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Keeps ftili in Dunsinane, and will endure
Mes. Let me endure your wrath, if 't be not so : Our leiting down before't.
Within this three mile may you see it coming : Mal. 'Tis his main hope :
I say, a moving grove. For where there is advantage to be given !
Macb. If thou speak'st false, Botii more and less 2 Jiave given him the revolt; Upon the next tree ihalt thou hang alive, And none ferve with him but constrained things, 'Till famine cling thee: if thy speech be footh, Whole hearts are ablent too.
I care not if thou doft for me as much. Macd. Let our just censures
I pull in refolution; and begin Atiend the true event, and put we on
To doubt the equivocation of the fiend, Industrious foldiership.
That lies like truth: Fear not 'rill Birnam wood Siw. The time approaches,
Do come to Dunkinane ;--and now a wood That will with due decision make us know Comes toward Duniinane.—Arm, arm, and out! What we thall say we have, and what we owe. If this, which he avouches, does appear, Thought (peculative their unfure hopes relate; There is no flying hence, nor tarrying here. But certain flue Itrokes mutt arbitrace 3 :
I’gin to be a-weary of the sun, [done. Towards which, advance the war. [Excant,marching. And with the estate o’the world were now un
Ring the alarum bell:-- Blow, wind! come, wrack! S CE N E V.
At least we'll die with harness on our back. [Exeurt. Ester Macbeth, Srytor, and Soldiers, with drums and
S CE N E VI. cclours.
Drum and Colours. Erter Malcolm, Siward, MacMacb. Hing out our banners on the outward walls;
duff, and iheir A my, with boughs. The cry is still, They come : Our cattle's strength Mal. Now near enough ; your leavy screens Will laugh a siege to scorn : here let them lie,
thro'y down, 'Till famine and the agne eat them up:
And thew like those you are: --You, worthy uncle, Were they not forc'd with those that ihould be ours, Shall, with my cousin, your right-noble for, We might have met them dareful beard to beard,
Lead our first battle: worthy Macduff, and we, And beat them backward home. What is that noise? Shall take upon us what elle remains to do,
(d cry within of women. According to our order. Sey. It is the cry of women, my good lord.
Siw. Fare you well. — Macb. I have almost forgot the taite of fears : Do we but find the tyrant's power to-night, The time has been, my senses would have cool'd Let us be beaten, if we cannot fight. [ali breath, To hear a night-thriek; and my 4 fell of hair Maid. Make all our trumpets speak; give them Would at a dismal treatise roure, and stir Those clamorous harbingers of blood and death. As life were in't: I have fupe full with horrors ;
[Exeunt. durums continued.
SCE Direness, familiar to my flaught'rous thoughts,
VII. Cannot once start me.--Wherefore was that cry?
Enter Macboob. Sey. The queen, my lord, is dead.
Macb. They have tyd me to a Itake; I canMacb. She should have dy'd hereafter ;
not flv, There would have been a time for such a word. But, bear-like, I must fight the course. What's he, To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow,
That was not born of woman : Such a one. Creeps in this petty pace from day to day,
Am I to fear, or none. To the last fyllable of recorded 5 time;
Enter Young Siward. And all our yesterdays have lighted fools
Yo. Siw. What is thy name? The way to duity death. Out, out, brief candle ! Macb. Thou'lt be afraid to hear it. [name Life's but a walking thadow; a poor player, Yo. Siru. No; though thou call'it thyself a hotter That Itruts and frets his hour upon the stage,
Than any is in hell. And then is heard no mere: it is a tale
Macó. My name's Macbeth.
(a title Toid by an ideot, full of sound and fury,
Yo. Siw. The devil himielf could not pronounce Signifying nothing.
More hateful to mine ear.
Macó. No, nor more fearful.
[my sword Thou com'st to use thy tongue ; thy story quickly.
Yo. Sicu. Thou lielt, abhorred tyrant ; with Ml. Gracious my lord,
I'll prove the lie thou speak'it. I should report that which I say I füw,
[Fight; and Young Siward is flain. But know not how to do't.
Macb. Thou wast born of woman. Macb. Well, fay, fir.
