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Ham. I would, I had been there.

(His greatness weigh'd, his will is not liis 0177; Hor. It would have much amaz'd you.

For he himself is subject to his birth : Ham. Very like,

He may not, as unvalued pertons do, Very like : Stay'd it long?

Carve for himself; for on his choice c'epends Hor. While one with moderate hafte

The safety and the health of the while itzte; Might tell a hundred.

And therefore mult his choice be circumicribd Barb. Longer, longer.

Unto the voice and vielding of that buy, Hor. Not when I saw it.

Whereof he is the head : Then if he iar, he Ham. His beard was grizzld ? no?

loves yoiul, Hor. It was, as I have seen it in his life, It fits your wisdom so far to believe it, A fable silver'd.

As lie in his particular act and place Ham. I will watch to-night;

May give his saying deed ; which is no further, Perchance, 'twill walk again.

Than the main voice of Denmark goes withs. Hor, I warrant, it will.

Then weigh what lois your honour nigy futely Ham. If it assume my noble father's person, If with too credent e.ir you lift his songs ; I'll speak to it, though hell itself mould gape, Or lose your heart; or your chaste treasure open And bid me hold my peace. I pray you all, To his unmasterid 5 inportunity. If you have hitherto conceal'd this fight,

Fear it, Ophelia, fear it, my dear filter ; Let it be tenable in your silence ftill ;

And keep you in the rear of your affectica, .
And whatsoever else shall hap to-night,

Out of the shot and danger of desire.
Give it an understanding, but no tongue ; "The chariest 6 maid is prodigal enough,
I will requite your loves : So, fare you well: If the unmask her beauty to the moon :
Upon the platform, 'twixt eleven and twelve, Virtue itself scapes not calumnious strokes :
I'll visit you.

The canker galls the infants of the ipriris,
All. Our duty to your honour.

Too oft before their buttons be difcioso; Han. Your loves, as mine to you : Farewel. And in the morn and liquid dew of youth

[Exeunt. Contagious blaîtments are most imminent, My father's spirit in arms! all is not well ; Be wary then: best l'afety lies in fear; I doubt some foul play : 'would, the night were Youth to itself rebels, though none else ne r. come!

Oph. I Thall the effect of this good lettoa keer, 'Till then fit ftill, my foul: Frul deeds will rise As watchman to my heart : But, good my brocher, (Though all the earth o'erwhelm them) to men's Do not, as some ungracious pastors do, eyes.

[:Exit. Shew me the steep and thorny way to heaven;

Whilft, like a puft and reckless libertine,
S CE N E III.

Himself the primrose path of Julliance treads,

And recks not his own read 7.
In Apartment in Polonius' Houji.

Lacr. O, fer me not.
Erter Laertes and Ophelia.

I stay too long;-But here my father comcs.
Laer. My necessaries are embarkd; farewel:

Enter l'olarius. And, rifter, as the winds give benefit,

A double blefling is a double grace; And convoy is alliftant, do not sleep,

Occasion smiles upon a second leare. But let me hear from you.

Pol. Yet here, Laertes! aboard, aboari, for

Thame; Oph. Do you doubt that?

L'aer. For Hamlet, and the trilling of his favour, The wind sits in the shoulder of your fail, Hold it a fathion, and a toy in blood;

And you are staid for: There,-my bleiings with A violet in the youth of primy nature,

you; [Laying bis bardch Lairici i 2. Forward, not permanent, sweet, not lasting,

And these few precepts in thy memory The perfume and iuppliance' of a minute ; Look thou character. Give thy thoughts no torgue, No more.

Nor any upropurtion'd thought his act. Opb. No more but so?

