Imágenes de páginas

[f. 38.]


hyding it from ye meaner sort and converting it to publike
uses. Thought fitt thear should be a clause to submytt that
case to order, but no lykelyhood bycause Collectors were not
named by ye Town. Note though such fraud were found yet
the mony is not ye Ks but ye peoples.

Hubb. disadvant.
Gunters cause
Depopulacions [Aydes]
Fullers exam.

[defect. Tit]
better at shift then at drift
Subtilitas sine acrimonia.

with the judge
He will alter a thing but not mend
he putts into patents and deedes woords not of lawe

but of comen sens and discours. fo. He that hath so much severall to overcharge

the Comon, when he ingrossed drawing of bookes. Sociable save in profite fo. He doth depopulate my office: otherwise called

inclose. I never knew any of so good a speach wth a woors

penne. Nothing better in Action then to know what to per

mitt and wt to p'scribe. Let nature wourk


The bill of recusts his penne.
The case

He putteth cases in his directions.
of 1001

The exam of lea. The butcher and the other lea

escaped. Solemnegoose. The serv. of depopul. He and Myn. weak and corstately least

[f. 38, b.)

rupt. crafty. They He never beats down unfitt sutes wth lawe. have made him beleeve In persons as in people some shew more wise then he is won

they are.

wyse nodd

drous wy.

people's. This was one of “the three restitutions" of which Bacon reminds himself to speak to Salisbury: p. 43. See note 2.

disadvant. Hubbard's (Sir Henry Hobart’s) disadvantage. See above, p. 50, n. 4; and introductory reinarks, p. 31. The whole of this note is crossed out in the MS.


To furnish my L. of Swth ornamts for publike speaches. .
To make him think how he should be reverenced by a L. Ch' yf

I were; Princelike.
To præpare him for matters to be handled in Counsell or before

the K. aforehand and to shew him and yeeld him ye frutes

of my care. Regularly to know the Ks pleasure before every Term and agayn [f. 39.]

before every Vacation, The one for service to be executed, ye
other for service to be p'pared, Tam otii ratio quam negotii.

Q. Eliz. watch candell.
To take notes in Tables when I attend ye Counsell,

and some-
tymes to moove owt of a Memoriall shewd and seen.
To have particular occasions, fitt and gratefull and contynuall, to

mainteyn pryvate speach wth every ye great persons and
somety mes drawing more then one of them together, Ex
Imitatione Att. This specially in publike places and wthout
care or affectation.
qu. for cred'; but as to save tyme; and to this end not many

things at once but to drawe in length.
To have ready to moove somewt every starch. day in interv. com.

of service. At Counsell table cheefly to make good my L. of Salsb. mocions

and speaches, and for the rest some tymes one sometymes

another ; cheefly his yt is most earnest and in affection. To suppress at once my speaking wth panting and labor of breath

and voyce.

Not to fall upon the mayne to soudayne but to induce and inter

mingle speach of good fashon.

my L. of S. My Lord of Suffolk, I suppose. As Lord Thomas Howard he had served with distinction in several of the sea-voyages against Spain, in the later years of Elizabeth; was made Privy Councillor and Lord Chamberlain by James, 3 May, 1603, and Earl of Suffolk in the following July. A man much about the person of the King, and rising into importance as a Councillor : though it may easily be supposed, considering the nature of his occupation in earlier life, that Bacon's help would have been useful to him in the business of a statesman.

Q. Eliz. Watch-candell. And as my good old mistress was wont to call me her watch-candle, because it pleased her to say I did continually burn (and yet she suffered me to waste almost to nothing), so," etc. (Letter to the King, 31 May, 1612.)

every Starch. day. “Every Starchamber day, in intervals of commissions of service." The Starchamber sat on every Wednesday and Friday during term.

7. 39, b.] To use at once upon entrance gyven of Speach though abrupt to

compose and drawe in my self. To free my self at once from paỹt of formality and complemt

though wth some shew of carelessness pride and rudeness.


Depopulacions, Lincoln and furder proceeding, Oxfordshire.
Buildings and the Inlargem of ye Comission.
Intayles that ye cowrse by grant and render, that is by grant

from the subject upon ye wrytt of Covent brought by ye K.

and render by the K. be good.
Fullers cause-qu. of Bacheler and Manxell.
Prohibicions and Ecclesiasticall causes.

Postnati. The finishing of my Argumt and publicacion of the rest. [f. 40.] The Equalling the Lawes of ye 2 Kingdomes.

