Imágenes de páginas

As due to love, as thoughts, and dreams, and fighs, Lyf. Helen, to you our minds we will unfold :
Withes, and tears, poor fancy's followers. To-morrow night, when Phæbe doth behold
Lxf. A good persuasion; therefore, hear me, Her silver visage in the watry glass;

Decking with liquid pearl the bladed grass,
I have a widow aunt, a dowager

(A time that lovers' Alights doth still conceal) Of great revenue, and she hath no child : Through Athens' gates have we devis'd to steal. From Athens is her house remote seven leagues ; Her. And in the wood, where often you and I And the respects me as her only son.

Upon fairit primrose-beds were wont to lye, There, gentle Hermia; may I marry thee ; Emptying our bofoms of their counsels swellid; And to that place the fharp Athenian law There my Lysander and myself shall meet : Cannot pursue us : If thou lov'st me then, And thence, from Athens, tarn away our eyes, Steal forth thy father's house to-morrow night; To seek new friends and strange companions. And, in the wood, a league without the town, Farewel, tweet, play fellow : pray thou for us, Where I did meet thee once with Helena, And good luck grant thee thy Demetrius !To do observance to a morn of May,

Keep word, Lyfander : we ntuft ftarve our right There will I stay for thee.

From lovers' food, 'till morrow deep midnight. Her. My good Lysander !

[Exit Hermo I swear to thee, by Cupid's strongest bow ;

Lyf. I will, my Hermia.Helena, avicu : By his best arrow with the golden head ; As you on him, Demetrius dote on you ! By the fimplicity of Venus' doves;

[Exit Lyd By that which knitreth fouls, and prospers loves ; Hel. How happy fonte, o'er other some, can be ! And by that fire which burn’d the Carthage queen, Through Athens I am thought as fair as the. When the false Trojan under sail was seen ; But what of that? Demetrius thinks not so ; By all the vows that ever men have broke, He will not know what all but he do know. In number more than ever women spoke ; And as he errs, doting on Hermia's eyes, In that same place thou haft appointed me, So I, admiring of his qualities. To-morrow truly will I meet with thee. (Helena. Things base and vile, holding no quantity, Lyf. Keep promise, love: Look, here comes Love can transpose to form and dignity. Enter Helena.

Love looks not with the eyes, but with the mind; Her. God speed, fair Helena! Whither away? And therefore is wing’d Cupid painted blind :

He. Call you me fair ? that fair again unsay. Nor hath Love's mind of any judgement taste; Demetrius loves your fair 1 : 0 happy fair ! [air Wings, and no eyes, figure unheedy haste : Your eyes are lode-stars 2; and your tongue's sweet And therefore is Love laid to be a child, More tuneable than lark to Mepherd's ear, Because in choice he is io oft beguild. When wheat is green, when haw-thorn buds appear. As waggish boys themselves in game s furfwear, Sickness is catching ; 0, were favour 3 so! So the boy Love is perjur'd every where : Yours would I catch, fair Hermia, ere I go ; For ere Demetrius look'd on Hermia's eyne, My ear should catch your voice, my eye your eye, He hail'd down oaths, that he was only mine ; My tongue should catch your tongue's sweet melody. And when this hail fome heat from Hermia telt, Were the world mine, Demetrius being bated, So he diffolv'd, and Mowers of oaths did meit. The rest I'll give to be to you translated +, I will go tell him of fair Herinia's Hight : 0, teach me how you look; and with what art Then to the wood will he, to-morrow night, You (way the motion of Demetrius' heart. Pursue her ; and for this intelligence

Her. I frown upon him, yet he loves me still. If I have thanks, it is a dear expence Hel. Oh, that your frowns would teach my But herein mean I to enrich my pain, smiles such skill!

To have his fight thither, and back again. (Exit. Her. I give him curses, yet he gives me love. Hel. Oh, that my prayers could such affection

S CE N E.II. move!

A Cottage Her. The more I hate, the more he follows me. Enter Quince the carpenter, Snug ibe joiner, Bottom Hel. The more I love, the more he hateth me. Her. His folly, Helena, is no fault of mine.

ibi weaver, Flute the bellows-mender, Snout sho

tinker, and Starveling ebe taylor. Hel. None, but your beauty ; 'Would that fault were mine!

