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Glancing an eve of pity on his lolles,

I would not draw them, I would have my bond. That buve of late to huddled on his back;

Duke. How that thou hope for mercy, rend'ring Enough to press a royal merchant down,

(wrong? And pluck commiseration of his state

Shy. What judgment shall I dread, duing no From bratly tofoms, and rough hearts of flint, You have among you many a purchas'd flave, From tubborn Turks, and Tatars never train'd Which, like your afles, and your dogs, and mules, To offices of tender courtefy.

You use in abject and in Navith parts, We all expect a gentle answer, Jewi. [pose; Because you bought them :-Shall I fay to you,

Shy. I have poires d your grace of what I pur- Let them he fite, marry them to your heirs ? And by our holy hiie I livorn,

Why inveat they under burdens ? let their beds Tu have the due and forfait of my bond:

Bo male as fast as yours, and lei their palates If you deny it, let the danger light

Be featon'd with such viands ? you will answer,
Upon your charier, and your city's freedom. The llaves are ours:---So do I answer you:
You'll ask me, why I rather chafe to have The poud of Acth, which I demand of him,
A weight of carrion Aeh, than to receive Is deurly bought, is mine, and I will have it :
Three thousind ducats : I'll not answer that : If you deny me, fie upon your law!
But, liv, it is my humour; Is it answerd? There is no force in the decrees of Venice :
What it my houte be troubled with a rat, I stand for ju Igment : answer ; shall I have it?
And I be plead to give ten thousand ducats Duke. Upon my power, 1 may dismiss this court,
Tohireit bin'd? What, are you answer'd yet? Unleis Bellario, a learned doctor,
Some men there are, lore not a gaping pig; Whom I have fent for to determine this,
Some, that are mai, if they behold a cat;

Come here to-dav.
And others, when the bag-pipes íings is the nose, Salı. My lori, here stays without
Cannot contain their urine; For atlections, A mellenger with letters from the dutor,
Matters of pašion, fway it to the mood

New come from Padua. Of what it likes, or louches : Now for your an Duke. Bring us the letters ; Call the messenger. fwer:

Ball. Good cheer, Anthonio! What, man? As there is no firin reason to be renler'd,

courage yet! Why he cannot abide a gaping pag;

The Jew shall have my feth, blond, bones, and all, Why he, a herinles necesare cat ;

Ere thou thalt lofe for me one drop of blood. Why he, a woollen' bog-pime; but of force Anth. I un a tainted wether of the flock, Muit yield to such inestihle shame,

Meeteft for death; the weaktít kind of finit As to offend himself, being ostended ;

Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me : Sn can I give no reason, bor I will not,

You cannot better be employ'd, Battoo, More than a lodz'd hate, and a certain lothing, Than to live still, and write mine epitph. I bei Anthonio, that I follost thus

Inter Nevilla, dreli'd like a lawyer's clerk. Alfing fuit against him. Are you answer'd? Dute. Came you from Padua, from Bellario? Bait. This is no uniuer, thus unteeling man,

Ner. From both, my lord : Bellario greets your To eacule the current of thy cruelty. (tisers.

gr.lcc. Sby. I am not bound to please thee with my 2n B. Why Jortrhou rhet thy knife so earnestly? Bil. Do all men kill the thing they do not love? Sby. To cut the forfeiture from that bankrupt Stv. Hates any man the thing he wenld not kill?

thisre. B.:4. Every oftence is not a hace at tirit.

Gru. Not on thy soal, but on thy soul, hirth Sly. We would'it thou have a ferpent sting Thou mak'it ily knife heen : bue no metal can, thee twice?

