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2 And all these blessings shall come on thee, 8 The Lord shall command the blessing and covertake thee, if thou shalt hearken unto upon thee in thy I storehouses, and in all that the voice of the LORD thy God.
thou m settest thine hand unto; and he shall 3d Blessed shalt thou be in the city, and bless- bless thee in the land which the LORD thy God ed shalt thou be e in the field.
giveth thee. 4 Blessed shall be the fruit of thy hody, and 9 The Lord shall establish thee a holy people the fruit of thy ground, and the fruit of thy cat unto himself, as he hath sworn unto thee, if thou tle, the increase of thy kine, and the flocks of shalt keep the commandments of the LORD thy thy sheep.
God, and walk 5 Blessed shall be thy basket and thy & store. 10 And all people of the earth shall see that
6 h Blessed shalt thou be when thou comest thou art called by the name of the LORD; and in, and blessed shalt thou be when thou goest they shall be P afraid of thee. out.
11 And 'the LORD shall make thee plenteous 7 The Lord i shall cause thine enemies that in goods, in the fruit of thy body, and in the rise up against thee to be smitten before thy fruit of thy cattle, and in the fruit of thy ground, face; they shall come out against thee one way, in the land which the LORD - Eware unto thy and fee before thee seven ways.
fathers to give thee.
o Ver. 15. Zech 1.6.-d Psa. 123. 1. 4.-e Gen 39. 5.- Ver. 11. Gen. 22. 17. & 19. 25. Ch.7 13. Psa 107 38 & 177.3.& 128 3. Prov. 10.22 I'Tim. 4.8.- Or, dough, or ineding trough - Pxa. 121.8-i Lev. 27,8. 2 San. 22. 38, 39, 41. Pl. 89. "23. See Ver. 2.
k Lev. 25. 21.- Or, barns. Prov. 3. 10 - Ch. 15. 10.-n Exod. 19 5, 6. Ch. 7.6.
26. 18, 19. & 29. 13.-o Niunb. 6. 27. 2 Chron. 7. 14. Isai. 63. 19. Dan. 9 18, 19.-p Ch. 11. 20.- Ver. 1. Ch. 30. 9. Prov. 10. 22.- Or, for good.--Heb. belly.
afflicted, for whose distresses we can give no legitimate general, should, in this case, be so minute as to mention
We find others, who though they rise early, sit baskets, seems strange: and they that interpret either the up late, work hard, eat the bread of carefulness, and have first or the second of these words of the repositories of a full knowledge of their business, yet never get on in their corn, &c. forget that their barns or storehouses are life! Who can account for this? Shall we say that some spoken of presently after this in ver. 8. Might I be perinjustice in their ancestors has brought down the displea-mitted to give my opinion here, I should say that the bassure of God upon the earthly possessions that descend in kel nin tana, in this place, means their travelling baskets ; that line; so that the goods ill-gotten shall never be per- and the other word, onvo masharel, (their store,) signimitted to multiply? I knew an honest man, dead many fies their leather bags; in both which they were woni to years since, who by great diligence, punctuality, and in carry things in travelling. The first of these words octegrity in his business, had acquired considerable property. curs nowhere else in the Scriptures, but in the account Some time before his death, having by will divided his that is given us of the conveyance in which they were to substance among his song and his daughters, he expressed carry their first-fruits to Jerusalem. The other nowhere himself thus : " Children you need not fear the curse of but in the description of the hurrying journey of Israel out God on this property, every penny of it was honestly of Egypt, where it means the utensil in which they then earned." Many years have since elapsed, and the blessing carried their dough, which I have shown elsewhere in these of God has been in the basket and in the store of all his papers, means a piece of leather drawn together by rings, children. Parents! leave nothing behind you that you and forming a kind of bag. Agreeably to this, Hasselquist cannot say before your God with a clear conscience, “This informs us that the Eastern people use baskets in travelling; has been honestly earned." If all bequests of a contrary for, speaking of that species of the palm-tree which prodescription, were to be deducted from last wills and testa- duces dates, and its great usefulness to the people of those ments, the quantum of descending property, would be, in countries, he tells us, that of the leaves of this tree they many cases, small indeed.
make baskets, or rather a kind of short bags, which are
used in Turkey, on journeys, and in their houses; page NOTES ON CHAPTER XXVIII.
261, 262. Hampers and panniers are English terms, deVerse 2. All these blessings shall come on thee) God noting travelling baskets, as lana seems to be an Hebrew shall pour out his blessings from heaven upon thee--and word of the same general import, though their forms might overtake thee. Upright men are represented as going to very much differ, as it is certain that of the travelling basthe kingdom of God, and God's blessings as following and kets, mentioned by Hasselquist, now does. overtaking them in their heavenly journey. There are "In like manner as they now carry meal, figs, and raiseveral things in this verse worthy of the most careful ob sins, in a goat's skin in Barbary, for a viaticum, they might servation.
do the same anciently, and consequently might carry mer1. If thou shalt hearken unto the voice of the Lord thy chandise after the same manner, particularly their honey, God. The voice of God must be heard--without a Di- oil, and balm, mentioned Ezek. xvii. 17. They were the vine Revelation, how can the divine will be known ? And proper vessels for such things. So Sir J. Chardin, who if not known, it cannot be fulfilled.
was so long in the East, and observed their customs with 2. When God speaks, men must hearken to the words so much care, supposed in a manuscript note on Gen. xliii. of his mouth.-He who does not hearken will not obey. 11. that the balm and the honey sent by Jacob into Egypt
3. He who hearkens to the words of God, must set out for a present were carried in a goat or kid's skin, in which for the kingdom of heaven. The curse must fall on him all sorts of things, both dry and liquid, are wont to be carwho stands in the way of sinners, and will overtake them ried in the East. who loiter in the way of righteousness.
