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Destruction on my head, if my bad blame the place is best known to you : And though we Light on the man !—Come hither, gentle mistress; have there a substitute of most allow'd fufficiency, Do you perceive in all this noble company, yet opinion, a sovereign mistress of effects, throws Where moft you owe obedience ?

a more tafe voice on you : you must therefore be Def. My noble father,

content to flubber 4 the gloss of your new fortunes I do perceive here a divided duty :

with this more Stubborn and boilier cris expolition. To you I am bound for life, and education ; Oth. The tyrant cuttom, most grave senators, My and education, both do rn me Hath made tiie flinty and iteel couch of war How to respect you; you are the lord of dury, My thrice-uriven 5 bed of down: I do agnize 6 I am hitherto your daughter : But here's my A natural and prompt alacrity, husband ;

I find in hardness; and do undertake
And so much duty as my mother shew'd

This present war against the Ollomites.
To you, preferring you before her father, Moft humbly therefore bending to your state,
So much I challenge that I may profess

I crave fit disposition for my wife;
Due to the Moor, iny lord.

Duc reference of place 7, and exhibitions ;
Bra. God be with you! I have done : With such accommodation, and befort,
Please it your grace, on to the state affairs ; As levels with her breeding.
I had rather to adopt a child, than get it.-

Duke. If you please,
Come hither, Moor :

Be 't at her father's.
I here do give thee that with all my heart,

Bra. I will not have it so.
Which, but thou hast already, with all my heart Oih. Nor I.
I would keep from thee.--For your fake, jewel, Def. Nor I; I would not there refide,
I am glad at soul I have no other child ;

To put my father in impatient thoughts,
For thy escape would teach me tyranny,

By being in his eye. Most gracious duke,
To hang clogs on them.—I have done, my lord. To my unfolding lend a gracious ear ;
Duke. Let me speak like yourself; and lay a And let me find a charter in your voice,

To atlist my simpleness.
Which, as a grise', or step, may help these lovers Duke. What would you, Desdemona ?
Into your favour.

Dif. That I did love the Moor to live with him,
When remedies are past, the griefs are enxled, My down-right violence and storm of fortunes
Ry seeing the worst, which late on hopes dependel. May trumpet to the world ; my heart's sublu'd
To mourn a muchief that is part and gone, Even to the very quality of my lord:
Is the next way to draw new mischief on. I saw Othello's vitage in his mind 10;
What cannot be preserv'd when fortune cakes, And to his honours, and his valiant parts,
Palience her injury a mockery makes.

Did I my soul and fortunes consecrate. Tile robb’d, that imiles, iteals fomething from the So that, dear lords, if I be left behind,

A moth of peace, and he go to the war, He robs himielf, that spends a bootless grief. The rites, for which I love him, are berest me,

Bra. So let the Turk, of Cyprus us beguile; And I a heavy interim Mall 1upport We lose it not, so long as we can smile.

By his dear absence : Let me go with him. He bears the sentence well, that nothing bears Oth, Your voices, lords :-I do beleech you, let But the free comfort which from thence he hears 2 : Her will leave a free way. But he bears hoth the sentence and the sorrow, Vouch with me, heaven, I therefore beg it not, That to pay grief, must of poor patience borrow. To please the patate of my appetite; These sentences, to fugar, or to gall,

Nor to comply with heat, the young affects, Being stroog on both sides, are equivocal : In me defunct) and proper satisfaction ; But words are words : I never yet did hear, But to be free and bounicous to her mind It: That the bruis'd heart was pierced through the ear 3. And heaven defend 12 your good souls, that you think I humbly beseech you, proceed to the affairs of I will your serious and great business scant, state.

For the is with me; No, when light-wing d toys Duke. The Turk with a most mighty prepara-|Of feather'd Cupid feel with wanton dulness tion makes for Cyprus :--Othello, the fortitude of My speculative and active instruments 13,

1 Grize, fronı degrees. A grise is a step. 2 Meaning, the moral precepts of confolation, which are liberally beltowed on occation of the sentence. 3 Dr. Johnson obscrves, that the consequence of a bruise is sometimes matter collected, and this can no way be cured without piercing, or letting it out. • To fiubber here means to obfcure.

