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ART. XXIII.
Cæfaris de Floratiis in Archyg ymafio Romano Philofophiæ Profefforis, &

Modo Philofopbandi, Oficioque pbilosopbi, Liber Singularis.- A par
ticular Treatise concerning the Method of carrying on Philofo-
phical Investigation, and the Duty of a Philosopher. By the Abbé
CÆSAR ORAZI, Professor of Philosophy in the Roman College.
8vo. Rome. 1778.

ERE we have a new, ingenious, but not un-whimfical

philofopher, who undertakes to put us upon a fingular scent for the investigation of truth, and the fixing our ideas with respect to metaphysical, physical, and moral certitude. According to this Author, the criterion of truth, which the phiJosophers have been so long disputing about, refides neither in the rules of logic, nor in the clearness of our perceptions; nof does evidence itself deferve that appellation : where then? In or der to answer this question, the Author tells us, that we muft distinguilla the objects of an internal and intimate sense, or consciousness, from those of reason or argumentation; and, being assured, that we have real perceptions, certain in their nature, and independent on all reasoning, we must then deduce from this internal sense of our existence, and of the modifications of our ideas, all our reasonings concerning objects different from that existence and these ideas; and therefore consider the fout itself as the universal criterion of all human certitude, a direct and immediate criterion with respect to those truths that belong to the internal sense, and an indirect one for others that are deducible from it. We do not really think that there is any thing new in this system of investigation, but the uncouth and clumsy manner in which it is expressed. Is it not always taught to every stripling in philosophy, that the logical analysis carries us up to simple propositions, which are the objects of immediate intuition ? If this be not our Author's meaning, what is it? and if it be, why render old truths obscure by an intricate phraseology ?-Wha: he fay's of axioms is exceptionable, on aca count either of its obscurity or its falsehood. He affirms, that their truth is not, properly speaking, immediate (i. e. as we fup. pose he means, Jistinguished by the intuitive evidence of first principles), but that it is ascertained by reasonings; and that, analytically, these reasonings are not reducible to general principles, but to particular decisions of the intimate or internal sense. If the esteem we have for the acuteness of this Author did not prevent our treating him harshly, we should be tempted to allege, that the common sense of Dr. Oswald has got into his imagination, and now and then engendered there non-fenje. Yet there are several things in this book quæ tollere velles.

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ART. XXIV.
Rudimenta Linguee Cofte five #gyptiacæ, ad Um Collegii Urbani de

propaganda Fide.- Rediments of the Coptic or Egyptian Language,
• for the Use of the Society de Prepagarda, &c. 4.0.
THE antiquity of the Coptic

, which succeeded the symbolic and hieroglyphical language in Egypt, is abundantly ascertained, though it is not easy to point out the particular time of its origin and introduction among the inhabitants of that country. The resemblance of its letters to those of the Greeks, gives a certain degree of probability to the opinion of those learned men, who suppose that it was introduced into Egypt by Grecian colonies : its syntaxis, however, is of a quite particular kind, and has nothing at all in common with that of the other European or Oriental languages. The ancient versions of the holy fcriptures, and the liturgies of the primitive church, render the ftudy of this language peculiarly useful and interesting. The Coptic version of the Old and New Testament, is certainly anterior to Theodoret, who makes mention of it; and mult, consequently, have been composed before the fifth century. It is, however, wanting in all the Polyglott Bibles; and we know it only by the Pentateuch, and the New Testament, which have been published at Oxford by Dr. Wilkins. The existence of this version, alone, is sufficient to render the study of the Coptic languige interesting; and therefore the lovers of oriental learning received with pleasure the Dictionary and Grammar of that language, that have been lately published at Oxford, and which have not, and, indeed, could not well escape the notice of the illuftrious Ecclefiaftic (RAPHAEL TUKI), to whom the public is indebted for the Coptic Grammar we here announce. This Grammar was publifhed in the Soth year of the Author's age : we find at the end of it some short remarks on the Memphitic and Thebaidic dialects, into which the Egyptian language is divided, of which the former was spoken in the lower, and the latter in the higher Egypt. The whole is published in two languages; in Latin for the use of the Europeans, and in Arabic for that of the Egyptians, among whom the Coptic is fallen into disuse, fince the invasion of the Saracens. The examples employed in this Grammar are taken from the versions of the Old and New Testament in the two diale&is, and they are generally followed by the corresponding pallages in the Arabic, La. tin, and Greek versions.

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To the REMARKABLE PASSAGES in this Volume.

A

of, 1970

N. B. To find any particular Book, or Pamphlet, see the

.: Table of Contents, prefixed to the Volume.
Dultery, the den of, de- BAILLY, M. his memoir concern.
fcribed, 109.

ing the diminution of the length
ÆSCHYLUS, his dramas charac-

of the year, 497.
terized, 510.

BARK, the beft remedy for the pua
AGRICULTURE, as yet but imper-

trid and ulcerous fore throat, 30,
featly known in England, 127. BARTHELEMY, Abbé, his remarks
Peculiar difficulties attending the on the number of pieces that
study and improvement of, 128. were customarily represented on
Advantages of experimental the same day, on the Athenian
knowledge in, 133. A periodo

theatre, 527:
ical publication of improvements Basaltes of the ancients, inquiry
in farming recommended, 135 concerning, 499,
Benefits probably resulting from BATTEUX, Abbé, his memoir on
a performance of that kind, 136.

