« AnteriorContinuar »
stances of this kind to furnish out sufficient, he immediately entered upon his advenentertainments for such a humanity and tures; and after a long series of exploits, benevolence of temper, I have ever delight- found out by degrees, that the person he saw ed in reading the history of ages past, which in his mistress's arms was her own brother, draws together into a narrow compass, the taking leave of her before he left his coungreat occurrences and events that are but try; and the embrace she gave him, nothing thinly sown in those tracts of time which lie else but the affectionate farewell of a sister : within our own knowledge and observation. so that he had at once the two greatest satisWhen I see the life of a great man, who has factions that could enter into the heart of deserved well of his country, after having man, in finding his friend alive, whom he struggled through all the oppositions of pre- thought dead; and his mistress faithful, judice and envy, breaking out with lustre, whom he had believed inconstant, and shining forth in all the splendour of suc- There are, indeed, some disasters so very cess, I close my book, and am a happy man fatal, that it is impossible for any accidents for a whole evening.
to rectify them. Of this kind was that of But since in history, events are of a mixed poor Lucretia ; and yet we see Ovid has nature, and often happen alike to the worth- found an expedient even in a case like hers, less and deserving, insomuch that we fre- He describes a beautiful and royal virgin quently see a virtuous man dying in the walking on the sea-shore, where she was dismidst of disappointments and calamities, and covered by Neptune, and violated after a the vicious ending their days in prosperity long and unsuccessful importunity. To miand peace; I love to amuse myself with the tigate her sorrow, he offers her whatever accounts I meet with in fabulous histories she would wish for. Never certainly was and fictions: for in this kind of writings, we the wit of woman more puzzled in finding have always the pleasure of seeing vice pun- out a stratagem to retrieve her honour. Had ished, and virtue rewarded. Indeed, were she desired to be turned into a stock or stone, we able to view a man in the whole circle of a beast, fish, or fowl, she would have been a his existence, we should have the satisfac- loser by it: or had she desired to have been tion of seeing it close with happiness or inise- made a sea-nymph, or a goddess, her imry, according to his proper merit: but though mortality would but have perpetuated her our view of him is interrupted by death be- disgrace. Give me, therefore, said she, fore the finishing of his adventures, (if I may such a shape as may make me incapable of so speak,) we may be sure that the conclu- suffering again the like calamity, or of being sion and catastrophe is altogether suitable to reproached for what I have already suffered. his behaviour. On the contrary, the whole To be short, she was turned into a man, and being of a man considered as a hero, or a by that only means avoided the danger and knight-errant, is comprehended within the imputation she so much dreaded. limits of a poem or romance, and therefore I was once myself in agonies of grief that always ends to our satisfaction; so that in- are unutterable, and in so great a distraction ventions of this kind are like food and exer- of mind, that I thought myself even out of cise to a good-natured disposition, which the possibility of receiving comfort. The they please and gratify at the same time occasion was as follows: When I was a that they nourish and strengthen. The youth, in a part of the army which was then greater the affliction is which we see our quartered at Dover, I fell in love with an favourites in these relations engaged, the agreeable young woman, of a good family in greater is the pleasure we take in seeing those parts, and had the satisfaction of seethem relieved.
ing my addresses kindly received, which ocAmong the many feigned histories which casioned the perplexity I am going to relate. I have met with in my reading, there is none We were in a calm evening diverting ourin which the hero's perplexity is greater, selves upon the top of the cliff, with a prosa and the winding out of it more difficult, thanpect of the sea, and trifling away the time that in a French author whose name I have in such little fondnesses as are most ridicuforgot. It so happens, that the hero's mis- lous to people in business, and most agreeable tress was the sister of his most intimate to those in love. friend, who for certain reasons was given out. In the midst of these our innocent endearto be dead, while he was preparing to leave ments, she snatched a paper of verses out of his country in quest of adventures. The my hand, and ran away with them. I was hero having heard of his friend's death, im- following her, when on a sudden the ground, mediately repaired to his mistress, to con- though at a considerable distance from the dole with her, and comfort her. Upon his verge of the precipice, sunk under her, and arrival in her garden, he discovered at a dis-threw her down from so prodigious a height tance a man clasped in her arms, and em- upon such a range of rocks as would have braced with the most endearing tenderness. dashed her into ten thousand pieces, had her What should he do? It did not consist with body been made of adamant. It is much the gentleness of a knight-errant either to easier for my reader to imagine my state of kill his mistress, or the man whom she was mind upon such an occasion, than for me to pleased to favour. At the same time, it express it." I said to myself, “It is not in the would have spoiled a romance, should he power of heaven to relieve me!" when I have laid violent hands on himself. In short, awaked, equally transported and astonished, to see my self drawn out of an affliction which able morning's dream, if I may call it such ; the very moment before appeared to me for I am still in doubt, whether it passed in altogether inextricable.
