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while the rest of us crawled up, sur- Felis concolor. This species I shall call rounding them on every side, excepting Felis misax, and characterize thus :towards the river. As soon as the signal Tail nearly as long as the body, which is was given, by those who had ascended entirely sallow and unspotted. and gained the opposite side, we all rais- 8. Page 190.-" One of the Indians éd a sudden yell, and sprang out of the killed (near the Yellow Stone river) a beaugrass, and the affrighted animals instantly tisul wild cat, about one half larger than fled from us, pitched over the precipice, the house cat. Its fur was long and ex and were dashed against the stones at the ceedingly fine, covered with black and bottom, where we killed sixty-one. Some white spots on a bright yellow ground. of them fell nearly two hundred feet; Its belly was pale yellow, and its tail but some of them which were near the about two inches long. It is the richest bottom made their escape. It took us looking skin I ever saw." several days to dress and cure the meat, Note. All the wild cats with short which is cut in thin slices, and dried in tails and only three grinders on each side the sun or by a slow fire.” With a figure of each jaw, form the genus Lynx: This of the Cabree or Missouri antelope. beautiful genus, of which only four have

Note. The Cabree is not described, been recorded, has been increased by me but is figured, and is said in another part to nearly fifteen, in a monography of it, of the work, page 118, to inhabit also the several of which belong to North Amecountry of the Osage. It appears that and among them Leraye's species several animals of the antelope tribe, or shall be distinguished as follows: Lynx allied thereto, are found in the western aureus—Bright yellow with black and parts of North America, four of which I white spots, belly pale yellow unspotted, have already ascertained, including this. tail and ears without tufts. 1. The Mazama ovina, Raf. (or Ovis mon- 9. T'he other Quadrupeds seen by Letana of Ord. Ist number of the Journal raye, but not described, are the following, of the Academy of Natural Sciences of which are mostly met between the Sioux Philadelphia) which belongs to an exten- country and the Rocky mountains. sive new genus of animals of the western Leraye.

Notes. continent, where it is the substitute of the Beaver, Castor Tiber, L. antelope tribe of the eastern continent, Otter, Lutrix Americana, Raf, the M. pita. Raf. M.bira, Raf. M. pudu. Ermine, Mustela erminea, Raf. (Ovis pudu Gmelin,) &c. belonging Marten,

marta ? L. to it, and probably many more species. Spotted wild cat, Felis pardalis? Love 2. The Hazama caprina, Raf

. or Pudu of Buffalo, Taurus crinitus, Raf. North America, of Blainville. 3. The Elk, Ćervus coronatus ? Geofroy. Cervus bifurcatus, Raf. (or Antelope bifur- Deer, virginianus, L. cata, of Smith,) which is a real species Grizzly, or white bear, Ursus ferox, Raf of buck, since it has divided horns. . 4. Black Bear,

niger, Raf The Strepriceros eriphos, or the Cabree White rabbit, Lepus variabilis, L. of Leraye, and ibex, or antelope of some Lynx, Lynx rufus ? Raf. other travellers, which by the figure ap- Mountain cat, montanus? Raf. pears to possess the following characters; Fox, Canis virginianus ? L.

compressed, double the length of the head, tail long and bushy.-My genus Strepriceros includes the species of goats and antelopes with spiral horns.

6. Neogenytum Siculum, or Descriptions 7. Page 189.—“We killed a wild cat of four new genera of Dicotyle Sicilian (near the Yellow Stone river) which re

Plants. sembled the domestic cat, and was about They are extracted from my Fragthe same size. It was of a sallow colour, ments of a Flora Sicula which I and had a tail nearly of the length of the wrote from memory in January, 1816, body. This little animal is very fierce, about two months after my shripwreck. and often kills Cabree and sheep by I believe all the characters stated are corjumping on their neck, and eating away rect; the plants belonging to those genethe sinews and arteries until they fall, ra having all been observed in the spring and then sucks the blood.”

of 1815, were freshly impressed on my Note. This short notice refers proba- memory:

I therefore consider that bly to a new species of cat, very similar should, hereafter, any slight inaccuracies to the cat seen by captain Lewis, but not be detected in my descriptions, they will killed, (see Travels, page 266,) which I not be material, nor invalidate the escall Felis fossor, and likewise to the tablishment, characters and classificaVOL. 1. NO, VI

3 K

BOTANY.

tion of those genera. They are all abundance on the sea-shore, on the sandy Dicotyles.

