Imágenes de páginas


} Seivants to Persia.

DUKE of Venice.

LAUNCELOT, a Clorun, Servant to the Jew.
PRINCE of Morocco.

GOBBO, Furber to Launcelor.
PRINCE of Arragon.

SALERIO, a Mellenger from Verice.
ANTHONIO, the Merchant of Venice.

LEONARDO, Sevant to Balanio.
BASSANJO, bis Friend,


SALARISO, Friends to bonio and Bafunio.

Portia, an Heiress.
LORENZO, in love with Jelica.

Nerissa, Waiting-maid 10 Portiq.

JESSICA, Daughter to Slylock.
IUBAL, a Jew.

Senators of Venice, Officers, Jailer, Servants, and other Attendants.
SCENE, partly at Venice, and partly ai Belmont, the seat of Portia.


А A C T I.


Sai. My wind, cooling my broth,

Would blow me to an ague, when I thought
A Street in Venice.

What harm a wind too great might do at lea.
Enter Anibúnio, Salarino,' and Salanio. I Thould not see the sandy hour-glass run,

N sooth, I know not why I am so sad; But I should think of shallows, and of Mats;

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But how I caught it, found it, or came by it, Vailing 3 her high top lower than her ribs,
What stuff 'tis made of, whereof it is born,

To kiss her burial. Should I go to church,
I am to learn :

And see the holy edifice of stone,
And such a want-wit sadness makes of me, And not bethink me straight of dangerous rocks?
That I have much ado to know myself. Which touching but my gentle vellel's fide,
Sal. Your mind is toffing on the ocean;

Would scatter all her spices on the stream ;
There, where your argolies' with portly fail, -- Enrobe the roaring waters with my silks ;
Like signiors and rich burghers on the flood, And, in a word, but even now worth this,
Or as it were the pageants of the sea,-

And now worth nothing Shal! I have the thought
Do over-peer the petty traffickers,

To think on this ; and Thall I lack the thought, That curtsy to them, do them reverence,

That such a thing, bechanc'd, would make me sau ?
As they fly by them with their woven wings. But, tell not me; I know, Anthonio

Sala. Believe me, sir, had I such ventures forth, Is sad to think upon his merchandize. [it,
The better part of my affections would

Anth. Believe me, no : I thank my fortune for
Be with my hopes abroad. I should be still My ventures are not in one bottom trusted,
Plucking the grass, to know where sits the wind; Nor to one place ; nor is my whole estate
Prying in maps, for ports, and piers, and roads ; Upon the fortune of this present year :
And every object that might make me fear Therefore my merchandize makes me not fad.
Misfortune to my ventures, out of doubt,

Sala. Why then you are in love
Would make me sad.

Anıb. Fie, fie !


Ships, so named from Ragusa. 2 The name of the ship. 3 To vail, means to put of the hat, to Jorike fail, to give sign of fubmiffion.


O 3

Sala. Not in love neither? Then let's say, you, That therefore only are reputed wise,
are sad,

Fór saying nothing; who, I am very lure, (ears,
Because you are not merry: and 'twere as easy If they should speak, would almost damn chose
For you, to laugh, and leap, and say, you are merry, Which, hearing them, would call their brothers
Because you are not sati. Now, by two-headed Janus, I'll tell thee more of this another time : [fuols.
Nature hath fram'd Itrange fellows in her time : But fish not with this melancholy bait,
Some that wiil evermore peep through their eyes, For this fool's gudgeon, this opinion.-
And laugh, like parrots, at a bag-piper ; Come, good Lorenzo:---Fare ye well, a while ;
And other of such vinegar aspect,

I'll end my exhortation after dinner 3. [time.
That they'll not their their teeth in way of smile, Lor. Well, we will leave you then till dinner-
Though Nestor stear the jest be laughable. I must be one of these lame dunib wise men,

Enter Bafanio, Loren29, and Gratiano. For Gratiano never lets me speak.
Sal. Here comes Bassanio, your most noble Gra. Well, keep me company but two years
Gratiano, and Lorenzo : fare you well ; [kinsman,


[tongue. We leave you now with better company.

Thou shalt not know the sound of thine oun Sala. I would have staid till I had made you merry, Anth. Fare well ; I'll grow a takker for this If worthier friends had not prevented me.


[mendable Anib. Your worth is very dear in my regard. Gra. Thanks, i’faith; for silence is only comI take it, your own business calls on you, In a neat's tongue dry'd, and a maid not verdible. And you embrace the occasion to depart.

[Exeunt Gra, and Lur. Sul. Good morrow, my good lords.

