth, accuse him of publifhing, in his own name, a work of ArNanderi bi- gyrophylus. He translated the lives of Alcibiades and Debliograph.

6. metrius from Plutarch; to which were also added those of

Annibal and Scipio, which some have imagined to be likewise from Plutarch; but this must be a mistake, since we find neither of these two generals in this author. He wrote also an abridgement of the life of Charlemain, and some other works are also ascribed to him (a).

He was sent to France by the Florentines, to sue for succour from Lewis XI. against pope Sextus IV. but died on his

journey at Milan; his body was carried to Florence, and Jovius in buried in the church of the Carthusians. The small fortune elogiis, c.16. he left his children is a proof of his probity and disinterested

ness. His daughters, like those of Aristides, were married

at the public expence, as an acknowledgment of his ferIbid. vices. His funeral elogium was spoke by Christopher Lan

dini, and the following epitaph, by Politian, was inscribed
on his tomb: " .

Donatus nomen, patria est Florentia, gens mi
Acciajola domus; clarus 'eram eloquio.
Francorum ad regem, patriæ dum orator abirem ;

In ducis Anguigeri mænibus occubui, ..!
Iftoria de Sic vitam impendi patriæ ; quæ me inde relatum

Inter majorum nunc cineres sepelit.
Del P Guie. “ Donatus was my name, my country Florence,
Jio Negri in
Ferra. 17220

And from the fam'd Acciaioli I sprung, folio.

i (a) The following are mentioned 4. Rei familiaris cura. A treatise by the author of the history of the on private oeconomy, dedicated to Florentine writers :

John Oricellarius. 1. Libri tres de anima. Threes. Tractatus de bono et malo books treating of the soul.

opere. Concerning good and bad 2. Laudatio ab ipfo habita in fu. works; addressed likewise to John nere Francisci Vaivoda, qui in bello Oricellarius. contra Turcas obierat. A funeral. He also translated into his native elogium on Francis Vaivoda, who language Leonardo Aretino's twelve was killed in the war againít the books of the history of Florence, Turks.

which was dedicated to the magi3. Orationes eloquentiffimæ, quas strates of that city, and printed at ingenti auditorum plausu, habuit ad Venice in 1476. In the library be. Paulum II. ad Sixtum IV. ad Fran. longing to the Strozzi family in Flocorum regem, &c. Orations which rence, there is preserved a manu he delivered as embassador from script folio volume of original Latin his republic to Paul II, Sixtus IV, letters, by Acciaioli. the French king, &c.


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By eloquence I gain'd immortal wreathes ;.
Going on an embassy to France,
Within the walls of fam’d Milan I dy'd.
My life I thus devoted to my country,
Which kindly bringing my remains from thence,

Here buried them amid my kindred ashes.” ACCIUS (Lucius) .a Latin tragic poet, the son of a freedman, and, according to St. Jerome, born in the confulship of Hoftilius Mancinus and Attilius Serranus, in the year of Rome 583; but there appears somewhat of confusion and perplexity in this chronology. He made himself known before the death of Pacuvius, a dramatic piece of his being exhibited the same year that Pacuvius brought one upon the stage, the latter being then eighty years of age, and Accius only thirty. We do not know the name of this piece of Cicero in Accius's, but the titles of several of his tragedies are men- Bruto. tioned by various authors. He wrote on the most celebrated Nonius, stories which had been represented on the Athenian stage, as Ma

a Marcellus,

4. Varro, Age Andromache, Andromeda, Atreus, Clytemnestra, Medea (a), lus Gellius, Meleager, Philocletes, the civil wars of Thebes, Tereus, &c.

in the

(a) M. Bayle remarks, that the ship, when he discovered from a conjecture of father Lescalopier ap- high mountain that which carried pears very probable (Lefcalop. Com. the Argonauts. Mr. Dryden has in Cic. de Nat. Deor. p.282.) that the given us a beautiful paffage, in his verses quoted by Cicero, in his second Indian Emperor (A& 'i. sc. 2.) book De Natura Deorum were taken where Guyomar, the king's son, defrom the Medea of Accius. They con- scribes with so much fimplicity and a. tain a description of the astonishment mazement the Spanish ships, when they with which a shepherd is supposed first appeared on the coast of Mexi. to be seized, who had never seen a co.

Enter Guyomar, haftily. Odm. My brother. Guyomar ! methinks I spy

Hafte in his steps, and wonder in his eye. Mont. I sent thee to the frontiers, quickly tell

The cause of thy return; are all things well? ;
Guy. I went, in order, fir, to your command,

To view the utmost limits of the land;
To that sea-shore where no more world is found,
But foaming billows breaking on the ground; e
Where, for a while, my eyes no object met,
But distant skies, that in the ocean fet ;
And low-hung clouds, that dipt themselves in rain,
To shake their fleeces on the earth again.
At last, as far as I could cast my eyes
Upon the sea, somewhat methought did rise
Like bluish mists, which still appearing more,
Took dreadful shapes, and mov'd towards the more.

- Monto

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