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The mightiest of thy greatest enemies,

With Cain go wander through the shade of night, Richard of Bourdeaux, by me hither brought. And never shew thy head by day nor light. Boling. Exton, I thank thee not; for thou haft Lords, I proteft, my soul is full of woe, wrought

That blood should sprinkle me, to make me grow : A deed of Nander, with thy fatal hand,

Come, mourn with me for what I do lament, Upon my head, and all this famous land. [deed. And put on sullen black incontinent ;

Exeon. From your own mouth, my lord, did I this I'll make a voyage to the Holy Land, Boling. They love not poison, that do poison need, To wash this blood off from my guilty hand :Nor do I thee; though I did wish him dead, March sadly after ; grace my mournings here, I hate the murderer, love him murdered. In weeping after this untimely bier. The guilt of conscience take thou for thy labour,

[Exeunt omnes But neither my good word, nor princely favour :

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ΚΙ NG

H E N R Y

IV.

PERSONS REPRESENTED,

Jous, Duke 2 of Lancaster

; } fons to the King.

King HENRY ibe Fourth.

Sir WALTER BLUNT. of Wales,

Sir John FALSTAFF.

Poiss. Farl of WORCESTER.

GADSHILL. Earl of NORTHUMBERLAND.

PETO.
Henry Percy, surnamed HOTSPUR.

BARDOLPH.
EDMUND MORTIMER, Earl of Marib.
Scroop, Archbishop of York.

Lady Percy, wife to Uotspur, sister to Mortimer, ARCHIBALD, Earlof Douglas.

Lady MORTIMER, daugbter to Glendower, and Dwes GLENDOWER.

wife so Mortimer. Sir RichaRD VERYOX.

QUICKLY, bostejs of a tavern in Eaficbeap. Earl of WEST MORELAND. Sheriff, Vintner, Chamberlain, Diaruers, tivo Carriers, Tiwvelleri, and Attendants, &c.

SCENE, England.

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3 CE NE I.

To be commenc'd in stronds afar remote.

No more the titty entrance of this foil
The Court in London.

Shall daub her lips with her own children's blood; Enter King Henry, Earl of Westmoreland, Sir Walter, No more Mall trenching war channel her fields, Blunt, and others.

Nor bruise her flowrets with the armed hoofs K. Henry. O taken as we are, fo wan with care, Of Hortile paces : those opposed eyes, pant,

All of one nature, of one substance bred, And breathe short-winded accents of new broils Did lately meer in the intestine shock

heaven,

The tranfactions contained in this historical drama are comprised within the period of about ten months; for the action commences with the news brought of Hotspur having defeated the Scots under Archibald earl Douglas at Holmcdon (or Halıdown-bill), which battle was fought on Holyrood. day (the 14th of September) 1402 ; and it cloles with the deteat and death of Houlpur at Shrewibu. ry; which engagement happened on Saturday the 2iit of July (the eve of Saint Mary Magdalen) in the year 1403 °Dr. Johnton remarks, that • Shakspeare has apparently deligned a regular connection of thele dramatic histories from Richard the Second to Henry the Fifth. King Henry, at the end of Richard the Second, declares his purpose to visit the Holy Land, which he resumes in this speech. The complaint made by king Henry in the last act of Richard the Second, of the wildness of his son, prepares the reader for the frolicks which are here to be recounted, and the characters which are now to be exhibited." 2 Mr. Steevens says, it should be Prince John of Lancafler, and adds, that the persons of the drama were originally collected by Mr. Rowe, who has given the title of Duke of Lancaster to Prince John, a mistake which Shakspeare has been no where guilty of in the far part of this play, though in the second he has fallen into the fame error. K. Henry IV. was kiinteit the last person that ever bore the title of Duke of Lancaster. But all his fons ('ull i hey had peerages, as Clarence, Bedford, Gloucester) were distinguished by the name of the royal houle, as John of Luncafler, Humphry of Lancaster, &c. and in that proper style, the present Foha (who became afterwards to illustrious by the title of Duke of Bedford) is always mentioned in the play

before us.

