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them power to speak in various tongues? Bohemia, who have kept their faith so They were thus endowed, and immedi- long a prisoner to their language, that ately fitted to disseminate evangelical they cannot converse with any one, so as truths among all nations; and beginning to be understood, unless he first learn theit at Jerusalem, they proceeded to found tongue. The Holy Spirit did not thus the Christian Church in every quarter of conduct in the beginning of Christianity. the habitable globe. Had they pertina- He did not tarry at Jerusalem until the ciously adhered to the ungenerous senti- whole world should there collect to learn mont which some would now exalt into the Hebrew language ; but he endowed a maxim, that only one language should the Apostles with divers kinds of tongues, be the vehicle of the glad tidings from to enable them, wherever they came, to ahove to sinful men, then truly, the ope- preach the Gospel of Christ. This exration of the Gospel would be confined ample I would rather follow, and it is just to circumscribed limits indeed.” On these that our youth should be exercised in difgrounds Mr. S. declared : " that whenever ferent languages, not knowing what parwarranted hy the will of God, and exist- ticular purpose the Lord may call them ing circumstances were favourable, it was to fulfil." his determination to embrace every op- Various were the trials which beset the portunity, and to apply all means by path of this faithful servant of Christ; which he might in any wise gain souls yet was it “ as the shining light, that unto God, and by all means to save some.” shineth more and more unto the perfect “ I must work (he said) while it is day, I day.". know not how soon the night may come In his conduct he was upright. His when no man can work. Whilst I de- piety was pure-his character spotless.-pend upon the grace and mercy of my His manner was rather reserved, but canDivine Master, I shall endeavour to be did. He was studious, almost to excesso prepared when he shall summon me to yet agreeable to all who enjoyed his comtender an account of my stewardship.”- pany. He did the work of an evangelist, Who would not applaud such a résolu- and made full progf of his ministry. His tion ?
duties were discharged with conscienTo convince such of the Lutherans who tiousness and fidelity. The poor, the ohjected to his conduct, of their incon- rich, and a!), within the widening field of sistency; to show them the absurdity of his useful and benevolent labours, found their prejudices, and how little their sen- in him not only the faithful Pastor and timents coincided with the principles of friend, but the practical observer also of the great Reformer, (whose principles that beautiful evangelical precept: Love were those of the Bible,) he referred them thy neighbour as thyself. Long will he to the following extract, from the works live in their grateful and affectionate reo of that distinguished author.*
membrance. “It is by no means my intention to say His sermons evinced that biblical criti. that I expect the Latin language to be cism was his peculiar province. At the used in our religious worship; the whole samo time they breathed such a spirit of of my design is the improvement of our piety, such a tender concern for the moyouth. And were it in my power, and ral and religious improvement, and for the Greek and Hebrew were as common the eternal salvation of his hearers, as with us as the Latin, and contained such gave them an immediate access to the excellent church music, and psalmody as heart. With this were combined the adthe Latin does, it would be my wish to vantages of a graceful and dignified peruse all the four languages alternately, son, an excellent voice, a perspicuous Sunday after Sunday, so as to sing and style, an original and unaffected manner, read in German, Latin, Greek and He- and a persuasive eloquence in both the brew. I do not in any wise hold with languages in which he officiated. His those who confine themselves to one lan- administration of the Apostolic rite of conguage only, and despise all others; for I firmation was always peculiarly solemn wish in such manner to raise our people and impressive. and youth as to become serviceable to These devout occasions left not a mere Christ, in other quarters, and be able to transient glow. of this many pious converse with the inhabitants of foreign Christians are ready to bear witness, who countries; otherwise we shall fall into in their lives and conversation before God the predicament of the Waldenses, in acknowledge, that their hearts are yet
warm with the religious impressions * Luther's Works; Altenburg Edition, which then they first received. Tom. ii. p. 464.
