« AnteriorContinuar »
An. Exod. Isr. 1.
3 And they i departed from Rame 12 And they took their journey out of the wil
ses in the first month, on the fif- derness of Sin, and encamped in Dophkah. teenth day of the first month; on the morrow 13 And they departed from Dophkah, and enafter the passover, the children of Israel went camped in Alush. out with a high hand, in the sight of all the 14 And they removed from Alush, and enEgyptians.
camped at "Rephidim, where was no water for 4 For the Egyptians buried all their first-born, the people to drink. m which the LORD had smitten among them: 15 And they departed from Rephi- An. Exod. Isr. upon their gods also the LORD executed judg- dim, and pitched in the wilderness of mente.
Sinai. 5 •And the children of Israel removed from 16 And they removed from the de- A M. 2514. Rameses, and pitched in Succoth.
sert of Sinai, and pitched wat * Kibroth- An. Exod. İsr. 6 And they departed from p Succoth, and hattaavah. pitched in Etham, which is in the edge of the 17 And they departed from Kibroth- Chronology wilderness.
hattaavah, and rencamped at Haze- after they leave 7 And “they removed from Etham, and turned roth. again unto Pi-hahiroth, which is before Baal 18 And they departed from Hazezephon: and they pitched before Migdol. roth, and pitched in · Rithmah.
8. And they departed from before Pi-hahiroth, 19 And they departed from Rithmah, and and passed through the midst of the sea into pitched at Rimmon-parez. the wilderness, and went three days' journey in 20 And they departed from Rimmon-parez, the wilderness of Etham, and pitched in Marah. and pitched in Libnah.
9 And they removed from Marah, and came 21 And they removed from Libnah, and pitchunto Elim: and in Elim were twelve fountains ed at Rissah. of water, and threescore and ten palm trees; 22 And they journeyed from Rissah, and and they pitched there.
pitched in Kehelathah. 10 And they removed from Elim, and encamp 23 And they went from Kehelathah, and pitched by the Red sea.
ed in mount Shapher. 11 And they removed from the Red sea, and 24 And they removed from mount Shapher, encamped in the · wilderness of Sin.
and encamped in Haradah. i Exod. 12 37.-k Exol12 2 & 13.4.-1 Exod. 14. 8.-m Exol. 12. 2.-n Etod. r Exol. 14. 22 & 15. 22, 23.- Exod. 15. 27 - Exol. 16. 1.- Exol. 17. 1, 12 12 & 18. 11. Laai. 19. 1. Rev. 12 &- Exod. 12 37.-p Exod. 13. 20.- Exod 19. 2. - Exol. 16. 1. & 19. 1, 2.-Ch. ll. 34.-x That is, the graces of test. 14. 2, 9.
y Ch 11. 3).—Ch. 12. 16. 1 Mac. 5. 9. Dathena
Kibroth-hattaavah, till they come to the de
sert of Zin
was a remarkable type. Mr. Ainsworth imagines that the red; or any thing else about or in it red: for nothing of forty-tuo stations, here enumerated, through which the this kind appears. It is called, in Hebrew, 90 Diyam Israelites were brought to the verge of the promised land, suph, which signifies the weedy sea. The Septuagint and afterward taken over Jordan into the rest which God rendered the original by $24459* *pu9px, and the Vulgate had promised; point out the forty-tico gencralions from after it, by mare rubrın, and the European versions folAbraham unto Christ, through whom the Saviour of the lowed these ; and in opposition to etymology and reason, world came; by whose blood we have an entrance into translaied it The Red sea. See the note on Exod. x. 19. the Holiest, and enjoy the inheritance among the saints in STAT. vii. Verse 11. The wilderness of Sin.] Thig light. And Mr. Bromley, in his Way to the Sabbath of lies between Elim and mount Sinai. Dr. Shaw and his Rest, considers cach name and place as descriptive of the companions traversed these plains in nine hours. spiritual state through which a soul passes in its way to STAT. viii. Verse 12. Dophkay.) This place is not the kingdom of God. But in cases of this kind, fancy mentioned in Exodus, and its situation is not known. has much more to do than judgment.
Star. ix. Verse 13. ALUSH.] Neither is this menVerse 3. From Rameses] This appears to have been tioned in Exodus, and its situation is equally unknown. the metropolis of the land of Goshen, and the place of
STAT. X. Verse 14. REPHIDIM Remarkable for the rendezvous, whence the whole Israe!ilish nation set out on rebellion of the Israelites against Moses, because of the their journey to the promised land. See the notes on want of water, Exod. xvi. Exod. xii. 37.
Stat. xi. Verse 15. The wiLDERNESS of Sinai.) SomeHERE FOLLOW THE FORTY-TWO STATIONS.
where northward of mount Sinai, on the straight road to STATION I. Verse 5. And pitched in Succoth] This the promised land, to which they now directed their course. name signifies booths or tenis, and probably refers to no Stat. xii. Verse 16. Kibnoth-HATTAAVAH.) No city, toion or village, but simply designates the place where village, &c. but a place in the open desert, which had its they pitched their tents for the first time, after their depar- name from the plague that fell upon the Israelites, through ture from Rameses.
their murmuring against God, and their inordinate desire of Stat. ii. Verse 6. Etham, which is in the edge of the flesh. See on chap. xi. But it appears that the Israelites wilderness.) This place is not well known; Dr. Shaw had travelled three days' journey in order to reach this supposes it to have been one mile from Cairo. Calmet place, chap. x. 33. and commentators suppose there must thinks it is the city of Buthum, mentioned by Herodotus, have been other stations, which are noi laid down hero; which he places in Arabia, on the frontiers of Egypt. probably because the places were not remarkable.