my sleeping or waking thoughts. However The impressions of grief and horror were it was, I fancied that my good genius stood so lively on this occasion, that while they at my bed's-head, and entertained me with lasted, they made me more miserable than the following discourse; for, upon my rising, I was at the real death of this beloved per- it dwelt so strongly upon me, that I writ down son, (which happened a few months after, the substance of it, if not the very words. at a time when the match between us was “If (said he) you can be so transported concluded.) inasmuch as the imaginary death with those productions of nature which are was untimely, and I myself in a sort an ac- discovered to you by those artificial eyes that cessary; wliereas her decease had at least are the works of human invention, how great these alleviations, of being natural and in- will your surprise be, when you shall have evitable,
l it in your power to model your own eye as The memory of the dream I have related, you please, and adapt it to the bulk of obstill dwells so strongly upon me, that I can jects, which, with all these helps, are by never read the description of Dover-Cliff, in infinite degrees too minute for your percepShakspeare's Tragedy of King Lear, with- tion! We who are unbodied spirits, can out a fresh sense of my escape. The pros- sharpen our sight to what degree we think pect from that place is drawn with such fit, and make the least work of the creation proper incidents, that whoever can read it distinct and visible. This gives us such without growing giddy, must have a good ideas as cannot possibly enter into your prehead, or a very bad one,
sent conceptions. There is not the least
particle of matter which may not furnish Come on, Sir, here's the place. Stand still! How
one of us sufficient employment for a whole fearful And dizzy 'tis to cast ones eyes so low!
| eternity. We can still divide it, and still The crows and choughs that wing the midway air .; open it, and still discover new wonders of Show scarce as gross as beetles. Half-way down
Providence, as we look into the different Hangs one that gathers samphire; dreadful trade! Methinks he seems no bigger than his head.
| texture of its parts, and meet with beds of The fishermen that walk upon the beach
vegetables, mineral and metallic mixtures, Appear like mice; and yon tall anchoring bark
and several kinds of animals that lie hid, and Diminish'd to her boat; her boat, a buoy, Almost too small for sight. The murmuring surge
as it were lost in such an endless fund of (That on the unnúmber'd idle pebbles beat)
matter. I find you are surprised at this disCannot be heard so high. I'll look no more,
course; but as your reason tells you there Lest my brain turn.
are infinite parts in the smallest portion of matter, it will likewise convince you, that
| there is as great a variety of secrets, and as No. 119.] Thursday, January 12, 1709. much room for discoveries, in a particle no
bigger than the point of a pin, as in the globe In tenui labor.
of the whole earth. Your microscopes bring
to sight shoals of living creatures in a spoonSheer-Lane, January 11. | ful of vinegar; but we, who can distinguish I HAVE lately applied myself with much them in their different magnitudes, see among satisfaction to the curious discoveries that them several huge Leviathans, that terrify have been made by the help of microscopes, the little fry of animals about them, and as they are related by authors of our own take their pastime as in an ocean, or the and other nations. There is a great deal of great deep. I could not but smile at this pleasure in prying into this world of wonders, part of his relation, and told him, I doubted which nature has laid out of sight, and seems not but he could give me the history of seveindustrious to conceal from us. Philosophy ral invisible giants, accompanied with their had ranged over all the visible creation, and respective dwarfs, in case that any of these began to want objects for her inquiries, when little beings are of a human shape. “You the present age, by the invention of glasses, may assure yourself (said he) that we see opened a new and inexhaustible magazine of in these little animals different natures, inrarities, more wonderful and amazing than stincts, and modes of life, which correspond any of those which astonished our forefa- to what you observe in creatures of bigger thers. I was yesterday amusing myself with dimensions. We descry millions of species speculations of this kind, and reflecting upon subsisted on a green leaf, which your glasses myriads of animals that swim in those little represent only in crowds and swarms. What seas of juices that are contained in the seve- appears to your eye but as a hair or down ral vessels of a human body. While my rising on the surface of it, we find to be woods mind was thus filled with that secret wonder and forests, inhabited by beasts of prey, that and delight, I could not but look upon my- are as dreadful in those their haunts, as lions self as in an act of devotion, and am very and tigers in the deserts of Libya." I was well pleased with the thought of the great much delighted with his discourse, and could heathen anatomist, who calls his description not forbear telling him, that I should be of the parts of a human body, “A hymn to wonderfully pleased to see a natural history the Supreme Being.” The reading of the of imperceptibles, containing a true account day produced in my imagination an agree-l of such vegetables and animals as grow and