Be thou familiar, but by no means vulgar. Luer. Think it no more :

The friends thou hart, and their adoption ere, For nature, crescent, does not grow alone Grapple them to thy soul with hoops of steel ; In thews 2, and bulk ; but, as this temple waxes, But do not dull thy palm with entertainment The inward service of the mind and soul

Of each new-hatch'd unfedg'd comrade. Beware Grow's wide withal. Perhaps, he loves you now; Of entrance to a quarrel ; but, being in, And now no soil, nor cautel 3, Joth besmirch

Bear it that the opposer may beware of thee. The virtue 4 of his will : but, you mult fear, Give every man thine ear, but few thy voice :

lj. e. what is supplied to us for a minute. The idea seems to be taken from the fort duration of vegetable perfumes. 2 1. c. in finews, muscular strength. 31. e. no fraud, zat. Teems here to comprise both excellence and power, and may be explained the pure et sielo

6 Chary is cautious. 7 That is. hecds not his own leilons. cent10:45.

& The literal funcis, Do not make thy palm callous by shaking every man by the hand. The figurative mcaning may be, Do not by promiscuous conversation make thy mind insensible to the dificrence of charactcis.

Take

ment.

8 Take each man's censure, but reserve thy judg Pol. Ay, fashion you may call it ; go to, go to.

Oph. And hath given countenance to his ipeech, Coftly thy habit as thy purse can buy,

my lord, Put not express u in fancy ; rich, not gaudy: With almost all the holy vows of heaven, For the apparel oft proclaims the man ;

Poi. Ay, springes to cach woodcocks %. I do And they in France; of the best rank and station,

know, Are moft select, and generous chief 2 in that. When the blood burns, how prodigal the foul Neither a borrower, nor a lender be:

Lends the tongue vous: These blaze , daughter, For loan oft loies both itself and friend ;

Giving more light than heat,-extinct in both,
And borrowing dulls the edge of hulbandry, Even in their promise, as it is a making,
This above all, --To thine ownself be true ; You must not take for fire. From this time,
And it must follow, as the night the day, Be somewhat icanter of your maiden presence;

Thou canst not then be false to any man. Set your entreatments 10 at a higher rate,
Farewel; my bletiing season 3 this in thee! Ihan a command to parley. For lord Hamlet,
Lucr. Moit humbly do I take my leave, my Believe so much in him, That he is young;
lord.

(tend 4. And with a larger tether" may he walk, Pol. The time invites you ; 99, your servants Than may be given you : In few, Ophelia,

Laer. Farewel, Ophelia ; and remember well Do not believe his vows: for they are brokers ; What I have said to you.

Not of that dye which their investments show, Oph. 'Tis in my memory lock'd,

But meer implorators of unholy suits, And you yourtelf thall keep the key 5 of it. Breathing like fanctified and pious bonds, Laer. Farewel.

[Exit Lacries. The better to beguile 12. This is for all, Pol. What is’t, Ophelia, he hath said to you? I would not, in plain terms, from this time forth, Opb. So pleate you, fomething touching the Have you follander any moment's leisure, lord Hamlet.

As to give words or talk with the lord Hamlet. Pol. Marry, well bethought :

Look to't, I charge you; come your ways. 'Tis toid me, he hath very oft of late

Opb. I shall obey, my lord. [Excunt, Given private time to you; and you yourself Have of youraudience been most free and bounteous :

SCENE IV. If it be to, as fo 'tis put on me,

The Platform. And t'ait in way of caution) I must tell you,

Enter Hamlet, Horario, and Marcellus.
ou do not underttand youríelf fo clearly,
As it behoves my daughter, and your honour : Ham. The air bites shrewdly ; it is very cold.
What is between you give me up the truth.

Hor. It is a nipping and an eager air.
Opb. He hath, my lord, of late made many Ham. What hour now:
Of his attection to me.

tenders Hor. I think, it lacks of twelve.
Pol. Affection : pub! you speak like a green Mar. No, it is struck.
girl,

Hor. Indeed ? I beird it not: it then draws Unfisted 6 in luch perilous circumstance.

near the seaton, Do you believe his tenders, as you call them ? Wherein the spirit held bis wont to walk. Opb. I do not know, my lord, what I should

(Noise of music witlin. think.

[baby; What does this mean, my lord ? Pol. Marry, I'll teach you : think yourself a Ham. The king doth wake to-night, and takes That you have ta’en thele tenders for true pay,

his routes,

[reels; Which are not sterling. Tender yourself more Keeps waffel 1, and the swaggering up-pring 15 deurly ;

And, as he drains his draughts of Rhenish down, Or (not to crack the wind of the poor phrase) The kettle-rum, and trumpet, thus bray out Wronging it thus 7, you'll tender me a fool. The triumph of his pledge.