[ Jew: No, not the hangman's as, b-ar half the keerness Anth. I pray you, think you question ? with the Of thy fharp envy? Can no prayers pic!ce thee? Younaya well go stand upon the beach,

Sly. Ne, none that ibon haft wit enou ho make. And hohe main fond bite his alunal height ; Gia. O be thou dumad, nexorable log! You may as well use question with the wolf, And for thy las let jullie be cus'il. Wy ne hath made ibe ewe blent for the limb; Thou almoft makit me waver in my faith, You may as well forbid the mountain pines To hold opinion with Pythagoras, Tow.g their trigh tops, and to make moncise, That fouls of animals infuse thenielies When they are frested in ith the gitts of heaven; Into the trunks of men : thy currih ipi:it You may as well do any thing most birl, Guernd a wolf, who hang il for human laughter, As seek to foften enat (than which what's harder? Even from the gallows did his tell 10u! Neet, H; Jewish heart :- Therefore I do heleech yoči, oy, whilst thou lay'ıt in thy unhallow'd darn, Make no more offers, use no farther means, Inius Titelf in thee; for thy desires But, with all brief and plain conveniency, Are woltiin, bloody, starv'd and Lavenous. Ibnil, Let me hiine jinsiyonent, and the Jew his will, Søy. 'Till thou can'it rail the feal from vit my

B. Forthy three thousand ducats here is fix. Thou but offend'it thy lungs to speak to loud :

$hr. If every ducat in 5x thousand ducats Repair thy wit, good youth, or it will fall Were in fix parts, and every part a dncial,

To cureleis ruin.--Ifand here for law. ! Perhaps we Mhould read a favelling or frvoller begripe. 2 Toqueflion is to conterfe. 3 i.e. haered.


of you,

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Duke. This letter from Bellario doth commend It is enthroned in the hearts of kings, A young and learned doctor to our court :

It is an attribute to God himself; Khere is he?

And earthly power doth then shew likest God's, Ner. He attendeth here hard by,

When mercy seasons justice: Therefore, Jew, To know your answer, whether you'll admit him. Though justice be thy plea, consider this,-Duke. With all my heart :--some three or four That, in the course of justice, none of us

Should sez salvation : we do pray for mercy; Go give him courteous conduct to this place. - And that iame prayer doth teach us all to render Mean time, the court shall hear Bellario's letter.

The deeds of mercy. I have {poke thus much, “ Your grace Thall understand, that, at the re- To mitigate the jutice of thy plea ; “ ceipt of your letter, I am very sick : but at the in- Which if thou follow, this strict court of Venice “ (tant that your messenger came, in loving visita- Muit needs give fentence 'gainst the merchant there. « tion was with me a young doctor of Rome, his

Shy. My deeds upon my head ! I crave the law, name is Balthazar : 1 acquainted him with the The penalty and forfeit of my bond. “ cause in controversy between the Jew and An

Por. Is he not able to discharge the money? “ thonio the merchant: we turn'd o'er many

Balj. Yes, here I tender it for him in the court; “ books together : he is furnish'd with my opi-Yea, twice the sum: if that will not suffice, nion ; which, beitered with his own learning, I will be bound to pay it ten times o'er, “ (the greatness whereof I cannot enough com-On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart. “ mend) comes with him, at my importunity, to If this will not iutlice, it must appear “ fill up your grace's request in my stead. I be- That malice bears down truth 2. And I beseech you seech you, let his lack of years be no impedi- Wrest once the law to your authority : ment to let him lack a reverend estimation ;

To do a great right, do a little wrong; " for I never knew fo young a briy with fo old And curb this cruel devil of his will. (nice an hend. I leave him to your gracious accept

Por. It must not be ; there is no power in ter ance, whose trial shall better publish his com

Can alter a decree established : « mendation."

l'Twill be recorded for a a precedent ;

And many an error, by the same example, Enter Portia, drefi'd like a doilor of laws.

Will ruih into the state : it cannot be. Duke. You hear the Icarn'd Bellario, what he Sby. A Daniel come to judgment ! yea, a Dawrites;

niel And here, I take it, is the doctor come.-- O wise young judge, how do I honour thee! Give me your hand: Came you tom old Bellario : Por. I pray you, let me look upon the bond. Por. I did, my lord.