Stat. iii. Verge 7. Pi-HAHMOTH] See on Exod. xiv. 1. Stat. xii. Verse 17. HAZEROTH.] This place Dr. Shaw Baal-zephon, Calmet supposes to be the Clysma of the computes to have been about thiriy miles distant from Greeks, and the Kolzum of the Arabians.
mount Sinai. Stat. iv. Verse 8. And went three days' journey in Star. xiv. Verse 18. RITHMAN) This place lay somethe wilderness of Etham] Called the wilderness of Shur, where in the wilderness of Paran, through which the IsExod. xv. 22.
raelites were now passing. See chap. xiii. 1. The name And pitched in Maran.) Dr. Shaw supposes this place signifies the jimiper-tree; and the place probably had its to be at Sedur, over against the valley of Baideah, on the name from the great number of those trees growing in that opposite side of the Red sea.
district. STAT. v. Verse 9. And came unto ELIM] A place on Stat. xv. Verse 19. RIMMON-PAREZ.) Unknown. the skirts of the desert of Sin, two leagues from Tor, and STAT. xvi. Verse 20. LIBNAH.] The situation of this near thirty from Corondel, a large bay on the east side of place is uncertain. A city of this name is mentioned, Josh. the Red sea. Dr. Shaw, when he visited this place, found | X. 29. as situated between Kadesh-barnca and Gaza. but ninc of the tuelve wells mentioned in the text; and, STAT. xvii. Verse 21. Rissah.] A place mentioned noinstead of 70 palm trees, he found upwards of 2000.' See where else in the sacred writings. Iis situation utterly on Exod. xv. 27. and the map in Exodus.
uncertain. Star. vi. Verse 10. Encamped by the RED SEA.] It Stat. xviii. Verse 22. KEHELATHAH.) Utterly unis difficult to assign the place of this encampment; as the known: though some conjecture that it might have been Israelites were now on their way to mount Sinai, which the place called Keilah, 1 Sam. xxiii. 1, &c.; but this is lay considerably to the cast of Elim, and consequently far- unlikely. ther from the sea than the former station. It might be Stat. xix. Verse 23. SHAPHER) Where this mouncalled by the Red sea, as the Israelites had it, as the prin- tain lay, cannot be determined. cipal object, still in view. This station, however, is men
Verse 24. Harapan.) Unknown Calmet tioned nowhere else. By the Red sea, we are not to un- supposes that it may be the place called Bered, Gen. xvi. derstand a sea, the waters of which are red, or the sand | 14. which was in the vicinity of Kadesh.
M. 33. B. C. 1451.
a Deut. 10. 6.- 1 Mac 5.4
Bean: See Gen. 35, 37,
Deut. 10. 6. 1 Chron. 1.
v Exod. 22. 2.3. & 31. 13. Deul 7. 2,5. & 12 3. Josh. 11 12 Julg 22 - Ch 2.
i Ch. 21. 4. - Ch. 21. 10.- Ch. 21. 11.-m Or, heape of Abarim.-n Ch 21. 11.
25 And they removed from Haradah, and .41 And they departed from mount i Hor, and pitched in Makheloth.
pitched in Zalmonah. 26 And they removed from Makheloth, and 42 And they departed from Zalmonah, and encamped at Tahath.
pitched in Punon. 27 And they departed from Tahath, and pitch 43 And they departed from Punon, and pitched at Tarah.
ed in Oboth. 29 And they removed from Tarah, and pitch 44 And they departed from Oboth, and pitched in Mithcah.
ed in m lje-abarim," in the border of Moab. 29 And they went from Mithcah, and pitched 45 And they departed from lim, and pitched in Hashmonah.
• in Dibon-gad. 30 And they departed from Hashmonah, and 46 And they removed from Dibon-gad, and *encamped at Moseroth.
encamped in AlmonP-diblathaim. 31 And they departed from Moseroth, and 47 And they removed from Almon-diblathaim, pitched in Bene-jaakan.
and pitched in the mountains of Abarim, before 32 And they removed from Bene-jaakan, and Nebo. cencamped at Hor-hagidgad.
48 And they departed from the mountains of 33 And they went from Hor-hagidgad, and Abarim, and 'pitched in the plains of Moab by pitched in Jotbathah.
Jordan near Jericho. 34 And they removed from Jotbathah, and en 49 And they pitched by Jordan, from Bethcamped at Ebronah.
jesimoth even unto · Abel-shittim in the plains 35 And they departed from Ebronah, dand of Moab. encamped at Ezion-gaber.