Anth. Is that any thing now ? Baf. Good figniors both, when shall we laugh? Bal. Gratiano speaks an infinite deal of nothing, say, when ?

more than any man in all Venice: His reatons You grow exceeding trange ; Must it be fo? are as two grains of wheat hid in two bushels of Sal. We'll make our le fures to attend on yours. chaff'; you shall seek all day ere you find them ;

[Exeunt Sal. and Salı. and, when you have them, they are not worth
Lor. My lord Bassanio, since you have found the search.

Anths. Well; tell me now, what lady is the same,
We two will leive you ; but at dinner-time, To whom you swore a secret pilgrimage,
I pray you, have in mind where we must meet. That you to-day promis’d to tell me of ?
Bal. I will not fail you.

Bal. 'Tis not unknown to you, Anthonio,
Gra. You look ilot well, signior Anthonio ; How much I have disabled mine estate,
You have too much respect upon the world : By fomething shewing a more twelling port
They lose it, that do buy it with much care. Than my faint mcans would giant continuance :
Believe me, you are marvellouliy chang’d. Nor do I now make moan to be abridg'd

Anth. I hold the world but as the world, Gratiano; From such a noble rate ; but my chief care
A fage, where every man must play a part, Is, to come fairly off from the great debts,
And mine a fad one.

Wherein my time, something too prodigal, Gra. Let me play the fool! :

Hath left me gaz'd : To you, Anthonio, With mirth and laughter let old wrinkles come; I owe the most, in money, and in love; And let my liver rather heat with wine,

And from your love I have a warranty
Than my heart cool with motifying groans. To unbuithen all my plots, and purposes,
Why should a man, whose blood is warm within, How to get clear of all the debts I owe.
Sit like his grandire cut in alabaster?

Arth. I pray you, good Ballanio, let me know it;
Sleep when he wakes and creep into the jaundice And, if it stand, as you yourself 1till do,
By being peevith : I tell thee what, Anthonio,-- Within the eye of honour, be affur’d,
I love thee, and it is my love that speaks ; My purse, my person, my extremest means,
There are a sort of men whose visages

Lye all unlock'd to your occasions. (thaft,
Do cream and mantle, like a ftanding pond ; B. In my school-days, when I had loit one
And do a wilful stillness entertain,

I thot his fellow of the self-fame flight With pur pose to be dreft in an opinion

The self-lame way, with more advised watch, Of wisdom, gravity, profound conceit ;

To find the other forth; and by advent'ring both, As who should say, “ 1 an Sir Oracle,

I oft found both : I urge this childhood proof, " And when I ope my lips, let no dog bark !" Because what follows is pure innocence. O, my Anthonio, I do know of these,

11 owe you much; and, like a wilful youth,

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1 This alludes to the common comparison of human life to a stage-play. So that he desires his may be the tool's or buffoon's part, which was a constant character in the old farces; from whence came the phrasc, to play the fool. 2 Our author's in caning is, that some people are thought wise whilst they kecp filence; who, when they open their mouths, are such stupid praters, that the hearers cannot help calling them fools, and so incur the jadgment denounced in the gospel. 3 The humour of collits in its being an allusion to the practice of the puritan preachers of those times; who being generally very long and tedious, were often forced to put off that part of iheir fermon called the cxo kortation, tili after dinner,


That which I owe is lost: but if you please blood; but a hot temper leaps o'er a cold decree : To thovi ancther arrow that self wav

tuch a hare is madness the youth, to skip o'er the Which you did shoot the first, I do not doubt, meshes of good counsel the cripple. But this reaAs I will watch the aim, or to find both,

foning is not in the fashion to chuse me a husband: Or bring your latter hazard buck again,

-0 me, the word chuse! I may neither chuse And thankfully reft debtor for the funt. [time, whom I would, nor refuse whom I dislike; fo is

rinth. You know me weii; and herein spend but the will of a living daughter curb'd by the will of To wind abeut my love with.circumitance ; a dead father :-Is it not hard, Nerilla, that I canAnd, out of doubt, you do me now more wrong, not chufe one, nor refule none ? In making question of my uttermoft,

Ner. Your father was ever virtuous ; and holy Thain if you had made wate of all i have : men, at their death, have good inspirations; thereThen do but fay to me what I thould do, fore, the lottery, that he hath devised in these three That in your knowledge may by me be done, chefts, of guld, silver, and lead, (whereof who chures And am I preft' unto it: therefore fpeak. his meaning, chufes you) will, no doubt, never be Baf. In Belmont is a lady richly left,

choten hy any rightly, but one who you thall rightly And she is fair, and, fairer than that word, love. But what warmth is there in your affection Of wondrous virtuss : sometimes 2 from her eyes towards any of these princely suitors that are alI éid receive fair 1peechless meisages :

ready come ? Her name is Portia ; nothing undervalu'd

Por. I pray thee, over-name them; and, as thou To Cato's daughter, Brutus' Portia.