Among Mr. Schaeffer's manuscripte
are many excellent literary performances. in the Lutheran Church in Hagerstown.
in Hebr. 13. 7. Kemenlanguages have from time to time met the ber them which have the rule over you, who public eye. His poetical attempts in the have spoken unto you the word of God ; French, and some of the dead languages, whose faith follow, considering the end of were not unsuccessful. In addition to their conversation. these he had made considerable progress His elucidation was excellent, and his in English versions of some of the Lalin exhortation emphatic. He spoke comand Greek poets,
fort, though grief frequentiy impeded his Many of his compositions however utterance. Jrave received the finishing touch of the The bitterness of the eup which beauthor ; and though a selection for pub- moaning relatives and sorrowing friends iication has been contemplated, it yet, were thus compelled to drink, was alfrom various causes, has not been made. layed by the sweets of that holy and
But unsearchable is the wisdom, im- cheering religion which they profess. pervious are the designs of the Great and Theirs was the rich, and Christian comIncomprehensible Jehovah, whose good- fort, that they sorrow not as those who wess is infinite, but whose ways are past have no hope. They know that the lafinding out !
mented youth, who fell asleep, had lived To blind and erring man it might have as a Christian, and died in the peace of seemed, that this accomplished scholar, a faithful candidate for immortal life. this pious servant of Christ, was designed
Ere a fatal disorder laid hold of Mr. for extensive usefulness, and secured to S. he was remarkable for the enjoyment his friends and to the church a fair and of good health-he was the picture of deceitful prospect of length of days.
that invaluable blessing. His manly conYet God, in his unfathomable providence,
stitution seemed to bid defiance to every had otherwise determined. Few had disease ; but alas! his career was short! been the years of this precious youth,
Just entered on the slippery stage of life, when the eternal Father called him to re
endowed with uncommon mental and ceive his crown.
bodily faculties ; scarcely had he comBeing seized with a fever, which seem
menced his labour in the vineyard of the ed in its ravages to defy all the powers of Lord with extensive usefulness and sucthe healing art, Mr. S. was conscious of cess; scarcely did an esteeming and adhis approaching dissolution, -he looked miring congregation behold him amongst towards it with the placid mien, and calm them, as the most faithful minister, and resignation of a Christian. He panted
sincerest friend ; scarcely had he tasted for the inheritance of the saints in light. domestic felicity, living an honour and Without a murmur, he desired that joy to his affectionate parents, relatives
mortality might bé swallowed up of and acquaintances, as well as an ornalife,”--that he might“ be with Christ, ment to society, and to his sacred office, which is far better.” Extending towards when a wise Providence permitted an inheaven his enfeebled arms, and exclaim- flammatory fever in the bloom of youth, ing with a voice in which his whole soul to destroy his florid vigour, which had appeared to give utterance :-- I call to my been devoted to the service of his God, God I die-I am ready. He breathed and the welfare of his fellow-men. Yet his last, on the 30th of January, 1815, in he still flourishes, and will forever flourisha the 25th year of his age !
in immortal glory. The silent slumbers No sorrow drown'd his lifted eyes,
of death indeed close his eyes ;-the saNo horror wrested struggling sighs,
ble gloom of the grave envelopes his As from the sinner's breast :
earthly tabernacle ; but his immortal spiHis God, the God of
rit is in the hands of the Everlasting God, Pour'd kindly solace from above,
from whom it received existence. And called his soul to rest. He left a widow, and an infant son.
Array'd in glorious grace,
Shall this bis servant shine ; On the first day of February, the mor- And fashion'd like his risen Lord frame of the deceased was entombed
Be heavenly and divine.
In the realms of eternal delight, many them through faith and patience to inwill appear as the witnesses of his ardent herit the promises. zeal, of his glowing earnestness, of his The subject of the preceding memoir, unfeigned fidelity ; and will be his crown was a brother to the Rev. T. C. Schaef. of rejoicing in the presence of the great fer, Pastor of the Evangelical Lutheran Shepherd and Bishop of their souls, for Congregation in this city,—and to Mr. having been instrumental in leading them F. G. Schaeffer, of the house of Schaeffër tu be reconciled to God, and preparing & Maund, booksellers, Baltimore.
ART. 8. TRANSACTIONS OF LEARNED SOCIETIES.
UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE. Gerry, Benjamin Apthorp Gould, WilTHE Annual Commencement of this liam Parkinson Green, Francis William T , , August.
