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11; hardships of early repre- American statesmen, practicality,
sentatives, 14-17; treaty of 37, 44.
1782, 29; foundation of system Amiens, Peace of, 59.
of neutrality, 49; struggle for Anarchists excluded from natu-
neutral rights, 53; Anglo- ralization, 297.
Japanese alliance, 192-195; Ancona, Italian ship, sunk by
peace of Portsmouth, 195; ab- Austrian submarine, 82.
sorption of Korea by Japan, Anderson, Richard C., delegate
196; policy of non-interven- to Panama Congress, 370.
tion, 197; principle of religious Anglo-Japanese alliance, 192-195.
liberty, 199-201; recognition Annexation. See Expanison, Ter-
of states and governments, 210;

ritorial.
revolutionary government in Anstey, John, arbitrator under
France (1848), 210; Walker- Jay treaty, 311.
Rivas government in Nicara- Arabic, sinking of, 72.
gua, 211; Mr. Seward's atti- Aranda, Count d', Spanish am-
tude on recognition, 211-212; bassador at Madrid, 18.
Diaz government in Mexico, Arbitration, international. See
212-213;

President Wilson's International arbitration.
statement, 213; revolution in Arbitrators, mode of choosing,
Peru, 214-215; refusal to 311.
recognize Huerta in Mexico, Argentina, mediation in Mexico,
217; intervention, 218–225; 225.
recognition of Carranza, 227; Argentine Confederation, explor-
border raids and occupation of ation of rivers, 133.
Mexican territory, 229 et seq.; Armed merchantmen, contro-
influence and tendencies, 420; versy concerning, 73–74.
opposition to monopoly, 423; Armed neutrality, 55,
principle of legality, 423; prac- Armistice, Spain and the West-
ticality, 425; simplicity and coast republics, 384.
directness, 426-428; tendency Arredondo, Mexican diplomatic
toward conformity, 433; representative, 237.
operation for common ends, Articles of Confederation, 340.
433, 434; democratic tenden- Ashburton, Lord, negotiations
cies, 429; diplomatic dress, with Webster, 114.
429-433; joint engagements Asia, Anglo-Japanese alliance,
and action, 433-434; creation 192-195.
of ambassadorial office, 434- Astor, John Jacob, settlement at
436; extension of concert, 437;

Astoria, 351.
growth of influence, 437, 438; Atherton, Sir W., opinion as to
good offices between Russia the Alabama, 52.
and Japan, 438; political ques. Aulick, Commodore, empowered
tions, 439-440, 443-445; pro- to negotiate with Japan, 187.
posed leagues, 441-443; habits Austria, attitude toward Ameri-
of thought, 443-445.

can Revolution, 19; mission
American Revolution, signifi- of William Lee, 14, 15; sever-

cance, 2, 3, 7, 420, 421; atti- ance of relations, 99; case of
tude of European powers, 7,

Martin Koszta, 301-305.
17-19.

Award, waiver of, 314.

CO-

BACON, ROBERT, Secretary of Great Britain, Japan, and
State, xv.

Russia, for protection of fur-
Bahia Honda, 358.

seals and sea-otter, 154-158.
Bainbridge, Commodore, war Berlin decree, 57, 60.
with Algiers, ill.

Bermuda Islands, renunciation of
Bancroft, George, minister to France, 13.

England, 276; special mission Bernard, Mountague, member of
to Spain, 363; conclusion of joint high commission of 1871,

naturalization treaties, 290. 316; assistant British counsel
Banks, N. P., report on expatria- at Geneva, 317:
tion, 288.

Biddle, Commodore, visit to
Barbary powers, depredations of Japan, 186.

corsairs, 104-112; abolition of Bismarck, friendly attitude on
tribute, III; declarations as naturalization question, 290;
to religious liberty, 200.

Samoan policy, 356, 357,
Barbé Marbois, the Louisiana Black, Jeremiah S., Secretary of
cession, 345.

State, xiv; on expatriation,
Barra, Francisco de la, President 281.

ad interim of Mexico, 216. Blacklisting, 80–81.
Bates, Joshua, arbitrator under Blaine, James G., Secretary of
treaty of 1853, 315.

State, xv; Bering Sea con-
Bathurst, Lord, position as to the tentions, 150; invitation to
fisheries, 139.

American nations for Peace
Bayard, Thomas F., Secretary of Congress at Washington, 386;

State, xv; fisheries treaty, president of International
144, 147; proposal of co-opera- American Conference, 387.
tion for protection of fur-seals, Blanco, General, succeeds Gen-
149; Samoan conference, 356; eral Weyler in Cuba, 207.
first American ambassador, Bland, Theodoric, commissioner
247, 435; declines to recom- to South America, 367.
mend appointments of am- Blockade, British 'blockade"
bassadors, 435.

measures (1915), 69; law as
Bays, meaning of, in convention to blockades, 53, 60, 61; in-
of 1818, 141, 143, 144.

structions to delegates to Pana-
Beaumarchais, 9.

ma Congress, 372.
Belgium, the Hague treaties, Blodgett, Henry W., counsel in
440.