beach of Mondello, between Monte Gallo 1. Genus. ADOCETON. Calyx five and Monte Petlegrino, spreading on a flat leaved, sepals unequal, carinated with surface of three to eight inches diameter; hooded tops and scarious edges. Corolla the whole plant was of a remarkable redlive-petalled, petals hypogyne, persistent, dish colour, and had the habit of a poly: equal, flat and entire. Five stamens hy- carpon: the petals were very small and pogyne, alternate with the petals, and flesh-coloured. Mr. Bivona, a botanist equal, filaments filiform, anthers rounded. of Palermo, to whom I communicated Ovarium eentral, nearly trigone, one style, the plant, thought it might be the Illeceone stigma capitated and trilobated cap- brum alsinefolium of Scopoli, vide Perşul, one-celled, trivalve, three or six cen- soon Sin. pl. 1. p. 261 ; but not having tral seeds.-Small annual herbs with been able to consult Scopoli's description knobby and cylindrical diohotomous and figure, I am at a loss to decide ; I am, stems, leaves opposite, smooth, entire, however, perfectly conscious it belongs to with short petiols, and scarious stipules, the genus Adoceton, rather than the genus flower terminal, congested, nearly corym- Illecebrum. bose, bracteolated.

II. Genus. Phedimus. Calyx five. Observations. Adoceton was one of parted, sepalo unequal, longer than the the ancient Greek names for some species petals; five equal petals, 10 stamens, five of the genus Nlecebrum, to which this ge- ovaries, the remainder as in Sedum-hanus is nearly related in habit, and even in bit of Sedum, leaves and flowers sessile, diagnosis ; but it differs widely by having annual plants. a corolla, and a capsul neither five-valved Obs. This genus was already enumenor one-seeded. In my natural classifica- rated by me, in my Analysis of Nature, tion of vegetablės, it belongs to the first p. 174, as belonging to the first natural class Eltrogynia, seventh order Isandria, class Éttroginia, second order Perimesia, and family Dionidia, together with the family Sarcophillia, and sub-family Diplogenera Ortegia, Hagea, Dionea, &c. the gynia. It differs from the genus Sedum former of which differs by having only by the striking and peculiar irregularity three stamens, and no corolla; the second of the calyx, which is not found in any by having emarginated petals, an equal other genus of this family, besides the less calyx, entire stigma, and a many-seeded importantcharacter of h ng petals shortcapsul, and the last by being decandrous, er than the calyx. The name of Phedi&c.

mus is mythological. 1. Sp. Adoceton Saratile. Upright stems, 1. Sp. Phedimus uniflorus. (Sedum unileaves oval, acute, glaucous and thin, pe- forum, Raf. car. N. G. Sp. An. Pl. Sic. Lals oblong, obtuse, longer than the calyx, p. 73. Sp. 184, tab. 18, fig. 2.) Stem capsul six-seeded. Obs. I found this erect, simple, uniflore, leaves opposite, species, as well as the following, on a obovate, obtuse, entire ; flower sessile, hierborisation, a few miles north of Paler- sepals obovate, obtuse; petals lanceolated, mo, in Sicily, towards the end of April, acute; capsuls erect.- Obs. I described 1815, in company with my friend, Will. and figured, ever since 1810, this plant, Swainson, Esq. an English botanist and as a new Sedum, overlooking then the irzoologist. He collected specimens as regularity of the calyx, as a generic chawell as I, and I sent some of mine (both racter; but having since found another of this species and the next,) to Dr. Ro- species, with the same peculiarity, I conmer, of Zurich; therefore I have less to ceived they ought to form a distinct regret the loss of the remainder. It grew group. among stones and rocks on the west side 2. Sp. Phedimus stellatus (Sedum stelof Monte Gallo ; it had the appearance of latum of Desfont. flora atlant, and some an Arenaria ; the flowers only expand in other authors.) Stem diffuse, branched, the heat of the day: the stems rose from multiflore ; leaves scattered, obovate, spaone to three inches-the petals were thulated, acute, and serrated; flowers in white. I believe it is figured in the Pan- spikes, one-sided; bracteas lanceolate, phyton Siculum of Cupani, as well as the acute-sepals cylindrical, acute; petals Tollowing species, under the name of Alsine. lanceolated, acute ; capsuls spreading,

2. Sp. Adoceton maritimum. Pro- stellated.- Obs. This plant grows nem cumbent stems; leaves ovate, obtuse, Palermo, and in many other parts of Sithick and rubescent, petals lanceolated, cily, in rocky and stony soils: it blossoms acute, shorter than the calyx, capsul three- in June and July; the petals are reddish seeded.--Obs. This was found the same white. It appears that many species harr day with the foregoing; it grew in great been confused under the name of Sedum