And

And furious clofe of civil butchery,

The earl of Douglas is discomfited ; Shall now, in mutuel, well-beieeming ranks, Ten thousand bold Scots, tu'o and twenty knights, March all one way ; and be no more oppos'd Bulk'd 6 in their own blood, did fir Walter fee Against acquaintance, kindred, and allies : On Holmedon's plains: Of prisoners, Hotípur took The edge of war, like an ill-Ineathed knife, Mordiake the earl of Fife, and eldeit fon No more shall cut his master. Therefore, friends, To beaten Douglas; and the earts As far as to the sepulchre of Christ,

Of Athol, Murray, Angus, and Mente.th. (Whose Soldier now, under white blefed cross And is not this an honourable spoil ? We are impreiled and engag d to fight)

A gallant prize? ha, coufi, is it not?
Forthwith a power of English full we levy!; Wojl. 'Faith, 'tis a conquest for a prince to boast of.
Whose arms were moulded in their mothers' wombs K. Henry. Yea, there thou makst me sad, and
To chaie thcse pagans, in those holy fielus,

mak't me tin
Over whose acres walk'd those blelied feet, In envy that my lord Northumberland
Which, fourteen hundred years ago, were nail'd, Should be the father of fu blélt a fon:
For our advantage, on the bitter crofs.

A son, who is the theme of honour's tongue ;
But this our purpose is a twelve-month old, Amongit a grove, the very Itraiteft plant ;
And bootless 'tis to tell you-we will go, Who is sweet fortune's minion, and her pride :
Therefore we meet not now:-Then let me hear Whilft I, hy looking on the praise of him,
Of you, my gentle couíin Westmoreland,

See riot and dishonour ftain the brow What yesternight our council did clecree, Of my young !Iarry. O, that it could be provid, In forwarding this dear expedience 2.

That some night-tripping fairy had exchang'd Weft. My liege, this haste was hot in question, In cradle-cloths our children where they lay, And many limits 3 of the charge set down And call'd mine--Percy, his--Plantagenet ! But yesternight : when, all athwart, there came Then would I have his Harry, and he mine. A post from Walcs, loaden with lieary news; But ict him from my thoughits : What think Whose worst was,--that the noble Mortimer,

you, coz', Leading the men of Herefordihire to fight Of this young Percy's pride. The prisoners, Against the irregular and wild Glendower, Which he in this adventure hath surpriz'd, Was by the rude hands of that Welchman taken, To his own use he keeps 7 ; and fends me word, And a thousand of his people butchered :

I shall have none but Mordake earl of Fife S. Upon whose dead corps there was such miluse, Weft. This is his uncle's teaching, this is WorSuch heaitly, shameless transformation,

Malevolent to you in all aspects; (cefter, By those Wellhwomen done, as may not be, Which makes him prune 9 himself, and brittle up Without much thame, retold or spoken of. [broil The crest of youth against your dignity.

K. Henry. It seems then that the tidings of this K. Henry. But I have sent for him to answer this; Brake off our business for the Holy Land. [lord; And, for this cause, awhile we must neglect

18 eft. This, match'd with other, did, my gracious Our holy purpose to Jerusalem. For more uneven and unwelcome news

Cousin, on Wednesday next our council we
Came from the north, and thus it did import. Will hold at Windior, so inform the lords :
On Holy-rood day, the gallant Hotipur 4 there, But come yourielf with speed to us again ;
Young Harry Percy, and brave Archibald , For more is to be said, and to be done,
That ever-valiant and approved Scot,

Than out of anger can be uttered.
At Holmedon met,

Wifi. I will, my liege.

[Exeuni. Where they did spend a sad and bloody hour;

S CE N E
As b; discharge of their artillery,
And hape of likelihood, the news was told ;

An apartment belonging to the Prince.
For he that brought it, in the very heat

Enter Henry, Prince of Wales, and Sir John Falfaff. And price of their contention did take horse, Fal. Now, Hal, what time of day is it, lad : Uncertain of the ilue any way.

(triend, P. Henry. Thou art fo fat-witted, with drinking X'. Henry. llere is a dear and true-industrious of old fack, and unbattoning thee after supper, and Sir Walter Blunt, new lighted from his horse, sleeping upon benches after noon, that thou haft Stain's with the variation of each foil

forgotten to deniand that truly which thou would'st Betwixt that Holmedon and this feat of ours; truly know. What a devil halt thou to do with And he hath brought us smooth and welcome news.lthe time of the day : unless hours were cups of sack,

11.

