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confusion, or roughness. . . . The writing of letters has so much to do in all the occurrences of human life, that no gentleman can avoid showing himself in this kind of writing: occasions will daily force him to make use of his pen, which, besides the consequences that, in his affairs, his well- or illmanaging of it often draws after it, always lays him open to a severer examination of his breeding, sense, and abilities than oral discourses, whose transient faults, dying for the most part with the sound that gives them life, and so not subject to a strict review, more easily escape observation and censure.'
Political letters, except in very few instances, will be conspicuous by their absence. The chief obstacle to their introduction here has been the want of sufficient interest in any one or two such letters taken by themselves. The correspondence of politicians is a branch of literature in itself; and though political letters are very often most interesting in their bearing on questions of domestic and foreign policy when read in a collective form, they will be found dull and meaningless in fragments. A reference to such works as Stanhope's Life of Pitt,' The Bedford Letters, The Correspondence of the Duchess of Marlborough,' Grimblot's • Letters of William III. and Louis XIV.,'The Correspondence of George III. with Lord North,' or of William IV. with Earl Grey, and many other such collections, will help to establish my assertion on this point.
In regard to the arrangement of the different epistles, it was decided, after careful consideration, not to publish them in groups according to the subject-matter, but chronologically according to the date of each author's birth. With these few observations I will leave it to others to expatiate on letter-writing as an art and on the varied beauties of our own epistolary literature in particular; and will conclude with an expression of thanks to those gentlemen who have
kindly granted me permission to reprint extracts from recently published works.
To my friend Mr. Edmund Gosse I am very grateful for the interest he has taken in the progress of this volume, as well as for the benefit I have derived from his scholarly criticism, and for several important contributions.
RIDGWAY PADDOCK, WIMBLEDON.
*** The dates at the beginning of the lines are those of the birth and
death of each writer.
SECTION I. (1450-1600.)
Lomner, William, to John Pasion
Clere, Edmund, to John Paston
Paston, William, junior, to his brother, John Paston 6
Margaret, Countess of Oxford, to John Paston
Margaret of Anjou to Dame Jane Carew
1456-1509. Henry VII. to Sir Gilbert Talbot
1471-1530. Wolsey, Cardinal, to Dr. Stephen Gardiner.
1480-1535. More, Sir Thomas, to his Wife
1489–1556. Cranmer, Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury, to
1491-1547. Henry VIII, to Anne Boleyn
1507-1536. Boleyn, Anne, to Cardinal Wolsey
1515-1568. Ascham, Roger, to Bishop Gardiner
his wife, Margaret
1502-1553. Dudley, John, Duke of Northumberland, to the Earl
1586. Sidney, Sir Henry, to his son, Philip Sidney
Shrewsbury, Earl of, to Queen Elizabeth
1533-1603. Elizabeth, Queen, to the King of France, Henry IV. 27
Lady Norris upon the death of
James VI. of Scotland
1541–1596. Drake, Sir Francis, to Lord Walsingham
Rice, John ap, to Thomas Cromwell, Visitor-General of
Beerley, Richard, to Sir Thomas Cromwell, Visitor.
General of Monasteries
1552-1618. Ralegh, Sir Walter, to Secretary Sir Robert Cecil
King James I.
1551-1601. Lyly, John, to Lord Burleigh
1561-1626. Bacon, Sir Francis, to Sir Edward Coke
Sir Thomas Bodley .
Lord Chancellor, to King James I.
1566-1625. James I. to his son, Prince Henry
Prince Charles and the Duke of Bucking-
1567-1601. Essex, the Earl of, to Queen Elizabeth
1568–1639. Wotton, Sir Henry, to John Milton.
1522-1571, Jewel, Dr., Bishop of Salisbury, to Peter Martyr
Cox, Dr., Bishop of Ely, to Rodolph Gualter .
1573-1631. Donne, Dr., to the Marquess of Buckingham
Sir Henry Goodere
the worthiest lady, Mrs. B. W
Sir J. H
1574–1637. Jonson, Ben, to John Donne
1590-1632. Eliot, Sir John, to John Hampden
1591-1674. Herrick, Robert, to Sir William Herrick
1593-1683. Walton, Isaac, to John Aubrey
1594-1643. Hampden, John, to Sir John Eliot
1596-1666. Howel, James, to Sir J. S-
the Right Hon. Lady Scroop, Countess
of Sunderland .
Sir S. C-
the Right Hon. Lady E. D
1599-1658. Cromwell, Oliver, to the Hon. William Lenthall
Cromwell, Protector, to Cardinal Mazarin .
Sir William Lockhart
1608-1674. Hyde, Sir Edward, to Lord Witherington.
Edward, Earl of Clarendon, to Mr. Mordaunt 101
Sir Henry Bennet. . 102
1613-1667. Taylor, Jeremy, to John Evelyn
1620-1706. Evelyn, John, to Abraham Cowley
1620-1678. Marvell, Andrew, to William Ramsden
the Mayor and Aldermen of Hull . 113
Penruddock's, Mrs., last letter to her Husband
Mr., last letter to his Wife
1624–1673. | Newcastle, Margaret, Duchess of, to her Husband 116
1621-1683. Sidney, Algernon, to his father, the Earl of Leicester 118
1627–1705. Ray, John, to Tankred Robinson .
1628–1699. \Temple, Sir William, to Lord Lisle .
1636-1723. Russell, Lady Rachel, to King Charles II.
Dr. Tillotson, Dean of St. Paul's. 129
1630-1694. Tillotson, Dr., to the Earl of Shrewsbury.
Lady Rachel Russell
1631-1700. Dryden, John, to John Dennis
1632–1704. Locke, John, to Lady Calverley
1642–1727. Newton, Sir Isaac, to Richard Bentley.
1717. Lloyd, Dr., Bishop of St. Asaph, to Dr. Fell, Bishop of
Browne, Tom, to a Lady who smoked tobacco
1651-1685. Otway, Thomas, to Madam Barry
1658-1725. Plaxton, the Rev. George, to Ralph Thoresby
1687. Gwynne, Nell, to Lawrence Hyde
1660-1753. Sloane, Sir Hans, to John Ray
1661-1731. De Foe, Daniel, to the Earl of Halifax
1662-1742. Bentley, Dr. Richard, to John Evelyn.
the Archbishop of Canterbury. 156
1667–1745. Swift, Dr., to the Earl of Halifax
Dean, to Archbishop King .
the Earl of Oxford
1667-1735. Arbuthnot, Dr., to Dean Swift
1671-1729. Steele, Richard, to Mary Scurlock
the Earl cf Halifax
1671-1757. Cibber, Colley, to Mrs. Pilkington