[face; Quin. Is all our company here? Her. Take comfort ; he no more shall fee iny Bot. You were best to call them generally, man Lyfander and myself will fly this place.

by man, according to the scrips. Before the time I did Lysander see,

Quix. Here is the fcrowl of every man's name, Seem'd Athens as a paradise to me :

which is thought fit, through all Athens, to play O then, what graces in my love do dwell, in our interlude before the duke and durchess, on That he hath turn'd a heaven unto a hell! his wedding-day at night.


I That is, your beauty, or your complexion. 2 The lode-star is the leading or guiding-star, that is, the polcltar.3 Favour here means feature, countenance. 4 To translate hcre implies to change, to Uansform si. e. in fperi, in jef. i. c. the writing, or paper.

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Bot. First, good Peter Quince, say what the Star. Here, Peter Quince. play treats on; then read the names of the actors; Quin. Robin Staveling, you must play Thirby's and so grow to a point.

mother.---Tom Shout, the tinker. Qirin. Marry our play is—The most lamentable Srou. Here, Peter Quince. comedy, and most cruel death of Pyramus and Quin. You, Pyramus's father; myself, Thisby's Thisby.

father ;--Smug the joiner, you, the lion's part :Bot. A very good piece of work, I assure you, and, I hope, there is a pizy fitted. and a merry.---Now, good Peter Quinte, call forth Snug. Hure you the lion's part written ? Pray your actors by the scrowi : Maiters, fpread, you - you, if it be, give it me, for I am flow of Trudy', sclves.

Quin. You inay do it extempore, for ii is noQuin. Answer, as I call you.Nick Bortom i he thing but roaring.

Bt. Let me play the lion too: I will roar, that Bor. Ready : Name what part I am for, and I will do any man's licart good to hear me; I will proceed.

roar, that I will make the duke fay, Lei bim ruar Quina You, Nick Bottom, are set down for Py- again, it him ? mr again.

Hir. An you ihould do it too terribly,you would Bor. What is Pyramus ? a lover, or a tyrant? fright the dutchels and the ladies, that they would

Guin. A lover, that kills hiinselí most gallantly thriek; and that were enough to hang us all. for love.

All. That would hang us every mother's son. Bor. That will all fome tears in the true per Boi. I grant you, friends, if that you should forming of it: If I do it, let the audience look to fright the ladies out of their wits, they would have their eyes; I will move storms, I will condole in no more discretion but to hang us : but I will agSome measure. To the rest :-Yet my chief hiu-gravate my voice to, that I will roar you as gently mour is for a tyrant: I could play Ercles rarely, or as any fucking-dove; I will roar you an 'twere any * part to tear a cat in, to make all 1plit.

nightingale. « The raging rocks,

Quir. You can play no part but Pyramus : for “ And shivering shocks,

Pyramus is a sweet-fac'd man; a proper man, as « Shall break the locks

one thall see in a summer's day; a molt lovely, « Of prison-gates :

gentleman-like man; therefore you must necils e And Phibbus' car

play Pyramius. " Shall line from far,

Bor. Well, I will undertake it. What beard And make and mar

were I best to play it in # The foolish fates."

Quin. Why, what



Bor. I will dischuge it in either your straw-coThis was lofty -Now name the rest of the play- loured beard, your orange-tawixy beard, your purers.---This is Ercles' vein, a tyrant's vein; a lover ple-in-grain beard, or your French-crown-colour is more condoling

beard”, your perfect yellow. Quin. Francis Flute, the bellow's-mender.

Quin. Some of your French-crowns 3 have no Flu. Here, Peter Quince.

heir at all, and then you will play bare-fac’d. Quin. You must take Thilby on you.

