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confusion, or roughness. . . . The writing of letters has so much to do in all the occurrences of human life, that no gentleman can avoid showing himself in this kind of writing: occasions will daily force him to make use of his pen, which, besides the consequences that, in his affairs, his well- or illmanaging of it often draws after it, always lays him open to a severer examination of his breeding, sense, and abilities than oral discourses, whose transient faults, dying for the most part with the sound that gives them life, and so not subject to a strict review, more easily escape observation and censure.'

Political letters, except in very few instances, will be conspicuous by their absence. The chief obstacle to their introduction here has been the want of sufficient interest in any one or two such letters taken by themselves. The correspondence of politicians is a branch of literature in itself; and though political letters are very often most interesting in their bearing on questions of domestic and foreign policy when read in a collective form, they will be found dull and meaningless in fragments. A reference to such works as Stanhope's Life of Pitt,' The Bedford Letters, The Correspondence of the Duchess of Marlborough,' Grimblot's • Letters of William III. and Louis XIV.,'The Correspondence of George III. with Lord North,' or of William IV. with Earl Grey, and many other such collections, will help to establish my assertion on this point.

In regard to the arrangement of the different epistles, it was decided, after careful consideration, not to publish them in groups according to the subject-matter, but chronologically according to the date of each author's birth. With these few observations I will leave it to others to expatiate on letter-writing as an art and on the varied beauties of our own epistolary literature in particular; and will conclude with an expression of thanks to those gentlemen who have

kindly granted me permission to reprint extracts from recently published works.

To my friend Mr. Edmund Gosse I am very grateful for the interest he has taken in the progress of this volume, as well as for the benefit I have derived from his scholarly criticism, and for several important contributions.

W. BAPTISTE SCOONES.

RIDGWAY PADDOCK, WIMBLEDON.

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PAGE

1608-1674. Hyde, Sir Edward, to Lord Witherington.

99

Edward, Earl of Clarendon, to Mr. Mordaunt 101

Sir Henry Bennet. . 102

1613-1667. Taylor, Jeremy, to John Evelyn

103-105

1620-1706. Evelyn, John, to Abraham Cowley

. 107

Lady Sunderland

. 109

1620-1678. Marvell, Andrew, to William Ramsden

111

the Mayor and Aldermen of Hull . 113

Penruddock's, Mrs., last letter to her Husband

. 114

Mr., last letter to his Wife

115

1624–1673. | Newcastle, Margaret, Duchess of, to her Husband 116

1621-1683. Sidney, Algernon, to his father, the Earl of Leicester 118

1627–1705. Ray, John, to Tankred Robinson .

120

1628–1699. \Temple, Sir William, to Lord Lisle .

122

Mr. Godolphin

124

Lord Halifax

126

1636-1723. Russell, Lady Rachel, to King Charles II.

128

Dr. Tillotson, Dean of St. Paul's. 129

1630-1694. Tillotson, Dr., to the Earl of Shrewsbury.

131

Lady Rachel Russell

· 133

1631-1700. Dryden, John, to John Dennis

136

Elizabeth Thomas

139

1632–1704. Locke, John, to Lady Calverley

141

1642–1727. Newton, Sir Isaac, to Richard Bentley.

143

1717. Lloyd, Dr., Bishop of St. Asaph, to Dr. Fell, Bishop of

Oxford

144

Browne, Tom, to a Lady who smoked tobacco

146

1651-1685. Otway, Thomas, to Madam Barry

. 147

1658-1725. Plaxton, the Rev. George, to Ralph Thoresby

148

1687. Gwynne, Nell, to Lawrence Hyde

149

1660-1753. Sloane, Sir Hans, to John Ray

. 150

1661-1731. De Foe, Daniel, to the Earl of Halifax

151-153

1662-1742. Bentley, Dr. Richard, to John Evelyn.

155

the Archbishop of Canterbury. 156

1667–1745. Swift, Dr., to the Earl of Halifax

159

Dean, to Archbishop King .

161

the Earl of Oxford

164

Lord-Treasurer Oxford

. 166

Mrs. Moore

168

1667-1735. Arbuthnot, Dr., to Dean Swift

. 170

1671-1729. Steele, Richard, to Mary Scurlock

. 171

Lady Steele

. 172

the Earl cf Halifax

173

1671-1757. Cibber, Colley, to Mrs. Pilkington

. 174

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