Bue (words I smile at, weapons laugh to corn, Mef. As I did itand my watch upon the hill, Brandith'd by man that's of a woman horn. [Exit. I look'd toward Birnam, and anon, methought,
Aluram, Enter Macduff. The wood began to move.
Mard. That way the noile is :-Tyrant, Thew Macb. Liar, and have! [Striking bim. thy face; I That is, opportunity to be gone.
2 More and lefs is the same with greater and lifs. 3i. e. detere maine. 4 My hairy part, my capillitium. Feil is skin. 5 Recorded is probably here uted for recording, or recordable. 6 Clung, in the northern counties, fignifics any thing that is shrivelled or shrunk up. By famine, the intestines are, as it were, stuck together. To be clem'd is a Statiordshire expretlion ligmifying to be laura. To ting likewise lignities 'o compress, 10 e mbrale. Cc
If thou be'st Nain, and with no stroke of mine, I throw my warlike mield: lay on, Macduff:
[Ercunt, fighting. Alar ums.
arriv'd. Enter Maliolo and Old Siward.
Siw. Some must go off: and vet, by these I see,
So Situ. This way, my lord ;--the castle's gently
great a day as this is chearly bought. render'd :
Wul. Macduff is milling, and your noble fon. The tyrant's people on both sides do fight;
Rolle. Your son, my lord, has paid a soldier's The noble thanes do bravely in the war ;
He only liv'd but 'till he was a man ; [deht : The day almost itself profeises yours,
The which no sooner had his prowess confirm'd And little is to do.
In the unthrinking Station where he fought, Mal. We have met with foes
But like a man he dya. That Itrike beside us.
Siw. Then he is dead ?
[of sorrow Siw. Enter, sir, the castle. [Exeunt. Alarum.
RT. Ay, and brought off the field : your cause
Mutt not be measur'd by his worth, for then
It hath no-end.
Siw. Had he his hurts before ? On mine own lword ? whiles I see lives, the gathes
Rolie. Ay, on the front.
Simv. Why then, God's soldier be he!
Had I as many fons as I have hairs,
I would not with them to a fairer death :
And that I'll spend for bim.
Sirw. He's worth no more ;
comfort. As easy may'lt thou the intrenchant air 2
Re-inter Mazed:ff, with Macbitb's lead.
I tee thee compars’d with thy kingdom's pearl 5,
That speak my falutation in their minds;
All. Hail, king of Scotland ! Flour:.
Henceforth be earts, the first that ever Scotland That keep the word of promise to our ear, In such an honour nan'd. What's more to do, And break it to our hope.--1'll not fight with thee. Which would be planted newly with the time,-Mucd. Then yield thee, coward,
As calling home our exild friends abroad, And live to be the thew and gaze o' the time. That fled the fnares of watchful tyranny ; We'll have thce, as our rarer monsters are, Proclucing forth the cruel ministers l'ainted upon a pole ; and under-writ,
of this dead butcher, and his fiend-like queen ; Here ney you jie the tyrani.
Who, as 'tis thought, by self and violent hands
Took off her life ;-This, and what needful elle
We will perform in me.jure, time, and place :
1 To bruit is to report with clamour; to noise. 2 j. e. air which cannot be ent. 3 i. e. that fraffic with ambiznous expresions. + Sce note 8, p. 367. 5 s. e. thy kingdoin's wealth.
PERSONS REPRESENTE D.
Philip, King of France. Prince HENRY, Son to the King.
Lewis, the Dauphin. ARTHUR, Duke of Bretagne, and Nephew to the Arch-duke of AustRIA. King. .
Cardinal PANDULPHo, the Pope's Legate. PEMBROKE 2,
Melun, a French Lord. Essex},
CHATILLON, Ambasjador from France to King
CONSTANCE, Moiber to Arthur. ROBERT FAULCOWBRIDGE, Half-brother to
BLANCH, Daughter to Alphonso King of Caftile, the Bastard.
and Niece to King John. JAMES GURNEY, Servant to the Lady Faul Lady FaULCONBRIDGE, Mother to the Bafconbridge.
tard, and Robert Faulconbridge. Peter of POMFRET, a Prophet. Citizens of Angiers, Heralds, Executioners, Medingers, Soldiers, and other Attendants.
The SCENE, sometimes in England, and sometimes in France.
S CE N E L.