Sly. liere 'tis, most reverend doctor, here it is. Duke. You are welcome : take your place. Por. Shylock, there's thrice thy money oftcr'd Are you acquainted with the difference

thee. That holds this present question in the court ? Shy. An oath, an oath, I have an oath in heaven ;

Por. I am informed thoroughly of the cause. Shall I lay perjury upon my soul ?
Which is the merchant here, and which the Jew ? No, not for l'enice.
Duke. Anthonio and old Shylock, both stanu Por. Why, this bond is forfeit;

And lawfully by this the Jew my,claim l'or. Is your name Svlock ?

A pound of Meth, to be by him cut off Sly. Shylock is my name,

Nearest the merchant's heart :-Be merciful ; Por. Of a strange nature is the suit you follow ; Take thrice thy money ; bid me iear the bond. Yer in such rule, that the Venetian law

Shy. Wlien it is paid according to the tenour. Cannot impugn' you, as you do proceed. It doth appear you are a worthy judge ; You stand within his danger, do you not? You know the law, your expofition

[To Anth. Hati been mort found : I charge you by the law, Anib. Ay, so he says.

Whereof you are a well-deservag riilor, L'or. Do you confess the bond ?

Proceed to judgment: by my soul I swear, Anrh. I do.

There is no power in the tongue of man for. Then must the Jew be merciful.

To alter me : I stay here on my bond.
Shy. On what compulsion must I? tell me that. «Inth. Most heartily I do beseech the court

Por. The quality of mercy is not ftrand; To give the judgment.
It droppeth as the gentle rain from heren Por, Why then, thus it is.
Upon the place beneath : it is twice bletsid ; You must prepare your bosom for his knife.
It blereth him that gives, and him that takes : Shy. O noble judge ! O excellent young man !
'Tis mightiest in the mightiest; it becomes

Por. For the intent and purpose of the law The throned monarch better than his crown : Hath full relation to the penalty, His scepter shews the force os temporal power, Which here appeareth due upon the bond. The attribute to awe and majesty,

Shy. 'Tis very true: wise and upright judge! Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings; How much more elder art thou than thy louks! But mercy is above this Icepter'd sway,

Por. Therefore lay bare your bosom.

ii.e oppose you. 2 Meaning, that inalice oppresses honefly.


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Sly. Ay, his breast :

Unto the state of Venice.
So lays the bord ;-Doch it not, noble judge ? Gru. O upright juilge ! -Mark, Jew;-)
Neareft his heart, those are the very words. Shy. Is that the law? [learned judge!

Par. It is lo. Are there balance here to weigh Poii Thyself malt sce the act:
The fleih

For, as thou urgeit juitice, be afiur'd,
Sly. I have them ready.

[charge, Thou phalt have justice, more than thou desir'lt. Pór. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on your Gra. O learned judge! Mark, Jew ;-~a learned To stop his wounds, left he do bleed to death.

judge ! Sly. Is it so nominated in the bood?

Sly. I take this offer then;--pay the bond thuice,
Por. It is not fo cxprefs'd; Butwist of that? And let the Christian go.
"Tu ere good, you do so much for charity.

Buff. Here is the money.
Sby. I cannot find it; 'tis not in the bond. Stay" l'ur. Soft,
Por. Come, merchant, have you any thing to The Jew ihall have all justice ;-foft! no haste ;

Anch. Bat little ; I am arm'd, and well prepir'd. He thall have ncthing but the penalty.
Give me your hanı', Batianio ; fare you well! G'a. O Jew! ao upright judge, a learned judge!
Greve not that I am fallen to this for you;

Par. Therefore prepare thee to cut off the fleth.
For herein fortune news herleif more kind Shed thou no blood; nor cut thou lets, nor more,
Than is her custom : it is itill her uie,

But just a pound of flish: if thou tih'it more,
To let the wretched man oat-live his wealth, Or leis, tin a jutt pound,he it but to much
To view with hollow eye, and wrinkled brow, As ir:kes it liglit, or heavy, in the substance
An age of poverty ; from which lingering penance or the division of the twentieth part
O such a misery doth the cut me ott.