S A driven bed, is a beditor which the feathers are telected, by driving with a fan, which separates the light from the heavy: 6 i.e. acknowledge, confess,

?i.e. precedency suitable to her rank. 8 Fahibition is allowince, and liere implies

91. c. Let your favour privilege me. 10 i.e. The grcainess of his characier reconciled me to his form. a djects Itands in this passage not for love, but for paffions, for that by which any thing is affected. Tijf it not, says Othello, to please appetite, or fututy dooje depres, the pallions of youth which I have now oullived, or for any furticular gratifuation of anyfelf, but merely than I may indulye the wishes of my wife.

12 To defend, is to forbud, from defendre, Fio 13 All these words mean no more than this : When the pleasures and idle toys of loc wake me urfir either for Joerg the duties of my office, or for the ready performance of them.


thief ;

1 (venue.

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That my disports corrupt and taint my business, Thame to be fo fond; but it is not in my virtue es
Let housewives make a skillet of my helm, amend it.
And all indign and bate adversities

lago. Virtue ? a fig! 'tis in ourselves, that we Make head against my estimation !

are thus, or thus. Our bodies are our gardens; to Duke. Be it as you shall privately determine, the which, our wills are gardeners : so that if we Either for her stay, or going: the affair cries—hatte, will plant nettles, or low lettuce ; set hyflop, ad And speed must answer it ; you must hence to-night. weed up thyme ; supply it with one gender of Def. To-night, my lord ?

herbs, or distract it with many; either have it ften! Duke. This night.

with idleness, or manur'd with industry; why, the Orb. With all my heart.

power and corrigible authority of this lies in our Duke. At ninei'the morning here we'll meet agam. wills. If the balance of our lives had not one reale. Othello, leave fome officer behind,

of reason to poise another of sensuality, the blood And he shall our commiffion bring to you ; and baseness of our natures would conduct us to And such things else of quality and respect, most preposterous conclusions : But we have rea. As doth import you.

fon, to cool our ragiog motions, our carnal stogs, Oth. Please your grace, my ancient ;

our unbitted lufts; whereof I take this, that you A man he is of honetty, and trust:

call-love, to be a sećt 4 or scyon. To his conveyance I afsign my wife,

Red. It cannot be.
With what else needful your good grace shall think Iago. It is merely a lust of the blood, and a
To be sent after me.

permission of the will. Come, be a man : Drown Duke. Let it be 10.

thyself ? drown cats, and blind puppies. I have Good night to every one.-And, noble signior, profess'd me thy friend, and I confeís me knit to

[To Brab. thy deserving with cables of perdurable toughness ; If virtue no delighted 1 beanty lack,

I could never better stead thee than now. Put Your son-in-law is far more fair than black. money in thy purse: follow thou these wars; de

Sen. Adieu, brave Moor! use Desdemona well. feat s thy favour with an usurped beard : I say, Bra. Look to her, Moor ; have a quick eye put money in thy purse. It cannot be, that Delo to see;

demona should long continue her love to the Moor, She has deceived her father, and may thee. --put money in thy purse ;---nor he his to her : it

[Exeunt Duke, and Senators. was a violent commencement in her, and thus 0:h. My life upon her faith.--Honest lago, Dalt see an answerable sequestration ;-put but My Desdemona must I leave to thee:

money in thy purse.—These Moors are changeable I pr’ythee, let thy wife attend on her;

in their wills ;--fill thy purse with money : the And bring them after in the best advantage 2. food that to him now is as luscious as locusts 7, shall Come, Desdemona; I have but an hour

be to him shortly as bitter as coloquintida. She Of love, of worldly matter and direction, must change for youth: when she is rated with To spend with thee: we must obey the time. his body, she will find the error of her choice.

