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Exercise 5. Analyze each of the following sentences into its elementary terms, stating regarding each term whether it is a WORD, a PHRASE, or a CLAUSE, and stating regarding each sentence whether it is SIMPLE or COMPLEX :
Example. “ Seated on the old mail-coach, we needed no evidence out of ourselves to indicate the velocity."-De Quincey. Seated on the old mail-coach Attr. to Subj. Phrase.
Attr. to Obj. Word. evidence
Word. out of ourselves
Attr. to Obj. Phrase. to indicate the velocity
1. Few and short were the prayers we said. — Wolfe.
The very pulse of the machine.— Wordsworth. 5. Even in that extremity the general cry was, “No surrender.".
Macaulay. 6. On my bended knees I supplicate you, reject not this bill.-
Brougham. 7. Heaven from all creatures hides the book of fate.--Pope. 8. Columbus was the first European who set foot in the new world
which he had discovered. - Robertson. 9. Amongst the presents carried out by our first embassy to China
was a state-coach.- De Quincey. 10. Perseverance is a prime quality in every pursuit.- Cobbett. 11. You can hear him swing his heavy sledge
With measured beat and slow.-Longfellow. 12. In solitude, if I escape the example of badness, I want likewise the
counsel and conversation of the good.—Johnson.
CHAPTER II.-THE SIMPLE SENTENCE. $ 31. A simple sentence is a sentence containing only one predicate, its terms being either single words or phrases. 32. The predicate may be, I. A word, A simple tense of a complete verb; as,
The earl died.
The earl has died.
The earl lost two sons, in spring.
Burke addressed them.
The brave deserve the fair.
Ready writing makes not good writing.–Ben
Thou losest here a better where to find.-Shake
To err is human.
The enemy began to retreat.
He requested them to return.
34. The complement may assume the same forms as the subject or object and the attribute (vide $8 26, 27). 35. The attribute may be, I. A word, 1st, An adjective or a participle; as,
Diligent boys learn quickly.
Rolling stones gather no moss. 2d, A noun in apposition; as,
King William died in 1087.
His father was James's brother,
All but the prince were drowned.
He created the birds of the air.
The will to do, the soul to dare.—Scott.
Far flashed the red artillery.
Gradual sinks the breeze.
The birds sing sweetly in summer.
The holly is green all the year. 3d, An absolute phrase; as,
The wind being favourable, the fleet set sail. 4th, A dative infinitive; as,
Those who came to scoff, remained to pray.
Adjective. Almighty Subject.
Noun. hath built Verb..
Phrase. Compound tense. here Object.
Noun (Adverb). not Adverbial.
Prep. and Noun
for his envy
1. Thou dost preserve the stars from wrong.–Wordsworth.
These things to hear
.-Keats. 5. The laws relating to preservation of game are in every country
uncommonly rigorous.-Hallam. 6. Resignation to the will of God is true magnanimity.-Bolingbroke. 7. His father's sword he has girded on.
1.—Moore. 8. Three fishers went sailing away to the west.-Kingsley. 9. Far in a wilderness obscure
The lonely mansion lay.--Goldsmith. 10. Under a spreading chestnut tree
The village smithy stands.—Longfellow. 11. My heart is in the coffin there with Cæsar. --Shakespeare. 12. To do aught good never will be our task.-Milton. 37. Adverbials are of four kinds, according as they express, 1st, Time; as,
He called yesterday (when).
He visits us every week (how often).
He laid the books on the table (where).
3d, Manner; as,
The clergyman reads slowly manner simply-how).
He answered not (negation). 4th, Cause ; as,
He died of his wounds (cause proper).
(absolute phrase, -cause and time).
The eye was made for seeing (purpose).
He came to see us ; i.e., for the purpose of seeing us. - -Vide Dr Ernest Adams's English Language, 28 330, 331.
Exercise 7. State regarding each Adverbial in the following sentences, whether it expresses TIME, PLACE, MANNER, or CAUSE :
1. Deep drank Lord Marmion of the wave.-Scott. 2. He goes on Sunday to the church.—Longfellow. 3. I sparkle out among the fern
To bicker down a valley.— Tennyson. 4. My story being done,
She gave me for my pains a world of sighs.-Shakespeare. 5. Remote from towns he ran his godly race.
.-Goldsmith. 6. Several of them in the act of striking at the enemy fell down from
mere weakness.—Macaulay. 7. Shakespeare is, above all writers, at least above all modern writers,
the poet of nature.—Jonson. 8. (They) plucked his gown to share the good man's smiler Goldsmith. 9. His numerous ministers of justice were posted behind the line,
to urge, to restrain, and to punish.— Gibbon. 10. The great qualities of Charlemagne were indeed alloyed by the vices
of a barbarian and a conqueror. -Hallam. 11. There is a tide in the affairs of men,
Which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune.--Shakespeare. 12. About half-past one P.m., on the 21st of September, Sir Walter
breathed his last, in the presence of all his children.-Lockhart.