50 | And the LORD spake unto Moses in the 36 And they removed from Ezion- plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho, saying, An. Exol. Isr. gaber, and pitched in the e wilderness 51 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say of Zin, which is Kadesh.
unto them, When ye are passed over Jordan 37 And they removed from Kadesh, and into the land of Canaan; pitched in mount Hor, in the edge of the land of 52 - Then ye shall drive out all the inhabitants Edom.
of the land from before you, and destroy all 33 And & Aaron, the priest, went up into mount their pictures, and destroy all their molten imHor at the commandment of the Lord, and died ages, and quite pluck down all their high places: there, in the fortieth year after the children of 53 And ye shall dispossess the inhabitants of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the the land, and dwell therein: for I have given first day of the fifth month.
you the land to possess it. 39 And Aaron was a hundred and twenty and 51 And w ye shall divide the land by lot for an three years old when he died in mount Hor.
inheritance among your families: and to the 40 And 5 king Arad, the Canaanite, which more ye shall * give the more inheritance, and dwelt in the south in the land of Canaan, heard to the sewer ye shall give the less inheritance: of the coming of the children of Israel.
every mon's inheritance shall be in the place
o Ch 32 31.--p Jer. 49.22 Ezek, 6. 14.- Ch. 21. 2. Deat. 32. 13.- 21 12 - Deut. 10. 7.- Deat. 28. 1 Kings 9. 26. & 22. 48. Ch. 20. 1. & 17. 14. > Or, the plain of Siltim.-- Ch. 3. 1. Josh. 2 1.- Deut. 7.1,2 & 9 1. Jork 3 17 ( Ch. 20. 22, 23. & 21.4.-g Ch. 20. 25, 23. Deut. 10. 6. & 32 50 - Ch. 21. 1, &c.
53, 51, 53, --Heb. multiply hi: inheritance-y Heb diminish his inheritame Stat. xxi. Verse 25. MAKHELOTH.] A name found Stat. xxxiv. Verse 41. ZALMONAH.] Probably in the nowhere else in Scripiure.
neighbourhood of the land of Edom. As Oys tselem sigStat. xxii. Verse 26. TAHATA.) Unknown. nifies an image, this place probably had its name from the Srat. xxii. Verse 27. TARAH.) Also unknown. hrazen serpent set up by Moses. See chap. xxi. 5, &c.
STAT. xxiv. Verse 29. MITHCAH.] Calmet conjectures From the same root, the word telesm, corruptly called talisthat this may be Mocha, a city in Arabia Petræa.
man, which signifies a consecrated image, is derived. Stat. xxv. Verse 29. HASHMONAH.) Supposed by some
Verse 42. Punon.] A place in Idumea. to be the same as Azmon, chap. xxxiv. 4.
Nowhere else mentioned. Stat. xxvi. Verse 30. MOSEROTH.) Situation unknown. Stat. xxxvi. Verse 43. OBOTH.] Mentioned before, In Deut. x. 6. it is said that the Israelites took their journey chap. xxi. 10. from Beroth, the wells of the children of Jaakan, to Mo Stat. xxxvii. Verse 44. IJE-ABARIM.) The heaps of Bera, and there Aaron died. If so, Mosera, Moseroth, and Abarim. See chap. xxi. 11. Situation uncertain.' It is Hor, must be different names of the same place. Or called lim in the following verse. As the word signifies Moseroth, or Mosera, must have been some town or village heaps or protuberances, it probably means tumuli or small near mount Hor; for there Aaron died. See ver. 38. hills near some of the fords of Jordan.
STAT. xxvii. Verse 31. BENE-SAAKAN.] Unknown. Stat. xxxviii. Verse 45. Dibon-Gad.) Supposed to The sons of Jaakan.-See the preceding verse.
be the same as Dibon, chap. xxxii. 34. and to be situated STAT. xxviii. Verse 32. HOR-HAGIDGAD.] The hole, or on the brook Arnon. pit of Gidgad. Unknown. It was a place perhaps re Stat. xxxix. Verse 46. ALMON-DIBLATHAIM.) Sina markable for some vast pit or cavern, from which it took tion not known. It belonged to the Moabites in the time its name.
of the prophet Jeremiah. Jer. xlviji. 22. Stat. xxix. Verse 33. JOTBATHAH.) Situation un Stat. xl. Verse 47. Mountains of ABARIM, before known. It is said in Deuteronomy x. 7. to be a land of Nebo.) The mountain on which Moses died. They came riders of waters.
to this place after the overthrow of the Amoriles. See Stat. XXX. Verse 34. EBRONAH.) Nowhere else men-chap. xxi. tioned.