Oph. My lord, he hath importun'd me with love, Hor. Is it a custom? In honourable fashion.

Ham. Ay, marry, is't:

I Cenfure is opinion. 2 Chief is an adjetlive used aduerlially, a practice common to our author. Chiefly generous. 3 That is, infix it in such a manner as that it never inay wear out.

41. c. your fervants are waiting for you. 5 The incaning is, that your counfels are as sure of remaining locked up in my inemory, as if you yourself carried the kcy of it. Ungfied, for untried. Una tried fignifies either not tempied, or tot refined; unifted, lignifics the latter only, though the sense requires the former. 7 That is, if you continue to go on thus wrong. She ules fifrion for manner, and he for a tranhent prachue. 9 A proverbial laying.

10 Entreatments here means company, converfution, from the French entretien. u Tether is that Itring by which an animal, fet to graze in grounds uninclosed, is confined within the proper limits. 12 Do not believe (tays Polonius to his daughter) Hamlet's amorous vows made to you ; which pretend religion in them (the better to beguile, like those fanctified and pious vows (or bonds] made to heaven. 13 A rouse is a large dole of liquor, a debauch. 14 See Macbeth, Act I. 15 That is, the bluttering upftari, arcording to Dr. Johnson ; but Mr. Strevens Lay's, that if Ibrag was a German dane; and that the spring was alio anciently the name of a tuue.

But,

me:

But, to my mind, though I am native here, And for my soul, what can it do to that,
And to the manner bom,-it is a cultom Being a thing immortal as itself?
More honour'd in the breach, than the observance. It waves me forth again ;-I'll follow it.
This heavy-headed revel, east and west,

Hor. What, if it tempt you toward the food, Makes us traduc'd, and tax'd of other nations :

my lord? They clepe us, drunkards, and with swinith phrafe Or to the dreadful summit of the cliff, Soil our addition ; and, indeel, it takes

That beetles o'er his bate into the sea? From our atchievements, though performı’dat height, And there alume some other horrible form, The pith and marrow of our attribute.

Which might deprive 8 your forereignty of rezona So, oft it chances in particular men,

And draw you info madneis? think of it:
That, for some vicious niole of nature in them, The very place puts toys 9 of desperation,
As, in their birth, (wherein thev are not guilty, Without niore motive, into every brain,
Since nature cannot chute his origin)

That looks so many fathoms to the led,
By the o'er-growth of fome complexion', And hears it roar beneatt.
Oft breaking down the pales and forts of reason; llum. It waves me ftill:
Or by some habit, that too niuch o'er-leavens Go on, I'll follow thee.
The form of plausive manners ;--that there men, Mar. You Thall not go, my lord.
Carrying, I lay, the stamp of one defect;

Hain. Hold off

your

hands. Being nature's livery, or fortune's star,-

Hor. Be ruld, you shall not go.
Their virtues else (he they as pure as grace, Ham. My fate cries out,
As infinite as man may undergo)

And makes each petty artery in this body Shall in the general cenfure take corruption As hardy as the Nemean lion's nerve. From that particular fault: The dram of baie Still am I call anhand-me, gentlemen ;Doth all the noble subitance of worth out 2,

Breaking fra To his own scandal.

By heaven, I'll make a ghost of him that let: 10 Enter Gloft.

I lay, away :--Go on, -Til follow thee. Hor. Look, my lord, it comes !

(Exeunt Gini, ard Han't. Ham. Angels and ministers of grace defend us ! Hor. He waxes desperate with imaginii. Be thou a spirit of health, or goblin damail, [hell, Mar. Let's follow ; 'uis not fit thus toobe; bim. Bring with thee airs from heaven, or blasts from Hor. Have after:-To what itlue willthis come! Be thy intents wicked, or charitable,

Mar. Something is rotten in the state of Desie Thou com'st in such a questionable ihape 3,

Ito Heaven will direct it.