uel Johnson, Alva Lamson, Jairus LinThe following young gentlemen receiv- coln, John Wendell Mellen, Pliny Mered the degree of A.B.; Silas Allen, rick, Arthur Middleton, Joseph Pierce George Bancroft, Apollos D. Bates, Ira Nichols, Isaac Osgood, Adolphus FredeT. H. Blanchard, Daniel H. Brailsford, rick Packard, Thomas Walley Philips, Samuel Brimblecom, George S. Bulfinch, Jonathan Porter, Aaron Prescott, WilSewell Carter, Thomas Carter, Jacob liam Hickling Prescott, Charles Samuel Chapin, David L. Child, Jona H. Cobb, Putnam, Francis Dallas Quash, John Peter Collin Coggeshall, Joseph Cool- Gray Rogers, Edward Sprague Swett, idge, Penuel Corbet, Asa Cummings, John Thaxter, James Walker, John Caleb Cushing, Samuel A. Eliot, George Walsh, Thos. Wetmore, George WheaEmerson, Moses K. Emerson, Richard ton, Martin Whiting, Charles Wild—44. Farwell, Edwin Fay, Benjamin Fessen
Admitted out of course. den, James D. Green, John 0. Green, To the degree of Bachelor of Arts -Samuel Hart, William S. Hastings, John Emerson and Samuel Green, of the Daniel G. Hatch, Frederick Hobbs, Hen- Class of 1816. by H. Huggeford, Francis Jenks, Joseph To the degree of Master of Arts-H. Jones, Edward A. Lummus, Samuel Isaac Sparhawk Gardener, 1800, A.B. G. May, Clough A. Miles, Sylvanus L. 1816-Simeon Putnam, A. B. 1811--NaMitchell, Horatio Newhall, Richard G. thaniel Whitworth White, A. B. 1819Parker, John L. Payson, Baxter Perry, Winslow Warren, A. B. 1313—John Henry Prentiss, Caleb Reed, Micajah West, A. B. 1813—Samuel Bacon, 1803, Rogers, Stephen Salisbury, Wm. F. W. A. B. 1816. Sargent, Robert Schuyler, James W. Se
Admitted ad Eundem. ver, Samuel E. Sewall, Oliver Sheafe, Samuel M. Burnside, A.M. Dartmouth Wm. Smith, Samuel P. Spear, John P. College, 1808—John Parker Boyd StorSpooner, Thomas R. Sullivan, Thomas er, A. M. Bowdoin College, 1815–AlThompson, Edward A. H. Turner, Ste- fred Bixby, A. B. Union College, 1817. phen H. Tyng, Robert F. Walcutt, The degree of Doctor of Medicine Lynde M. Walter, Geo. G. Warren, was conferred in course, as follows: Benj. Waterhouse, John D. Wells, Aaron On Alfred Baylies—John Ingalls CarlWhite, Paul Willard, Francis W. Win- ton, A. M.-Frederick Cushing, A. B. throp, Alva Woods, Jotham B. Wright- Ebenezer Hobbs, A. M.-Samuel John07.
son, A. M.- Amos Nurse, A. M.-Setlo The following gentlemen were admit- Washburn, and on James Barr, of the ted to the degree of Master of Arts, in Medical Class of 1816.
The Honorary Degree of Doctor in John Allyn, Andrew Bigelow, Francis Medicine on Francis Vergnes. Arthur Blake, Samuel Dexter Bradford, The Degree of Doctor of Laws was Gamaliel Bradford, Martin Brimmer, conferred on His Excellency John Brooks, Gorham Brooks, Thomas Bulfinch, John and the Hon. Jeremiah Mason, of N. Ingalls Carlton, Isaac Eames Cobb, Wil- Hampshire. liam Amory Codman, Ephraim May The degree of Doctor in Divinity was Cunningham, John Call Dalton, Waldo conferred on the Rev. Nathaniel Thayer, Fint, Ebenezer Gay, Thomas Russell and the Rev. Daniel Chaplin,
liams' College, and Hart Talcott of DartThe Annual Commencement of Yale mouth College, were likewise admitted to College Now Haven,) was celebrated on
the degree of Master of Arts. the 10th ult.