nam'st them, I will describe them; and, according Nor is the wide world ignorant of her worth ; to my description, level at my affection. For the four winds blow in from every coast

Ner. First, there is the Neapolitan prince. Renowned suitors : and her funny locks

Por. Ay, that's a colt 3, indeed, for he doth noHang on her temples like a golden fleece ; thing but talk of his horses and he makes it a great Which makes her 'eat of Belmont, Colchos' Itrand, appropriation to his own good parts, that he can And many Jalons come in queft of her.

thoe him himself: I am much afraid my lady his O my Anthonio, had I but the means

mother play'd false with a smith. To hold a rival place with one of them,

Ner. Then, there is the County Palatine. I luve a mird prelages me such thrift,

Por. He doth nothing but frown; as, who should That I should questionicis be fortunate.

say, An if you will not have me, chuse: he hears sinth. Thou know'ił,that all my fortunes are at sea; merry tales, and smiles not: I fear, he will prove Nor have I money, nor commodity

the weeping philofopher when he grows old, beTo raise a pretent fum : therefore go forth, ing fo full of unmannerly sadness in his youth. I Try what my credit can in Venice do ;

had rather be married to a death's-head with a bone That shall be rack'd, even to the uttermoft, in his mouth, than to either of these. God defend To furnish thee to Belmont, to tair Portia.

me from there two! Go, prefently enquire, and so will l,

Ner. How say you by the French lord, Monsieur Where money is; and I no question make, Le Bon ? To have it of my trult, or for my fake. Exeunt. Por. God made him, and therefore let him pals

for a man.

In truth, I know it is a fin to be a SCENE 11.

mocker; But, he! why, he hath a horse better than A Room in Portia's House at Belmoni.

the Neapolitan's; a better bad habit of frou ning than

the Count Palatine : he is every man in no man : if Enter l'ortis and Verissa.

athrottle fing, he falls strait a-capering; he will fence Por. By my troth, Neriffa, my little body is 2- with his own thadow': if I should marry him, I weary of this great world.

should marry twerity husbands: If he would defpise Ner. You would be, sweet malam, if your mi- ine, I wonki forgive him ; for if he love me to mad. series were in the fame abundance as your good nefs, I jhall never requite him. fortunes are: And yet, for aught I see, they are as Ner. What fay you then to Faulconbridge, the fick, that surfeit with too much, as they that itarve young baron of England ? with nothing: It is no mean happiness therefore, Por. You know, I say nothing to him ; for he to be seated in the mean ; fupertiuity comes sooner understands not me, nor I him: he hath neither by white hairs, but competency lives longer. Latin, French, nor Italian ; and you will como

Por, Good sentences, and well pronounc'd. into the court and swear, that I have a poor pennyNer. They would be better, if well follow'd. worth in the English. He is a proper man's pic

Par. If to do, were as easy as to know what ture; But, alas! who can converse with a dumb were good to do, chapels t'd been churches, and how? How oddly he is suited! I think, he poor men's cottages, princes' palaces. It is a gnod bought his doubiet' in Italy, his round hole in divine, that follows his own instructions. I can France, his bonnet in Germany, and his behaviour easier teach (u'enty what were good to be done, every-where. thu be one of the twenty to follow mine own Ner. What think you of the Scottish lord, his Teaching. The brain may devise laws for the neighbour ?

1 That is, ready to do it. 2 Sometimes here mea16 fermerly. 3 i. e. a thoughtless, giddy, say youngster.



Por. That he hath a neighbourly charity in him; Sby. For three months, well. for he borrow'd a box of the ear of the Englishman, Ball. For the which, as I told you, 'Anthonio Thall and swore he would pay him again, when he was be bound. able : I think, the Frenchman became his surety, Shy. Anthonjo Thall become bound,—well. and seal'd under for another.

Ball. May you stead me? Will you pleasure me? Ner. How like you the young German, the duke Shall I know your answer? of Saxony's nephew ?

Sby. Three thousand ducats, for three months, Por. Very vilely in the morning, when he is so- and Anthonio bound. ber; and most vilely in the afternoon, when he is Bal. Your answer to that. drunk: when he is bett, he is a little worse than 3 Shy. Anthonio is a good man. man ; and when he is worst, he is little better than Bal. Have you heard any imputation to the a beast: an the worst fall that ever fell, I hope, 1 contrary? shall make shift to go without him.