And put the same into young Arthur's hand,
Thy nephew, and right royal sovereign.
K. John. What follou's, if we ditallow of this? A room of fiare in the palace.
Chat. The proud controul 7 of fierce and bloody Enter King John, Queen Elinor, Pembroke, Fjex, To inforce these rights fo forcibly withheld. (war, and Salisbury, with Chatillo.
K. John. Here have we war for war, and blood X. Yohn. NOW, say, Chatillon, what would
for blood, N
France with us? [France, Controulment for controulment; so answer France. Chat. Thus, after grecting, speaks the king of
Chat.. Then take my king's defiance from my In my behaviour", to the majesty,
The farthest limit of my embally. [mouth, The borrow'd majetty of England here.
k. John. Ber mine to him, and so depart in Fli. A strange beginning ;-borrow'd majesty! Be thou as lightning in the eyes of France: [peace : K. John. Silence, good mother ; hear the embally. For ere thou canst report I will be there,
Cbar. Phili; of France, in right and true behalf The thunder of my cannon shall be heard : Of thy deceased brother Geitrey's fon,
So, hence! Be thou the trumpet our wrath,
An honourable conduct let him have ;-
[Exeunt Chai. and Pem. Which sways ufurpingly these several titles ; Eli. What now, my son ? have I not ever fisid,
1 Mr. Theobald remarks, that though this play hath the title of The Life and Death of King John, yet the action of ii begins at the thirty-fourth year of his life; and takes in only fome eraniactions of his reign at the time of his demile, being an interval of about seventeen years. Mr. Steevens obserres, that Hall, Holinshed, Stowe, &c. are clofely followed not only in the conduct, but fometimes in the expressions throughout the following historical dramas ; viz. Macbeth, this play, Rio chaud 11. Henry IV. 4 parts, Henry V. Henry VI. 3 parts, Richard III. and Henry VIII. 2 William Marelhall. 3 Jeffrey Fitzpeter, Ch. J. of England. 4 William Longlword, fon to Hen. ll. by Rolamond Cliflerd. s Roger, Earl of Norfolk and Suffolk, • i. e. in iny character. potion. Сс2
7i. e. opo
How that ambitious Corftance would not cease, O old Sir Robert, father, on my knee
K. Jobu. Vi hy, what a mad-cap hath heaven This might have been prevented, and made whole,
lent us here: With very easy arguments of love ;
Eli. He hath a trick 2 of Coeur-de-lion's face, Which now the manager of two kingdoms must The accent of his tongue attecteth him : With fearful bloody iliue arh trte.
[urs. Do you not read fonie tokens of my son X. Yolun. Our (trong potleilion, and our right for 1:1 the large composition of this man?
Eli. Your trong polietion, much morethan your *. Jobn. Mine eye hath well examined his parts, Or eife it must go wrong with you, and me: (right; And finds them perfect Richard.—Sirrah, peak, So much my conscience whitper in your ear: What doth move you to claim your hrother's lund? Wnich none but heaven, and you, and I, thall hear. Phil. Because he bath a half-face, like my father; Enter the Sberit of Northuspronjinire, quina chijpers with that if-face would he have all my i od:
A half-fac'd groat 3 nive hundred pound a year! Efex. My liegs, here is the strongest controversy, Rab. My gracious liege, when that my father livid, Come from the country to be judg'd by you, Your brother did employ my father much ;That c'er I heard : Shall I sroduce the men ? Phil. Well, fır, by this you cannot get my land ;
K. Yohn. Let them approach.-- [Exit Sberij Yrur tale must be, how he employ'd my mother. Our abbies, and our priorits, ihail pay
Rob. And once dispatch'd him in an embaily Re-enter Sheriff with Robert Faule mbridge, and Phi- To Germany, there, witia the emperor, lip, his brother.
To treat of high attairs touching that time : This expelition's chirge. What men are vou? The advantage of his abfence took the king,
Phil. Your faithiul subiect I, a gentleman, And in the mean time lojourn'd at my father's ; Born in Northamptonshire; and eldest son, Where how he did prevzil, I shame to speak; As I suppose, to Robert Faulconbridge;
Put truth is truth ; large lengths of feas and thores A fuidier, hy the honour-giving hani
Between my father and my mother lay, Of Caur-le-lion Knighter in the field.
is I have heard my fither speak himself) K. Yon. What art thou?