Of one poor fcruple; nay, if the scale turn
Commend me to your honorable wite:

But in the estimation of a hair,-
Till her the process of Anttonio's end ;

Thou dict, and all thy goods are confiscate.
Say, how I lov'd you, ipak me fair in death; Gra. A fecond Daniel, a Daniel, Jew!
A:ld, when the tale is told, bid her be juuge, Now, infidel, I have thee on the hip. [feiture.
Whether Bailano had not once a love.

for. Why doth the Jew pause ? take thy for-
Repent not you that you full lose your friend, Str. Give me my principal, and let me go.
And he repents not that he pays your debt; Bijf. I have it ready for thee; here it is.
For, if the Jew to cut but deep enough,

Por. He hath refuted it in the open court;
I'll pay it initantly with all my heart.

Ile Thall have merely justice, ind his bond. Ball. Anthonio, I am married to a wife, Gra. A Daniel, fill say I ; a second Daniel ! Which is as dear to me as life itself;

I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word.
But life itself, my wife, and all the world,

Sy. Shall I not barely have my principal?
Are not with me eitcem'd above thy life:

Por. Thou shalt have nothing but the forfeiture,
I would lose all, ay, facrifice them all

To be fo taken at thy peril, Jew.
Here to this devil, to deliver you.

(that, Shy. Why then the devil give him good of it!
Por. Your wife would give you little thanks for l’ll itay no longer question.
If he were by to hear you make the ofier.

l'or. Tariy, Jew;
Gro. I have a wife, whom, I proteit, I love; The law hath yet another hold on you.
I would she were in heaven, to the could

It i, enacted in the laws of Venice,-
Intret some power to change this currith Jew. 11f it be prov'd against an alien,

Ner. 'Tis well you orier it behind her back; That by direct, or indirect attempts,
The with would make elle an unquiet houle. le seek the life of any citizen,
Sby. There be the Christian husbands : I have a The party, gainst the which he doth contive,
daughter ;

Shall leize on lialf his goods; the other fuif
Would, any of the stock of Barrabas

Comes to the privy correr of the state ;
Had been her husband, rather than a Christian! And the cilenler's life lies in the mercy

[-4fe. Of the duke only, 'gainst all other voice.
We triple time; I pray thee, pursue fentence. In which predicament I say thou ítandi ft :
Por. A pound of that same merchant's fieth is for it appears by manifest proceeding,

That, indirectly, and directly too,
The court awards it, and the law doth give it. Thou haft contriv'd against the very life
Sby. Moit rightful judge !

(breast ; Of the defendant ; and thou hast incurr'd
Pos. And you must cut this Acth from off his The danger formerly by mne reliears’d.
The law allows it, and the court awards it. Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the duke.
Sby. Moit learned judge !A fentence; come, Gra. Beg, that thou may'st have leave to hans

thyself :
Por. Tarry a little,--there is something else. And yet, thy wealth being forfeit to the state,
This bond doch give thee here no jot of blood; Thou hast not left the value of a cord;
The words expressly are, a pound of Aeth: Therefore, thou must be hang'd at the state's charge.
Then take thy bond, take thou thay pound of fieth ; Duhe. That thou may'it lee the difference of our
But in the auctiag it, if thou dost thed

One drop of Christian blood, thy lands and goods I pardon thee thy life before thou ask it :
Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate

For half thy wealth, it is Anthono's ;


wife ;

The other half comes to the general state, Not to deny me, and to pardon me.
Which humblene's may drive unto a fine.

Por. You press me far, and therefore I will Por. Ay, for the state ; not for Anthonio.


