Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Culture: The Interaction Between Technology, Progress and Economic Growth
The purpose of this book is to examine the nature of organizational innovation and change by looking at the complex interplay between entrepreneurship, innovation and culture.
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an exploratory study of organizationspecific critical success factors
the case of Hong Kong
4 Scientometrics and the evaluation of European integration
5 Schumpeters theory of economic development revisited
a sign of failure a sign of hope?
the paradox of innovation in a routine design process
selfemployment out of dissatisfaction
the position of the French Dutch and German entrepreneurial and innovative engineer
an evolutionary framework to analyse process innovation
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activity analysis become capital cent chapter clusters combinations compared competitive concept construction consulting context cooperation countries create creation culture dissatisfaction Dutch economic effect emergence employment engineers entrepreneur environment European evolutionary example existing expectations explain factors Figure firms force framework French function German growth Hofstede Hong Kong ideas important increase indices individual industry influence initial innovation institutional integration interaction involved issue Italy Journal knowledge labour lead learning less level of entrepreneurship manufacturing material measured networks organizational organizations positive practices present Press professional programmes question relationship role routines Schumpeter sector self-employment share shows skunk social society specific start-ups strategic success suggest Table theory tion Ulijn University values variables
Página 109 - Here the success of everything depends upon intuition, the capacity of seeing things in a way which afterwards proves to be true, even though it cannot be established at the moment...
Página 126 - leads" the means of production into new channels. But this he does, not by convincing people of the desirability of carrying out his plan or by creating confidence in his leading in the manner of a political leader — the only man he has to convince or to impress is the banker who is to finance him — but by buying them or their services, and then using them as he sees fit. He also leads in the sense that he draws other producers in his branch after him.
Página 124 - Yet innovations in the economic system do not as a rule take place in such a way that first new wants arise spontaneously in consumers and then the productive apparatus swings round through their pressure.
Página 107 - Economic leadership in particular must hence be distinguished from "invention." As long as they are not carried into practice, inventions are economically irrelevant. And to carry any improvement into effect is a task entirely different from the inventing of it, and a task, moreover, requiring entirely different kinds of aptitudes. Although entrepreneurs of course may be inventors just as they may be capitalists...
Página 125 - ... innovation itself is being reduced to routine. Technological progress is increasingly becoming the business of teams of trained specialists who turn out what is required and make it work in predictable ways.
Página 108 - ... whether or not this market has existed before. (4) The conquest of a new source of supply of raw materials or halfmanufactured goods, again irrespective of whether this source already exists or whether it has first to be created. (5) The carrying out of the new organization of any industry, like the creation of a monopoly position (for example through trustification) or the breaking up of a monopoly position.
Página 42 - A national system of innovation is that set of distinct institutions which jointly and individually contribute to the development and diffusion of new technologies and which provides the framework within which governments form and implement policies to influence the innovation process.
Página 126 - ... can succeed in this direction. However, if one or a few have advanced with success many of the difficulties disappear. Others can then follow these pioneers, as they will clearly do under the stimulus of the success now attainable. Their success again makes it easier...
Página 109 - This is so because all knowledge and habit once acquired becomes as firmly rooted in ourselves as a railway embankment in the earth. It does not require to be continually renewed and consciously reproduced, but sinks into the strata of subconsciousness. It is normally transmitted almost without friction by inheritance, teaching, upbringing, pressure of environment.
Página 107 - The opening of a new market, that is a market into which the particular branch of manufacture of the country in question has not previously entered, whether or not this market has existed before.