When this fame lotty gentleman was got. Rob. The son and treirtoihat fame Falconbridge. Iron his death-bed he by will bequeath'd
K. Hon. Is that the elder, and art thou the lier is lands to me; and took it on his deaib, You cnie rot of me motiver then, it seems. That is, mv mother's ton, was none of his ;
PE, Moit certain of ane mother, mighty king,l And, if neriere, he came into the world That is well known; and, as I think, on: father: Full fourteen weeks before the course of time. But, for the certain knowlelge of that trutli, Then, goox my liege, let me have what is mine, I put you o'er to heaven, and to my mother; My father's land, as was my father's will. Of this I doubt, is all men children may.
K. John. Sirrah, your brother is legitimate; Eli. Out on thee, rude man! thou doft Thame Your father's wife did after werlock hear him : ty mother,
Ind, if the did play fille, the fault was hers; And wound her honour with this diffidence. Which fauit lies on the hazard of all husbands
I'bil. 1, madam ? no, I have no reason for it; That marry wives. Tell me, how if my brother, Tiwis my brother's plez, and none of mine; Who, as you lay, took pains to get this son, The which if he can prore, a' pops me out Had of your father chaim'd this ion for his ? At left from fair tive hundred pound 2-year: In footh, good friend, your father might have kept Heaven guard my mother's honour, and my land! This calf, bred from his cow, from all the world ; K. John. A good blunt fellow :- Why, being in footh, he might : then, if he were my brother's, younger born,
My brother might not claim him ; nor your father, Doch he lay claim to thine inheritance?
Being none of his, refule him : This concludes Phil. I know not why, except to get the land. My mother's fon did get your father's heir ; Ber once he flander'd me with baftardy:
Your father's heir must have your father's land. But whe'r I be as true begot, or no,
Rob. Shall then my father's will be of no force, That fill I lay upon my mother's head;
To disporless that child which is not his ? But that I am as well begot, my liege,
Pbil. Of no more force to difpofiets me, fir, (Fair fall the bones that took the pains for me!) Than was his will to get me, as I think. Compare our finces, and be judge yourielf.
Eli. Whether hadit thou rather,--be a FaulIt old Sir Robert did beget is both,
conbridge, And were our father, and this son like him ; And like thy brother, to enjoy thy land ;
i That is, conduct, administration. 2 Meaning, that peculiarity of face which may be suff. cien ly shewn by the fighteit outline. 3 Our author is here knowingly guilty of an anachronism, as he alludes to a cein not ftruck till the year 1504, in the reign of king Henry VII. viz. a groat, which, as well as the hali groat, bare but half faces impressed. The groats of all our kings of Eng. land, and indeed all their other coins of lilver, one or two only excepied, had a full face crowned ; till Henry VII. at the time above mentioned, coined groats and half groars, as allo some shillings, with half faces, i. c. faces in profile, as all our coin has now. The first groats of king Henry VIII. were like those of his father; though afterwards he returned in the broad faces again. In the time of King John there were no groats at all, they being first, as far as appears, coined in the reign of King Fdward III.
Or the reputed son of Cæur-de-lion,
Pbil. Brother, adicu; Good fortune come to thee, Lord of thy presence', and no land hefide ? For thou wait got i' the way of honeity! Pbil. Midam, an if my brother had my shape,
[Exeun: all but Philip. And I had his, fir Robert's his, like him? ; A foot of honour better than I was; Ardif my legs were two such riding-rods, But many a many foot of land the worse. Mly aims such eel-ikins lluft; my face to thin, Well, now can I make any Joan a Lady :Tivat in mine ear I durit not stick a rose 3, [gves! Good e», Sir Richard, -6.2-2-rrey, felluru ? ;---Left men should say, Look, where three-farthings And, if his name be George, I'll call hum Peter: Ind, to his shape, were heir to all this land, For non-made honour doon forgo: nien's nanes; Would I might never fir from off this place, Tis too respectives, and tou disciable, I'd give it every foot to have this face ;
For your converiing. Now your traveller,-I would not be Sir Nob in any case. (tune, He and his tooth-pick 9 at my worthip's meis;
Eli. I like thee well; Wilt thou forlike thy for- And when my knightly ftomach is rufico, Bequeath thy land to him, and follow me! Why then I fuck my teeth, and catechite I am a soldier, and now bound to France. My piked to man of countries :---My dear fir, Pbil. Brother, take you my land, I'll take my (Thus, leaning on my ellow, 1 bt gun) chance :
Ilhail befecsb yu-Thut is question now ; Your face hath got five hundred pound a-year ; And then comes antwer like an ABC-book "li. Ict sell your face for five pence, and 'tis dea.-- O fir, says answer, wi your best command ; Midam, l'll foilow you untu the death.
