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[f. 21, b.]
tionem, assignamus sub Motu Integritatis.
nis in quo situs partiū valet, assignamus sub motu applica
and by fier reduced, assiguamus sub Motu cohibitionis, vel
corporibus porosis, sive terris siccis assignamus sub Motu
wynes, beers, syders, &c. by age and tyme, assignamus sub
conservationem status per unionem quantitatis, assignamus
sub Motu Maturationis vel exaltationis.
ritiem, indurationem, contractionem, or closeness of parts,
sub motu hyles interiore.
nyng, cieering and lees, dissolving or breaking as in blowde
assiguamus sub motu separationis in se.
sweetness, when roses crushed alter there smell, hæc assigna
mus Motui separationis in se.
nutionem, arefactionem, assignamus sub Motu separationis in
tionem similis, assignamus sub rotu mistionis.
tenerationem, Augmentationem, sine vegetatione seu accre
tionem, assignamus Motui generationis Jovis. Fermentationem et infectionem assignamus generationis fictæ.
Destillationem, sublimationem, assignamus Motui metamor
phoseos placidæ. turnyng into woormes, flies, etc., assignamus Motui triumvi.
The bring. ye K. low by pov. and empt. Cof.
discont. in dowt of a warre fro thence. The greatness of some part. subj.
pop. Salsb. Accept. to Lo. h. of parl. qu.
y bowle may goe alone.
generationis ficta. So in MS. : Motui having probably been omitted.
triumviratus. Here a line is drawn across the page ; a new subject begins with a new pen and apparently fresh fingers; and the next page is headed Transportat. Jul. 28, 1608. I conclude thereforo that the third day's work ended here, and that what follows was begun the next morning.
Poll. Policy. Of the notes under this head I have already in my introduction explained the general import, as far as I could collect it. "But the abbreviations are here so many and so perplexing, and yet the meaning would be so well worth having if we could get at it, that a full interpretation (as far as conjecture can supply it) will probably be found convenient; and being thus placed side by side with the original, it will assist other conjecturers without the danger of misleading them. The words within brackets are my own commentary; the rest are what I suppose Bacon intended.
“The bringing the King low by poverty and empty coffers. “The revolt or trouble first in Scotland : for till that be, no danger of English discontent: in doubt of a war from thence.” [It is always interesting to compare the anticipations of the philosophic statesman looking forward, with the reflexions of the philosophic historian looking back. This opinion was recorded by Bacon in 1608, but never publicly uttered. David Hume, after describing the causes and progress of English discontent in 1637, and showing that they were not sufficient to provoke an outbreak, proceeds thus: “It seemed probable, therefore, that affairs might long have continued on the same footing in England, had it not been for the neighbourhood of Scotland; a country more turbulent, and less disposed
New lawes to be compounded and collected ; Lawgyver perpetuus
princeps. Restor. the Church to ye trew limits of Authority since H. gths
P. wth pasty. and glory.
of pol. Surdis modis. cave aliter.
Chem. pop. Nav. Yelv. Sans. Harb. Cro / Barkly. [f. 23, b.] The fairest, wthout dis. or per, is the gener. perswad. to K and
peop. and cours. of infusing every whear the foundat. in this Ile of a Mon. in ye west, as an apt seat state people for it; so cyvylizing Ireland, furder coloniz. the wild of Scotl. Annexing
ye Lowe Countries. Yf any thing be questio. touch. Pol. to be turned upon ye Amplia
cion of a Mon. in ye Royalty.
to submission and obedience. It was thence the commotion first arose : and it is, therefore, time for us to return thither, and to give an account of the state of affairs in that kingdom.” Hist. of Eng. c. 53.]
“ The greatness of some particular subjects. pop. (popularity ? i.e. opposition to the Crown.] Salisbury acceptable to the Lower House of Parliament. qu.
"The greatness of the Privy Council.
“ The order of sitting and manage of things in Council as a state, that the bowl may go alone.
“The greatness of the Lower House in Parliament.
Limiting all Jurisdictions, more regularity.
Restoring the Church to the true limits of authority, since Henry the 8th confusion.
“Choice of persons active and in their nature stirring, and assure them.
“Advertisement to a general memorial of affairs [?]. Succeed Salisbury, and amuse the King and Prince with pastime and glory." [I am not at all satisfied that I have interpreted the first sentence rightly : but Bacon did, after Salisbury's death, distinctly intimate to the King his readiness to be “removed to business of State," if his services were wanted in that department rather than in his profession.]
“ It is like Salisbury hath some furder intention upwards : To win him to the point of policy. Surdis modis, cave aliter.
