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[f. 21, b.]
Fractionem corporu, sive resistentia contra fractionem et separa-
Modum tamen fractionis in nonnullis aut prohibitionis fractio-
Reductionem ad statum quo, as when urine or blowd is broken
Conservationem, Mansionem in statu, Non exituram Spiritus in
All ripenings, coction, assation, the gathering perfection of
Etiam multiplicationem virtutis per unionem quantitatis, vel
[f. 22.] Liquefactionem, Mollificationem, liquiditatem, consistentiā, du-
Residence, flowring, woorking owt a skymme, defecacion, refy-
Etiam disordinationem partiu, as when pears rowled gett a
Evaporationem, exhalationem, emissione, consumptionem, dimi-
Corruptionem, rust, mould, assignamus motui separationis
[f. 22, b.] Motum soliditatis sive expulsionis corporis dissimilis, et attrac-
Exuctionem, depastionem, deprædationem, Intumescentiam, In-
Fermentationem et infectionem assignamus generationis fictæ.
Destillationem, sublimationem, assignamus Motui metamorphoseos placidæ.
turnyng into woormes, flies, etc., assignamus Motui triumvi
The bring. ye K. low by pov. and empt. Cof.
The revolt or troub. first in Sco. for till yt be no dang. of Eng. discont. in dowt of a warre fro thence.
The greatness of some part. subj.
pop. Salsb. Accept. to Lo. h. of parl. qu.
The great. of the priv. Co1.
The ord. of sitt. and manage of thinges in Co. as a state, that
ye bowle may goe alone.
The greatn. of the lower hows in parlamt.
Qu. of the off of Lieut. Cunst:
The absce of the P. yf he come to ye Cr. by warres.
Confederacy and more straight Amity wth ye low Countries.
Qu. wt use of the presbyt.
Qu. wt use may be made of yo greatn. of ye Nob. of Scotl.
Bookes in comendac. of Mon. mixt or Aristoc.
Perswad. the K. in glory, Aurea condet sæcula.
generationis fictæ. So in MS.: Motui having probably been omitted. triumviratus. Here a line is drawn across the page; a new subject begins with a new pen and apparently fresh fingers; and the next page is headed Transportat. Jul. 28, 1608. I conclude therefore that the third day's work ended here, and that what follows was begun the next morning.
Poll. Policy. Of the notes under this head I have already in my introduction explained the general import, as far as I could collect it. But the abbreviations are here so many and so perplexing, and yet the meaning would be so well worth having if we could get at it, that a full interpretation (as far as conjecture can supply it) will probably be found convenient; and being thus placed side by side with the original, it will assist other conjecturers without the danger of misleading them. The words within brackets are my own commentary; the rest are what I suppose Bacon intended.
"The bringing the King low by poverty and empty coffers.
"The revolt or trouble first in Scotland: for till that be, no danger of English discontent in doubt of a war from thence." [It is always interesting to compare the anticipations of the philosophic statesman looking forward, with the reflexions of the philosophic historian looking back. This opinion was recorded by Bacon in 1608, but never publicly uttered. David Hume, after describing the causes and progress of English discontent in 1637, and showing that they were not sufficient to provoke an outbreak, proceeds thus: "It seemed probable, therefore, that affairs might long have continued on the same footing in England, had it not been for the neighbourhood of Scotland; a country more turbulent, and less disposed
New lawes to be compounded and collected; Lawgyver perpetuus
Restor. the Church to ye trew limits of Authority since H. 8ths
Choyse of persons act. and in their nat. stir. and assure them.
It is like S. hath some furd. intent. upw. to wyn him to the po.
Finishing my treat. of ye great. of Br. wth aspect ad pol.
Chem. pop. Nav. Yelv. Sans. Harb. Cro/Barkly.
[f. 23, b.] The fairest, wthout dis. or per. is the gener. perswad. to K and peop. and cours. of infusing every whear the foundat. in this
Ile of a Mon. in ye west, as an apt seat state people for it; so cyvylizing Ireland, furder coloniz. the wild of Scotl. Annexing ye Lowe Countries.
Yf any thing be questio. touch. Pol. to be turned upon y Ampliacion of a Mon. in ye Royalty.
to submission and obedience. It was thence the commotion first arose and it is, therefore, time for us to return thither, and to give an account of the state of affairs in that kingdom." Hist. of Eng. c. 53.]
"The greatness of some particular subjects. pop. [popularity? i.e. opposition to the Crown.] Salisbury acceptable to the Lower House of Parliament. qu. "The greatness of the Privy Council.
"The order of sitting and manage of things in Council as a state, that the bowl may go alone.
"The greatness of the Lower House in Parliament.
"Qu. of the office of Lieutenant Constable.
"The absence of the Prince if he come to the Crown by wars.
"Confederacy and more strait amity with the Low Countries.
"Qu. what use of the presbytery.
Qu. what use may be made of the greatness of the nobility of Scotland. "Books in commendation of monarchy mixed, or aristocracy.
"Persuade the K. in glory, aurea condet sæcula.
"New laws to be compounded and collected: Lawgiver perpetuus princeps.