live out of sight. « Such disquisitions (an-, another, and rising up to such an immense swered he) are very suitable to reasonable distance, that no created eye can see an end creatures, and you may be sure, there are of them." many curious spirits amongst us who employ The latter part of his discourse flung me themselves in such amusements. For as our into such an astonishment, that he had beer hands, and all our senses, may be formed to silent for some time before I took notice of what degree of strength and delicacy we it ; when on a sudden I started up, and drew please, in the same manner as our sight, we my curtains, to look if any one was near me. can make what experiments we are inclined but saw nobody, and cannot tell to this mo to, how small soever the matter be in ment, whether it was my good genius or 3 which we make them. I have been present dream that left me. at the dissection of a mite, and have seen the skeleton of a flea. I have been shown a forest of numberless trees, which has been No. 120.7 Saturday, January, 14, 1709. picked out of an acorn. Your microscope can show you in it a complete oak in minia
Velut silvis, ubi passim ture; and could you suit all your organs as
Palantes error certo de tramite pellit; we do, you might pluck an acorn from this
Ille sinistrorsùm, hic dextrorsùm abit ---Hora little oak, which contains another tree; and
Sheer-Lane, January 13. so proceed from tree to tree, as long as you INSTEAD of considering any particular would think fit to continue your disquisitions. passion or character in any one set of men, It is almost impossible (added he) to talk of my thoughts were last night employed on things so remote from common life, and the the contemplation of human life in general; ordinary notions which mankind receive and truly it appears to me, that the whole from blunt and gross organs of sense, without species are hurried on by the same desires, appearing extravagant and ridiculous. You and engaged in the same pursuits, according have often seen a dog opened, to observe the to the different stages and divisions of life, circulation of the blood, or make any other Youth is devoted to lust, middle-age to amuseful inquiry; and yet would be tempted bition, old age to avarice. These are the to laugh if I should tell you, that a circle of three general motives and principles of acmuch greater philosophers than any of the tion both in good and bad men; though it Royal Society, were present at the cutting must be acknowledged that they change up of one of those little animals which we their names, and refine their natures, accordfind in the blue of a plum: that it was tieding to the temper of the person whom they down alive before them; and that they ob- | direct and animate. For with the good, served the palpitations of the heart, the lust becomes virtuous love; ambition, true course of the blood, the working of the mus-honour; and avarice, the care of posterity, cles, and the convulsions in the several limbs, This scheme of thought amused me very with great accuracy and improvement.” “I agreeably till I retired to rest, and aftermust confess, (said 1,) for my own part, I go wards formed itself into a pleasing and realong with you in all your discoveries with gular vision, which I shall describe in all great pleasure; but it is certain they are too its circumstances, as the objects presented fine for the gross of mankind, who are more themselves, whether in a serious or ridicustruck with the description of every thing | lous manner. that is great and bulky. Accordingly we I dreamed that I was in a wood, of so profind the best judge of human nature setting digious an extent, and cut into such a vaforth his wisdom, not in the formation of riety of walks and alleys, that all mankind these minute animals, (though, indeed, no were lost and bewildered in it. After hayless wonderful than the other, but in that ing wandered up and down some time, I of the Leviathan and Behemoth, the Horse came into the centre of it, which opened into and the Crocodile.” “ Your observation a wide plain, filled with multitudes of both (said he) is, very just; and I must acknow- sexes. “I here discovered three great roads, ledge, for my own part, that, although it is very wide and long, that led into three difwith much delight that I see the traces of ferent parts of the forest. On a sudden, the Providence in these instances, I still take whole multitude broke into three parts, acgreater pleasure in considering the works of cording to their different ages, and marchthe creation in their immensity, than in their ed in their respective bodies into the three minuteness. For this reason, I rejoice when great roads that lay before them. As I I strengthen my sight so as to make it pierce had a mind to know how each of these into the most remote spaces, and take a view roads terminated, and whither it would lead of those heavenly bodies which lie out of the those who passed through them, I joined reach of human eyes, though assisted by myself with the assembly that were in the telescopes. Whať you look upon as one flower and vigour of their age, and called confused white in the milky-way, appears to themselves “The band of lovers.' I found, me a long tract of heavens, distinguished by to my great surprise, that several old men stars that are ranged in proper figures and besides myself had intruded into this agreeconstellations. While you are admiring the able company. As I had before observed, sky in a starry night, I am entertained with there were some young men who had united a variety of worlds and suns placed one above themselves to the band of misers, and were
