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equally an original. Gray and Collins aimed at the dazzling imagery and magnificence of lyrical poetry -the direct antipodes of Pope. Akenside descanted on the operations of the mind, and the associated charms of taste and genius, in a strain of melodious and original blank verse. Goldsmith blended morality and philosophy with a beautiful simplicity of expression and numbers, pathetic imagery, and natural description. Beattie portrayed the romantic hopes and aspirations of youthful genius in a style formed from imitation of Spenser and Thomson. And the best of the secondary poets, as Shenstone, Dyer, and Mason, had each a distinct and independent poetical character. Johnson alone, of all the eminent authors of this period, seems to have directly copied the style of Pope and Dryden. The publication of Percy's Reliques, and Warton's History of Poetry, may be here adverted to, as directing public attention to the early writers, and to the powerful effects which could be produced by simple narrative and natural emotion in verse. It is true that few or none of the poets we have named had much immediate influence on literature: Gray was ridiculed, and Collins was neglected, because both public taste and criticism had been vitiated and reduced to a low ebb. The spirit of true poetry, however, was not broken; the seed was sown, and in the next generation, Cowper completed what Thomson had begun. The conventional style was destined to fall, leaving only that taste for correct language and versification which was established by the example of Pope, and found to be quite compatible with the utmost freedom and originality of conception and expression." -Chalmers.
No writer of the last century occupied a larger space in the public mind, or exercised a greater influence probably on public opinion, than DR. SAMUEL JOHNSON. It is, however, chiefly as a writer of prose, that he is distinguished. The poetry which he did write was after the manner of Pope and Dryden, and was characterized by strong sense, and great fulness of expression. He was born in 1709, and died in
CHARLES XII. OF SWEDEN.
(From the Vanity of Human Wishes.)
On what foundations stands the warrior's pride,
No dangers fright him, and no labours tire;
War sounds the trump, he rushes to the field;
Peace courts his hand, but spreads her charms in vain,
On Moscow's walls till Gothic standards fly,
And all be mine beneath the polar sky."
The march begins in military state,
Stern famine guards the solitary coast,
And winter barricades the realms of frost;
The vanquished hero leaves his broken bands,
A petty fortress, and a dubious hand;
He left the name, at which the world grew pale,
LENGTH OF DAYS NOT ALWAYS DESIRABLE.
(From the same.)
Enlarge my life with multitude of days,
In health, and sickness, thus the suppliant prays;
That life protracted, is protracted woe.
In vain their gifts the bounteous seasons pour
Approach, ye minstrels, try the soothing strain,
No sounds, alas! would touch the impervious ear,
The watchful guests still hint the last offence,
He turns, with anxious heart and crippled hands,
THE TRUE SOURCE OF HUMAN HAPPINESS.
(From the same.)
Where, then, shall hope and fear their objects find?
No cries invoke the mercies of the skies?
Which Heaven may hear, nor deem religion vain.
But leave to Heaven the measure and the choice.
Safe in his power, whose eyes discern afar
For love, which scarce collective man can fill;
These goods for man the laws of Heaven ordain,
These goods he grants, who grants the power to gain;
With these celestial wisdom calms the mind,
And makes the happiness she does not find.