The honorary degrees of Master of The following young gentlemen, Arts were conferred on Samuel R. Analumni of the college, were admitted to drews, the Rev. Harry Croswell, of Nero the degree of Bachelor of Arts :
Haven ; the Rev. Israel Day of killingly, Augustus Alden, Ebenezer, Andrews, the Hon. Wm. €. Bradley of Vermont, Ebenezer Bailey, John Beard, John P. the Hon. Henry Chapion, and Gen. Beers, Ebenezer Blackman, Nehemiah Joseph G. Swift, of the United States Brown, Chauncey Bulkley, Augustus Military Academy at West Point. L. Chupin, George Chase, R. John
The degree of Doctor of Divinity was Cheseborouch, Willard Child, Smith conferred on the Rev. Benoni Upson of Clark, Willian L. Clark, Lyman Cole- Berlin, and the degree of Dr. of Laws on man, William H. Delancey, Baxter Dicks the Hon. Jonathan ingerroll, Lieutenant inson, Joseph W. Edmiston, Joseph Fow- Governor, and the Hon. Zephaniah Swift, jer, William C. Gay, C. Champion Gil- Chief Judge of the Superior Court of the hert, John Grammer, Jared Griswold, J. State of Connecticut. P. llall, William B. Hart, Robert Harts- The degree of Dr. of Medicine was horne, Isaac A. Hawley, Loammi I. conferred on the following gentlemei), Hoadly, Anson Hubbard, Rufus Hunt- alumni of the Medical Institution-Neo ington, Samuel Ingersoll, Joel Jones, hemiah Cutler, George Hooker, David James H. Linsley, Peter Lockwood, S. Edwards, Melines G. Leavenworth, David N. Lord, Wyllys Lyman, George Charles Miller, and Ellice Murdack. Marvin, James F. Mason, Charles J.
The honorary degree of Dr. of MediM Curdy, Sam'l. H. Mead, Abraham Og- cine, on the recommendation of the den, Thomas B. Osborne, Benjamin É. Medical Society, was conferred on WilPayne, Robert B. Patton, Samuel Per- liam Shelton, Philemon Tracy, Simeon hins, Horace S. Pratt, Jared Reid, Sam- Field, and Penuel Hutchins. uel Robinson, Edward Rutledge, Jonathan Silliman, Nathan R. Smith, Rufus DARTMOUTH COLLEGE. F. Spalding, Lewis R. Starr, William B. The Annual Commencement of DartStilson, Roswell Stone, Edward Taylor, mouth College, (Hanover) was celebratWilliam U. Titus, Richard Warner, ed on the 22d of August. Thomas T. Whittlesey, Edmund Wil- The degree of Bachelor of Arts was kins, Robt. W. Withers.--64.
conferred on the following yourg gentleThe following gentlemen, alumni of men-John Adarns, Silas Biasdeil, John the college, were admitted to the degree Boardman, Mantin Brainard, Abel Caldof Master of Arts in course.
well, Carlton Chase, Elias Cobb, JonaElisha Averill, Charles W. Capers, than P. Cushing, Henry W. F. Daris, Henry D. Chapin, Donald Chester, Wil- Benjamin Door, Thos. W. Duncan, liam B. Calhoun, John Dickson, Samuel John Dunklee, Amassa Edes, Nathan H. Dickson, Theodore Dwight, Charles Fisk, William Godell, Adam Gordon, B. Goddard, Ralph W. Gridley, Charles Charles F. Gove, James Howe, Benj. Jesup, John R. Kane, John Law, Joshua Huntoon, James Marsh, David Page, Leavitt, Whitman Mead, Ebenezer Mun- Truman Perrin, llenry Safford, Ichabod ger, David L. Ogden, Abraham T. Rose, Sargent, Michael B. Sargent, Jacob George E. Spruill, William L. Storrs, Scales, Marshall Shedd, Henry Smith, Joseph P. Taylor, Cornelius 'Tuthill, Na- John Smith, Lemuel Smith, Lyndon A, thaniel S. Wheaton.-25.
Smith, Daniel Temple, Zebina Thayer, The following gentlemen, alumni of Francis Vose, Artemas Wheeler, Leonthe College, were admitted to the degree ard Wilcox, Benjamin Woodbury, Ebenof Master of Arts out of course. ezer Woodward, and Moses Whitney..
William Shelton, 1788, Asa Chapman, 39. 1892, John Gadsden, 1804, Hezekiah The following gentlemen were admit. Chaffee, Hezekiah Sanford, 1809, Eleazer ted to the degree of Master of Arts. In T. Fitch, Hervey Talcott, 1810, Henry course-Ebenezer Bowditch Caldwell, Robinson, 1811, Solomon Brown, 1812, Horace Hatch, George Kent, Rufus NutJohn Avery, Thomas Devereux, Joy H. ting, Ebenezer Perkins, Joseph Tracy, Fairchild, Charles Hawley, David L. Samuel Israel Wells. Out of course. Hunn, Reuben Sherwood, William C. Asa Keyes, A. B. 1810, James M'Keen nosley, 1813.