"Understood after this manner, the passage promises Is4. Those who run in the way of God's testimonies shall rael success in their commerce, as the next verse (the 6th) have an abundance of blessing. Blessings shall come promises them personal safety in their going out, and in upon them, and blessings shall overtake them-in every their return. In this view the passage appears with due part of their march through life, they shall continue to re distinctness and a noble extent.” Observations, vol. 11.p. 181. ceive the fulfilment of the various promises of God which Verse 6. When thou comest in) From thy employment, relate to all circumstances, vicissitudes, trials, stages of thou shalt find that no evil has happened to the family or life, &c. &c. each overtaking them in the time and place dwelling in thy absence. where most needed.
When thou goest out] Thy way shall be made prosVerse 3. In the city! In all civil employments; in the perous before thee, and thou shall have the divine blessing field; in all agricultural pursuits.
in all thy labourg. Verse 4. Fruit of thy body) All thy children; increase Verse 7. The Lord shall cause thine enemies, &c.] of thy kine, &c. every animal employed in domestic and This is a promise of security from foreign invasion, or toagricultural purposes shall be under the especial protection tal discomtiture of the invaders, should they enter the land. of divine Providence.
They shall come against thee one way--in the firmest and Verse 5. Thy basket) Thy olive-gathering and vintage, most united manner. And flee seven ways-shall be utas the basket was employed to collect those fruits. terly broken, confounded, and finally routed.
Store) yo misharoth, kneading-troughs, or remain Verse 8. The Lord shall command the blessing upon ders : all that is laid up for future use, as well as what is thec] Every thing that thou hast shall come by divine apprepared for present consumption. Some think that by pointment--thou shalt have nothing casually, but every basket, all their property abroad may be meant; and by ihing, both spiritual and temporal, shall come by the imstore all that they have at home, i. e. all that is in the mediate command of God. fields, and all that is in the houses. The following note Verse 9. The Lord shall establish thee a holy people of Mr. Harmer is important.
unto himself ] This is the sum of all blessings, to be "Commentators seem to be at a great loss how to ex- made holy, and be preserved in holiness. plain the basket and the store, mentioned Deut. xxiii. 6, 17. If thou shalt keep, &c.] Here is a solemn condition; Why Moses, who in the other verses mentions things in if they did not keep God's testimonies, taking them for
26. 19.- Ver. 7. Lev, 36. 17, 37. Ch. 32. 30. Irai. 30. 17-n Jer 15 4.424 9 Ezek
2.- Ver. 3, &c.-e Mal. 2. 2-0 1 Sam. 14. 20. Zech. 14. 13. - Psa. 80. 16. Isai. 30 17. & 51. 20.& 66. 15.- Heb. ishich thou wouldest do.
12 The LORD shall open unto thee his good thine hand unto ' for to do, until thou be detreasure, the heaven u to give the rain unto thy stroyed, and until thou perish quickly; because land in his season, and to bless all the work of of the wickedness of thy doings, whereby thou thine hand: and w thou shalt lend unto many hast forsaken me. nations, and thou shalt not borrow.
21 The LORD shall make the pestilence 13 And the LORD shall make thee : the head cleave unto thee, until he have consumed thee and not the tail; and thou shalt be above only, from off the land, whither thou goest to posand thou shalt not be beneath; if that thou sess it. hearken unto the commandments of the LORD 22 h The LORD shall smite thee with a conthy God, which I command thee this day, to ob- sumption, and with a fever, and with an inflamserve and to do them:
mation, and with an extreme burning, and with 14 » And thou shalt not go aside from any of the i sword, and with blasting, and with milthe words which I command thee this day, to dew: and they shall pureue thee until thou perish. the right hand, or to the left, to go after other 23 And thy heaven that is over thy head gods to serve them.
shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee 15 | But it shall come to pass, a if thou wilt shall be iron. not hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God, 24 The LORD shall make the rain of thy land to observe to do all his commandments and his powder and dust: from heaven shall it come statutes which I command thee this day; that down upon thee, until thou be destroyed. all these curses shall come upon thee; and over 25 m The LORD shall cause thee to be smitten take thee:
before thine enemies: thou shalt go out one way 16 Cursed shalt thou be b in the city, and against them, and fee seven ways before them: cursed shalt thou be in the field.
and shalt be removed into all the kingdoms of 17 Cursed shall be thy basket and thy store. the earth.