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stellatus, by Linnæus, and other authors are found with 1, 2, 3, 4, or more free staading or several being figured in Bauhin, &c. The mens, others with connected stamens, ches diane Sicilian species is probably identical with some with a pedunculated or sessile ovaemarkabler that of Barbary, and of Italy. Whether rium, others with a style or without any, labit of all the Sedum stellatus of the remainder of In this situation it is highly proper and very small Europe (there are at least two species ; necessary for the better knowledge of the ma, a bote

one with white flowers, and another with species and the improvement of the scicommune yellow flowers,) is a real Sedum or a Phe- ence, te encircle those species as forming t be the dimus, must be inquired into by Euro- an extensive natural group or sub-family

pean botanists; and if it is a Pheđimus, (Salicia) in the family Amentacea, which ut not be its comparative and distinct characters belongs to the fourth natural order Aranli's desty must be ascertained.

thia, in the first class Ettrogynia. I theredecide:

III. Genus. PTERNIX. Perianthe oval, fore had already (since 1814,) divided the is it bekomme imbricated'; lepids fleshy at the base, ma- genus Salix into about tengenera, of which han tbege cronate, and spinescent. Phoranthus the Vetrix was one'; that name being one

hairy. Calyx downy; down simple cili- of the ancient Latin names for some speCalyti ated. Corolla elongated; limbus tubulas cies of it. I had left the name of Salix to

bilabiated ; upper or outside lip four-cleft; the majority of the species, having two

lower or inside lip entire, linear, and free stamens, a sessile ovarium, and a Sedus- acute; all the five divisions linear and style. My other genera were,

equal. Five stamens monadelphous and Disynia. With 2 connected or mona-
synantherous ; stigma filiform, entire, ar- delphous stamens.
ticulated with the style-habit of the ge-

Vimen. With 2 free stamens, a pedun-
Carduus, leaves alternate, amplexi- culated ovarium.
caule, few terminal, and large flowers. Oisodir, 2 free stamens, a sessile ovari.

Obs. The name of Pternix was one um, no style. of the Greek names of the Cynara or Ar- Diplopia. 3 free stamens, a peduncutichoke, to which genus this is nearly re- lated ovarium, a style. lated, belonging to the same family : Melanir. 4 or many free stamens, a. Carduacea, first sub-order; Cynareay of pedunculated ovarium. the fourth order; Flosculia, in the third Amerir. 4 or many free stamens, a natural class Endogynia, and having the sessile ovarium. same peculiar characters in the Corella and Opodir. 3 free stamens, a pedunculaAnthodium; but it differs therefrom by ted ovarium, no style. the connexion of the filaments, and the Chalebus. 3 free stamens, a sessile ciliated down.

ovarium. 1. Sp. Plernix cynaroides. Stems with I shall give hereafter a general arrangesome uniflore branches ; leaves amplexi- ment of all the species, and particularly caule, oval, sinuated, ondulated, smooth of the American species. oothed and spinescent, veined above, 1. Sp. Vetrix Sicula. Shrubby, alf glaucous underneath : lepids oval, mu- the leaves opposite, somewhat petiolate, crone longer, canaliculated, divaricated oblong-cuneate, acute, entire, smooth and and thorny.-Obs. This perennial plant pale underneath, catkins opposed, stigma grows on some mountains of Sicily, and thick. Obs. This shrub rises from six to particularly near Palermo, on Mount San ten feet; it grows in many parts of Sicily, Ciro and Mount Griffone ; the stem rises near Palermo, Catania, &c. on the banks from two to three feet, and branches only of rivers: it blossoms in April, and the at the top; it blossoms in May; the flow- leaves appear nearly at the same time; ers are rather larger than in any species of the branches are opposite and viminal. Carduus; the corollas are purple. I It differs from the Vetrir helix (Salix think I recollect that it is figured in the helix, L.) and nearly all the other species Panphyton Siculum of Cupani.

of Vetrir, by its entire, oblong leaves, &c. 'IV. Genus. Vetrix. Diccious, amen- It bears the vulgar name of Udda with

taceous, flowers lepigonal ; male flowers some other species of Sicilian willows. }

with one stamen ; female flowers with Description of seven nevy Species of Sicisessile ovarium, one style, two stigmas ;

lian Plants. remainder as in Salix, L. -habit of Salix, These plants are also extracted from leaves sometimes opposite.