Stat. xli. Verse 48. The Plains of Moab.) This was STAT. xxxi. Verse 35. EzION-GABER.) Dr. Shaw places the scene of the transactions between Balaam and Balak this port on the western coast of the Elanitic gulf of the See ch. xxiii. xxiv. xxv. Red gea. It is now called Meenah el Dsahab, or the gold Stat. xlii. Verse 49. From Beth-JESIMOTH eren unto en port, by the Arabs; because it was from this place that ABEL-SHITTIM.) The former of these places fell to the Solomon 'sent his ships for gold to Ophir, 1 Kings ix. 26. Reubenites, Josh. xi. 15—20. The Israelites were nov He supposes it to be about 60 miles distant from mount come to the edge of Jordan, over against Jericho, where Sinai. Travels, p. 322. 4to. edition.
thev afterward passed. Stat. xxxii. Verse 36. Zin, which is KADESH.] A place For farther information on the subject of these different remarkable on account of the death of Miriam, the pro-encampments, the reader is requested to refer to the map, phetess; and bringing water out of the rock. As this place and to the extract from Doctor Shaw, at the end of was upon the borders of Edom, the Israelites being denied Exodus. permission to pass through their land, which lay on the Verse 52. Ye shall-destroy all their pictures) ONSD direct road to the promised land, they were obliged to turn masiciyotam, from nou sacah, to be like, or rese mbie, to the right, to mount Hor, now called Accaba by the either pictures, carded work, or embroidery, as far as Arahy.
these things were employed io exhibit the abominations Stat. xxxiii. Verse 37. HOR.) Famous for the death of idolatry. -Molten images, Ongod phs tsalemcy mas of Aaron. See on chap. xx. Perhaps Moseroth, or Mose- secotam, metallic talismanical figures, made under eerra, ver. 30. was a village near this mountain. See the note tain constellations, and supposed, in consequence, to be on verse 30.
possessed of some extraordinary influences and virtues.
where his lot falleth ; according to the tribes of
CHAPTER XXXIV. your fathers ye shall'inherit.
The land of Canoan described, 1, 2. The south quarter, 35. The western horder, 55 But if you will not drive out the inhabit 6. The north bonder, 7-9.' The eastern border, 10.-12. The land to be divided
by lot among the nine tribes and holl, 13. Two tribes and half, Reuben and ants of the land from before you; then it shall Gaud, and the hall of Mananch, having already got their inheritance on the east come to pass, that those which ye let remain of side of Jordan, 14, 15. Eleazar the priest, and Joshua, to avist in dividing the
land, 16, 17. and with them a chief out of every tribe, 18. The names of the them shall be ? pricks in your eyes, and thorns twelve chiefs, 19-20. in your sides, and shall vex you in the land wherein ye dwell.
saying, 56 Moreover it shall come to pass, that I 2 Command the children of Israel, and say shall do unto you, as I thought to do unto them. unto them, When ye come into * the land of
Josh B 13. Julg. 2 3. Pan. 106. 31, 36. See Exod. 22. 33. Esek. 28. 21.
ANDayihe Lord Epake unto Moses, an escort. Tar.
Gen, 17. 8. Deut. 1. 7. Psa. 78. 55. & 100 11.
Ezek. 47. 14.
Verse 55. Shall be pricks in your eyes) Under these How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness, and metaphors, the continual mischief that should be done to grieve him in the desert! Psalm lxxviii. 40. All sorts of them, both in soul and body, by these idolaters, is set forth persons sinned against God; the multitude of people very in a very expressive manner. What can be more vexa often : the mixed multitude of strangers among them, tious than a continual goading of each side, so that the Numb. xi. The princes, as the ten spies, Dathan, Abiattempt to avoid the one, throws the body more forcibly on ram, &c. The Levites, as Korah and his company ; the other. And what can be more distressing than a con Miriam the prophetess, Numb. xii. Aaron the priest tinual pricking in the eye, harassing the mind, tormenting with her, besides his sin at Horeb, Exod. xxxii. and at the the body, and extinguishing the sight.
water of Meribah, Numb. xx. Moses also himself, at the 1. It has been usual among pious men, to consider same place, for which he was excluded from the land of these Canaaniles remaining in the land, as emblems of Canaan. indwelling sin ; and it must be granted, that what those 4. “ The PUNISHMENTS laid on them by the Lord for remaining Canaanites were to the people of Israel, who their disobedience were many. They died by the sword were disobedient to God, such is indwelling sin to all of the enemy, as of the Amalekites, Exod. xvii
. and of those who will not have the blood of the Covenant to the Canaanites, Numb. xiv. 45. and some by the sword cleanse them from all unrighteousness. For a time, while of their brdhren, Exod. xxxii. Some were burned with conscience is tender, such persons feel themselves strait- fire, Numb. xi. and xvi. some died with surfeit, Numb. ened in all their goings, hindered in all their religious xi. some were swallowed up alive in the earth, Numb. services, and distressed beyond measure because of the law, xvi. some were killed with serpents, Numb. xxi. many the authority and power of sin, which they find warring died of the pestilence, Numb. xvi. 46. and chap. v. 25. and in their members: by and by the eye of their mind generally all that generation which were first mustered becomes obscured by ihe constant piercings of sin, till after their coming out of Egypt, perished, Numb. xxvi. at last, fatally persuaded that sin must dwell in them as 64, 65. God consumed their days in vanity, and their long as they live, they accommodate their minds to their years in terror, Psal. lxxviii. 33. nevertheless, for his situation, their consciences cease to be tender, and they name's sake, he magnified his mercies unto them and content themselves with expecting redemption where and their posterity; when it has never been promised, viz. beyond the grade! 5. "He had divided the sea, and led them through on On the subject of the journeyings of the Israelites, the dry land, drowning their enemies, Exod. xiv. He led following observations from old Mr. Ainsworth cannot them with a cloud by day, and a pillar of fire by night, fail to interest the reader.