Bering Sea arbitration, 319.
Belligerent rights, efforts to limit, Bolivar, Simon, "prophetic let-
34.

ter," 367; Panama Congress,
Belmont, August, minister to 369; prediction as to Chile,
the Netherlands, 431.

410.
Bering Sea controversy, 147-154; Bolivia concedes free navigation

cession of Alaska, 148; seizure of Amazon and La Plata, 131,
of Canadian sealers, 149; sug- 132; recognition of revolu-
gestion of Mr. Phelps, 149; tionary government, 212.
contentions of Mr. Blaine, 150; Bond claims, arbitration, 333.
treaty of arbitration, 150, 318; Boundary waters, preservation of
award, 151, 318, 319–320; navigability, 146.
damages, 154; agreement with Brazil, independence, 166; navi.
gation of Amazon and Para- | Calhoun, John C., Secretary of
guay, 131, 133; break with State, siv; views on Canning-
Germany, 99-101; mediation Rush correspondence, 242.
in Mexico, 225; becomes re- California, Japanese question,
public, 389, 409, 411; constitu-

191.
tional provisions against war Canada, acquired by Great Brit-
of conquest, 389; political ain, 7; question as to annexa.
stability, 411; abolition of tion by United States, 27, 28,
slavery, 411.

340, 360; sentiment of nation-
Brewer, Mr. Justice, president ality," 147; case of the Caro.

of Venezuelan boundary com- line, 228.
mission, 250.

Canal. See Interoceanic canal.
Brillon, Madame, introduces Canning, George, attitude tow.

Lord Cholmondeley to Frank- ard Holy Alliance, 240; pro-
lin, 25.

posals to Rush, 240, 241.
British West Indies, trade with, Canton, trade with, 173, 175,
160, 163-165, 167.

176.
Brooks or Midway Islands, ac- Cape Breton, island of, 7.
quisition of, 360.

Capture, exemption of private
Bryan, William Jennings, Sec- property at sea, 61-65, 372.

retary of State, xv; resigna- Caramanly, Jusuf, Bashaw of
tion, 71; peace proposal, 335- Tripoli, character and policy,
337.

108, 109.
Bryant, William Cullen, descrip- Carbajal, Francisco, makeshift
tion of Genêt, 48.

administration in Mexico, 225.
Buchanan, James, Secretary of Carmichael, William, service in

State, xiv; proposals for an- France, 19, 20; mission to
nexation of Cuba, 361; ad- Spain, 14.
vanced position as to expatria- Caroline, case of, 228.
tion, 276; recommends occu- Carranza, Venustiano, protests
pation of Northern Mexico against American intervention,
(1858), 382; controversy as 225; convention at Aguas-

to diplomatic dress, 430, 432. calientes, 225, 226; protest
Buenos Aires, State of, reaction- against American occupation,

ary policy, 132; declaration of 229-232; charge as to support
independence, 367.

given to Villa, 231; Mr.
Bulwer, Sir Henry Lytton. See Lansing's reply, 234-235; pro-

Clayton, John M.; Inter- claims revolts, 217; recognized
oceanic canal.

by President Wilson as Presi-
Bureau of American Republics, dent of Mexico, 227; proposal
388.

of mediation to end European
Bureau of naturalization, 300. war, 90.
Burgoyne, effect of surrender at Carrizal, collision at, 237.
Saratoga, 9.

Carter, James C., counsel before
Burlingame, Anson, career in Bering Sea tribunal, 319.
China, 178.

Cass, Lewis, Secretary of State,

xiv; declaration as to religious
Cables, submarine, convention liberty, 201; instructions as to
for protection, 434.

expatriation, 284, 285.

Castlereagh, Lord, attitude tow- interoceanic canal, 122; navi-

ard Holy Alliance, 240; com- gation of rivers and canals, 122,
mercial proposals, 167.

131; answer to Kossuth's ap-
Castro, Cipriano, refusal of ar- peal, 204; recognition of South
bitration, 253-254..

American States, 367, 368;
Catherine II. of Russia, dismissal Panama Congress, 369, 370

of Genêt, 38; declaration of 375.
neutral rights, 54, 55.

Clayton-Bulwer treaty, 122. See
Central America, tour of Mr. Clayton, John M.; also Inter-
Knox, 267.

oceanic Canal.
Central American Court of Jus- Clayton, John M., Secretary of
tice, 401-402.