But, matters, here are your parts : and I am to d. What is Thisby? a wandering knight? entreat you, request you, and desire you, to con Quir. It is the lady that Pyramus mult love. them by to-morroll night; and meet me in the

Flu. Nay, faith, let me not play a woman ; I palace wood, a mile witliout the town, by mooihave a bcard coming.

light; there will we rehearse; for if we meet in Quin. That's all one; you shall play it in a malk, the city, ne fhall be dog'd with company, and and you may speak as imall as you will.

our devices known. In the mean time, I will ber. An I may hide my face, let me play Thir-draw a bill of properties +, such as our play wants. by tov: 1'll speak in a monitrous little voice ;-1 pray you, fal me nut. « Thiine, Thine, - Ah, lyramus, my lover dear; Bar. We will meet ; and there we may rehearse “thy Thisby dear! and lady dear!"

more obicencly, and courageously. , Take pains ; Quin. No, no, you must pay Pyramus, and, be perfect; adieu. Flute, you Thisby.

Shain. At the duke's oak we meet. Bot. Well, proceed.

But Enough; Hold, or cut bow-strings, Quin. Robin Starveling, the taylor.


I To study a part, in the language of the theatre, is to get it by rate. 2 This alludes to the custom of wearing coloured beards. 3 See note 2, p. 77. 4 See note 5, p. 68. 5 Dr. Warburton says, this proverbial phrate came originally from the canıp. When a rendezvous was appointed, the militia soldiers would frequently make excuse for not keeping word, that their bouyings were broke, i. e. their arms Lalerviceable. Hence when one would give another ablolute atsurance of meeting him, he would loy proverbially-lelud ur cut bow-firing sai. e. whether the bow-string hold or broke."


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S CE N E 1.

Neighing in likeness of a filly foal :
A Wood.

And fometime lurk I in a goflip's bowl,
E-ter a Fairy at one dur, and Puck (or Robin-good- And, when the drinks, against her lips I bob,

In very likeness of a roasted crab; fellow) a. another.

And on her wither'd dew-lap pour the ale. Puck.


COW now, spirit! whither wander you? The wifett aunts, telling the laddest tale,
Fai. 1 Over hill, over dale,

Sometime for three-foot stool mistaketh me;
Thorough buih, thorough briar, Then flip I from her bum, dow'n topples Mhe,
Over park, over pale,

And tryior. 9 cries, and falls into a cough :
Thorough food, chorough fire, And then the whole quire hold their bips, and loffe,
I do wander every where,

And waxen 1o in their mirth, and neeze and swear
Swifter than the moones sphere;

A merrier hour was never wasted there.
And I serve the fairy queen,

But room, Faery, here comes Oberoni.
To dew her orbs ? upon the green;

Fai. And here my mistress :--'Would that he
The cowllips tall her pensioners be;

were gone!
In their gold coats spots you see ;

Those be rubies, fairy favours,

In those freckles live their favours :

Enter Oberon, king of Fairies, at one door with his I must go seek fome dew-drops here,

truirg and she queen at another evith her’i. And hang a pearl in every cowslip's ear.

Ob. Ili met by moon-lighi, proud Titania. Farewel, thou lob 2 of spirits, I'll be gone; Queen. What, jealous Oberon: Fairy, lkip hence, Our queen and all her elves come here anon.

I have fortworn his bed and company. Puck. The king doth keep his revels here to-night; Ob. Tarry, ralh wanton; Am not I thy lord ? Take heed, the queen come not within his fight. Queen. Then I must be thy lady: But I know For Oberon is paring fell and wrath,

When thou haft ftol'n away from fairy land,
Because that the, as her attendant, hath

And in the Thape of Corin sat all day,
A lovely boy, stolen from an Indian king; Playing on pipes of corn, and versing love
She never had fo fiveet a changeling :

To amorous Phillida. Why art thou here,
And jezious Oberon would have the child Come from the farthest steep of India ?
Knight of his train, to trace the foreits wild : But that, forsooth, the bouncing Ainazon,
But ihe, per-force, with-holds the loved boy, [joy : Your buikin'd mistress, and your warrior love,
Crowns him with Auwers, and makes him all her To Theseus must be wedded ; and you come
And now they never meet in grove or green,

To give their bed joy and prosperity. By fountain clear, or spangled star-light iheen 3, 05. How can'lt thou thus, for Thame, Titania, But they do squire 4; that all their elves, for fear, Glance at my credit with Hippolita, Creep into acorn cups, and hide them there. (quite, Knowing I know thy love to Theseus ? (night