my fragments of a Flora Sicula, or SiciObs. The genus Salix of Linnæus is now lian flora: they are all dicotyle, except increased to nearly 200 species, and ma- the Orchis hyemalis. ny more have as yet been unnoticed or 1. Ruta fimbriata. Stem shrubby, undiscovered in North America, Siberia, leaves decomposed, thick, folioles uneTartary, China, &c. among which grial, oblong, obtuse cremulated, glandı

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lar, the odd one longer, patals lacerated- sallow white, not large, and rather thinly fimbriated, capsuls warty.--Obs. It has scattered on the spike. Annual. great affinity with the Ruta chalepensis, 5. Sp. Xylosteon siculum. Stem upL. but it differs by the shape and crenu- right, and shrubby; leaves ovate or nearlation of the folioles, besides the charac- ly cordate, entire, hairy nearly acute peters of the petals and capsuls. It grows tiolate, the upper ones nearly sessile; on the mountains of Sicily among rocks; pedicels horizontal, very short verticillait rises three or four feet, blossoms in ted naked spiked, berries distinct, round May and June, and has a powerful fetid and red. -Ohs. It belongs to the genus rutaceous smell, which however is re- Xylosteon of Tournefort and Jussieu (Lolished by the women of Sicily, who cul- nicera L); it differs from the X. canescens tivate the plant in gardens and pots, un- by not having a twining stem,&c. from X. der the name of Arruta. I found it wild dumetorum by being destitute of bracteas in the neighbourhood of Palermo on Mt. and the pedicels not being vertical, &c. Pellegrino, Mt. Gallo, and Mt. Moarda; It is a small shrub, rising s or 4 feet, all the flowers are octandrous and te- which grows in many parts of the trapetal, except the first unfolded, which interior of Sicily, in mountainous fields is decandrous, and pentapetal.

near Traina, Nicosia, Gangi, &c. It blos2. Sp. Euphorbia montana. Stem sim- soms in May. ple, leaves scattered, sessile, oboval, acute, 6. Sp. Orchis hyemalis. Roots palserrulated ; involucrum consimilar, om- mated, leaves oblong; Spike loose 448 bel five branched dichotomous, involucels flowered, bracteas longer than the ovaovate-rounded acute: perianth four-cleft, rium, spur short obtuse, labellum trilobed, sepals round entire, capsul warty.-Obs. the middle lobe larger rounded entire. It is a small annual plant, two or three Obs. The O. cruenta bears much similariinches high. I found it on the summits ty to this species, but it differs from it by of the highest mountains, near Palermo, its labellum not trilobed, but cordated and Mt. Moerda, Mt. Fico and Mt. Mezzagni; crenulated, &c. This species grows near it blossoms in March and April. It dif- Palermo at the foot of M. Griffone and fers from the E. peplus by the shape of M. Grazia ; it blossoms in February, the involucels, perianth, &c. the sepals of the flowers are large and purplish; this colour perianth being lunular in E. peplus, they extends sometimes to the bracteas and are yellow in both species.

stem: it is figured in the Panphyton Sa3. Sp. Orobanche fragrans. Stem culum of Cupani. thick, leaves scaly oval acuminate; spike 7. Sp. Herniaria nebrodensis. Enthick, bracteas lanceolate acute longer tirely smooth, undershrubby; stems prothan the calyx, corolla swelled, four-cleft, cumbent branched diffuse, leaves oppodivisions nearly equal, ondulated obtuse, site petiolate elliptie nearly obtuse, flowstigma jutting.--Obs. The flowers are of ersin alterne glomerules, sessile few-flowthe size of 0. caryophyllea, to which this ered.--Obs. This species grows on the species is nearly related; but instead of summit of the Mt. Madonie, (formerly being white, they are of a pale and livid Nebrodes), it blossoms in July, and forms flesh-colour, their smell is also different, a small shrubby plant of only a few inchbeing peculiarly sweet and fragrant, but es extent, but forming by their reunion a not like pink. It grows on rocky grounds, thick turf. It appears to be intermediary on the mountains near Palermo, on M. between the H. glabra and the H. alpina. Pellegrino and M. Caputo, generally at- 8. Florula of the White Mountuin of tached to the roots of the Psoralea bitu

New Hampshire. minosa, while the 0. caryophyllea grows

This Florula is extracted, from a paper exclusively (in Sicily at least) on those of published in the New-England Journal the Faba vulgaris. It blossoms in April, of Medicine and Surgery for October, and rises a foot at utmost. Annual. 1816, by Dr. Jacob Bigelow, of Boston,