I Mr. Steevens proposes to read lead for levy. 2 i. e. expedicion. 3 Limits for estimates.

4 HOlinhed in his liilory of Scotlard says, " This Harry Percy was turnamed, for his often priching, Herry Hotffur, as one ihai feldom times relied, if there were anie service to be done abroad." s Archibald Dougias, carl Douglas. 6 A laik fignifics a bank or kill. Balk'd in their own blood, may therefore mean, lay in heaps or hillocks, in their own blood. 7 Mr. Tollet obferves, that by the law of arms, cvery man who had taken any captive, whose redemption did not exceed ten thousand crowns, had him clearly for himleil, either to a quis or ranim, at his pleasure. 8 Whom (Mr. Sucevens adds)

Pircy could no: refuse to the king, as being a prince of the blood royal, (son to the duke of Ab Fany, brother to king Robert III. and whom Henry might juftly claim by his acknowledged naty prerogative. 9 Dr. Johnson says, to prune ard to fluns, poken of á bird, is the same.

And

and minutes capons, and clocks the tongues of thy quips, and thy quiddities? what a plague have bawds, and dials the signs of leaping-houses, and I to do with a buff jerkin ? the blessed fun himself a fair hot wench in flame P. Henry. Why, what a pox have I to do with colourà taffita; I see no reason, why thou should'st my hostess of the tavern ? he fo fuperfluous to demand the time of the day. Fal. Well, thou haft call'd her to a reckoning,

Fal. Indeed, you come near me now, Hal : for many a time and oft. we, that take purses, go by the moon and seven P. Henry. Did I ever call thee to pay thy part ? - Itars; and not by Phæbus,-he, that wandring Fal. No; I'll give thee thy due, thou hast paid knigbe so fair. And, I pray thee, fu eet wag, all there. when thou art king,--as, God save thy grace, P. Henry. Yea, and elsewhere, so far as my coin (inajetty, I should say ; fur grace thou wilt have would Itretch; and, where it would not, I have none.)

us'd my credit. P. Henry. What! none ?

Fal. Yea, and so usd it, that, were it not here apFal. No, by my troth; not so much as will parent that thou art heir apparent,-—But, I pr’yserve to be prologue to an egg and butter.

thee, sweet wag, shall there be gallows ftanding in P. Henry. Well, how then? come roundly, England when thou art king? and resolution thus roundly.

fobb’d as it is, with the rusty curb of old father anFal. Marry, then, sweet wag, when thou art tick the law ? Do not thou, when thou art king, king, let not us, that are squires of the night's bo- liang a thief. dy, be call'd thieves of the day's beauty '; let us P. Hen. y. No; thou shalt. be-Diana's foresters, gentlemen of the shade, Fal. Shall 1 ? O rare ! By the Lord, I'll be a minions of the moon : And let men fay, we be brave judge. men of good government; being governed as the P. Henry. Thou judgest false already : I mean, fea is, by our noble and chaste mistress the moon, thou shalt have the hanging of the thieves, and so under whose countenance we-teal.

become a rare hangman. P. Henry. Thou say'lt well; and it holds well Fal. Well, Hal, well; and in some fort it jumps too: for the fortune of us, that are the moon's with my humour, as well as waiting in the court, men, doth ebb and flow like the sea ; being go- I can tell you. vern'd as the sea is, by the moon. As for proof, P. Henry. For obtaining of suits 5 ? Dow: A purte of gold most refolutely snatch'd on Fal. Yea, for obtaining of suits 5 ; whereof the Monday night, and moft diffolutely spent on Tues- hangman hath no lean wardrobe. 'Sblood, I am as day morning; got with swearing--lay by 2 ; and melancholy as a gib cat, or a lugg'd bear. spent with crying-bring in : now, in as low an P. Henry. Or an old lion ; or a lover's lute. ebb as the foot of the ladier; and, by and by, in Fal. Yea, or the drone of a Lincolnshire bagpipe. as high a flow as the ridge of the gallows.