Foi. Either I mistake your shape and making Didit thou not lead him through the glimmering Or else you are that shrewd and knavish sprite, From Perigune, whom he ravith'd ? Cold Robin Gou-fellow : Are you not he, And make him with fair Ægle break his faith, That frights the maidens of the villag'ry; With Ariadne, and Antiopa? Skim milk; and sometimes labour in the querns, Queen. There are the forgeries of jealousy : And bootiets make the breathless huswife churn; And never, since the iniddle lumıner's spring", And sometime make the drink to bear no barni 6; Met we on hill, in dale, forest, or mead, Miflead night-wanderers, laughing at their harm? By paved fountain, or by rushy brook, Those thae Hobgoblin call you, and sweet Puck 7, Or on the beached margent of the sea, You do their work, and they shall have good luck: To darce our ringlets to the whistling wind, Are not you he?

But with thy brawis thou hast disturb’d our sport. Puck. Thou speak'st aright;

Therefore the winds, piping to us in vain, I am that merry wanderer of the night. As in revenge, have suck'd up from the sea I jest to Oberon, and make him smile,

Contagious fogs; which falling in the land, When I a fat and bean-fed horie beguile,

| Have every pelting "a river made so proud, 1 This alludes to the circles supposed to be made by the fairies on the ground, whose verdare proceeds from the fairy's care to water them. 2 Lob, lubber, looby, lobcock, all imple both indolence of body and dulness of mind. 3 ire. shining 4 To Square here signifies to quarrel. is a hand-mill.

7 Puck is Barm is a name for yeast

, still used in our midland counties. said to have been an old Gothick word, signifying fiend or devil

8 In Staffordshire the cpithet of

9 Tris aunt is still applied indiscriminately to old women, and is there pronounced naunt. may perhaps allude to'a custom of crying taylor at a sudden fall back wards, as a person who flips befide his chair falls as a taylor iquats upon his board.

10 j. e. encrease. u By the middle forze mer's spring, our author see us to mean the beginning of middle or mid lummer. 12 i.e. defpicable, man.


5 A quer?


That they have over-borne their continents!. Since once I sat upon a promontory;
The ox hath therefore stretch'd his yoke in vain, And heard a mermaid on a dolphin's back,
The ploughman lost his sweat ; and the green corn Uttering fuch dulcet and harmonious breath,
Hath rotted, ere his youth attain'd a beard : That the rude sea grew civil at her song;
The told stands empty in the drowned field, And certain stars Thot madly from their spheres,
And crows are fatted with the murrain flock: To hear the sea-maid's musick.
The nine-men's morris 2 is fill'd up with mud; Puck. I remember.
And the quant mazes in the wanton green, Ob. That very time I l.w, (but thou could it not)
For lack of tread, are undistinguishable.

Flying between the cold moon and the earth,
The human mortals want their winter here, Cupid all arm'd: a certain aim he took
No night is now with hymn, or carol blet: At a fair vertal, throned by the welt;
Therefore the moon, the governcís of floods, And loos'd his love-thaft smartly from his bow,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,

As it Thould pierce a hundred thousand hearts : That rheumatick diseases do abound 3 :

But I might see young Cupid's fiery Ihaft And, thorough this distemperature *, we see Quench'd in the chatte beams of the watry mcon 3 The seasons alter : hoary-headed frotts

And the imperial votress patled on, Fall in the fresh lap of the crimíon rose ; In maiden meditation, fancy-free s And on old Hyems' chin, and icy crown, Yet mark'd I where the bolt of Cupid fell : An odorous chaplet of sweet lummer buds It fell upon a little western flower,— [wound, Is, as in mockery, set : The spring, the summer, Before, milk-white; now purple with love's The childing - autumn, angry winter, change And maidens call it, love-in-idleness. (once ; Their wonted liveries ; and the imazed world, Fetch me that flower; the herb I few'd thee By their increase, now knows not which is which : The juice of it on Neeping eye-lids laid, And this fame progeny o of evils comes Will make or man or woman madly doat From our debite, from our diffention ;

Upon the next live creature that it lees. We are their parents and original.