18 Cursed shall be the fruit of thy body, and 26 And P thy carcass shall be meat unto all the fruit of thy land, the increase of thy kine, fowls of the air, and unto the beasts of the earth, and the flocks of thy sheep.
and no man shall fray them away. 19 Cursed shalt thou be when thou comest in, 27 The LORD will smite thee with 'the botch and cursed shalt thou be when thou goest out. of Egypt, and with the emerods, and with the
20 The Lord shall send upon thee cursing, scab, and with the itch, whereof thou canst not vexation, and rebuke, in all that thou settest be healed. u Lev, 26. 1. Ch 11. 14, -v Ch. 14. 2.-w Ch. 15. 6. — * Isai 9. 14, 15.-- Ch. 5. & Les. 2. 25. Jer. 24. 10.- Les. 28. 16-i Or, droughl.- Arca 19 lei 82 & 11. 16-2 Lev. 26. 14. Lam. 2. 17. Dan. 9. 11, 13 Mal. 2 2. Bar 1. 20.-a Ver.
2 46-o Heb. for a renoring:-p 1 San. 17. 44, 46. Psa. 79. 2. Jer. 9. 3 & 16
& 34. 20.- Ver. 35. Exod. 9. 9. & 15 26.- 1 Sam. 5. 6. Psa 7. 66. the regulators of their lives, and according to their direc- their bodies, the two latter upon their substance. tion, walking in his ways, under the influence and aids of fearsul thing it is to fall into the hands of the Living God! his
grace, then the curses, and not the blessings must be Verse 23. Thy heaven-shall be brass, and the earththeir portion. See ver. 15, &c.
iron.] The atmosphere should not be replenished with Verse 12. The Lord shall open unto thee his good trea aqueous vapours, in consequence of which, they should sure] The clouds, so that a sufficiency of fructifying show have neither the early nor the latter rain-hence the earth, ers should descend at all requisite times, and the vegeta the ground, must be wholly intractable, and through 118 tive principle in the earth should unfold and exert itself, so hardness incapable of cultivation. God shows them by that their
this that he is Lord of nature; and that drought and Verse 14. Thou shalt not go aside-to the right hand, sterility are not casualties, but proceed from the immeor to the left] The way of obedience is a straight way-it diate appointment of the Lord. goes right forward-he who declines either to right or left Verse 24. The rain of thy land powder and dust As from this path, goes astray, and misses heaven.
their heavens, atmosphere, clouds, &c. were to be as brass, Verse 20. Cursing] This shall be thy state. Veration yielding no rain; so the surface of the earth must be re-grief, trouble, and anguish of heart. Rebuke-con- duced to powder; and this being frequently taken up by tinual judgments, and marks of God's displeasure. the strong winds, would fall down in showers instead of
Verse 21. The pestilence cleave unto thee) ya 19 pati rain. Whole caravans have been buried under showers 7970 nx yedabek Ychorah beca et haddaber, the Lord of sand; and Thevenot, a French traveller, who had obshall CEMENT the pestilence, or plague, to thee-npooroho served these showers of dust, &c. says, “They grievously Anoat Kuptos eis oe tov Oavarov, the Lord will glue (insepa- annoy all they fall on, filling their eyes, ears, nostrils, &c." rably atiach) the death unto thee. Septuagint. How Travels in the East, part I. book ii. chap. SO. The ophdreadful a plague must it be, that ravages soithout inter thalmia in Egypt appears to be chiefly owing to a very fine mission, any person may conceive, who has ever heard sand, the particles of which are like broken glass, which of the name.
are carried about by the wind, and entering into the ciliary Verse 22. CONSUMPTION) nono Shachepheth, atrophy glands, produce grievous and continual inflammations. through lack of food : from 990 shachaph, to be in want. Verse 27. The Lord will smite thee with the bolch)
FEVER) morp Kaddachath, from nip kadach, to be rau Shechin, a violent inflammatory swelling. In Job ii. kindled, burn, sparkle; a burning inflammatory fever, one of the Hexapla versions render it separst, the Ele
INFLAMMATION] npbo Dalleketh, from pi dalak, to phantiasis, a disease the most horrid that can possibly afpursue eagerly, to burn after; probably a rapidly con Álict human nature. In this disorder, the whole body is suming cancer.
covered with a most loathsome scurf-the joints are all EXTREME BURNING) Charchur, burning upon preternaturally enlarged, and the skin swells up, and burning; scald upon scald, from an char, to be heuted, en grows into folds like that of an elephant, whence the disraged, &c. This probably refers not only to excruciating ease has its name. The skin, through its rigidity, breaks inflammations on the body, but also to the irritations and across at all the joints, and a most abominable ichor flows agony of a mind, utterly abandoned by God, and lost to from all the chinks, &c. See an account of it in Aretaus hope. What an accumulation of misery! how formidable! whose language is sufficient to chill the blood of a maniac and especially in a land where great heat was prevalent could he attend to the description, given by this great and dreadful,
master, of this most Joathsome and abominable of all the SWORD). War in general, enemies without, and civil natural productions of death and sin. This was called the broils within. This was remarkably the case in the last botch of Egypt, as being peculiar to that country, and parBiege of Jerusalem.