P. Henry. What say'lt thou to a hare?, or the Fal. By the Lord, thou fay'1t true, lad. And is melancholy of Moor-ditch 5 ? not my hostess of the tavern a mott sweet wench? Fal. Thou hast the most unsavoury fimilies; and

P. Henry. As the honey of Hybla, my old lad of art, indeed, the most comparative 9, rascalliest,the castle 3. And is not a butt jerkin a most tweet sweet young prince --But, Ilal, 1 pr’ythee, trouble rove of durance 4 ?

me no more with vanity. I would to God, thou Fal. How now, how now, mad wag? what, in and I knew where a commodity, of good names

1 Mr. Steevens is of opis that our poet, by the expression thicres of the day's beauty, meant only, Let not us who are body Jquires to the night, i. e. adorn the night, he called a disgrace to the day.He afterwards adds, that a squire of the body fignified originally, the attendant on a knight; the person who bore his head-piece, ipcar, and thield; and thai it became afierwards the cast term for a pirip.

i. e. fwearing at the passengers they robbed, ly by your arms; or rather, lis ly tidad phiule that then significd jiand Mill, addressed to those who were preparing to rush forward. 3 Warburton, in commenting upon this pasluge, says, “ This alludes to inc name Svakspeare first gave to this buiioon character, which was ar John Oldcalle ; and when he changed the name he forgot to itrike out inisi xpreffion that alluded to it, The reason of the change was this: One fir John Oldcattle having futtered in the time of Henrv the Fifth for the opinions of Wicklit, it gave offence, and theretóre the puci altcred it to Falstaff.” Mr. Steevens, however, has, we inink, very fully and Satisfactily proved that fir John Oldcattle was not character ever introduced by Shakspeare, nor did he ever occupy the place of Falitait. The play in which Oldcaftle's name occurs, was not, according to Mr. Steevens, the work of our poet, but a despicable piece, prior that of Shaklpeare, full of ribaldry and impiety from the beginning to the end ; and was probably the play fneeringly alluded to in the epilogue to the Second Part of Henry IV.- for Oidiujite died a mailyr. 4 The shes rifi's officers of those times were clad in buff. The meaning iherefore of this answer of the Prince tv Frittefl's question is, “ whether it will not be a swext thing to go to prilon by running in dele to this (wert wench." S Shakspeare here quibbles upon the word fuit. The price ulis it so mean a periton; Falstaff, to imply a suit of cleaths. i. e. an old he-cat, Gilbert, or (1b, being the na ne formerly appropriated to a cat of the male fpecics. 7 Dr. Jornfon lays, that “ a here may be condered as melancholy, becault the is upon her forın always folitarv; and acc rdinziots physick of the times, the Neth of it was fuppoted to generate mclancholv. 8 Alluding, perhaps, .o que melanciwly appearance of its itagnant water. 9 i. e. the most quick ut comparisons.

6

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do not,

were to be bought : An old lord of the council good fellowship in thee, nor thou canı'rt not of rated me the other day in the street about you, sir; the blood royal, if thou dar'ít not stand for ten but I mark'd him not : and yet he talk'd very thillings. wisely; but I regarded him not : and yet he P. Henry. Well then, once in my days I'll be a talk'd wisely, and in the street too.

mad-cap. P. Henry. Thou didit well; for wisdom cries out Fal. Why, that's well said. in the it:eets, and no man regards it.

P. Howry. Well, come what will, I'll tarry at Fil. O, thou hast damnable iteration'; and art, hoine. indeed, able to corrupt a fiint. Thou hatt done Fal. By the Lord, I'll be a traitor then, when much harm upon me, Hal,-God forgive thee for it! thou art king. Before I knew thce, Hi, I knew nothing; and P. Henry. I care not. now am I, if a man thould ípeak truly, litle better Poins. Sir John, I pr’ythee, leave the prince than one of the wicked. I must give over this and me alone; I will lay him down fuch reasons life, and I will give it over ; by the Lord, an I do for this adventure, that he shall go. not, I am a villain ; I'll be damnd for never a Fal. Well, may'lt thou have the spirit of perking's fon in Christendom

fuafion, and he the ears of profiting, that what P. Hewy. Where shall we take a purse to- thou speakeit may move, and what he hears may morrow, Jack ?

be believed, that the true prince may (for recrea. Fal. Wiliere thou wilt, lad, I'll make one; an Ition fake) prove a false thief; for the poor ahules call its villain, and batre ? me.

of the time want countenance. Farewel; You P. Henry. I see a good amendment of life in thall find me in East-cheap. thee; from praying, to purse-taking.