[Exeunt Othello, and Desdemona. She muit have change, she must: therefore pub Rod. lago,

money in thy purse.- If thou wilt needs damn lago. What say'st thou, noble heart?

thyself, do it a more delicate way than drowning. Rod. What will I do, think'st thou ?

Make all the money thou canst: If fanctimony lago. Why, go to bed, and feep.

and a frail vow, betwixt an erring Barbarian and a Rod. I will incontinently drown myself. super-subtle Venetian, be not too hard for my wits,

Iago. Well, if thou doft, 1 Mall never love thee and all the tribe of hell, thou shalt enjoy her ; after it. Why, thou filly gentleman !

therefore make money. A pox of drowning thyRod. It is filliness to live, when to live is a tor- felf! it is clean out of the way : seek thou rather ment : and then have we a prescription to die to be hang'a in compassing thy joy, than to be when death is our physician.

drown'd and go without her. lago. O villainous! I have look'd upon the Rod. Wilt thou be fast to my hopes, if I depend world for four times seven years: and since I could on the issue? distinguish betwixt a benefit and an injury, I never lago. Thou art sure of me ;-Go, make money: found man that knew how to love himself. Ere 1-1 have told thee often, and I re-tell thee again would say, I would drown myself for the love of and again, I hate the Moor : My cause is hearted; a Guinea hen 3, I would change my humanity thine hath no less reason: Let us be conjunctive with a baboon.

in our revenge against him: if thou canst cuckold Rod. What Mould I do? I confess, it is my him, thou dost thyself a pleasure, and me a sport.


1 Delighted, for delighting, or delightful. Shakspeare often uses the active and passive participles indiscriminately. i.e. fairelt opportunity. 3 A Guinea-hen was anciently the cant term for a prostitute. 4 A fect is what the more modern gardeners call a cutting. s To deftal, is to undo, to change. 6 The poet probably bere uses sequestration for sequel. Sequefira!ion, howe ever, may mean no more than separation. 7 The fruit of the locuit-tree is a long black pod, which contains the reeds, among which there is a very sweet luscious juice of much the same cupfittency as fresh honcy.


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There are many events in the womb, of time, He has done my office; I know not, if 't be true; which will be delivered. Traverte ; go; provide But I for mere suspicion in that kind, thy money. We will have more of this to-mor- Will do, as if for furety. He holds me well; Adieu.

The better thall my purpose work on him. Rod. Where shall we meet i' the morning : Callio's a proper man: Let me see now; Ligo. At my lodging.

To get his place, and to plune up my will, Kod. I'll be with thee betimes.

A double k: avery,--How? How?--Let me see:logo. Go to; farewel. Do you hear, Roderigor | After some time, to abuse Othello's ear, Rod. What say you?

That he is too familiar with his wife :dago. No more of drowning, do you hear. He barh a person, and a smooth dispose, Rat. I am chang’d. I'll go sell all my land. To be fufpected; fram'd to make women false. lago. Go to; farewel; put money enough in The Moor is of a free and open nature, your purre.

[Exie Rocierige. That thinks men hone!t, that but seem to be to; Thus do I ever make my fool my purse: And will as tenderly be led by the nose, For I mine own gain'd knowledge thould profane, As alles are. If I thould time expend with such a snipe, I have 'r ;-- it is engender'd: Hell and night But for my sport, and profit. I hate the Moor; Must bring this monitrouis birth to the world's And it is thought abroad, that 'twixt my sheets



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from the cape can you dicern Andi in full communion here for Cyprus.


Mont. How! is this trije?
The Capital of Cyprus.

3 Gent. The ihip is here put in,

A Veruese 2 : Michael Calio,
A Platformu.

Lieutenant to the warlike Moor, Othello,
Enter Montano, and two Gentlemen. Is come on fhore; the Moor himself's at sea,
at sea :

Mont, I am glad on't ; 'tis a . i Gert. Nothing at all : it is a high-wrought

3 Gent. But this famne Cailio,--though he speak I cannot, 'twixt the heaven and the main,

of comfort, Descry a fail.