ticularly in the vicinity of the Nile. Hence those words BLASTING! 1074 Shiddaphon, probably either the blight of Lucretius, ing east wind, that ruined vegetation, or those awful
Est Elephas morbus, qui circum Aum na Nili pestilential winds, which suffocate both man and beast
Nascitur, Ægypto in media; nec praterea upuan.. wherever they come. These often prevailed in different EMERODS] Diboy Epelim, from Sdp aphal, to be eleparts of the east
, and several examples have already been vated, raised up, swellings, protuberances; probably the given. See Gen. xli. 6.
bleeding piles. Mildew mp Yerakon, an exudation of the vegeta SCAB) a Garab, does not occur as a verb in the Hetive juice from different parts of the stock, by which the brew Bible, but yo gharb, in Arabic, signifies a distemmaturity and perfection of the plant are utterly prevented. per in the corner of the eye, Castel. and may amount to the It comes from pr yarak, to throw out moisture.
Egyptian ophthalmia, which is so epidemic and distressing Of these seven plagues, the five former were to fall on in that country; some suppose the scurry to be intended.
Lib. vi. ver. 1112
28 The LORD shall smite thee with madness, thy coasts, but thou shalt not anoint thyself with and blindness, and ' astonishment of heart: the oil; for thine olive shall cast his fruit.
29 Thou shalt "grope at noon-day, as the 41 Thou shalt beget sons and daughters, but blind gropeth in darkness, and thou shalt not thou shalt not enjoy them; for mthey shall go prosper in thy ways: and thou shalt be only op- into captivity. pressed and spoiled evermore, and no man shall 42 All thy trees and fruit of thy land shall the save thee.
locust "consume. 30 - Thou shalt betroth a wife, and another 43 The stranger that is within thee shall get man shall lie with her: " thou shalt build a up above thee very high; and thou shalt come house, and thou shalt not dwell therein: * thou down very low. shalt plant a vineyard, and shalt not gather the 44 He shall lend to thee, and thou shalt not grapes thereof.
lend to him: phe shall be the head, and thou 31 , Thine ox shall be slain before thine eyes, / shalt be the tail. and thou shalt not eat thereof; thine ass shall be 45 Moreover, 'all these curses shall come violently taken away from before thy face, and upon thee, and shall pursue thee, and overtake
shall not be restored to thee; thy sheep shall thee, till thou be destroyed; because thou hearkbe given unto thine enemies, and thou shalt have enedst not unto the voice of the LORD thy God, none to rescue them.
to keep his commandments and his statutes 32 Thy sons and thy daughters shall be given which he commanded thee: unto another people, and thine eyes shall look, 46 And they shall be upon thee for a sign and « fail with longing for them all the day long: and for a wonder, and upon thy seed for ever. and there shall be no might in thine hand. 47 Because thou servedst not the Lord thy
33 • The fruit of thy land, and all thy labours, God with joyfulness, and with gladness of heart, shall a nation which thou knowest not eat up: u for the abundance of all things; and thou shalt be only oppressed and crushed 48 Therefore shalt thou serve thine enemies alway:
which the LORD shall send against thee, in hun34 So that thou shalt be mad · for the sight of ger, and in thirst, and in pakedness, and in want thine eyes, which thou shalt see.
of all things : and he shall put a yoke of iron 35 The LORD shall smite thee in the knees, upon thy neck, until he have destroyed thee. and in the legs, with a sore botch that cannot be 49 wThe LORD shall bring a nation against healed, from the sole of thy foot unto the top of thee from far, from the end of the earth, * as thy head.
swift as the eagle flieth ; a nation whose tongue 36 The LORD shall bring thee, and thy king thou shalt not understand; which thou shalt set over thee, unto a nation 50 A nation ? of fierce countenance, * which which neither thou nor thy fathers have known: shall not regard the person of the old, nor show and 'there shalt thou serve other gods, wood favour to the young. and stone.
51 And he shall beat the fruit of thy cattle, 37 And thou shalt become 6 an astonishment, and the fruit of thy land, until thou be destroya proverb, and a by-word, among all nations ed: which also ehall not leave thee either corn, whither the Lord shall lead thee.
wine, or oil, or the increase of thy kine, or flocks 39 i Thou shalt carry much seed out into the of thy sheep, until he have destroyed thee. field, and shalt gather but little in; for kthe lo 52 And he shall besiege thee in all thy gates, cust shall consume it.
until thy high and fenced walls come down, 39 Thou shalt plant vineyards, and dress wherein thou trustedst, throughout all thy land them; but shalt neither drink of the wine, nor and he shall besiege thee in all ihy gates throughgather the grapes; for the worms shall eat them out all thy land, which the LORD thy God hath 40 Thou shalt have olive-trees throughout all given thee.
b Psa. 41. 14-1 Mic. 6 15. Hag. 1.6.- Joel 1. 4.-1 Heb. they shall not be thing 12 13 Amos 5. 11. Mic. 6. 15. Zeph. I. 13.-1 Ch. 20.6.-y Heb profane, or, use m Lam. 1. 5.- Or, possess.- Ver 12-p Ver. 13. Lam. 1.5. - Ver. 15.- Isai. it as comenon meal; as Ch. 20.6.- Heh shall not return to thee--a Pra 119. 82 b Ver. 51 Lev. 23. 16. Jer. 5. 17.-c Ver. 67.- Ver. 01. - 2 Kings 17.1. 6. & 14. 12, 14 & 25.1, 11. 2 Chron 33. IL & 36. 6, 20 - Ch. 28. & Ver. 61, Jer. 16. 13. & 1 Kings 9. 7. & Jer. 21. 9. & 3. 9. Zech & 13.