(mrk. That I will fpeak to thee; I'll call thee, Hamlet, dur. Xay, let's follow him. King, father, royal Dane : 0, aniwer me ! Let me not burit in ignorance ! but tell,

S CE N E V. Why thy canoniz'd bones, hearted in death,

A more rimore Part of the Platforie. Have burit their cearments? why the fepulchre, Wherein we saw thee quietly in-urn’d,

Re-enier Gbolt, and Islet. Hach op'd his ponderous and marble jaus,

Ilam. Whither wilt thou lead me? fpxeak, 11 To cast thee up again ? What may this mean,

go no further. That thou, dead corle, again, in complete iteel, Gloji. Mark me. Revisit’it thus the glimples of the moon,

Hum. I will.
Making night hideous; and we foots of nature 5 Ghafi. My hour is almost come,
So horridly to thake our difpofition“,

When i to fulphurous and tui menting fames
With thoughts beyond the reaches of our souls? Muit render up myfcll.
Say, why is this? wherefore? what should we do? Ilum. Alas, por ghost!

Hor. It beckons you to go away with it, Glut. Pity me not, but lend thy serious hearing As it it some impartment did defire

To what I shall unfold.

Ham. Speak, I am bound to hear. To you alone.

Гbear. . Mar. Look, with what courteous action Ghoft

. So art thou to revenge, when thou shalt It waves you to a more removed ground :

Ham. What? But do not go with it.

Glut. I am thy father's spirit; Hor. No, by no means.

Doom'd for a certain term to walk the night; Ham. It will not speak; then I will follow it. And, for the day, confin'd to fift in fires, Hor. Do not, my lord.

'Till the foul crimes, done in niy days of nature, Ham. Why, what should be the fear ?

Are burnt and purg'd away. I do not set my life at a pin's fee?;

To tell the secrets of my prsun-houle,

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But that I am furb.

means the least

thing painud

or willen.

I i.e. humour; as sanguine, melancholy, phlegmatic, &c. 2 The dram of luft alloy of baicness or vice. To do a thing out, is to extingujh it, or to cjjace or obliterate uny 3 j. e. in a shape or foran capable oi bung converted with.

To qurition certainly, in our author's time fignificd tv conterfc. 4 li was the custom of the Danish kings to be buried in that

s The exprillion is fine, as intimating we were only kept (as formerly, foois in a gitar family) to make iport for vature, who lay bid only to mock and laugh at us, for our vain searches into her inyítenes. 0 Dili hrion, for frome.

i. c. the value of a pin. 9 Toys for whim.. 10 i. c. hinders, or prevents me.

manner.

7

8 i. e. take anas

I could

as swift

I could a cale unfok!, whose lightest word (That, swift as quick-silver, it courses through Woulu harrow up chy soul ; freeze thy yo'ing blood ; ! The natural gates and alleys of the body ; Make thy two eyes, like itars, start from their And, with a tudiea vigour, it duch poilet spheres ;

And curd, like eger droppings into milk, Thy knotty and combined locks to part,

The thin and wholesome blood : 10 did ic mine ; And each particular hair to itand on end

And a mott initiot tetter bark'd about, Like quills upon the fretful porcupine :

Most lazar-like, withi vile and loachioine cruit, But this eternal blazon must not be

Allt my smooth body. To cars of Herh and blood :-Lift, lift, O lift!- Thus was 1, Bleeping, by a brother's hand, If thou did'It ever thy dear father love, Of liie, of crown, of queen, at once dispatch'd 4: Him., ) heaven !

[der. Cut off even in the blossoms of my fin,
Gl. Revenge his foul and most unnatural mur- (nhousell’ds, disappointed ", unancal ü 7;
Hum. Murder?

No reckoning made, but sent to my account
Gboji. Murder most foul, as in the beat it is ; With all my imperfections on my head :
But this most foul, itrange, and unnatural. O horrible! O horrible! mít horrible !
Hum. Hiite me to know it; that I, with wings If thou hast nature in thee, bear it not;

Let not the royal bed of Denmark be
As meditation', or the thoughts of love, A couch for luxury 8 and damned inceft.
Mav sweep to my revenge.