Wilkins, A. B. 1812, Joseph Barlow Felt, zma Fisk and Elisha P. Swift of Wilc A. B. 1813.-Benjaunin Chase, A. B.
Middlebury, 1914, and Erastus Root, A. csophagus, details in illustration, the parB. Burtingion, 1814, were admitted to the ticulars of two interesting cases of this degree of Master of Arts.--12.
disease, as they have recently fallen The following gentlemen received the under his notice. degree of Doctor in Medicine; Henry Dr. Hosack also laid before the SoBond, A. M. 1816, Isaac Colby, Horace ciety a paper from Mr. C. A. Bushy, Hatch, A. M. John Poole, Rebulon Rood, architect, giving an account of a récent Erastus Root, A. M. John Witherspoon invention of his, intended to assist artists Scott, Asa Story, Thomas Wells, John and amateurs in taking accurate perspecWheeler, Charles Woodward Wilder.- tive views, and called, from its small di11.
mensions and particular use, the Pocket. Honorary Degree-The degree of Perspectograph. Master of Arts was conferred on Profes
It consists of a square tube two inches sor Hosca Hildrith, of Exeter Academy, long, and three quarters of an inch across A. D. Harv. 1905.
internally ; closed at one end, except a The degree of Doctor in Medicine was puncture, and divided into twenty-five conferred on Dr. James Harvey Pierpont squares, with a piece of silk thread at the of Portsinouth, and Dr. Matthias Spauld- other extremity. ing of Anderst, N. H. and the degree of The method of taking views with this Doctor of Laws on James Monroe, Pre- little instrument, is by applying the videat of the United States.
closed end to the eye, and looking through
the puncture (which is placed in one of BOWDOIN COLLEGE. the angles) when the objects to be deliThe Annual Commenceinent of Bow- neated are distinctly seen through the doin College, (Brunswick,) was celebrat- squares at the opposite end. The partied on the sci ult.
cular intersections being noticed, are Bachelor of Arts.--Ebenezer Cheever, easily tranferred to raper, divided into Nathan Cummings, Samuel Johnson, squares
any dimensions. All the care James M.Keen, Joseph Green Eoody, necessary in using this Pocket PerspectoCharles Packard, Phineas Pratt and John graph, is to direct the angle of the tube, Widgery.
corresponding with the puncture constantHuster of Arts.-Robert Page, Henry ly to the point of sight in the scenery beSmith, James Bowdoin, Charles N. fore the orbit; and as it manifestly takes Cogeswell, Johil A. Douglass, Charles in but one fourth of a view at one and Dummer, Stephen Emery, John Evelethi, the same moment, it must be turned in Samuel Hales and William H. Hilton. four directions to complete a drawmg ;
The degree of Doctor of Laws was in doing which, it will perform one revoconferred on the Hon. Samuel S. Wilde. lution about the above-mentioned angle.
An honorary degree of Master of Arts The instrument, Mr. Busby observes, was conferred on Simon Greenleaf, Esq. might take in a complete view, at once,
The degree of Bachelor of Arts was by making it an inch and half in diameconferred on Henry Robinson, A. B. Yale ter, dividing it into one hundred squares, College, Charles Briggs, A. B. Harvard and placing the puncture in the centre University, Dudley Atkins, A. B. Har of the closed end. But he had found, vard University.
experimentally, the present form to be preferable.
It admits of being more LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL SO- easily directed to the point of sight, and CIETY OF NEW YORK
the intersections of objects are more readiSitting of September, 1817. ly voted when the number of squares The Vice President, Dr. Hosack, laid does not exceed twenty-four, before the Society, a communication in Mr. Busby also presented a machine the form of a letter, which he had receiv- invented by himself, since his arrival in ed from Colin Chisholm, M. D. F. R. S. an this country, with which any one, if ighonorary member of this association, norant of perspective, may take correct dated Bristol, October 25th, 1815. In views of the most complicated objects. this communication Dr..Chisholm offers This invention is quite simple in its conremarks upon the cases of morbid anato-struction and operation, but nevertheless, my, read before this society, in June is not of a nature to be satisfactorily ex1815, by Dr. Francis, and published in its plained without a diagram.. Transactions, and while Dr. C. expresses paratus is portable, its weight being about his entire assent to the physiological and two pounds. Mr. Fushy produced views pathological views given by Dr. Francis, of several public huilding a jo this counas to the formation of strictures of the try, taken by himself with these instrưu