[land ; Touching the Turkish lofs -- yet he looks fadly, Mont. Methiuks, the wind hatrı spoke aloud at And prays the Moor be safe ; for they were parted A fuller blast ne'er thook our battlements :

With fuul and violent tempeft. If it bath ruthan'd lo upon the sea,

Mont. Pray heaven he be; What ribs of ook, when mountains melt on them, For I have serv'd him, and the man commands Can hold the mortice? What shall we hear of this ? Like a full soldier. Let's to the sea-side, ho! 2 Gint. A legregation of the Turkith fleet :

As well to see the vetiel that's come in, For do but stand upon the foaming thore, As to throw out our eyes for brave Othello ; The chiding billow seems to pelt the clouds ; Even 'till we make the main, and the aerial blue, The wind-shak'd surge, with high and monitrous An indistinct regard. Seems to catt water on the burning bear, (main,

Gent. Come, let's do so : And quench the guards of the ever-fixed pole - :

For every minute is expectancy I never did like molestatiou view

Of more arrivance, On the enchafed ficod.

Enter C.?lio. Mont. If that the Turkish fleet

Caf. Thanks to the valiant of this warlike ille,
Be not inshelter'd, and embay'd, they are drown'd; That fo approve the Moor ; O let the heavens
It is impollible they bear it out.

Give him defence against the elements,
Enten a bird Gentleman.

For I have lost him on a dangerous lea! 3 Gint. News, lords ! our wars are done:

Mont. Is he well shipp'd ?
The desperate tempeft hath so bang'd the Turks, Caf. His bark is stoutly timber'd, and his pilot
*That their designment halts: A noble ship of of very expert and approv'd allowance 3;

Therefore my hopes. not surfeited to death,
Hath seen a grievous wreck and sufferance Stand in bold cure 4.
On most part of their feet.

Within.] A fail, a fail, a fail!
1 Alluding to the star Arftophylax. 2 By a Veronese a ship of Verona is denoted.

3 Expert and approi'd allowance is put for allow'd and approu'd expertness. 4 The meaning, Mr. Steevens thinks, is, Theretore, my hopes, not being deltroyed by their own excess, but being reasonable and moderate, are likely to be fulfilled.


Caf. What noise!

lago. Sir, would the give you so much of set Gent. The town is empty; on the brow o'the sea

lips, Stand ranks of people, and they cry--a fail. As of her tongue the oft bestows on me,

Caf. My hopes do shape him for the governor. You'd have enough.

Gine. They do discharge their shot of courtefy; Del. Alas, she has no speech. Our friends, at leaft.

(Guns beard.

lago. In faith, too much ; Caf. I pray you, sir, go forth,

I find it ftill, when I have lift to sleep; And give us truth who 'tis that is arrived. Marry, before your ladyship, I grant, Gent. I lhall.

(Exit. She puts her tongue a little in her heart; Moni. But, good lieutenant, is your general And chides with chinking. wird?

Æ». You have little cause to say so. Caf. Most fortunately : he hath atchiev'd a maid lago. Come on, come on ; you are pictures of That paragons description, and wild fame;

of doors, One that excels the quirks of blazoning pens, Bells in your parlours, wild cats in your kitchens And, in the essential vetture of creation,

Saints in your injuries, devils being offended, Does bear all excellency ',-How now? who has Players in your housewifery, and housewives in

put in?

your beds.

Re-enter Gentleman,

Def. O, fie upon thee, slanderer !
Gent. 'Tis one lago, ancient to the general, lago. Nay, it is true, or else I am Turk;
Caf. He has had most favourable and happy You rise to play, and go to bed to work.

Amil. You shall not write my praise.
Tempeststhemselves, high seas, and howling winds, lago. No, let me not.
The gutter'd rocks, and congregated sands, Def. What wouldit thou write of me, if thou
Traitors enftcep'd to clog the guiltless keel,

shouldft praile me? As having sense of beauty, do omit

lago. O gentle lady, do not put me to 't; Their mortal natures, letting go safely by For I am nothing, if not critical 2. The divine Desdemona.