Fetch me this herb; and be thou here again, Ob. Do you amend it then; it lies in

you :

Ere the leviathan can swim a league. Why should Titania cross her Oberon?

Puck. I'll put a girdle round about the earth I do but beg a little changeling boy,

In forty minutes.

[Cxit. To be my henchman 7.

0b. Having once this juice, Queen. Set your heart at reft,

I'll watch Titania when the is asleep, The fairy land buys not the child of me.

And drop the liquor of it in her eyes : ilis mother was a viereis of my order :

The next thing when she waking looks upon, And, in the spiced Indian air, by night, (Be it on lion, bear, or wolf, or bull, Fu" often hath the golip'd by my side ;

On meddling monkey, or on busy ape) And lat with me on Neptune's yellow lands, She Thall pursue it with the soul of love. Marking the embark i traders on the food ; And ere I take this charmi oft from her light, When we have laugli'd to see the fuls conceive, As I can take it with another herb) And grow big-bellied with the wanton wind: I'll make her renier up her page to me. Ulucn the, with pretty and with twiming gait, But who comes here? I am invisible ; (Following her womb, then rich with my young and I will over-hear their conference. Would imitate ; and fail upon the land, [Squire) Fater Demetrius, Helena following bim. 7o fetch me trifles, and return again,

Der. I love thee not, therefore pursue me not. As from a voyage, rich with merchandize. Where is Lylander and fair Hermia ? But she, being mortal, of that boy did die ; The one I'll Blay, the other Nayeth me. And, for her fake, I do rear up her boy ; Thou told'it me, they were 1toln unto this wood; And, for her Take, I will not put with him. And here am I, and wood 9 within this wood, Ob. How long within this wood intend you Because I cannot meet my Hermia. stay?

(d.ay. Hence, get thee gone, and follow me no more. Queen. Perchance, till after Theseus' wedding Hel. You draw me, you hard-hearted adamant; If you will patiently dance in our round, But yet you draw not iron, for my heart And see our moon-light revels, go with us ; Is true as Heel : Leave you your power to draw, If not, thun me, and I will apare your hunts. And I shall have no power to follow you.

Ob. Give me that boy, and I will go with thee. Dern. Do I entice you? do I speak you fair,

Queen. Not for thy fairy kingdom.-Fairies, away: 'Or, rather, do I not in plainett truth
We ihail chide down-nght, if I longer stay. Tell you---I do not, nor I cannot love you?

[?.xeur: Queer and ber train. Hel. And even for that do I love you the more. Oh. Well, go thy way: thou tult not from this I ain your ipaniel; and, Demetrius, 'Till I torment thee for this injury. (grove, The more you beat me, I will fawn on you : My gentle Puck, come hither : Thou remeinber'itluse me but as your spaniel, spurn me, itrike me,

"Vicaning their banks. 2 Nine men's morris is a game fill played by the shepherds, cow-keepers, &c. in the midland counties. 3 The confufioh of feasons here described, is no inore than a poctical account of the weather, which happened in England about the time when this play was first publithcd. 4 That is, perturbation. s That is, the pregunt.

O That is, produce. 1 Page of konour. This was intended as a compliment to Queca Elizabeth. 9 il cod berc a.caas med, wild, "uiing In this scple it was formerly ipelled wode:


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Neglect me, lose me; only give me leave, May be the lady: Thou shalt know the man
Unworthy as 1 am, to follow you.

By the Athenian garments he hath on.
What worser place can I beg in yo!'r love,

Effect it with some care, that he may prove
(And yet a place of high respect with me) More fond on her, than Mhe upon her love :
Than to be used as you use your dog?

And look thou meet me ere the first cock crow.
Dem. Tempt not too much the hatred of my spirit ; Puck. Fear not, my lord, your servant Thall do so.
For I am sick, when I do look on thee.

[Excurit Hel. And I am sick, when I look not on you.