State, xiv; treaty as to inter-
Chacabuco, battle of, 367.

oceanic canal, 122-124; its
Chamberlain, Joseph, fisheries supersession, 126; fortification
treaty, 144:

of canal, 128.
Chile, question of recognition, Cleveland, Grover, retaliatory

367; political stability, 413. proposal as to fisheries, 145;
China, trade with, 173, 176; order for release of Canadian

treaty of 1844 with United sealers, 149; invocation of
States, 177, 178; American Monroe Doctrine in Vene-
policy, 177–185; Burlingame zuelan boundary dispute, 246,
mission, 178;
'open doorcir-

251; suggestion of intervention
cular of Sept. 6. 1899, 179; in Cuba, 206.
relinquishment of consular jur- Cockburn, Sir Alexander, arbi-
isdiction in leased territories, trator at Geneva, 316.
180; Boxer rebellion and Hay Codification. See International
circular of July 3, 1900, 180; Commission of Jurists.
international claims, 181; Korea Cohen, Arthur, assistant counsel
and Manchuria, 181-182; boy- at Geneva, 317.
cott nst United States, Colombia, treaty as to isthmian
182; “neutralization" of Man- transit (1846), 124, 127; al-
churian railways, 183; over- leged designs on Cuba, 374;
throw of Manchu dynasty, 183;

arbitrations with, 322.
republic, 183;

"six-power

Colonial monopoly, contest with,
loan, 183–184; Lansing-Ishii 2, 3, 12, 159, 166, 167, 339, 340.
agreement, 184-185; Anglo-Colonization, meaning of term,
Japanese alliance, 192-195; 245.
claim of suzerainty over Korea, Columbia River, discovery of,
195; co-operation of powers, 173, 174, 350.
434; support of independence, Columbus, N. M., raid on, 227.
423.

Commerce, pursuit of, 103, 105;
Cholmondeley, Lord, intermedi- restrictions upon, 159-190; pol-

ary between Franklin and Shel- icy of reciprocity, 160, 161;
burne, 25.

most-favored-nation principle,
Citizenship See Expatriation;

also Allegiance, Indelible. Commercial intercourse with
Clay, Henry, Secretary of State, Canada, 27, 31, 32.

xiii; exemption of private prop-Commercial restrictions, contest
erty at sea, 61; position as to with, 159-190.

12.

"Committee of Secret Corre- 384; protests against treaty
spondence,” xi, 5, 24.

between United States and
Committee of Foreign Affairs," Nicaragua, 401-402; political
xii, 5 n.

stability, 410.
Concert, international, 437. Costello and Warren, case of, 286.
Confederate cruisers, 49, 50.

Courcel, Baron Alphonse de, Ber-
Confederation, inefficiency, 34, ing Sea arbitrator, 319.
35.

Creole, case of, 315.
Congress, Continental. See Con-Crespo, General, recognition as
tinental Congress.

President of Venezuela, 213.
Congress, United States, resolu- Criminals, conveyance in cus-

tion of 1890 in favor of inter- tody, 146.
national arbitration, 324.

Cuba, views of Jefferson, 259;
Conscience, liberty of, 33:

attempts at annexation, 361,
Constitutionalists," Mexico, 362; intervention in, 205, 208;
218.

instructions to delegates to
Consular service, American, use- Panama Congress, 374; special

fulness in extension of com- position in Pan Americanism,
merce, 425, 426.

400.
Continental Congress, manage- Culebra and Culebrita, attempt

ment of foreign affairs, 5; to annex, 363.
plan of treaties, 6; drawing of Curzon, Lord, status of Suez
bills on Jay, 18.

Canal, 126.
Continuous voyages, doctrine of, Cushing, Caleb, envoy to China,
60.

176; views on expatriation,
Contraband, law of, 53, 54, 61, 278; counsel at Geneva, 316.

62; provisions, 54; decree of
French convention, 55, 56; DA GAMA, DOMICIO, Brazilian
British orders in council, 56, ambassador, note as to rupture
66; controversy with Austria, with Germany, 100-101.
82; prohibition of exports to Dana, Francis, mission to Russia,
Mexico, 216; President Wil- 15, 19.
son's declaration as to “best Danish West Indies, attempts to
practice," 220; instructions to annex, 358, 359; annexation,
delegates to Panama Congress, 359.
372.

Dauphin, American ship seized
Corinto, seizure by Great Brit- by Algerine cruiser, 106.
ain, 418.

Davis, J. C. B., American agent
Corn Islands, leased by Nicara- at Geneva, 316.

gua to, United States, 401; Day, William R., Secretary of
claimed by Colombia, 402.

State, xv.
Correspondence, Committee of Deane, Silas, secret agent to

Secret. See “Committee of France, 5, 6; surrender as a
Secret Correspondence."

rebel demanded, 15;
Costa Rica, arbitrations with, missioner to France, 8.

322; aids in expelling Walker Debts, confiscated, engagement
Rivas government from Nica- to pay, 28, 29, 34.
ragua, 211, 381; comments on Decatur, Commodore, dealings
Lincoln administration, 383– with Barbary powers, 110, 111.

com-

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