ITCH] Chares, a burning itch, probably something Verse 30. Thou shalt betroth a wife, &c.] Can any of the erisi pelatous kinu, or what is commonly called Si. heart imagine any thing more grievous than the evils Anthony's fire.
threatened in this and the following verses? To be on the Whereof thou canst not be healed.] For as they were brink of all social and domestic happiness, and then to be inflicted by God's justice, they could not of course be cured suddenly deprived of all, and see an enemy possess and by human art.
enjoy every thing that was dear to them, must excite them Verse 28. The Lord shall smite thee with madness) to the uttermost pitch of distraction and madness. They nye Shiggaon, distraction, so that thou shalt not know have, it is true, grievously sinned: but, Oye Christians, what to do.
have they not grievously suffered for it! Is not the stroke And blindness) pory Ivaron, blindness, both physical of God heavy enough upon them? Do not then by unkind and mental; the ar garab, ver. 27. destroying their eyes; treatment or cruel oppression, increase their miseries. and the judgments of God confounding their understand. They are, above all others, the men who have seen afflicings.
tion by the stroke of his rod. Lam. ii. 1. Astonishment] poon Timchon, stupidity and amaze Verse 32. Thy sons and thy daughters shall be given ment. By the just judgments of God they were so com unto another people) In several countries, particularly in pletely confounded, as not to discern the means by which Spain and Portugal, the children of the Jews have been they might prevent or remove their calamities; and to taken from them by order of government, and educated adopt those which led directly to their ruin. How true is in the Popish faith. There have been some instances of the ancient saying, Quos Deus vull perdere, prius demen- Jewish children being taken from their parents, even in hal. "Those whom God is determined to destroy, he first Protestant countries. infatuates.” But this applies not exclusively to the poor
Verse 35. With a sore botch) yow Shechin, an inJeros : how miserably infatuated have the powers of the flammatory swelling, a burning boil.–See ver. 27. conlinent of Europe been, in all their councils and mea Verse 36—45. Can any thing be conceived more dreadsures, for several years past? And what is the result? ful than the calamities threatened in these verses ! They have fallen! most deplorably fallen!
Verse 48. Therefore shalt thou serve thine enemies] Verse 29. Thou shalt be only oppressed, &c.) Perhaps Because they would not serve God, therefore they became no people under the sun have been more oppressed and slaves to men. apoiled than the rebellious Jews. Indeed this bas been Verse 49. A nation-from far] Probably the Romans. their portion with but little intermission for nearly 1300 As the cagle fieth] The very animal on all the Roman years. And still they grope at noon-day, as the blind standards. - The Roman eagle is proverbial. gropeth in darkness—they do not yet discover, notwith Whose tongue thou shalt not understand] The Latin standing the effulgence of the light by which they are en-language, than which none was more foreign to the struccompassed, that the rejection of their own Messiah is the ture and idiom of the Hebrew. cause of all their calamities.
Verse 52. He-Nebuchadnezzar first, 2 Kings xviii. 9,
t Jer. 19.-a Job 5. 14. Laj. 59. 10.- Job 31. 10. Jer. 8. 10.-w Job 31. 8. Jer.
8. 18. Ezek. 14. 3.- Neh. 9. 35, 36, 37,-u Ch. 32. 15.-v Jer. 2. 14.-W Jer. 5. 15 & 6. 22, 23. Luke 19. 13.- Jer. 48 30 & 49. 22. Lam 4. 19. Ezek. 17. 3, 12 Hos & L. y Heb hear.-Heb. strong of face. Prov. 7. 13. Eccles. 8. 1. Dan. 8. 2.-a 2 Chroo 36 16. Isai 47. 6. Ver. 35 Isai. 1. 7. & 62 8. - 2 Kings 2. 1, 2, 4.
53 And 4 thou shalt eat the fruit of thine own 62 And ye pshall be left few in number, where• body, the flesh of thy sons and of thy daugh- as ye were 'as the stars of heaven for multiters, which the Lord thy God hath given thee, tude; because thou wouldest not obey the voice in the siege, and in the straitness, wherewith of the LORD thy God. thine enemies shall distress thee:
63 And it shall come to pass, that as the LORD 54 So that the man that is tender among you, rejoiced over you to do you good, and to muland very delicate, ' his eye shall be evil toward tiply you; so the Lord · will rejoice over you to his brother, and toward & the wife of his bosom, destroy you, and to bring you to nought; and ye and toward the remnant of his children which shall be plucked from off the land whither thou he shall leave:
goest to possess it. 55 So that he will not give to any of them of 64 And the LORD u shall scatter thee among the Aesh of his children whom he shall eat: be- all people, from the one end of the earth even cause he hath nothing left him in the siege, and unto the other: and there thou shalt serve in the straitness wherewith thine enemies shall other gods, which neither thou nor thy fathers distress thee in all thy gates.