Def. Come on, allay :

-There's one gode to Mont. What is the?


the harbour ? Caf. She that I spake of, our great captain's lag). Ay, madam. Left in the conduct of the bold Iago ;

Def. I am not merry; but I do beguile Whose footing here anticipates our thoughts, The thing I am, by seeming otherwise. — A se'nnight's speed. --Great Jove, Othello guard, Come, how wouldft thou praise me? And swell his fail with thine own powerful breath; lugo. I am about it ; but, indeed, my invention That he may biets this bay with his tall ship, Comes from my pate, as bird-lime does from frize, Make love's quick pants in Desdemona's arms, It plucks out brains and all : But my muse labours, Give renew'd fire to our extincted fpirits,

And thus she is deliver'd. And bring all Cyprus comfort ! -0, behold, If the be fair and wise,faimess, and wit,

Enter Disdemona, lag, Roderigo, and Æmilia. The one's for use, the other useth it. The riches of the thip is come on shore !-

De). Well prais d! How if the be black and Yemen of Cyprus, let her have your knees :

witty? Hail to thee, lady! and the grace of heaven, Before, behind thee, and on every hand,

lago. If the be black, and thei eto have a wit,

She'll find a white that shall her blackaels Enwheel thee round !

Dif. I thank you, valiant Callio.
What tidings can you tell me of my lord ?

Def. Worse and worse.

Emil. How, if fair and foolish ? Caf. He is not yet arriv’d; nor know I aught But that he's well, and will be shortly here. lugo. She never yet was foolish that was fair ;

Def. O, but I fear ; --How loft you company? For even her folly help'd her to an heir. Cas. The great contention of the sea and lkies

Def. These are old fond paradoxes, to make Parted our fellowship: But, hark ! a fail.

fools laugh i'the alehouse. What miserable praise Wirbin.) A fail, a fail !

[Guns heard. haft thou for her that's foul and foolish ? Geri. They give this greeting to the citadel ;

lago. There's none so foul, and foolish thereunto, This likewise is a friend. Caf. See for the news.- (An attendant goes out.

But does foul pranks which fair and wife Good ancient, you are welcome ; -Welcome,

ones do. mistress.

[To Æmilia. Des. O heavy ignorance !-thou praifest the Let it not gall your patience, good Iago,

worst best. But what praise couldit thou bestow That I extend my manners ; 'tis my breeding on a deserving woman indeed ? one, that, in the That gives me this bold Thew of courtesy. authority of her merit, did justly put on the vouch

[Kisses ber. of very malice itself 3 ?


1 That is, She excels the praises of invention, and in real (the author seeming to ufe elsential for real qualities, with which creation has invested her ; bears all excellency.

2 That is, cenforious. 3 Dr. johnson says, Tu pus on the vouch of malice, is to allume a character vouched by ihe testimony of malice it clf.



lago. She that was ever fair, and never proud; And this, and this, the greatest discords be
Had tongue at will, and yet was never loud;

Killing her,
Never lack'd gold, and yet went never gay; That e’er our hearts shall make!
Fled from her with, and yet said, now 1 Lago. O, you are well tun'd now!
may :

[nigh, But I'll let down the pegs that make this music,
She that, being angerd, her revenge being As honelt as I am.

Bade her wrong itay, and her displeasure Osb. Come, let us to the castle.

News, friends; our wars are done, the Turks
She that in wisdom never was so frail,

are drown'd.
To change the cod's head for the salmon's How do our old acquaintance of this ise ? -
tail" ;

[mind, Honey, you Thall be well desir'd in Cyprus,
She that could think, and ne'er disclose her I have found great love amongst them. O my sweet,
See suitors following, and not look behind; I prattle out of fashion o, and I dute
She was a wight,--if ever such wight In mine own comforts. I pr’ythee, good lago,

Go to the bay, and disembark my coffers :
Def. To do what ?