continually. He gave them manna from heaven daily. 2. "The TRAVELS of Israel through that great and He clare the rocks, and gave them water for their thirst. terrible wilderness, wherein were fiery serpents, and He sed them with quails, when they longed for flesh. He scorpions, and drought, where there was no water, Deut. sweetened the biller waters. He saved them from the viii. 15. which was a land of deserts, and of pits, a land sword of their enemies. He delivered them from the of drought, and of the shadow of death, á land that fiery serpents and scorpions. Their raiment waxed not no man passed through, and where no man dwelt, Jer. old upon them, neither did their foot swell for forty years, ii. 6. signified the many troubles and afflictions through Deut. viii. 4. He delivered them from the intended curse which we must enter into the kingdom of God, Acts xiv. of Balaam, and turned it into a blessing, because he loved 22. The helps, comforts, and deliverances, which God them, Numb. xxii. Deut. xxiii. 5. He came down from gave unto his people in their distresses, are examples of mount Sinai, and spake with them from heaven, and gave his love and mercy toward his followers : for he comforts them right judgments and true laws, good statutes and them in all their tribulation, that as the sufferings of commandments, and gave also his good Spirit to instruct Christ abound in them, so their consolation also abounds them, Nehem. ix. 13, 20. In the times of his wrath he in Christ, 2 Cor. 1. 45. The punishments which God in remembered mercy; his eye spared them from destroying flicted upon the disobedient, who perished in the wilder. them, neither did he make an end of them in the wilderness for their sins, happened unto them for ensamples, and nese, Ezek. xx. 17, 23. He gave them kingdoms and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the nations, and they possessed the lands of their enemies; ends of the world are come, 1 Cor. x. 1, 11. Heb. iii. 17, and he multiplied their children as the stars of heaven, 19, 19. and iv. 1, 2. By the names of their encamping and brought them into the land promised unto their foreplaces, and histories adjoined, it appears how Israel came fathers, Nehem. ix. 22, 23. Now whatsoever things were sometimes into straits and troublesome ways, as at Pi written aforetime, were written for our learning, that we, hahiroth, Exod. xiv. 2, 3, 10, &c. and at Zalmonah, through patience and comfort of the Scriptures, might Numb. ii. 1, 4, &c. sometimes into large and ample have hope, Rom. xv. 4.” Let him that readeth underroom, as at the plains of Moab : sometimes to places of stand ! hunger and thirst, as at Rephidim and Kadesh, Exod.
NOTES ON CHAPTER XXXIV. xvi. and xvii. Numb. xx. sometimes to places of refresh Verse 2. The land of Canaan with the coasts thercof] ing, as at Elim and Beer, Exod. xv. 27. Numb. xxi. 16. All description here is useless. The situation and bounsometimes where they had wars, as at Rephidim, Kadesh, daries of the land can only be known by actual survey or Edrei, Exod. xvii. 6. Numb. xxi. 1, 33. sometimes a good map As my readers cannot conveniently visit the where they had rest, as at mount Sinai: sometimes they country, I refer to the accompanying map of the Promised went right forward, as from Sinai to Kadesh-barnea : | Land. sometimes they turned backward, as from Cadesh-bar. Verse 3. The salt sea] The Dead sea, or lake Asphalnea to the Red sea : sometimes they came to mountains, titis; see the note on Gen. xix. 25. as Sinai, Shapher, Hor-Gidgad : sometimes to valleys, Verse 5. The river of Egypt] The eastern branch of as Tahath, &c. : sometimes to places of bitterness, as the river Nile; or, according to others, a river which is Marah: sometimes of sideelness, as Mithkah.
south of the land of the Philistines ; and falls into the 3. “The sins which they committed in the wilderness gulf or bay near Calich. See the map in Exodus. were many and great ; as open idolatry by the calf, at Verse 6. Ye shall cren have the great sea for a border] Horeb, Exod. xxxii. and with Baal-peor, Numb. xxv. The Mediterrancan sea : called here the Great sea, to disUnbelief at Kadesh, Numb. xiv. and afterward PRE- tinguish it from the Dead sca, the sca of Tiberias, &c. SUMPTUOUS BOLDNESS in the same place ; MURMURING which were only a sort of lakes. In Hebrew there is proagainst God sundry times, with tempting of Christ (as the perly but one term 'yam, which is applied to all collecapostle speaks, 1 Cor. x.) CONTENTION and REBELLION lions of water, apparently stagnant; and which is generally against their governors often : lusling for flesh to fill translated sca. The Greek of the New Testament foltheir appetite, and loathing manna, the heavenly food : lows the Hebrew, and employe, in general, the word WROREDOM with the daughiers of Moab; and many other 621.400, bEA, whether it speak of the Medįterranean, or provocations that this complaint is after made of them,- of the sea or'lake of Galilee.