have known, even wood and stone. 56 The tender and delicate woman among 65 And w among these nations shalt thou find you, which would not adventure to set the sole no ease, neither shall the sole of thy foot have of her foot upon the ground for delicateness and rest: *but the LORD shall give thee there a tenderness, - her eyes shall be evil toward the trembling, heart, and failing of eyes, and ) corhasband of her bosom, and toward her son, and row of mind: toward her daughter,
66 And thy life shall hang in doubt before thee; 57 And toward her i young one that cometh and thou shalt fear day and night, and shalt have out * from between her feet, and toward her none assurance of thy life: children which she shall bear : for she shall eat 67 - In the morning thou shalt say, Would God them for want of all things secretly in the siege it were even ! and at even thou shalt say, Woold and straitness, wherewith thine enemy shall dis- God it were morning! for the fear of thine heart tress thee in thy gates.
wherewith thou shalt fear, and a for the sight of 58 If thou wilt not observe to do all the words thine eyes which thou shalt see. of this law that are written in this book, that 68 And the LORD shall bring thee into Egypt thou mayest fear this glorious and fearful name, again with ships, by the way whereof I spake unto THE LORD THY GOD:
thee, Thou shalt see it no more again: and 59 Then the LORD will make thy plagues there ye shall be sold unto your enemies for bondm wonderful, and the plagues of thy seed, even men and bond women, and no man shall buy you. great plagues, and of long continuance, and sore
CHAPTER XXIX. sicknesses, and of long continuance.
A recapimlation of God's carious dealines with Israel, 1. An eshratation to the 60 Moreover he will bring upon thee all " the
be established in the goot lani, 4_15. They are to reinenter the show
and diseases of Egypt, which thou wast afraid of; Egype, ani to avoit them, 16, 17, and they shall cleave unto thee.
Their pasterity shall bec Ostration of the
deslations that shall fill upon them, 22, 2. Shall inquire the reason anibal be 61 Also every sickness, and every plague,
informed that the lont has done thrus to them, because of the disahkne are the
atry, 21-2 A caution againsi prying to cut surly into the secrets of the Denne which is not written in the book of this law, Providence, and to be contented with wbat God has revealed, 29 them will the LORD bring upon thee, until thou HESE are the words of the cove
An. Esol is. be destroyed.
nant, which the Lord commanded
Ile who har les dadeant, when he te the curses, shall berterly couturel, 19-21
d Ler. 26. 29. 2 Kings 6. 23, 3. Jer. 19. 9. Lam. 2. 20.& 4. 10. Bar. 23- Heb. belly. -1 Ch 15.9-Ch 13 6.-h Ver. 51-i Heb aller birth.-k Gen. 19. 10. I Exol. 6.3.-m Dan. 9. 12.- Ch. 7. 15.-o let. cause to cend--p Ch. 4. 27.
r Ch. 10. 22. Neh. 9. 2. - Ch 30. 9. Jer. 32. 41.- Pror. 1. 2. Ini 1.94-alpe. 16. 33. Ch. 1. 27. 2. Nich 1.8 Jer. 16, 13. - Ver36.- Al 9-13 y Lev. 26. 16.- Job 7. 4.-a Ver. 31.- Jer. 11. 7. Hos & 13. & 9.3.-ech 17 18
&c. and Titus next-shall besiege thee in all thy gates] words, says he, being prophetical, are fulfilled in 2 Kings Beset thee round on every side, and cast a trench around vi. 29. for we real there, thai iwo women of Samaria hav. thee, viz. lines of circumvallation; as our Lord predicted, ing agreed to eat their own children, one was actually sce Matt. xxiv. 1, &c. and Luke xxi. 5, &c.-all thy gates boiled, where the ry same word 5wa bashal, is used. throughout all thy land ; that is, all thy fenced cities, See Kennicott's Dissertations on 1 Chron. xi. &c. p. 421, which points out that their subjugation should be complete, Verse 64. The Lord shall scatter thee among all people} as both Jerusalem, and all their fortified places, should be How literally has this been fulfilled! the people of the taken. This was done literally by Nebuchadnezzar and Jews are scattered over every nation under heaven. the Romans.
Verse 65. No ease---a trembling heart, and failing of Verse 56. The tender and delicate woman} This was eyes] The trembling of heart may refer to their stale of conliterally fulfilled when Jerusalem was besieged by the tínual insecurity, being under every kind of government, Romans; a woman named Mary, of a noble family, driven proscribed, and under the most mild, even uncertain of to distraction by famine, boilea and ate her own child !- toleration and protection : and the failing of eyes, to their See on Lev. xxvi. 29. See a similar case 2 Kings vi. 29. vain and ever-disappointed expectation of the Messiah.