4. Sp. Orobanche obłusata. Stem under the title of Some account of the simple elongated, leaves ovate obtuse White Mountains of New Hampshire, and concave pubescent, spike slender, brac- including the journal of an excursion on teas lanceolate obtuse, corolla tubular those mountains by Dr. Bigelow, in July, four-cleft, divisions nearly equal, obtuse 1816. The author has annexed to it a entire, stamens and style enclosed.--Obs. catalogue of the plants he found in the It is a very distinct species, growing over alpine or upper region of the mountains, a foot high, near Palermo, on the M. Ca- and of those found there by Mr. Boot pulo and M. Griffone: it blossomsin May, in another excursion in August, 1816; he the flowers are inodorous, of a dirty or has also noticed a few of the most strik

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ing species found in the lower regions. Aira Melicoides, Mx. A: As the White mountains appear to be the Arenaria glabra, Mx. A. highest summits in the Atlantic states, it Azalea lapponica, J. was highly interesting to notice their na

procumbens, J. tural productions. Dr, Bigelow found Bartsia pallida, A. their total height to be 6225 feet above Betula lutea, Mx. v. nana the level of the sea, which he divides into Campanula rotundifolia, J. three regions, &c.

Carex curta Wild. A. 1. The woody region rising up to 4000 cespitosa, J. A. feet above the level of the sea. 2. The Coptis trifolia Salisb, J. region of dwarf evergreens rising from Cornus canadensis, J. 4000 to about 5000 feet, and, s. The al- Diapensia lapponica, J. A. pine region rising from 5000 to 6225 feet. *Lycopodium lucidulum, Mx.

Although these mountains had often Menziesia--a-indet. been visited before by botanists, and par

cerulea Swartz, J. ticularly by Mr. Peck and Cutler, no (Erica Wild.) catalogue of any consequence had been Oxycoccus vulgaris, Pers. J. A. published of the plants growing on Pinus nigra var nana, them, until Dr. Bigelow's first attempt, in

balsamea v. nana, which he has noticed nearly 70 species, Poa-----indet. among

which 6 are new, and 3 undeter- Polygonum viviparum Wild. A. mined; but several other species omitted Potentilla tridentala, Ait. J. in his catalogue, are mentioned in the Epilobium alpinum, A. Flora of Michaux and Pursh, and by Empetrum nigrum, A. diligent researches and repeated visits Geum peckii, Pursh, J. A. many more will probably be detected. Houstonia cerulea, Í. It will be at any time very acceptable to Juncus spicatus, A. see some botanist, living in their neigh

melanocarpus, Mx. J. bourhood, attempt and execute a com- Kalmia glauca, J. plete investigation of their Flora, which Ledum latifolium, Ait. J. is probably the nucleus of Botany of the Lichen velleus, New England states.

rangiferinus, 1. Plants of the Woody Region.

pyxidatus, Betula lenta

cocciferus, lutea

islandicus, papyracea

cornulus, &c. &c. Gualtheria hispidula

Rubus saxatilis, A. Rhodora canadensis

Salix repens Wild. J. Oxalis acetosella

indet. Viburnum lantanoides

Spirea alba Erh. A. Sorbus americana

Solidago multiradiata, Ait. A. Cornus canadensis

Sorbus americana v. nana, Acer saccharinum

Vaceinium tenellum, A. rubrum

Veratrum vivide ? J. montanum

IV.New Genera and Species. striatum

N. B. Dr. Bigelow has shortly noticed Pinus balsamea

6 new species, all found on the Alpine recanadensis

gion, but some of which must even be alba

considered as new genera, as it will apnigra

pear by their description. strobus

1. Aplostemon bracteatum. Raf. Chaff Dracena borealis, Ait.

cylindrical one spiked ; spike ovate acute, &c. &c. &c.

surrounded by bracteas. A. II. Plants of the Region of dwarf Scirpus bracteatus, Bigelow. Culmo Evergreens.

tereti monostachys, spica ovata acuta Pinus balsamea v. nana

bracteis involucrata ; flosculis monandris. nigra v. nana

Obs. This plant belongs to my genus. Cornus canadensis

Aplostemon, containing all the species of Houstonia cerulea.

Scirpus with one stamen ; it differs maJII. Plants of the Alpine Region. terially from the Aplostemon triqueter, N. B.-J. means found in blossom in July by Dr. Bigelow, and A. in August by * This Plant grew the last on the high Mr. Boot.

est ridge.

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