Canaan; (this is the land that shall fall unto you herit by lot, which the Lord commanded to give for an inheritance, even the land of Canaan unto the nine tribes, and to the half tribe: with the coasts thereof:)
14 . For the tribe of the children of Reuben 3 Then your south quarter shall be from the according to the house of their fathers, and the wilderness of Zin along by the coast of Edom, tribe of the children of Gad according to the and your south border shall be the outmost house of their fathers, have received their in. coast of the salt sea eastward :
heritance; and half the tribe of Manasseh have 4 And your border shall turn from the south received their inheritance; d to the ascent of Akrabbim, and pass on to 15 The two tribes and the half tribe have reZin: and the going forth thereof shall be from ceived their inheritance on this side Jordan near the south o to Kadesh-barnea, and shall go on to Jericho eastward, toward the sun-rising. Hazar-addar, and pass on to Azmon:
16 | And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, 5 And the border shall fetch a compass from 17 These are the names of the men which Azmon sunto the river of Egypt, and the goings shall divide the land unto you: * Eleazar the out of it shall be at the sea.
priest, and Joshua the son of Nun. 6 And as for the western border, ye shall even 18 And ye shall take one prince of every have the great sea for a border: this shall be tribe, to divide the land by inheritance. your west border.
19' And the names of the men are these: of 7 And this shall be your north border: from the tribe of Judah, Caleb the son of Jephunneh. the great sea ye shall point out for you b mount 20 And of the tribe of the children of Simeon, Hor:
Shemuel the son of Ammihud. 8 From mount Hor ye shall point out your 21 Of the tribe of Benjamin, Elidad the son border i unto the entrance of Hamath; and the of Chielon. goings sorth of the border shall be to Zedad: 22 And the prince of the tribe of the children
9 And the border shall go on to Ziphron, and of Dan, Bukkí the son of Jogli. the goings out of it shall be at Hazar-enan : 23 The prince of the children of Joseph, for this shall be your north border.
the tribe of the children of Manasseh, Hanniel 10 And ye shall point out your east border the son of Ephod. from Hazar-enan to Shepham:
24 And the prince of the tribe of the children 11 And the coast shall go down from She- of Ephraim, Kemuel the son of Shiphtan. pham mto Riblah, on the east side of Ain; and 25 And the prince of the tribe of the children the border shall descend, and shall reach unto of Zebulun, Eliza phan the son of Parnach. the n side of the sea of Chinnereth eastward: 26 And the prince of the tribe of the children
12 And the border shall go down to Jordan, of Issachar, Paltiel the son of Azzan. and the goings out of it shall be at P the salt sea: 27 And the prince of the tribe of the children this shall be your land with the coasts thereof of Asher, Ahihud the son of Shelomi. round about.
28 And the prince of the tribe of the children 13 And Moses commanded the children of Is- of Naphtali, Pedahel the son of Ammihud. rael, saying, " This is the land which ye shall in 29 These are they whom the LORD commanded
b Joan. 15. I. See Exek. 47. 13. &c. - Gen. 14. 3. Josh, 15. 2- Josh. 15. 3.
Ch. 13. 26. & 328.- See Jush. 15. 3, 4.- Gen. 15 18. Joah 15. 4-17 I Kings 8. 65. Isai 27. 12-h Ch. 33. 37.-- Ch. 13. 21. 2 Kings 14. 5.- Ezek. 47. 15.
Ezek. 47. 17.
m 2 Kings 23. 33. Jer. 39. 5. 6.-n He shoulder.-o Deut3. 17. Josh. 11. 2 & 19 35. Mail 11.31. Luke 5. 1.--p Ver. 3.- Ver. I. Josh. 14 1,2-* CH 3 3 Jos. 14. 2, 3.- Josh. 14. 1. & 19. 51.-u Ch. I. 4, 16. - Ch. 13 3. & 14. 6, 21, 2), » &
Verse 11. The sea of Chinnereth] The same as the sea land, and such were the advantages that this most favoured of Galilee, sea of Tiberias, and sea of Gennesareth. people were called to possess--they were called to possess
Verse 12. The border shall go down to Jordan] This it by lot, that each might be satisfied with his possession, river is famous both in the Old and New Testaments. It as considering it to be appointed to him by the special protakes its rise at the foot of mount Libanus, passes through vidence of God.-And its boundaries were ascertained on the sea of Cinnereth or Tiberias, and empties itself in Divine authority, to prevent all covetousness after the terthe lake Asphaltitis or Dead sea, from which it has no out-ritories of others. let. In and by it God wrought many miracles.