Sby. Ho, no, no, no, no;-my meaning, in fayNer. If he should offer to chuse, and chuse the ling he is a good man, is, to have you understand right casket, you should refuse to perform your fa- me, that he is fufficient: yet his means are in fupther's will, if you should refuse to accept him. position: he hath an argoly bound to Tripolis, ano

Por. Therefore, for fear of the worst, I pray thee, ther to the Indies; I underttand moreover upon set a deep glass of Rhenith wine on the contrary the Rialto, he hath a third at Mexico, a fourth for casket ; for, if the devil be within, and that tempt - England, and other ventures he hati, squander'd ation without, I know he will chuse it. I will abroad: But 1hips are but boards, failors but men: do any thing, Nerilla, ere I will be marry'd to a there be land-rats, and water-rats, water-thieves, spunge.

and land-thieves; I mean, pirates; and then, there Ner. You need not fear, lady, the having any of is the peril of waters, winds, and rocks: The man thele lords; they have acquainted me with their is, notwithitanding, sufficient :-three thousand dudeterminations: which is, indeed, to return to their cats ;--I think, I may take his bond. home, and to trouble yon with no more suit; un Bul. Be afsur'd, you may.

[affur'd, lets you may be won by some other sort than your Shy. I will be affur’d, I may; and, that I may be father's imposition, depending on the caskets. I will bettunk me: May I speak with Anthonio :

Por. If I live to be as old as Sibylla, I will die as Bal. If it please you to dine with us. chalte as Diana, unless I be obtained by the manner Shy. Yes, to smell pork; to eat of the habitaof my father's will: I am glad this parcel of wooers tion which your prophet the Nazarite conjured the are so very reasonable; for there is not one among devil into: I will buy with you, fell with you, talk them but I dote on his very absence, and I pray God with you, walk with you, and so following; but grant them a fair departure.

I will not eat with you, drink with you, nor pray Ner. Do you not remember, lady, in vour fa- with you. What news on the Rialto ?--Who is hie ther's time, a Venetian, a scholar, and a foldier, that comes here? came hither in company of the marquis of Mont

Enter Antbonio. ferrat?

Ball. This is signior Anthonio. Por. Yes, yes, it was Bassanio; as I think, so he Sby. [Afde.] How like a fawning publican he looks! was calld.

I hate him for he is a Chriftian : Ner. True, madam; he, of all the men that ever But more, for that, in low simplicity, my foolish eyes look'd upon, was the best deserving He lends out money gratis, and brings down a fair lady.

The rate of urance here with us in Venice. Por. I remember him well; and I remember him If I can catch him once upon the hip', worthy of thy frajie.—How now! what news? I will feed fat the ancient grudge I hear him. Enter a Servani.

He hates our sacred nation; and he rails, Ser. The four strangers seek for you, madam, to Even there where merchants most do congregate, take their leave: and there is a fore-runner come On me, my bargains, and my well-won thrift, from a fifth, the prince of Morocco; who brings Which he calls interest: Cursed be my tribe, word, the prince, his master, will be here to-night. If I forgive him!

Por. If I could bid the fifth welcome with so Bal. Shylock, do you hear? good heart as I can bid the other four farewell, I Shy. I am debating of my present store; should be glad of his approach: if he have the And, by the near guess of my memory, condition of a saint, and the complexion of a devil, I cannot inftantly raise up the grofs I had rather he should shrive me than wive me. Of full three thousand ducats: What of that? Come, Nerilla. Sirrah, go before.-Whiles we Tubal, a wealthy Hebrew of my tribe, fhut the gate upon one wooer, another knocks at Will furnish me: But soft; How many months the door.

[Exeunt. Do you desire!--Rest you fair, good fignior; SCENE III.

[To Antbono. A publick Plare in Venice.

Your worship was the last man in our mouths. Enter Bailania and Stylock.

Anıb. Shylock, albeit I neither lend nor borrow, S/9. Three thousand ducats, well.

By taking, nor by giving of excess, Buf: Ay, fir, for three months.

| Yet, to supply the ripe wants of my friend,

1 This is a phrase taken from the practice of wrestlers.

hear you ;

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I'll break a custom :-Is he yet poffefs d,

You, that did void your rheum upon my beard, How much you would ?

And foot me, as you spurn a stranger cur Sby. Ay, ay, three thousand ducats.

Over your threshold ; monies is your suit. Artb. And for three months.