[fake; Shy. Nay, take my life and all, pardon not give me your gloves, I'll wear them for your that :

And, for your love, I'll take this ring front you : You take my house, when you do take the prop Do not draw back your hand; I'll take no more : That doth sustain my house ; you take my life, And you in love thall not deny me this. When you do take the means whereby I live. Biff. This ring, good fir,--alas, it is a trifle ;

Por. What mercy can you render him, Anthonio? I will not shame myielf to give you this. Gia. A halter gratis ; nothing else, for God's Por. I will have nothing else but only this;

(court, And now, metlinks, I have a mind to it. Anth. So piease my lord the duke, and all the Ball. There's more depends on this, than on To quit the fine for one half of his goods ;

the value. I am content, so he will let me have

The dearest ring in Venice will I give you, The other half in use,-to render it,

And find it out by prociamation ; Upon his death, unto the gentleman,

Only for this, I pray you, pardon me. That lately stole his daughter.

l'or. I fee, sir, you are liberal in offers : Two things provided more,--Thit, for this favorir, You taught me fir to beg, and now, methinks, He presently become a Chriftian ;

You teach me how a beggar should be answer'd. The other, that he do record a git,

Ball. Good fir, this ring was given me by my Here in the court, oi all he dies polless'd, Unto his son Lorenzo, and his daughter.

And, when the put it on, she male me vow, Duke. He shall do this, or elic I do recant That I should neither full, nor give, nor lose it. The pardon that I late pronounced here. [say? Por. That 'scuse ferves many men todave their Por. Art thou contented, Jew i wnat dost thou

gifts. Sby. I am content.

An if your wife be not a mad-woman, l'or. Ciek, draw a deed of gift.

And know how well I have deserv'd this ring, Sly. I pray you, give me leave to go from heace, She would not hold out enemy forever, I am not well; fenu the deed after me,

For giving it to me. Well, peace lewith you! And I will sign it.

[Exit cwith Nplz. Duke. Get thee gone, but do it.

Arth. My lord Battanio), let him have the ringi Gra. In chriitening, thou shalt have two god- Let his deservings, and my love withal,

(more?, Be valu'd 'gaiuft your wife's comni n'ement. Hd I been juige, thou should'ít have had ten Baff. Go, Gratiano, run and overtake him, To bring thce to the gallows, not the font. Give him the ring; and bring him, if thou cin'it,

[Exie Shyrack.llinto Antironio's house:-away, make hafte. Duke. Sir, I intrcat you home with me to dinner. Come, you and I will thither presently;

Por. I humbly do cierre your grace of pardon ? : And in the morning early will we both I must away this night to Padua,

Fly toward Belmont: Come, Anthonia. [Exeuni. And it is meet, I preiently ict forth.

II. Duke. I am sorry, that your leisure serves you not.

SCENE Anthonio, gratity this gentleman į

Exer Portia and Neriffiz. For, in my mind, you are much bound to him. [Haewrit Dike and his train.

Por. Enquire the Jew's house out, give him

this deed, Boll . Moft worthy gentleman, I, and

And let him fign it; we'll away to-night, Hive by your wisdom been this day acquitted

And be a day before our huíbands hoine :
Of grievous penalties; in licu whereof,

This deed will be well welcome to Lorenzo.
Three thousand ducats, due unto the Jew,
We freely cope your courteous pains withal.

Erter Giztiare.
Anth. And Itand indebred, over and above, Gra. Fair fır, you are well o'erta'en :
In love and service to you evermore.

My lord Baffanio, upon more advice :,
Por. He is well paid, that is well fatisfy'd; Hath sent you here this ring; and doch intreat
And I, delivering you, am fatisfy'd,


company at dinner. And therein do account myself well paid ;

Por. That cannot be : My mind was never yet more mercenary. This ring I do accept most thankfully, 1 pray ; ali, know me, when we meet again; And so, I pray you, tell him : Furthermore, I wish you well, and so I take my leave. I pray you, thew my youth old Shylock's house, Buij. Dear fir, of force I must attempt you Gra. That will I do. further ;

Ner. Sir, I would speak with you :Take some remembrance of us, for a tribute, I'll see if I can get my husband's ring, [T. Por, Not as a fee : grant me two things, I pray you, Which I did make him swear to keep for ever.


my friend,

ri.c, a jury of twelve men, to condemn thee to be hanged. 3 i. e, reflexion.

2 Meaning, your grace's pardon.


Por. Thou may'st, I warrant: We Mall have Away, make halte ; thou know'ít where I will old swearing,

tarry. Thu they did give the rings away to men ;

Ner. Come, good fir, will you thew me to this But we'll out-face them, and out-fwear them too.