P. Henry. Farewel, thou latter spring ! farewel, Fal. Why, Hal, 'tis my vocation, Hal; 'tis no All-hallown 3 summer!

[F xie Faliaf. sin for a man to labour in his vocation. Poins !-- Poins. Now, my good sweet honey lord, ride Now shall we know, if Gads-bill have set a match. with us to-morrow ; I have a jest to execute, that O, if mei were to be sav'd by merit, what hole in I cannot manage alone. Falstaff, B:dolph, Peto, hell were hot enough for him ?

and Gads-hill, shall rob those men that we have Enter Poins.

already way-laid; yourself and I will not be This is the most omnipotent villain, that ever cry'd, there : and when they have the booty, if you and Stand, to a true man.

I do not rob them, cut this head from my P. Henry. Good morrow,

Ned.

shoulders. l'oins. Good morrow, fweet Hal.-What says P. Henry. But how shall we part with them in monsieur Remorse? What says Sir John Sack-and-setting forth? Sugar ? Jack, how agrees the devil and thee about Poins. Why, we will set forth before or after thy soul, that thou foldest him on Good-Friday them, and appoint them a place of meeting, whereJalt, for a cup of Madeira, and a cold capon's legs in it is at our pleasure to fail; and then will they

P. H .. Sir John stands to his word, the devi! adventure upon the exploit themselves : which Mhall have his bargain ; for he was never yet a they Thall have no rooner atchieved, but we'll seç breaker of proverbs, He will give the devil his due. upon them.

Poirs. Then art thou damn’d for keeping thy P. Henry. Ay, but, 'tis like, that they will Word with the devil.

know us, by our horses, by our habits, and by P. Henry. Else he had been damn'd for cozening every other appointment, to be ourselves. the devil.

Poins. Tur! our horses they shall not fee, I'll Points. But my lads, my ladis, to-morrow morn- tie them in the wood; our visors we will change, ins, by four o'clock, early at Göls-hull: There are after we leave them; and, furah, I have cases of pilgrims going to Canterbury with rich offerings, buckram for the nonce 4, to immałk our noted and traders riving to London with fat purses : 1 outward garments. have visors for you all, you have horses for your P. Henry. But, I doubt, they will be too hard selves : Gads-hill lies to-night in Rocheiter ; I have for us. bespoke fupper to-morrow night in Eatt-chean ; Poins. Well, for two of them, I know them to we may do it as secure as 1leep: If you will go, 1 be as true-breal cowards as ever turn'd back; and will stuff your purses full of crowns; if you will for the third, if he fight longer thin he fees reason,

I'll forfwear arm'. not, tarry at home, and be hang'd.

The virtue of this jest will be, Ful Hear ye, Yedvard; if I tarry at home, the incomprehenfile lies that this fame fat rogue and go not, I'll hang you for going.

will tell us, when we meet at fupper: how thirty, Poins. You will, chops?

at least, he fought with ; what wards, what blows, Fal. l, wilt thou make one?

what extremities he endured ; and in the r proofs P. Henry. Who, 1 rob; I a thief ? Not I, by of this lies the jest.

P. Tinry. Well, I'll go with three : provide us Fal. There's neither honesty, manhood, nor all things necesitary, and meet me cu-morrow night

my faith

2 SCC

• The meaning, according to Dr. Johnson, is, thou haft a wicked trick of repeating and applying holy":exis; aliuding to the prince baving said in the preceding speech, wisdom (17cs out, &c. note 2, p. 415

3 i. e. All-saints' day, which is the first of November. Shakíprare's allusion is designed to ridicule an old man with youthful paflius. 4 ¢ for the occafion,

sic.com

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