Bring thou the maiter to the citadel; lago. To suckle fools, and chronicle small beer 2. He is a good one, and his worthiness

Dif. O mott lame and impotent conclufion !Does challenge much respect.--Come, Desdemona, Do nol learn of him, Æmilia, though he be thy Once more well met at Cyprus. husband. --How say you, Çallio ? is he not a most [Exeunt Othello, Desdemona, and Attendants. profane 3 and liberal 4 countellor ?

lago. Do thou meet me presently at the harbour. Caf. He speaks home, madam ; you may relish Come hither. If thou be'lt valiant ; as (they say) him more in the foldier, than in the scholar. base men, being in love, have then a mobility in

lago. [cijide.] He takes her by the palm: Ay, their natures more than is native to them,-list well faid, whitper : with as little a web as this, me. The lieutenant to-night watches on the will I ensnare as great a lly as Cailio. Ay, court of guard 7 :---First, I must tell thee this, smile upon her, do; I will gyves thee in thine - Desdemona is directly in love with him. own courtthip. You tay true; 'tis fo, indeed : Rod. With him! why, ’ris not posible. if Tuch tricks as these strip you out of your lieu lugo. Lay thy finger--thus , and let thy soul be tenantry, it had been better you had not kiss d your instructed. Mark me with what violence the first three fingers so ust, which now again you are loud the Mor, but for bragging, and telling her mos apt to play the lur in. Very good; well fantastical lies : And will the love him ftill for kiss'd! an excellent courtesy! 'us 10 in leed. prating? let not thy discreet heart think it. Yet again your fingers to your lips ? 'would, they Her eye mult be fed; and what delight shall the were clyfter-pipes for your take! [Trumpir. have to look on the devil ? When the blood is The Moor, -I know his trumpet.

made dull with the act of sport, there ihould be, Caf. 'Tis truly 1o.

açain to infiame it, and to give fatiety a fresh apDef. Let's mcet him, and receive him. pecite,-loveliness in favour ; fympathy in yeurs, . Caf. Lo, where be comes !

manners, and beauties; all which the Moor is deErter Orhello, and Attendanti.

fective in : Now, for want of these required conOih. O my fair warrior !

veniences, her delicate tenderness will find itself Df. My dear Othello!

abus’d, begin to heave the gorge, difrelish and abOrb. It gives me wonder great as my content,

hor the Moor ; very nature will instruct her in To see you here before me. O my foul's joy! it, and compel her to some second choice. Now, If after every tempeft come such calmness, fir, this granted, (as it is a most pregnant and unMay the winds blow till they have wakend death! forc'd position) who stands fu eminently in the And let the labouring bark climb bills of seas, | degree of this fortune, as Carrio does; a knave Olympus high; and duck again as low

very voluble; no farther conicion:able, thau in As hell's from heaven! If it were now to die, puteing on the mere form of civil and humane 'Twere now to be most happy ; for, I fear, sceming, for the better compassing of his falt and My soul hath her content so absolute,

most hidden loose attection? Why, none; why, That not another comfort like to this

none : A lippery and subtle knave ; a finder out Succeeds in unknown fate.

of occasions ; that has an eye can stamp and coun. Def. The heavens forbid,

terfeit advantages, though true advantage never But that our loves and comforts should encrease, present itself : A devilith knave ! Besides, the Even as our days do grow !

knave is handsome, young; and hath all those reOib. Amen to that, sweet powers!

qulites in him, that folly and green minds 9 look I cannot speak enough of this content,

after : A peftilent complete knave; and the woIt Itops me here; it is too much of joy ;

man hath found him already.

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Ii. e. to exchange a delicacy for coarser fare. 2 i. e. to keep the accounts of a householl. 3 i. e, gross of language, of expreflion broad and brutal.

4 j. e. a licentious talker. Si. e. catch, Ihackle.

1. c. cut of method, without any failed order of discourse. 7 1. e. the place where the guard musters. 8 i, e, on thy mouih, to ttop it while thou art listening to a wiser man. ? Minds not yet fully formed.

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