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And ceremoniously let us prepare
Brimoni. A grove, or green place, before Porria's Sorpe welcoine for the mistress of the house,

Enter Launcelot.

Laun. Sola, fola, wo ha, ho, sola, sola!
Enter Lorenzo and Yiljica.

Lor. Who calls ?

HE moon Thines bright: In such a Laun. Sola! did you see master Lorenzo, and
night as this,

miftrets Lorenzo ? fola, sola!
When the sweet wind did gently kiss the trees, Lor. Leave balioning, man; here.
And they did make no noile; in Tuch a night, Laun. Sola! where where?
Troilus, methinks, mounted tlic Troj:vall,

Lo-. Here.
And figi'd his soul toward the Grecian ients,

Laun. Tell him, there's a post come from my Where Cretlid lay that night.

matter, with his horn full of good news; ny fel. In such a night,

maiter will be here ere morning, sweet toul. (Exit. Did Thiibe fearfully o'er-trip the dew;

Lor. Lit's in, and there expect their coming. Acd saw the lion's thadow ere himtell,

And yui no matter;

-Why should we go in : And ran dilmay'd away.

My friend Stephano, fignify, I pray you, Lor. In such a night,

Within the house, your mistress is at hand; Stood Dido with a willow in her hand

And bring your musick forth into the air.Upon the wild sea-banks, and wav'' her love

(Exie jervane. To come again to Carthage.

How sweet the moon-light Nceps upon this bank ! 1. In such a night,

Here will we fit, and let the sounds of mulick Meuen gather'd the enchanted herbs

Creep in our ears; soft stillness, and the night, That did renew old Eron.

Becone the touches of liveet harmony. Lar. In such a night,

Sit, Jellica: Look, how the floor of heaven Did Ježica tteal from the wealthy Jew ; Is chick inlay'd with pattens? of bright gold; And with an unthrift love did run from Venice, There's not the smallest orb, which thou bebold'ft, As far as Belmont.

But in his motion like an angel sings, 7. And in such a night,

Sill quiring to the young-ey'd cherubims. Did young Lorenzo swear he lov'd her well; Such harmony is in immortal souls ; Stealing her four with many vows of faith, But, whilst this mudly venture of decay Aad ne'er a true one.

Doth grony close it in, we cannot hear it.Lor. And in such a night,

Cone, ho, arid wake Diana ? with a hymn; Did pretty Jellica, like a little Threu,

With fiveetelt touches pierce your miftrefs' err, Sizider her love, and he forgave it her.

And draw her home with musick. f. I would out-night you, did no body come ; Jif. I am never merry, when I hear sweet muBut, hark, I hear the footing of a man.


[Mufick. Enter a Serrani.

Low. The reason is, your spirits are attentive : Lor. Who comes to falt in silence of the night For du but note a wild and wanton herd, Serv. A friend.

Or race of youthful and unhandled colts, Cloud, Lør. A friend? what friend ? your name, I Fetching mad bounds, bellowing, and neighing

Which is the hot condition of their blood ;
Serv. Stephano is my name; and I bring word, If they perchance but hear a trumpet íound,
My mistress will before the break of day Or any air of mufick touch their ears,
Be here at Belmont : she doth stray about

You shall perceive them make a mutual stand,
By poly croties, where she kneels and prays Their favage eyes turn'd to a modest gaze,
For happy wedlock hours.

By the sweet power of musick: Therefore, the Lor. Who comes with her ?


[tloods ; Serv. None but a holy hermit, and her maid. Did feign that Orpheus drew trees, stones, and I pray you, is my maiter yet return'd?

Since nought to stockish, hard, and full of rage, Lor. He is not, nor we have not heard from him. But mufick for the time doth change his nature : But go we in, I pray thee, Jessica,

The man that hath no musick in himself, 1 Our author evidently here aludes :o the lars. Dr. Warburton says, that patens was a round broad plate of gold borne in heraldry, 2 Mcaning the moo1, who is afterwards represented as seep


pray you, friend?

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