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Modo Philofopbandi, Oficioque pbilosopbi, Liber Singularis.- A par
ERE we have a new, ingenious, but not un-whimfical
philofopher, who undertakes to put us upon a fingular scent for the investigation of truth, and the fixing our ideas with respect to metaphysical, physical, and moral certitude. According to this Author, the criterion of truth, which the phiJosophers have been so long disputing about, refides neither in the rules of logic, nor in the clearness of our perceptions; nof does evidence itself deferve that appellation : where then? In or der to answer this question, the Author tells us, that we muft distinguilla the objects of an internal and intimate sense, or consciousness, from those of reason or argumentation; and, being assured, that we have real perceptions, certain in their nature, and independent on all reasoning, we must then deduce from this internal sense of our existence, and of the modifications of our ideas, all our reasonings concerning objects different from that existence and these ideas; and therefore consider the fout itself as the universal criterion of all human certitude, a direct and immediate criterion with respect to those truths that belong to the internal sense, and an indirect one for others that are deducible from it. We do not really think that there is any thing new in this system of investigation, but the uncouth and clumsy manner in which it is expressed. Is it not always taught to every stripling in philosophy, that the logical analysis carries us up to simple propositions, which are the objects of immediate intuition ? If this be not our Author's meaning, what is it? and if it be, why render old truths obscure by an intricate phraseology ?-Wha: he fay's of axioms is exceptionable, on aca count either of its obscurity or its falsehood. He affirms, that their truth is not, properly speaking, immediate (i. e. as we fup. pose he means, Jistinguished by the intuitive evidence of first principles), but that it is ascertained by reasonings; and that, analytically, these reasonings are not reducible to general principles, but to particular decisions of the intimate or internal sense. If the esteem we have for the acuteness of this Author did not prevent our treating him harshly, we should be tempted to allege, that the common sense of Dr. Oswald has got into his imagination, and now and then engendered there non-fenje. Yet there are several things in this book quæ tollere velles.
propaganda Fide.- Rediments of the Coptic or Egyptian Language,
, which succeeded the symbolic and hieroglyphical language in Egypt, is abundantly ascertained, though it is not easy to point out the particular time of its origin and introduction among the inhabitants of that country. The resemblance of its letters to those of the Greeks, gives a certain degree of probability to the opinion of those learned men, who suppose that it was introduced into Egypt by Grecian colonies : its syntaxis, however, is of a quite particular kind, and has nothing at all in common with that of the other European or Oriental languages. The ancient versions of the holy fcriptures, and the liturgies of the primitive church, render the ftudy of this language peculiarly useful and interesting. The Coptic version of the Old and New Testament, is certainly anterior to Theodoret, who makes mention of it; and mult, consequently, have been composed before the fifth century. It is, however, wanting in all the Polyglott Bibles; and we know it only by the Pentateuch, and the New Testament, which have been published at Oxford by Dr. Wilkins. The existence of this version, alone, is sufficient to render the study of the Coptic languige interesting; and therefore the lovers of oriental learning received with pleasure the Dictionary and Grammar of that language, that have been lately published at Oxford, and which have not, and, indeed, could not well escape the notice of the illuftrious Ecclefiaftic (RAPHAEL TUKI), to whom the public is indebted for the Coptic Grammar we here announce. This Grammar was publifhed in the Soth year of the Author's age : we find at the end of it some short remarks on the Memphitic and Thebaidic dialects, into which the Egyptian language is divided, of which the former was spoken in the lower, and the latter in the higher Egypt. The whole is published in two languages; in Latin for the use of the Europeans, and in Arabic for that of the Egyptians, among whom the Coptic is fallen into disuse, fince the invasion of the Saracens. The examples employed in this Grammar are taken from the versions of the Old and New Testament in the two diale&is, and they are generally followed by the corresponding pallages in the Arabic, La. tin, and Greek versions.
To the REMARKABLE PASSAGES in this Volume.
N. B. To find any particular Book, or Pamphlet, see the
.: Table of Contents, prefixed to the Volume.
ing the diminution of the length
of the year, 497.
BARK, the beft remedy for the pua
trid and ulcerous fore throat, 30,
Ariftotle's poetics, 524.,
Observations on His comparison of Epic poetry
with tragedy and history, 526.
duable manuscript of, 545.
cerning, 494. Surprizing ana-
that of the human species, 494.
ments on, 341, 381.
Books, introduction to the know.
BRAVERY ditlinguished from cou-
BRIDGE, remarkable one in Wales,
Briefe uber Rossland, &c. 58.
theory of the epochas of nature,
the reign of Edward VI. 205. BUTLER, his Hudibras, &c. ap.
Canals, navigable, their great
Defects in the English system of,
CAROLINA, South, extraordinary D'AZYR, M, Virg, his memoir
tory of certain fanatics there, relative to the anatomy of birds,
of the Mines in the Pyrenees
tical, of the writings of ancient Desis, M. Aufschers der Garell.
authors, their great se, 543. Biblioth. &c. See Books.
England, history of, 209. account of the tribunals of aa-
DESMAREST, M. his memoir on
preacher, 104. Critical account DESPOTISM, less extreme in the
bersveen Susanoa and
between John the Fooi.
between an Englihman
and a Frenchman, concerning
royal prerogative, 174.
between a bookseller
and a Grubitreer writer, 468.
DISCOURS politiques, historiques,
proroncé dans l'Acad.
Françoise. See Ducis.
fer's Japan, from the original
DONNE, Dr. a metaphyfical poet,
4. Specimen, ib.
DRAMA of the most ancient Greeks
gedy philosophically estimated,
poetry under Alexander and the
Prolemies, 512, Fanther ac-
counts of, 524. See also ARSS-
Keith, Lord Marshal, &c. 299.
Eugenins concerning religion, 96. ter considered, 186. His letter
being addifted to afrology, 187.
tion of, 15.
T A B L E
Titles, AUTHORS NAMES, &c. of the Publi-
cations reviewed in this Volume.
N. B. For REMARKABLE PASSAGES, in the Extracts, see the
IN D E X, at the End of the Volume.
*. For the CONTENTS of the Foreign Articles, in the Appendix,
see the last Page of this Table.
ANNALS of Europe,
ANSTEY. See Poetic.
467 APPLEGARTH's Theological Survey,
463 AGNIGGE WELLS, a Poeti, 235
44 BARRETÍI's Scelta di Lettere familiari,
BATEMAN's Appendix on Agiftment
BERRINGTON's Immaterialism deline.
BOTARELLI'S Italian Exercises, 156
that have retarded the Advancement ment,