What thould I say to you ? Should I not say, Shy. I had forgot—three months, you told me fo.“ Hath a dog money? Is it pollible Well then, your bond; and, let me see, -But “ A cur can lend three thousand ducats ?" or

[row, Shall I bend low, and in a bondman's key, Methoughts, you said, you neither lend, nor bor- With 'bated breath, and whispering humbleness, Upon advantage.

Say this,-“ Fair fir, you spit on me on Wednesday Anth. I do never use it.

Sby. When Jacob graz'd his uncle Laban's sheep,“ You spurn'd me such a day ; another time This Jacob from our holy Abraham was “ You call'd me-log; and for these courtelies (As his wife mother wrought in his behalf) “ I'll lend you thus much monies." The third poffetfor; ay, he was the third.

Anth. I am as like to call thee so again, Arub. And what of him? did he take interest: To spit on thee again, to fpurn thee too. Sły. No, not take interest ; not, as you wowd If thou wilt lend this money, lend it not say,

As to thy friends ; (for when did friendthip lake Directly interest: mark what Jacob did.

A breed of barien metal • of his friend :) When Laban and himself were compromisu,

But lend it rather to thine enemy; That all the eanlings', which were treak'd, and Who if he break, thou may'lt with better face py'd,

Exact the penalty. Should fall as Jacob's hire, the ewes, being rank, Shy. Why, look you, how you storm! In the end of autumn turned to the rams : I would be friends with you, and have your love, And when the work of generation was

Forget the thames that you have stain'd me with, Between these woolly breeders in the act, Supply your present wanis, and take no doit The skúful shepherd seeld me certain wands, Of ufance for my monies, and you 'll not be.r me; And, in the doing of the deed of kind ?,

This is kind I otter. He stuck them up before the fuliome 3 ewes ;

Anth. This were kindness.
Who, then conceiving, did in eaning time

Shy. This kindness will I show:
Fall party-colour'd lambs, and those were Jacob's. Go with me to a notary, seal me there
This was a way to thrive, and he was bleit; Your single bond ; and, a merry Sport,
And thrist is bleiling, if men steal it not. [for ; If you repay me nut on such a day,

Arth. This was a venture, fir, that Jacob lerv'd In such a place, such Tum, or funis, as are
A thing not in his power to bring to pats,

Express’d in the condition, let the forfeit
Put sway'd, and fathion'd, by the hand of heaven. Be nominated for an equal pound
Was this interted to make interest good ? of your fair flesh, to be cut off and taken
Or is your gold and filver, erves and rams : In wirat part of your body pleaseth me.

Sby. I cannot tell; I make it breed as fast: Arth. Content, in faith ; I'll seal to such a bond, But note me, lignior,

And say, there is much kindness in the Jew. Anib. Mark you this, Batanio.

Bait. You ihall not seal to such a bond for me, The devil cu cite scripture for his purpose. I'll rather dwell 7 in my neceflity. An evil foul, producing holy witness,

trish. Why, fear not, man ; I will not forfeit it: Is like a villain with a smiling cheek ;

Within these two mortis, that's a month before A goodly apple rotten at the heart :

This bond expires, I do expect return
O, wiiat a goodly outside falfhood hath! [fum. Of chrice three times the value of the bond.

Sby. Three thousand ducats,-'tis a good round Sby. O father Abraham, what these Christians are Three months from twelve, then let me see the whole own hard dealings teaches them fufpeét

[you: The thoughts of others! Pray you, tell me this ; onth. Well, Shylock, shall we be beholden to it he should break his day, what should I gain

Sby. Signior Anthonio, many a time and oft By the exaction of the forfeiture ? In the Rialto you have rated me

A pound of man's flesh, taken from a man, About my monies, and my usances 4 :

Is not lo estimable, profitable neither,
Still have I borne it with a patient Thrug ;

As flesh of muttons, beefs, or goats. I say,
For futterance is the badge of all our tribe : To buy his favour, 1 extend this friendihip;
You call me--mitheliever, cut-throat dog, If he will take it, so; if not, adieu;
And spit upon my Jewish gaberdines,

And, for my love, I pray you, wrong me not. And all for use of that which is mine own.

Anib. Yes, Shylock, I will feal unto this bond. Well then, it now appears, you need my help: Sby. Then meet me forthwith at the notary's; Go to then : you come to me, and you say,

Give him direction for this merry bond, “ Shylock, we would have monies;" You say so; And I will go and purse the ducats (trait ; 1 i. e. lambs juft dropt. 2 i. e. of nature. 3 Meaning, lascivious, obscene.

4 Use and since were both words formerly employed for ufury. A galerdine means a coarse frock. That is, inceruft money bred from the principal. 7 To dwell, here seems to mcan the same as to continue.



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