The Recompyling of the Lawes of England.
Sutes for Concelem's, Tipper, bolton, Berw Warwike, Shurly.
Harmans sute for equalling Customes of new draperies.
Sute of taxacion upon Innes.
Sute grownded upon ye old statuts of prices of Haye.
Sute upon Latitats, ye Ks fyne is now established.
Sute upon ye making of Latitats.
Title of drownd lands.
Tythes owt of parishes.
Aurū Reginæ.
Gunters Cause.
Præparation against next Parlam'.
For equalling lawes to proceed wth my Methode and to shew ye

K. title of p'rogative as it is doon.
Not. feodalls doon by Cragge perillous to Monarchies ; qu.

ulterius de universo isto negotio.
[f. 40, b.) To rememb. my L. of Lincoln for mat. of depopulai.

payt. Payment.

Services on foote. The six paragraphs which follow are all crossed out in the MS.

Tre equalling the laws, etc. That is, the removing of the discrepancies between the laws of England and Scotland. See “Preparation for the Union of Laws," Lit. and Prof. Works, ii. p. 731. This begins a new page, leaded “ Transportat. July 31, 1608.”

Warwike. Thomas Warwick had a patent for concealed rents. (S. P. Dom. James I., 7 April, 1609.)

Cragge. Sir Thomas Craig : see above, p. 48, n. 3. The last eight paragraphs are crossed out in the MS., as well as the next eight, which fill a fresh page, headed “ Transportat. Aug. 6, 1608.”

Phi. Gerard for building.
To dispatch the pardons for buildinges in the absence of ye Att.

qu. how.

To renew the Comiss. inlarged.
The sute towching lycenses for Innes.
M4 Yelvert. I susp. for ye Epis. of fu. book.
Md to fynd owt that silently-qu. I mean fullers book.
To have a note from Mr Cha' of ye new Inventions.

Oct. 28 1609.

[f. 42.]




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20 Colthurst

26 Vickers


8 26 Hariso

86 20 Jenyngs


60 20 Bradsh drap. 30 15 [169 Brad. Juel.. 16

25 Tychbourn 55 [16 Dams. . 16 [7 Gannet

7 [30 Woode

20 Gomers..

Crosseby. 250

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Si Jh. Cunst..
My L. of Sals.
Ald. Swynert..
Mic. Hicks
Sr Jh. Crofts.
Hart at Bolls .



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M« Yelvert. I susp., etc. "Yelverton I suspect for the epistle of Fuller's book.” See above, p. 51, n. 1.

inventions. Probably Salisbury's new inventions for raising money.

Here follow three blank pages, and then the list of names and figures (which is a list of creditors and the sums owing to them), with the date “ Oct. 28, 1609."

The figures inserted to the right of the first column and to the left of the second I take to be part-payments. In the second column the names of Vickers, Jenyngs, and Bradshaw, with the figures annexed, are crossed out.

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Among the memoranda in the foregoing note-book, of services to be attended to, the projects or discoveries of Sir Stephen Proctor recur more frequently perhaps than any other; and to them the paper which comes next in date refers.

Sir Stephen Proctor had been employed for some years in gathering fines, debts, etc., due to the Crown; and having discovered a variety of abuses in the existing practices, had made suggestions for the correction of them, wbich were referred to Bacon for his report, Many of these suggestions,—and the most important (though not so much for the benefit of the Exchequer as for the ease of the people, who had to pay heavily to informers for the privilege of not being prosecuted), -related to the exactions of fines upon penal statutes; and this being a matter in which Bacon had always been urging the necessity of reform, he naturally took it up first, and reported to the King his opinion of that part of Sir Stephen's projects. A copy of his report is preserved among the Harleian Manuscripts. It belonged, I think, originally to the book entitled Orationes, Acta, Instrumenta, circa res civiles ;t being written in the hand of one of the scribes employed in that collection, with the heading added afterwards (as in most of the others) by Bacon himself. At any rate, it is a wellauthenticated copy of a paper which he thought worth preserving at the time, and that is the fact with which we are chiefly concerned. The date is not exactly stated ; but the expression “ within these five years of your Majesty's happy reign" may be taken as a proof that it was written before the end of James's sixth year, which was completed on the 23rd of March, 1608-9; and suits well enough with the summer of 1608, which appears otherwise to be the most likely date.

Among the Lansdown Manuscripts, No. 167, are several papers

See p. 59, note 4.

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