walking up the path of Avarice; though both many of the fair ones, who had thus deluded made a very ridiculous figure, and were as their followers, and left them among the inmuch laughed at by those they joined, as by tricacies of the labyrinth, obliged, when they those they forsook. The walk which we came out of it, to surrender to the first partmarched up, for thickness of shades, em- ner that offered himself. I now had crossed broidery of flowers, and melody of birds, over all the difficult and perplexed passages with the distant purling of streams, and falls that seemed to bound our walk, when on the of water, was so wonderfully delightful, that other side of them, I saw the same great road it charmed our senses, and intoxicated our running on a little way, till it was terminated minds with pleasure. We had not been by two beautiful temples. I stood here for long here, before every man singled out some some time, and saw most of the multitude who woman to whom he offered his addresses, had been dispersed amongst the thickets, and professed himnself a lover; when on a coming out two by two, and marching up in sudden we perceived this delicious walk to pairs towards the temples that stood before grow more narrow as we advanced in it, till us. The structure on the right hand was (as it ended in many intricate thickets, mazes, I afterwards found) consecrated to virtuous and labyrinths, that were so mixed with love, and could not be entered but by such roses and brambles, brakes of thorns, and as received a ring, or some other token, beds of flowers, 'rocky paths, and pleasing from a person who was placed as a guard at grottos, that it was hard to say, whether it the gate of it. He wore a garland of roses gave greater delight or perplexity to those and myrtles on his head, and on his shoulders who travelled in it.
a robe like an imperial mantle, white and unIt was here that the lovers began to be spotted all over, excepting only, that where eager in their pursuits. Some of their mis- it was clasped at his breast, there were two tresses, who only seemed to retire for the i golden turtle doves that buttoned it by their sake of form and decency, led them into bills, which were wrought in rubies. He plantations that were disposed into regular was called by the name of Hymen, and was walks; where, after they had wheeled about seated near the temple, in a delicious bower, in some turns and windings, they suffered made up of several trees, that were emthemselves to be overtaken, and gave their braced by woodbines, jessamines, and amahands to those who pursued them. Others ranths, which were as so many 'emblems of withdrew from their followers into little marriage, and ornaments to the trunks that Wildernesses, where there were so many supported them. As I was single, and unFaths interwoven with each other, in so accompanied, I was not permitted to enter much confusion and irregularity, that se- the temple, and for that reason am a stranger veral of the lovers quitted the pursuit, or to all the mysteries that were performed in broke their hearts in the chase. It was it. I had, however, the curiosity to observe sometimes very odd to see a man pursuing how the several couples that entered were a fine woman that was following another, disposed of; which was after the following whose eye was fixed upon a fourth, that had manner. There were two great gates on her own game in view in some other quarter the back-side of the edifice, at which the of the wilderness. I could not but observe whole crowd was let out. Åt one of these two things in this place which I thought | gates were two women, extremely beautiful, very particular, that several persons who though in a different kind; the one having a stood only at the end of the avenues, and very careful and coniposed air, and the other cast a careless eye upon the nymphs during a sort of smile and ineffable sweetness in her their whole flight, often catched them, when countenance. The name of the first was those who pressed them the most warmly Discretion; and of the other, Complacency. through all their turns and doubles, were All who came out of this gate, and put wholly unsuccessful; and that some of my themselves under the direction of these two own age, who were at first looked upon with sisters, were immediately conducted by them aversion and contempt, by being well ac- into gardens, groves, and meadows, which quainted with the wilderness, and by dodg- abounded in delights, and were furnished ing their women in the particular corners with every thing that could make them the and alleys of it, catched them in their arms, proper seats of happiness. The second gate and took them from those whom they really of this temple let out all the couples that loved and admired. There was a particu- were unhappily married, who came out linklar grove, which was called the Labyrinth ed together by chains, which each of them of Coquettes ; where many were enticed to strove to break, but could not. Several of the chase, but few returned with purchase. these were such as had never been acquaintIt was pleasant enough to see a celebrated ed with each other before they met in the beauty, by smiling upon one, casting a glance great walk, or had been too well acquainted unon another, beckoning to a third, and in the thicket. The entrance of this gate adapting her charms and graces to the se- was possessed by three sisters, who joined veral follies of those that admired her, themselves with these wretches, and occadrawing into the labyrinth a whole pack of sioned most of their miseries. The youngest lovers, that lost themselves in the maze, and of the sisters was known by the name of never could find their way out of it. How- Levity, who, with the innocence of a virgin, ever, it was some satisfaction to me, to see l had the dress and behaviour of a harlot.