Derr. You do impeach your modesty too much,

Another part of the Wood.
To leave the city, and commit yourself
Into the hands of one that loves you not ;

Enter the Queen of Fairies, with her train.
To trust the opportunity of night,

Queen. Come, now a roundel ?, and a fairy song :
And the ill counsel of a desert place,

Then, for the third part of a minute, hence:
With the rich worth of your virginity.

Some, to kill cankers in the musk-rofe buds;
Hel. Your virtue is my privilege for that.

Sume, war with rear-mice 3 for their leathern wings,
It is not night, when I do see your face, To make my small elves coats; and some keep back
*Therefore I think I am not in the night: The clamorous owl, that nightly hoots, and wonders
Nor doth this wood lack worlds of company;

At our quaint spirits *: Sing me now asleep;
For you, in my respect, are all the world : Then to your offices, and let me rest.
Then how can it it said, I am alone,

Fift Fairy
When all the world is here to look on me?

You spoiled frakes, with double tongue,
Dem. I'll run from thee, and hide me in the brakes,

Thor ny bedge-bogi, be not seen;
And leave thee to the mercy of wild beautts.

Newti, and blind-worms, do no wrong i
Hel. The wildest hath not such a heart as you.

Come not near oli",

fairy queen:
Run when you will, the story shall be chang'd:

Apollo Alies, and Daphne holds the chafe ;
The dove pursues the griffin; the mild hind

Philomel, with melody,
Mukes speed to catch the tyger: Bootless speed !

Sing in your sweet lullaby ;
When cowardice pursues, and valour flies.

Lulla, iulla, lullaby; lulla, lulla, lullaby:

Never harmi, nor
Dem. I will not stay thy questions ; let me go:

Spell nor charm,
Or, if thou follow me, do not believe

Come Oidi lovely lady nigh;
But I shall do thee mischief in the wood.

So, good night, with lullaby.
Hel. Ay, in the temple, in the town, the field,

Second Fairy.
You do me mischief. Fie, Demetrius !

Wearing Spiders, come not here;
Your wrongs do set a scandal on my sex :

Henic, you long-leggd spinners, hence:
We cannot fight for love, as men may do ;

Beetles black, approach not near;
We fou'd be woo'tl, and were not made to woo. Worm, mor Suail, do no offence.
I'll follow thee, and make a heaven of hell,

To die upon the hand I love so well.

Pbilomil, zvith melody, &c.
05. Fare thee well, nymph: ere he do leave

Firft Fairy.
Thou Malt fy him, and he thall seek thy love. Hence, away; now all is well:
Haft thou the flower there? Welcome, wanderer.

One, aloof, 1tand sentinel.
Re-enter Puck.

[Excunt Fairies. The Queen sleeps. Puck. Ay, there it is.

Enter Oberor. 06. I pray thee, give it me.

Ob. What thou seeft, when thou dost wake,
I know a bank wherсon the wild thyme blor's,

[Squeezes the flower on ber eye-lids.
Where ox-lips' and the nuclding violet grows; Do it for thy true love take;
Quite over-canopy'd with luscious woodbine, Love, and languish for his fake;
With sweet mulk roses, and with eglantine : Be it ounces, or cat, or bear,
There fleeps Titania, some time of the night, Pard, or boar with bristled hair,
L'ill'd in these flowers with dances and delight ; 1. thy eye that shall appear
And there the snake throws her enamellid skin, When thou wak'lt, it is thy dear ;
Weed wide enough to wrap a fairy in :

Wake, when some vile thing is near. [Exie Oberom.
And with the juice of this I'll streak her eyes,

Enter Lysander and Hermia.
And make her full of hateful fantasics.

Lys. Pair love, you faint with wandering in the
Take thou some of it, and seek through this grove:

A sweet Athenian lady is in love

And, to speak troth, I have forgot our way:
With a difdunful youth: anoint his eyes ;

We'll reft us, Hermia, if you think it good,
But do it, when the nexi thing he espies

And tarry for the comfort of the day.

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this grove,

1 The greater coruflip. ? A roundel is a dance in a ring. 3 A rere-mouse is a bat, 4 Dr. War. burton roads quzini iporis. 5 The ounce is a small tyger, or tyger-cat.


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