Verse 19, &c. And the names of the men are these] It off the waters of this river as he did those of the Red sea, is worthy of remark that Moses does not follow any order 80 that they stood on a heap on each side, and the people hitherto used, of placing the tribes, neither that in Numb. i. passed over on dry ground. "Both Elijah and Elisha sepa nor that in chap. vii. nor that in chap. xxvi. nor any other; rated its waters in a miraculous way, 2 Kings ii. 8–14. but places them here exactly in that order in which they Naaman, the Syrian general, by washing in it, at the possessed the land. 1. Judah. 2. Simeon. 3. Benja.command of the prophet, was miraculously cured of his le. min. 4. Dan. 5. Manasseh. 6. Ephrain. 7. Zebulun. prosy, 2 Kings v. 10–14. In this river John baptized 8. Issachar. 9. Asher. 10. Naphiali
. Judah is first
, great multitudes of Jews; and in it was Christ himself having the first lot: and he dwelt in the south part of the baptized, and the Spirit of God descended upon him, and land. -Josh. xv. 1, &c. and next to him Simcon, becanse the voice from heaven proclaimed him the great and only his inheritance was within the inheritance of the children teacher and Saviour of men. Matt. iii. 16, 17. Murk of Judah, Josh, xix. 1. Benjamin was third, he had his i. 5-11.
inheritance by Judah, between the children of Judah and Verse 13. This is the land which ye shall inherit by the children of Joseph, Josh. xvii. 11. Dan was the lot) Much of what is said concerning this land is pecu- fourth: his lot fell westward of that of Benjamin, in the liarly emphatic. It was a land that contained a multitude country of the Philistines, as may be seen in Josh. xix. 40, of advantages in its climate, its soil, situation, &c. It was 41, &c. Fifthly, Manassch, and sixthly, by him his brother bounded on the south by a ridge of mounttins, which | Ephraim, whose inheritances were behind that of Benjaseparate it from Arabia, and screen it from the burning, min, Josh. xvi. 17. Next to these dwelt, serenthly, Ze and often pestiferous winds, which blow over the deserts bulun; and eighthly, Issachar, concerning whose lots, see from that quarter. On the wes! it is bounded by the Medi- Josh. xix. 10–17. Ninthly, Asher, and tenthly Naphtali. terranean sea, on the north by nount Libanus, which de See Josh. xix. 24, 32, &c. And as in encamping about fended it from the cold northern blasts; and on the east, the tabernacle, they were arranged according to their fraby the river Jordan, and it: fertile and well watered ternal relationship, see chap. ii. 80 they were in the diviplains. It is described by Gol himself as a "good land, sion, and inheriting of the promised land. Judah and S. à land of brooks of water, of fountains, and depths that meon, both sons of Leah dwelt abreast of each other. spring out of valleys and hills: a land of wheat and barley, Benjamin, son of Rachel, and Dan, son of Rachel and vines, and fig-trees, and pomegranates; a land of olive- maid, dwelt next abreast. Manasseh and Ephraim, both oil and honey; a land wherein there was no scarcity of sons of Joseph by his mother Rachel, had the next place bread-and where both iron and copper mines abounded." abreast. Zebulun and Issachar, who dwelt next together, -Deut. viii. 7-9. A land finely diversified with hills and were both sons of Leah; and the last pair were Asher of valleys, and well watered by the rain of heaven, in this re Leal's maid, and Naphtali of Rachel's maid. Thus spect widely different from Egypt. A land which God God, in nominating the princes that should divide the land, cared for, on which his eyes were continually placed from signified beforehand the manner of their possession, and the beginning to the end of the year; watched over by a that they should be so situated, as to dwell together, as most merciful providence; a land which, in a word, flowed brethren in unity, for the mutual help and comfort of each with milk and honey, and was the most pleasant of all other.-See Ainsworth. In this arrangement there is lande.-Deut. xi. 11, 12. Ezek. xx. 6. Such was the much skill, judgment, and kindness, every where displayed.
to divide the inheritance unto the children of 10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say Israel in the land of Canaan.
unto them, • When ye be come over Jordan into CHAPTER XXXV.
the land of Canaan; The Isrnelites are commanded to give the levites, ont of their inheritances, cities and their suburta for themselves an i fer their catile, quod, &c. 12. The suburba tocities of reluge for you; that the slayer may flee
11 Then ' ye shall appoint you cities to be two, w which six cities of refuge shall be ackhead, iu el forty-eight cities, 6, 7 Each thither, which killeth any person & at unawares. tribe shall give of the curs in proportion to il püsivD4, 8. These cities to be appouttu for the person who might way his neighbour unawares, 10.-12. Of these 12 h And they shall be unto you cities for of renge for all who kill a person una tarea wturther they be Israelites, Wrangurs refuge from the avenger; that the manslayer or no murner, I Cases of munler to which the burrit of the cities of refuge chien die not, until he stand before the congregation refuge shall'exwn, 22, 23. how the congregation shall acı txtween the manslayer in judgment. and the avenger of blood, 24, 25. The nianslayer shall abide in the city of refuge
13 And of these cities which ye shall give to the death of the high priest, for if he come without the border of the city of lux Teluge, the avenger of hool, is he find him, may put him to death, 26, 27 After i six cities shall ye have for refuge. the Jeath of the luigh priest, he shall return to the land of his pussemion, 23. Two witnesses must allest a inunder, before the murkrer can be put to death, 29, 30. 14 Ye shall give three cities on this side Every mordeter to be pue to death, 34. The manslayer is not to be permitted the Jordan, and three cities shall ye give in the land land must not be polluted with blood, for the Lord dwells in it, 33, 34. of Canaan, which shall be cities of refuge. An. Exod. Isr.