The name of the second was Contention, who letter from the famous MR, THOMAS Dogbore on her right arm a muff made of the GET. skin of a porcupine ; and on her left carried a “SIR, _On Monday next will be acted little lap-dog, that barked and snapped at for my benefit. the comedy of Love for every one that passed by her. The eldest of Le the sisters, who seemed to have a haughty and vear there. I will publish on the bills, that it
Of Love: if you will do me the honour to apimperious air, was always accompanied with is to be performed at the request of Isaac a tawny Cupid, who generally marched be- Bir
- Bickerstaffe, Esq. and question not but it fore her with a little mace on his shoulder, vi
will bring me as great an audience, as ever the end of which was fashioned into the horns of a stag. Her garments were yellow, cador was there.
the was at the house since the Morocco ambasand her complexion pale. Her eyes were
I am piercing, but had odd casts in them, and that particular distemper, which makes persons
(With the greatest respect)
Your most obedient, who are troubled with it, see objects double.
And most humble servant, Upon inquiry, I was informed that her
THOMAS DOGGET." name was Jealousy.
Having finished my observations upon Being naturally an encourager of wit, as this temple, and its votaries, I repaired to well as bound to it in the quality of censor, I that which stood on the left hand, and was / returned the following answer, called The Temple of Lust. The front of
“MR. DOGGET,– I am very well pleased it was raised on Corinthian pillars, with all with the
with the choice you have made of so excelthe meretricious ornaments that accompany |
ny lent a play, and have always looked upon that order; whereas that of the other was
you as the best of comedians; I shall therecomposed of the chaste and matron-like
fore come in between the first and second Ionic. The sides of it were adorned with
act, and remain in the right-hand box over several grotesque figures of goats, sparrows,
the pit till the end of the fourth, provided heathen gods, satyrs, and monsters, made up of half man, half beast. The gates were
you take care that every thing be rightly unguarded, and open to all that had a mind
prepared for my reception. to enter. Upon my going in, I found the windows were blinded, and let in only a kind of twilight, that served to discover a prodi- No. 121.] Tuesday, January 17, 1709. gious number of dark corners and apartments, into which the whole temple was di
---Similis tibi, Cynthia, vel tibi cujus
Turbavit nitidos extinctus passer ocellos.--Juv. vided. I was here stunned with a mixed noise of clamour and jollity: on one side of
From my own Apartment, January 17 me I heard singing and dancing; on the I was recollecting the remainder of my other, brawls and clashing of swords. In vision, when my maid came to me, and told short, I was so little pleased with the place, me, there was a gentlewoman below who that I was going out of it; but found I could seemed to be in great trouble, and pressed not return by the gate where I entered, very much to see me. When it lay in my which was barred against all that were come power to remove the distress of an unhappy in, with bolts of iron, and locks of adamant. I person, I thought I should very ill employ There was no going back from this temple my time in attending to matters of speculathrough the paths of pleasure which led to tion, and therefore desired the lady would it: all who passed through the ceremonies walk in. When she entered, I saw her of the place, went out at an iron wicket, eyes full of tears : however, her grief was which was kept by a dreadful giant, called not so great as to make her omit rules; for Remorse, that held a scourge of scorpions in she was very long and exact in her civilities, his hand, and drove them into the only out- which gave me time to view and consider let from that temple. This was a passage her. Her clothes were very rich, but tarso rugged, so uneven, and choked with so nished ; and her words very fine, but ill apmany thorns and briars, that it was a mel-plied. These distinctions made me without ancholy spectacle to behold the pains and hesitation (though I had never seen her bedifficulties which both sexes suffered who fore) ask her, “If her lady had any comiwalked through it. The men, though in mands for me?” She then began to weep the prime of their youth, appeared weak, afresh, and with many broken sighs told me, and enfeebled with old age : the women "that their family was in very great afficwrung their hands, and tore their hair ; and tion." I beseeched her to compose herself, several lost their limbs before they could ex- for that I might possibly be capable of astricate themselves out of the perplexities of sisting them. She then cast her eye upon the path in which they were engaged. The my little dog, and was again transported with remaining part of this vision, and the adven- too much passion to proceed; but with much tures I met with in the two great roads of ado, she at last gave me to understand, that Ambition and Avarice, must be the subject Cupid, her lady's lap-dog, was dangerously of another paper.
ill, and in so bad a condition, that her lady ADVERTISEMENT.
neither saw company, nor went abroad, for I have this morning received the following which reason she did not come herself to