Introductory Lectures on Political-economy, Delivered at Oxford, in Easter Term, MDCCCXXXI. With Remarks on Tithes and on Poor-laws and on Penal Colonies

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J. W. Parker and son, 1847 - 372 páginas
 

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Página 179 - The man whose whole life is spent in performing a few simple operations, of which the effects too are perhaps always the same, or very nearly the same, has no occasion to exert his understanding, or to exercise his invention in finding out expedients for removing difficulties which never occur. He naturally loses, therefore, the habit of such exertion, and generally becomes as stupid and ignorant as it is possible for a human creature to become.
Página 42 - It is the great fallacy of Dr. Mandeville's book to represent every passion as wholly vicious, which is so in any degree, and in any direction.
Página 182 - England the establishment of charity-schools has had an effect of the same kind, though not so universally, because the establishment is not so universal. If in those little schools the books, by which the children are taught to read, were a little more instructive than they commonly are; and if, instead of a little smattering of Latin, which the children of the common people are sometimes taught there, and which can scarce ever be of any use to them ; they were instructed in the elementary parts...
Página 179 - His dexterity at his own particular trade seems, in this manner, to be acquired at the expence of his intellectual, social, and martial virtues. But in every improved and civilized society this is the state into which the labouring poor, that is, the great body of the people, must necessarily fall, unless government takes some pains to prevent it.
Página 86 - Some, indeed, of the articles consumed might be stored up in reserve for a considerable time ; but many, including most articles of animal food and many of vegetable, are of the most perishable nature. As a deficient...
Página 229 - By a ( tendency' towards a certain result is sometimes meant, ' the existence of a cause which, if operating unimpeded, would produce that result.' In this sense it may be said with truth, that the earth, or any other body moving round a centre, has a tendency to fly off at a tangent ; i.
Página 34 - Christian duty to do good to our fellow- creatures, both in their spiritual and in their temporal concerns ; and if so, it must be also a duty to study to the best of our ability to understand in what their good consists, and how it is to be promoted. To represent therefore any branch of such study as inconsistent with Christianity is to make Christianity inconsistent with itself. He who should acknowledge himself bound to feed the hungry and clothe the naked, and visit the sick...
Página 233 - If the aerolites which occasionally fall, were diamonds and pearls, and if these articles could be obtained in no other way, but were casually picked up, to the same amount as is now obtained by digging and diving, they would be of precisely the same value as now. In this, as in many other points in PoliticalEconomy, men are prone to confound cause and effect. It is not that pearls fetch a high price...
Página 216 - ... read of is, the counteracting causes ; especially the wars which have been raging from time to time, to the destruction of capital, and the hindrance of improvement. Now, if a ship had performed a voyage of eight hundred leagues, and the register of it contained an account chiefly of the contrary winds and currents, and made little mention of favourable gales, we might well be at a loss to understand how she reached her destination ; and might even be led into the mistake of supposing that the...
Página 97 - ... which had preceded it, but if we continue our observation long enough, we see plainly, that the boundary of the land is on the whole advancing; so here, by extending our view over many countries and through several ages, we may distinctly perceive the tendencies which...

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