Restoring the Church to the true limits of authority, since Henry the 8th con
"Choice of persons active and in their nature stirring, and assure them. "Advertisement to a general memorial of affairs [?]. Succeed Salisbury, and amuse the King and Prince with pastime and glory." [I am not at all satisfied that I have interpreted the first sentence rightly: but Bacon did, after Salisbury's death, distinctly intimate to the King his readiness to be "removed to business of State," if his services were wanted in that department rather than in his profession.] "It is like Salisbury hath some furder intention upwards: To win him to the point of policy. Surdis modis, cave aliter.
Finishing my treatise of the Greatness of Britain with aspect ad politiam. "Chem (qu. Cheut.), Popham, Neville, Yelverton, Sandys, Herbert, Crofts, Barkley.
[Sir Walter Chute: member for Whitchurch (Southamptonshire), in the Parliament of 1614, and one of the 'undertakers,' who got into trouble for the
fo. In rege beatissimum non cogi miserrimum non suaderi. fo. Liberius peccat qui libenter ignorat.
fo. Your wytness is a reed shaken wth ye wynd/x/yet so as when the reed standes upright it is for us, and when it bendes it is for yow.
Of great men it is best yf a man speak in deteriorē partē rather to towch their extern by fashons (wch nevertheless may induce men to think what is, then their dispraises, natures or conditions, and their natures and conditions much rather then their actions, for the one is but opynions the other is a kynd of Accusacion.
Qu. W is the direction towching recusants goodes, wr the for- [f. 24.] feture be wholy dispensed wth or passe by graunt and is compounded for.
Q. W order and direction is towching ye poynt of Law in pleading excomun. to recusants.
Making some collection touching ye authority of the
pr. Councell, as it appeareth in owr bookes of Lawe, and acquainting my L. Chancellor and L. Treasorer therewth obiter.
Making other collections and shewing them obiter, spec. fitt for
an Att. and to make them think they shall find an alteracion to their contentmt over that which now is.
part he took. Sir Francis Popham, member for Wilts in James's first Parliament, which was still in existence. Sir Henry Neville (I think) member for Lewes. Henry Yelverton, member for Northampton. Sir Edwin Sandys (a distinguished member of that Parliament, see Book III. c. 5, § 5, though not named in Willis's list). Sir William Herbert, member for Montgomery County. Sir Herbert Crofts, member for co. Hereford: a strong opponent of the jurisdiction of the Council of the Marches over the 4 shires. Sir Maurice Berkley, member for Minehead, in Somersetshire--all prominent members of the Lower House, inclining to the popular side, but good men, and worth conciliating. We shall find hereafter four out of the eight referred to by Bacon as having belonged to the opposition party in this Parliament.]
"The fairest, without disorder or peril, is the general persuading to King and people, and course of infusing everywhere the foundation in this isle of a monarchy in the west, as an apt seat, state, people for it; so civilizing Ireland, further colonizing the wild of Scotland. Annexing the Low Countries.
"If anything be questioned touching policy, to be turned upon the ampliation of a Monarchy in the Royalty."
With regard to these two last notes, see the introduction to this chapter; and compare the penultimate paragraph of Bacon's 'Speech on General Naturalization' (Vol. III. ch. viii. § 6); my remarks in the last section of the first chapter of this volume; and my preface to the fragment on the true Greatness of Britain (Lit. and Prof. Works, vol. ii. p. 39).
Here again a line is drawn across the page, to mark the entrance upon other matters; and the notes which follow are for the most part intelligible without any commentary. "Fo." as I have already explained, stands for form, that is, form of expression. Whether these are "ex conceptu proprio," or "ex deprædatione authorum," I cannot say.
recusants. These two queries are answered further on; see p. 91.
Still to consider how to make use both in state and for my par
ticular of my project of Amendm1 of Lawes.
fo. I have put yow in comission /x/ gladd to be put in a comiss" to doe you service.
[f. 24, b.] To consyder of the matter of Annexacion how it stands and what
is fitt to be advised.
To parfite Pembertons assurance from his sonne.
To give directions of a plott to be made to turn ye pond yard into a place of pleasure, and to speak of them to my L. of Salsbury.
The grownd to be inclosed square wth a bricke wall, and frute
trees plashed upon it; on the owt side of it to sett fayre straite byrches on 2 sides and lyme trees on 2 sides, some x foote distante from the wall, so that the wall may hide most of the shaft of the tree and onely the tufts appear above.
From ye wall to have a waulk of some 25 foote on a higher levell.
Under that waulke some 4 foote to have a fyne littell stream rune upon gravell and fyne peppell to be putt into ye bottome, of a yard and an half over, wch shall make the whole residue of the grownd an Iland; the banque to be turfed and kept cutt; the banq I mean of the ascent to ye upper waulk: no hedg hear but some fyne standerds well kept.
Within that stream upon a lower levell to make another waulk
All the grownd within this waulk to be cast into a laque, wth
Annexation. Annexation of Crown lands, I presume.
pond-yard. At Gorhambury; for a description of which, when Aubrey saw it, see his 'Lives of Eminent Men,' ii. p. 231.