Verse 57. Toward her young one-and toward her Verse 68. And the Lord shall bring thee into Egypt children which she shall bear] Tiere seems to be a species again] That is, into another state of slarery and bondof tautology in the two clauses of this verse, which may age, similar to that of Egypt, out of which they had been be prevented by translating the last word, ons shileyatha, lately brought. And there ye shall be sold, that is, be es. literally her secondines, which is the meaning of the Arabic posed to sale, or expose yourselves to sale, as the word Uw sala, not badly understood by the Septuagint, xoplov onngono hithmacartem, may be rendered- they were a avrns, the chorion, or exterior membrane, which invests grants, and wished to become slaves that they might be the fæcus in the womb; and still better translated by Lu- provided with the necessaries of life: and no man shall ther, die after geburth, the after-birth-which saying of buy you: even the Romans thought it a reproach to have Moses strongly marks the deepest distress, where the mo a Jeu for a slave, they had become so despicable to all ther is represented as feeling the most poignant regret, that mankind. When Jerusalem was taken by Titus, many of her child was brought forth into such a state of suffering the captives which were above seventeen years of ages and death: and 201y, that it was likely from the favour were sent into the works in Egypt. --See Josephus, Anuqable circumstances after the birth, that she herself should b. xii. c. 1, 2. War, b. vi. c. 9. s. 2; and above all, see survive her inlying. No words can more forcibly depict Bishop Newton's Dissertations on the Prophecies. the miseries of ihose dieadful times. On this ground I see The first verse of the next chapter, in some of the most no absolute need for Kennicott's criticisin, who, instead correct Hebrew Bibles, makes the 69th of this, anıt very of anysay ubeshcleyatah, against her secondines, reals properly, as the second verse of the following chajter beobway ubeshclah, and she shall boil, and translates the gins a new subject. 56th and 57th verses as follows: "The tender and delicate This is an astonishing chapter : in it, are prophecies de woman among you, who would not adventure to set the livered more than 3,000 years ago, and now fulfilling! sole of her foot upon the ground, for delicateness and ten O God! how immense is this wisdom! and how porr derness, her eye shall be evil toward the husband of her found thy counsels! To thee alone are known all thy bosom, and toward her son, and toward her daughter. works from the beginning 10 the end. What an irrefraga 57. And she shall boil that which cometh out from
between ble proof does this chapter, compared with the past al? her fect, even her children, which she shall bear, for she present state of the Jewish people, afford, of the truth an? shall eat them, for want of all things, secretly." These Divine origin of the Pentateuch!
Moses to make with the children of Israel, in the 13 That he may establish thee to-day for a land of Moab, besides the covenant which he people unto himself, and that he may be unto made with them in Horeb.
thee a God, -as he hath said unto thee, and was 2 | And Moses called unto all Israel, and said he hathi sworn unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to unto them, • Ye have seen all that the Lord did Isaac, and to Jacob. before your eyes in the land of Egypt, unto Pha 14 Neither with you only do I make this coveraoh, and unto all his servants, and unto all his nant and this oath:
15 But with him that standeth here with us 3' The great temptations which thine eyes this day before the Lord our God, wand also with have seen, the signs, and those great miracles : him that is not here with us this day:
4 Yet s'the LORD hath not given you a heart 16 (For ye know how ye have dwelt in the land to perceive, and eyes to see, and ears to hear, of Egypt; and how we came through the nations unto this day.
which ye passed by ; 5 . And I have led you forty years in the wil 17 And ye have seen their abominations, and derness: your clothes are not waxen old upon their idols, wood and stone, silver and gold, you, and thy shoe is not waxen old upon thy which were among them :) foot.
18 Lest there should be among you man, or 6 Ye have not eaten bread, neither have ye woman, or family, or tribe,' whose heart lurndrunk wine or strong drink: that ye might know eth away this day from the LORD our God, to go that I am the LORD your God.
and serve the gods of these natione ; : lest there 7 And when ye came unto this place, Sihon should be among you a root that beareth gall the king of Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, band wormwood; came out against us unto battle, and we smote · 19 And it come to pass, when he heareth the them:
words of this curse, that he bless himself in his 8 And we took their land, and mgave it for an heart, saying, I shall have peace, though I walk inheritance unto the Reubenites, and to the Gad in the d imagination of mine heart, to add ites, and to the half-tribe of Manasseh.
f drunkenness to thirst: 9. Keep therefore the words of this covenant, 20 & The Lord will not spare him, but then and do them, that ye may o prosper in all that the anger of the Lord and i his jealousy shall
smoke against that man, and all the curses that 10 1 Ye stand this day all of you before the are written in this book shall lie upon him, and LORD your God; your captains of your tribes, the Lord kshall blot out his name from under your elders, and your officers, with all the men heaven. of Israel,
21 And the LORD I shall separate him unto 11 Your little ones, your wives, and thy stran- evil out of all the tribes of Israel, according to ger that is in thy camp, from P the hewer of thy all the curses of the covenant that are written wood, unto the drawer of thy water:
in this book of the law. 12 That thou shouldest enter into covenant 22 So that the generation to come of your with the LORD thy God, and" into his oath, which children that shall rise up after you, and the the LORD thy God maketh with thee this day: stranger that shall come from a far land, shall
d Ch. 5 2,1- Exod. 19. - Ch. 4. 31. & 7. 19. 1 Pet. 1.6. 2 Pet. 2 9.- See 16. 6. 9, 10 & 63 17. John 8. 43. Acts 23. 26, 27 Ephes. 4 18 2 Thrase 2. 11, 12.