But, how foever thou pursu It this act, Gholt. I find thee apt ;

Taint not thy mind, nor let thy soul contrive And duller should'ít thou be than the fat weed Against thy mother aught ; leave her to heaven, That rots itself in eate on Lethe's wharf,

And to thote thorns that in her botom lodge, Wouldit thou not itir in this. Now, Hamlet, hear : To prick and sting her. Fare thee well at once! "Tis given out, that, fleeping in my orchard, The glow-worm thews the matin to be near, A ferpent stung me; so the whole ear of Den-And’gins to pale his unellectual furey : Is by a forged process of my death (inark Adieu, adien, adieu ! remember me. TExit. Rankly abus'd : but know, thou noble youth, Hum. O all you host of heaven! O earth! What The ferpent, that did Iting thy father's life,

elle?

[heart : Now wears his crown).

And Mall I couple hell?--O fie !-Hold, hold, my Ham. (), my prophetick soul! my uncle ? And you, my sinews, glow not instant old,

Ghoft. Ay, that incestuous, that adulterate beart, But bear me stiftly up!--Remember thee? With withcraft of his wil, with truiterous gifts, Ay, thou poor ghoit, while memory bolds a seat (0 wicked wit, and gifts, that have the power In this dittracted globe 10. Remember thee? So to reduce !) won to his thanietul luit

Yea, from the table of my memory The will of my mvit seeming-virtuous queen : Tll wipe away all trivial fund records, (), Hamlet, what a falling-ott was there!

All laws of booki, all forms, ail pretlures poft, From me, whole love was of that dignity, That youth and ubiertation copied there; That it went hand in hand even with the vow And thy commandment all alone ihall be I made to her in marriage ; and to decline Within the book and volume of my brain, Upon a wretch, whole natural gitt were poor Unmix'd with bufer matter : yes, by heaven. To those of mine!

O molt peruncious woman !
But virtue, as it never will be mov'd,

O villain, villain, smiling, dumned villain !
Thougi lewdness court it in a Thape of heaven; My tables ---meet it is, I let it down,
Su luit, though to a radiant angel link'd,

That one may imile, and inule, and be a villain : Will late itielf in a celestial bed,

At least, I am sure, it may be io in Denmark : And prey on garbage.

["Priting. But, foft ! mechinks, I scent the morning air So, uncle, there you are. Now to my word 'i; Brief let me be :-Sleeping within mine orchard ?, It is, didien, udien! remember mir. My custom always of the afternoon,

I have sworn it. Upon my secure hour thy uncle itole,

lor. My lord, my lord,

[17".shin. With juice of curled nebenon 3 in a vial,

Mur. Lord Hamlet, And in the porches of mine ears did pour

Hur. Heaven fecurc kim ! The leperous distilment ; whole etteet

Hurm. So be it ! Hoids such an enmity with blood of man,

Sv.dr. Illo, ho, ho, my lord !

I This fimilitude is extremely beautiful. The word meditarion is consecrated, by the myslics, ici fignity that itretc i and thight of mind wich alpires to the enjoyinent of the supreme good. So that Humlei, condidering with what to compare the twitinefs of his revenge, chvofes two of the mott rapid things in nature, cnc ardency of divine and human pallian, in an crthufrujt and a lover. 2 Orchard for garden.

3 That is, henbune. 4 Dijpaicí'd for ber jl. 5 i. e. without the facraincas taken ; troin the old Sason word for the facrainent, toufel. Disappointed is the same as unita pointed, and may to properly explained unprepared. 7 1. e. unano?nted, not having the exireme untiion. B1.e. for lewiness. 91. e. fire that is no longer seen when the light of morning approaches. Ji.e. chis head confused with thought.

'n Hamier alluites to the window orien every day in the inilitary.c.vace, which at this time he says is, Adici, adick, 761ember me.

the grave,

But come;

Ham. Hillo, ho, ho, boy ! come, biril, come! Ham. Ha, ha, boy! say'st thou fo ? art thos Enter llorario, and Marcellus.

there, true.penny! Mar. How is 't, my noble lord?

