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abstract acquired acquisition action ancient animals applied Aristotle attainment become body botany brain called cation character classical conceptions course cultivated culture deductive reasoning degree depends Descartes desire discovery exer exercise existence experience facts faculties force geometry give Greece Greek habit Herbert Spencer human ideas ignorance important impressions induction industry inquiry instruction intel intellectual judgment kind knowledge labour language laws learned lectures less living lobster logic mathematics matter means ment mental discipline method mind mode modern moral muscles natural history natural science notion objects observation organic phenomena philosophy physical science physiology Plato practical present principles produce progress quackery question reason reflex action refractive indices regard relations schools scientific sense society Socrates speak species student suppose table-turners taught teaching things thought tion true truth universe zoology
Página 216 - The world little knows how many of the thoughts and theories which have passed through the mind of a scientific investigator have been crushed in silence and secrecy by his own severe criticism and adverse examination; that in the most successful instances not a tenth of the suggestions, the hopes, the wishes, the preliminary conclusions have been realized.
Página 383 - I keep the subject constantly before me, and wait till the first dawnings open slowly by little and little into a full and clear light.
Página 213 - ... says the same scientist; and further quotes the noble words of Faraday —"occasionally, and frequently the exercise of the judgment ought to end in absolute reservation. It may be very distasteful and a great fatigue to suspend a conclusion, but as we are not infallible, so we ought to be cautious.
Página 114 - The proper arrangement, for example, of a code of laws, depends on the same scientific conditions as the classifications in natural history ; nor could there be a better preparatory discipline for that important function than the study of the principles of a natural arrangement, not only in the abstract, but in their actual application to the class of phenomena for which they were first elaborated, and which are still the best school for le'arning their use.
Página 33 - All true political science is, in one sense of the phrase, a priori, being deduced from the tendencies of things, tendencies known either through our general experience of human nature, or as the result of an analysis of the course of history, considered as a progressive evolution. It requires, therefore, the union of induction and deduction, and the mind that is equal to it must have been well disciplined in both. But familiarity with scientific experiment at least does the useful service of inspiring...
Página 451 - Modern writers have been prevented by many causes from supplying the deficiencies of their classical predecessors. At the time of the revival of literature, no man could, without great and painful labour, acquire an accurate and elegant knowledge of the ancient languages.
Página 48 - For many years it has been one of my constant regrets, that no schoolmaster of mine had a knowledge of natural history, so far at least as to have taught me the grasses that grow by the wayside, and the little winged and wingless neighbours that are continually meeting me, with a salutation which I cannot answer, as things are...
Página 444 - We have seen accordingly many of them slumber for centuries upon centuries; but from the moment that Science has touched them with her magic wand, they have sprung forward and taken strides which amaze, and almost awe, the beholder. ' Look at the transformation which has gone on around us since the laws of gravitation" electricity, magnetism, and the expansive power of heat have become known to us. It has altered our whole state of existence; one might say the whole face of the globe. We owe this...
Página 415 - A good, practical system of public education ought, in my opinion, to be more real than formal ; I mean, should convey much of the positive knowledge, with as little attention to mere systems and conventional forms as is consistent with avoiding solecisms. This principle, carried into detail, would allow much less weight to the study of the languages than is usually considered...