stubborancas. Jer. 3. 17. & 7. 21.-e Iu 30. 1.- Heh, the drunken to the thirety. ?. 1 Kings 2 3.- Josh. 1. 7.-P See Josh. 9. 21, 23, n.-- Heb. pass.--- Neh. Euk. 14. 7,8--h Psa. 74. 1.-i l'ra 79. 5. Ezek. 2. 3.-k Ch 9. 14.-1 Matt. 2.
* Ch. 23. 9. - Exol. 6 7.-u Gen. 17. 7. - Ver. 31. 31-33. Heb. 87, 8. -w See Act 2 39. I Cor. 7. 11.--x Heb. dungy gods--y (h. 11. 16.-Acts 8. 23. Heb. 12 15.--a Or, a poisonful herb. - Hleb rosh.-c Namh. 15. 39. Eccles. 11 9 - Or,
h Ch. 1 3. & 8.2 Ch. & See Exol. 16. 12 Ch 3. l'sa 73. 21, 25.- Numb. 21. 23, 24, 33. Ch. 2 32 & 3.1.-m Numb. 32 33 Ch 3. 12, 13-n Ch 1. 6. Josh. 1. 10. 29.
51.-m Heb. is written.
NOTES ON CHAPTER XXIX.
might know that I am the Lord.-Thus we find, that Verse 1. These are the words of the covenant] This God had furnished them with all the means of this knowverse seems properly to belong to the preceding chapter, as ledge; and that the means were ineffectual, not because a widely different subject is taken up at verse 2 of this; they were not properly calculated to answer God's gracious and it is distinguised as the 69th verse in some of the most purpose, but because the people were not workers with God: correct copies of the Hebrew Bible.
consequently they received the grace of God in vain.--See Commanded Moses to make) nog licaroth, to cut, allud-2 Cor. vi. 1. ing to the covenant sacrifice which was offered on the oc Verse 10. Ye stand-all of you before the Lord] They casion, and divided, as is explained Gen. xv. 18.
were about to enter into a covenant with God; and as a Besides the covenant which he made-in Horeb] What covenant implies two parties contracting, God is repreis mentioned here is an additional institution to the ten sented as being present; and they and all their families, words, given on Horeb; and the curses denounced here, old and young, come before him. are different from those denounced against the transgressors Verse 12. That thou shouldest enter] maps leâber, to of the decalogue.
pass through, that is, between the separated parts of the Verse 4. The Lord hath not given you a heart, &c.) covenant sacrifice.-See Gen. xv. 18. Some critics read this verse interrogatively.-And hath not And into his oath] Thus we find, that in a covenant God given you a heart, &c? Because they suppose that were these seven particulars. 1. The parties about to conGod could not reprehend them for the non-performance of tract, were considered as being hitherto separaled. 2. a duty, of which he neither gave them a mind to conceive They now agree to enter into a state of close and permathe obligation, nor strength to fulfill it, had the obligation nent amity. 3. They meet together in a solemn manner been known. Though this is strictly just, yet there is no for this purpose. 4. A sacrifice is offered to God on the need for the interrogation, as the words only imply that occasion, for the whole is a religious act. 5. The victim they had not such a heari, &c. not because God had not is separated exactly into two equal parts, the separation given them all the means of knowledge, and helps of his being in the direction of the spine, and these parts are laid grace and Spirit, which were necessary; but they had not opposite to each other, sufficient room being allowed for male a faithful use of their advantages, and therefore they the contracting parties to pass between them. 6. The conhad not that wise, loving, and obedient heart, which they tracting parties meel in the victim, and the conditions of otherwise might have had. If they had had such a heart, the covenant by which they are to be mutually bound, are it would have been God's gift, for he is the author of all recited. 7. An oath is taken by these parties, that they good: and that they had not such a heart was a proof that shall punctually and faithfully perform their respective they had grieved his Spirit, and abused the grace which conditions, and thus the covenant is made and ratified. he had offered them to produce that gracious change, the See Jer. xxxiv. 18, 19. and see the notes on Gen. vi. 18. want of which is here deplored. Hence God himself is xv. 19. Exod. xxix. 45. Lev. xxvi. represented as grieved, because they were unchanged and Verse 15. Him that standeth here] The present genedisobedient: 0 that there were such a heart in them, ration. Him that is not here, all future generations of this that they would fear me and keep all my commandments people. always, that it might be well with them and with their Verse 18. A root that beareth gall and wormwood] That children for ever!-- See chap. v. 29. and the note there. is, as the apostle expresses it, Heb. mi. 12. An evil heart
Ver. 5. Your clothes are not ibaren old] See on chap. viii. 4. of unbelief, departing from the living God; for to this
Verse 6. Yo have not caten bread, &c.] That is, ye place he evidently refers. It may also signify false doc-