Finishing my treatise of the Greatness of Britain with aspect ad politiam. “Chem (qu. Cheut.), Popliam, Neville, Yelverton, Sandys, Herbert, Crofts, Barkley.
[Sir Walter Chute: member for Whitchurch (Southamptonshire), in the Parliament of 1614, and one of the 'undertakers,' who got into trouble for the
fo. In rege beatissimum non cogi miserrimum non suaderi.
the reed standes upright it is for us, and when it bendes it is
Of great men it is best yf a man speak in deteriorē partē rather
to towch their extern by fashons (wch nevertheless may induce men to think what is, then their dispraises, natures or conditions, and their natures and conditions much rather then their actions, for the one is but opynions the other is a
kynd of Accusacion. Qu. Wt is the direction towching recusants goodes, wr the for- (f. 24.]
feture be wholy dispensed wth or passe by graunt and is
compounded for. Q. Wt order and direction is towching yê poynt of Law in plead
ing excomun, to recusants. Making some collection touching ye authority of the pr. Councell,
as it appeareth in owr bookes of Lawe, and acquainting my
L. Chancellor and L. Treasorer therewth obiter.
an Att. and to make them think they shall find an alteracion
part he took. Sir Francis Popham, member for Wilts in James's first Parliament, which was still in existence. Sir Henry Neville (I think) member for Lewes. Henry Yelverton, member for Northampton. Sir Edwin Sandys (a distinguished member of that Parliament, see Book III. c. 5, § 5, though not named in Willis's list). Sir William Herbert, member for Montgomery County. Sir Herbert Crofts, member for co. Hereford : a strong opponent of the jurisdiction of the Council of the Marches over the 4 shires. Sir Maurice Berkley, member for Minehead, in Somersetshire :--all prominent members of the Lower House, inclining to the popular side, but good men, and worth conciliating. We shall find hereafter four out of the eight referred to by Bacon as having belonged to the opposition party in this Parliament.]
The fairest, without disorder or peril, is the general persuading to King and people, and course of infusing everywhere the foundation in this isle of a monarchy in the west, as an apt seat, state, people for it; so civilizing Ireland, further colonizing the wild of Scotland. Annexing the Low Countries.
“If anything be questioned touching policy, to be turned upon the ampliation of a Monarchy in the Royalty.”
With regard to these two last notes, see the introduction to this chapter; and compare the penultimate paragraph of Bacon's 'Speech on General Naturalization' (Vol. III. ch. viji. $ 6); my remarks in the last section of the first chapter of this volume; and my preface to the fragment on the true Greatness of Britain (Lit. and Prof. Works, vol. ii. p. 39).
Here again a line is drawn across the page, to mark the entrance upon other matters; and the notes which follow are for the most part intelligible without any commentary. “ Fo.” as I have already explained, stands for form, that is, form of expression. Whether these are ex conceptu proprio," or ex deprædatione authorum,” I cannot say.
recusants. These two queries are answered further on; see p. 91.
Still to consider how to make use both in state and for my par
ticular of my project of Amendmt of Lawes. fo. I have put yow in comission / * / gladd to be putt in a
comiss" to doe you service. [f. 24, b.) To consyder of the matter of Annexacion how it stands and what
is fitt to be advised. To parfite Pembertons assurance from his sonne. To give directions of a plott to be made to turn ye pond yard
into a place of pleasure, and to speak of them to my L. of
trees plashed upon it; on the owt side of it to sett fayre
above. From ye wall to have a waulk of some 25 foote on a higher
levell. Under that waulke some 4 foote to have a fyne littell stream
rune upon gravell and fyne peppell to be putt into ye bottome, of a yard and an half over, wch shall make the whole residue of the grownd an Iland; the banque to be turfed and kept cutt; the banq I mean of the ascent to ye upper waulk: no hedg hear but some fyne standerds
well kept. [f. 25.] Within that stream upon a lower levell to make another waulk
of 25 foote, the border to be sett wth tagges of all sortes
of flower de Luces and lylyes. All the grownd within this waulk to be cast into a laque, wth
a fayre raile wth Images gilt rownd about it and some low
flowres specially violetts and strawberies along qu. Then a fayre hedg of Tymber woorke till it towch the water,
wth some glasses colored hear and there for the ey. In ye Middle of the laque where the howse now stands to
make an Iland of 100 broad; An in the Middle thereof to build a howse for freshnes with an upper galery open upon the water, a tarace above that, and a supping roome
Annexation. Annexation of Crown lands, I presume.
pond-yard. At Gorhambury; for a description of which, when Aubrey saw it, see his Lives of Eminent Men,' ii. p. 231.