--'t your expinymort; a: yo.er jer vind, for:--Fli. Nay, I would have you go before me thither. No jir, lays question ; i, sweet fir, ui vous : Phil. Our country manners give our letters way. And io, e'er answer knows what questiva would, Khr. Wikt is thy Hamu?
Saring in dialogue ut compliment ;
But this is worthipful society,
i'bol. Brother by the mother's side, give me your That doch not smack of obfervation ;
Exterior form, Outfurd accoutrement; Eli. The very spirit of Plantagende
But from the inward motion to deliver I am thy grandane, Richard ; call me fo. Sweet, lieci, sweet poison for the age's tooth: F'bil. Nial.m, bi cinice, but not by truth : Which 12 thwuch I will not practise to deceive, What the sugli +
Ici, cu avoid deceit, I mean to learn ; Something about, a little from the right,
For jc thall itsew the footsteps of my rising.--In attie window, or elte v'er the bitch 5 : But who comes in such hatte, in riding robes? Who dares not ftir by day, must walk by night ; What woman-pott is this? hath The no husband,
And bave is have, however men do catch : Tut will take pains to blow a horn before her 53 ? Near or far off, well won is still well shut ; Inter I odly Faulconbridge and James Gurney. And I am I, bowe'er I was begot.
O me! it is my mother :--How now, good lady? K. John. Go, Faulconbrige; now halt thou thy What brings you here to court so hattily? (lie, desire,
Lady. Where is that fave, thy brother? where is A landless knight makes thee a landed 'íquire That holds in chale mine honour up and down? Come, madam, and come, Richard; we muttipeed Ibin. My brother Robert? old Sir Robert's fon? For France, fur France ; for it is more than need. Coltrand the giant, that same mighty man?
11.e. master of ihy majestic figure and dignified appearance. 2 The meaning is, “If I had his thwpe- Si Ruburt's--as lie bas." Sir Hulere his, for Sir Robert's, is ugliable to the practice of that tunc, nhien the 's added to the nominative was believed, I think erroneously, to be a contraction of his. 3 Theobaid iays, that in this very obscure pallage our poet is anucipating the date of another coin; humourouflı 10 rally a thin face, eclipted, as it were, by a tull-blown noje. We must obierve, to explain this allution, that queen Elizabeth was the first, and indeed the only prince, who coined in England thicc-bali-penice, anu chiet-faitting piecus. She at one and thic fanie'une coined Millings, tixpences, stoals, thine-pences, two-pences, ihree-halt-pence, pence, thirce-tarihings, and half-pence; and these picces all had her head, and were slamedy with the musi behind, and without the 70je.
The Milling. groat, (no-penice, penoy, and lialt-penny had it not: the other numediate coins, tiz. the six-pene, three-pence, three-hull-pence, and three-Karthings had the woje. Bui Dr. Warburton ube ferves, that the sticking roses abont them was then all the court-fathion. * What then? $ Theie ex. prelious mean, lays Mr. Steevens, to be burn out of wedlok. 1. c. a step. 7 Fanlconbridge here encertains bimself with ideas of greatness. - Good den, Sir Richard, he fupposes to be the falutation of a vallal. God -- 1674), fellow, his own lupercilious reply to it. 81. e, respectful. 9 To pick the teeth, aud wear a piqued teavit
, were, in that time, marks of a travelier, or man allccting lorcinn tathionis. 1. See note 8 p. 164. 11. e. as they then spoke and wrote it, an absen-book, ineaning a cuteshift. 12 Which for t'jii 13 Dr. Johnson fays, ous author means, that a woman who travelled about like a pch, was likely to horn hei husband.