Come on, you hear this fellow in the celleridgeHor. What news, my lord ?

Consent to swear. Ham. O wonderful!

Hor. Propose the oath, my lord. Hor. Good my lord, tell it.

Ham. Never to speak of this that you have leerl, Ham. No; you will reveal it.

Swear by my sword 2. Hor. Not I, my lord, by heaven.

Ghf. (bencatb] Swear. Mar. Nor I, my lord.

Ham. Hic & ubique? then we'll shiftour grond:Ham. How say you then ; would heart of man Come hither, gentlemen, once think it?

And lay your hands again upon my sword: But you'll be secret,

Swear by my sword, Botb. Ay, by heaven, my lord. (mark, Never to speak of this that you have heard.

Ham. There's ne'er a villain, dwelling in all Den Ghoft. [beneath] Swear by his sword. But he's an arrant knave.

Ham. Well said, old mole ! can'lt work i' the Hor. There needs no ghost, my lord, come from

earth so fast?

[friends

A worthy pioneer!-Once more remore, con To tell us this.

Hor. O day and night, but this is wonitos Ham. Why, right; you are in the right;

strange!

(core. And so, without more circumitance at all,

Ham. And therefore as a stranger give it #t'I hold it fit, that we thake hands, and part : There are more things in heaven and earth, Haczy, You, as your basiness and defire, shall point you ; Than are dreamt of in your philosophy. For every man hath business and desire, Such as it is, and, for my own poor part, Here, as before, never, fo help you mercy! Look you, I will go pray.

How strange or odd foe'er I bear myself,Hor. These are but wild and whirling words, As I, perchance, hereafter shall think meet

To put an antick disposition on, H.2m. I am sorry they offend you, heartily ; That you, at such times seeing me, never shall

, Yes 'faith, heartily.

(With arms encumber'd thus; or this head-hake ; Hor. There's no offence, my lord.

Or by pronouncing of some doubtful phrase, Ham. Yes, by Saint Patrick, but there is, Horatio, As, Well, well, we knew ;-or, He could, as if se And much offence too. Touching this vision here,- woull;--or, If we lisi to speak;—or, Tbere by 4! It is an honest ghoft, that let me tell you : if they migho; For your desire to know what is between us, Or such ambiguous giving out) denote O'er-mafter it as you may. And now, good friends, That you know aught of me: This do ye swear, As you are friends, scholars, and soldiers,

So grace and mercy at your most need help you ! Give me one poor request.

Swear. Hor. What is 't, my lord? we will.

Gboji. [beneatb] Swear. Ham. Never make known what you have seen Ham. Rest, reft, perturbed (pirit!--So, gentlemen, to-night.

With all my love I do commend me to you: Both. My lord, we will not.

And what so poor a man as Hamlet is Ham. Nay, but swear it.

May do, to express his love and friending to you, Hor. In faith, my lord, not I.

God willing, shall not lack. Let us go in together ; Mar. Nor I, my lord, in faith.

And still your fingers on your lips, I pray. Han. Upon my sword.

The time is out of joint ;-0 curfed íright! Mar. We have sworn, my lord, already. That ever I was born to set it right! Ham. Indeed, upon my sword, indeed.

Nay, come, let's go together.

[Extra! Gheft. [bcneath] Swear.

my lord.

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S CE N E I.

Pol. You shall do marvellous wisely, good Reye
An Apartment in Polonius' House.

Before you visit him, to make enquiry
Enter Polonius, and Reynaldo.

Of his behaviour.
Pol. IVE him this

money,
and there notes,

Roy. My lord, I did inteud it.
Reynaldo.

Pol. Mairy, well said ; very well said. Look yoika Rey. I'will, my lord.

Enquire me first what Danskers 4 are in Paris ;

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I This is the call which falconers use to their hawk in the air when they would have him come down to them. 2 It was common to swear upon the sword, that is, upon the cross which the old swords always had upon the hilt. 3 i.e. receive it to yourself; take it under your own root; ad much as to say, Keep it fecret-alluding to the laws of hospitality. 4 Danske is the ancien naine of Denmark.

And

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