15 These six cities shall be a refuge, both for the plains of Moab by Jordan near the children of Israel, and for the stranger, and Jericho, saying,
for the sojourner among them: that every one 2 * Command the children of Israel, that they that killeth any person unawares, may flee give unto the Levites of the inheritance of their thither. possession, cities to dwell in; and ye shall give 16 m And if he smite him with an instrument also unto the Levites suburbs, for the cities of iron, so that he die, he is a murderer: the round about them.
murderer shall surely be put to death, 3 And the cities shall they have to dwell in; 17 And if he smite him with throwing a and the suburbs of them shall be for their cattle, stone, wherewith he may die, and he die, he is and for their goods, and for all their beasts. a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to
4 And the suburbs of the cities, which ye shall death. give unto the Levites, shall reach from the wall 18 Or if he smite him with a hand weapon of of the city and outward a thousand cubits round wood, wherewith he may die, and he die, he is about.
a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to 5 And ye shall measure from without the city death. on the east side two thousand cubits, and on the 19 • The revenger of blood himself shall slay south side two thousand cubits, and on the west the murderer: when he meeteth him, he shall side two thousand cubits, and on the north side slay him. two thousand cubits; and the city shall be in 20 But P if he thrust him of hatred, or hurl at the midst: this shall be to them the suburbs of him by laying of wait, that he die; the cities.
21. Or in enmity smite him with his hand, that 6 And among the cities which ye shall give he die: he that smote him shall surely be put to unto the Levites there shall be y six cities for death; for he is a murderer : the revenger of refuge, which ye shall appoint for the manslayer, blood shall slay the murderer when he meeteth that he may flee thither: and to them ye shall him. add forty and two cities.
22 But if he thrụst him suddenly " without en7 So all the cities which ye shall give to the mity, or have cast upon him any thing without Levites shall be « forty and eight cities: them laying of wait, shall ye gire with their suburbs.
23 Or with any stone, wherewith a man may 8 And the cities which ye shall give shall be die, seeing him not, and cast it upon him, that of the possession of the children of Israel: he die, and was not his enemy, neither sought
from them that have many, ye shall give many ; his harm: but from them that have few, ye shall give few: 24 Then the congregation shall judge beevery one shall give of his cities unto the Le-tween the slayer and the revenger of blood, acvites, according to his inheritance which he cording to these judgmente: inheriteth.
25 And the congregation shall deliver the 9 || And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, slayer out of the hand of the revenger of blood;
w Josh. 13, 32 & 14. 1. & 19. 51.- Josh. 14. 3, 4. & 21. 2 See Exek. 45. 1. &c. & 43, &c. -y Ver. 13. Deut. 4. 11. Joh. 20. 2, 7, 8. & 21.3, 13, 21, 27, 32, 36, 38.
Heb chore than ye shall gire.- Josh 21 41-b Jordi 21. 3.--c Ch. 26. 51. J Het they inherit -e Deut. 19. 2 Josh. 20. 2.- Exod. 21. 13-g Heb. by error.
h Deut. 19. 6. Josh. 20. 3, 5, 6. Ver. 6-k Deut. 4. 41 Josh 20.8-1 Ch. 15. 16. m Exol. 21. 12, 14. Lev. 24. 17. Deut. 19. 11, 12-n Heb. teith a stone of the hand. o Ver. 21, 21, 77. Deut. 19.6, 12. Josh 20. 3,5.-- Gen. 4. 8. 2 Sam. 3. 27 & 20. 10. 1 Kings 2 31,32 - Exod 21.14. Deut. 19.11.-r Exod. 21. 13.- Ver. 12. Josh 20. 6.
Fields and vineyards.
NOTES ON CHAPTER XXXV.
Fields and vineyards.
Verse 5. And ye shall measure from without the city tico thousand cubits, &c.] Commentators have been much 2000 cubits puzzled with the accounts in these two verses. In ver. 4.
Suburbs. ihe measure is said to be 1,000 cubits from the wall: in
1000 ver. 5. the measure is said to be 2,000 from without the
cubits city. It is likely these two measures mean the same thing; at least so it was understood by the Septuagint and Coptic, who have sexolows 7*2005, 2,000 cubits, in the fourth,
CITY. as well as in the fifth verse: but this reading of the Septuagint and Coptic is not acknowledged by any other of the ancient versions, nor by any of the MSS. collated by Kennicott and De Rossi. We must seek, therefore, for some
1000 other method of reconciling this apparently contradictory
cubits account. Sundry modes have been proposed by commen
* 'sqinns tators, which appear to me, in general, to require full as
12000 cubits much explanation as the text itself. Maimonides is the only one intelligible on the subject. “The suburbs,” says he," of the cities are expressed in the law to bé 3,000
• ispielaura puc sproud cubits on every side from the wall of the city and outwards. The first thousand cubits are the suburbs; and the 2,000, which they measured without the suburbs, were for fields, and vineyards." The whole, therefore, of the city, sub Verse 11. Ye shall appoint-cities of refuge) The urbs, fields, and vineyards, may be represented by the fol- cities of refuge among the Israelites were widely different lowing diagram.
from the asyla among the Greeks and Romans; as also
Fields and vineyards.