Ariftotle's poetics, 524.,

On
Model for recording experi- tragedy, 525. On comedy, ib.
ments, 243.

Observations on His comparison of Epic poetry
fcientific agriculture, 246.

with tragedy and history, 526.
Aque, Jumping, curious account Bauer, N. his memoirs of Wale

lachia, 304.
Air, experiments relative to, 161, Bewly, Mr. his experiments on
273

pyropbori, 171.
AMPUTATION of the extremities, BIBLE, Vulgate, account of a vå-
new method of performing, 493.

duable manuscript of, 545.
ANCIENS Mineralogifles. See Go- BIRDS, anatomy of, memoir con.
BET.

cerning, 494. Surprizing ana-
ANGYNA polypofa. See MICHA- logy between their forms and
Elis.

that of the human species, 494.
ANTI-PAROS, famous grotto of, Blood, observations and experi-
482.

ments on, 341, 381.
ANTIQU! TI€8, Moorish, in Spain, BOEHME's acad. dissertations, 60.
described, 139.

Books, introduction to the know.
ARATUS, the poet, characterized, ledge of, by M. Denis, 303.
5'3•

BRAVERY ditlinguished from cou-
ARNAUD, M. his translation of

rage, 2016
Plato's lo, 528.

BRIDGE, remarkable one in Wales,
ARISTOPHANES, his comedies cha-
racterized, Sil.

Briefe uber Rossland, &c. 58.
ARISTOTLE, his poetics critically BUFFON, M. his extraordinary
investigated, 524-526.

theory of the epochas of nature,
ARTILLERY, English, ftate of, in 531.

the reign of Edward VI. 205. BUTLER, his Hudibras, &c. ap.
And in the reign of Elizabeth, preciated, 190.
206.

Canals, navigable, their great
AUCKLAND Castle, account of, importance to a country, 387.
284.

Defects in the English system of,
AUSTRIA, effay on the hist, of, 52. and the remedy, pointed out,
BAD company, great danger of, 388.

210.
APP, Rev, Ixi.

CAROLINA,

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CAROLINA, South, extraordinary D'AZYR, M, Virg, his memoir

tory of certain fanatics there, relative to the anatomy of birds,
445. Curious account of a

494.
congress held there with the De Malus, M. his description
Creek Indians, 448.

of the Mines in the Pyrenees
CATALOGUES, descriptive and cri- repablished, 221.

tical, of the writings of ancient Desis, M. Aufschers der Garell.

authors, their great se, 543. Biblioth. &c. See Books.
CATECHISM of the church of Des Essarts, M. bis historical

England, history of, 209. account of the tribunals of aa-
CHARLEMAGNE, observations on cient nations, 222,
his reign, 215–218.

DESMAREST, M. his memoir on
CHRIST, his bigh character as a the basaltes, Part III. 498.

preacher, 104. Critical account DESPOTISM, less extreme in the
of the duration of his ministry, Oriental parts of the globe than
266. Obs. on bis discourse on generally imagined, 553.
the Mount, 27. On the trans. Dialogue between Dame Jenkins
actions of the day of bis resur. and Eugenius, 96.
rection, 272.

bersveen Susanoa and
CHURCHES, rise and progress of Margaret, 97.
their temporal jurisdiction, 529.

between John the Fooi.
CONNOISSANCE de l'affronomie, map and Clement, 99.
223.

between an Englihman
CONSIGLIO ad un giovane poeta,

and a Frenchman, concerning
460.

royal prerogative, 174.
CONVERSATION, critically invefti-

between a bookseller
gated, 47-

and a Grubitreer writer, 468.
Coptic language, an interesting DiCQUEMARE's astronomy, new
ftudy, 569. Rudiments of, by

edivon, 223,
whom publithed, ib.

DISCOURS politiques, historiques,
CORNISH MS. account of, 282. et critiques sur quelques gouverne-
COTILLON, objections to the in- . mens de l'Europe, &c. 454.
troduction of that mode of dan.

proroncé dans l'Acad.
cing, in England, 115,

Françoise. See Ducis.
COURAGE dittinguished from bra. Dohm, M. his edition of Kæmp-
yery, 2012

fer's Japan, from the original
COURTSHIP between the fexes
investigated, 421.

DONNE, Dr. a metaphyfical poet,
COWLEY, remarks on his poetical

4. Specimen, ib.
character, 2-7

DRAMA of the most ancient Greeks
COYER, Abbé, his observations on characterized, 510. Their tra-
England, 220.

gedy philosophically estimated,
Crown, législative power of, over ib. Their comedy, 511. Their
conquered countries, discufted,

poetry under Alexander and the
177

Prolemies, 512, Fanther ac-
D'ALBON, Count, his discourses

counts of, 524. See also ARSS-
concerning the government of TOTLE
certain countries in Europe, 454. Dress, of a page in Queen Eli-
D'ALEMBERT, his Eulogy of G. zabeth's time, curious defcrip-

Keith, Lord Marshal, &c. 299.
Dame Jenkins, her dialogue with DRYDEN, bis merit as a profe wri-

Eugenins concerning religion, 96. ter considered, 186. His letter
DANCING, strictures on the diffe- . to his sons in confirmation of bis
rent modes of, 115,

being addifted to afrology, 187.

MS. 145.

tion of, 15.

T A B L E

TO THE

Titles, AUTHORS NAMES, &c. of the Publi-

cations reviewed in this Volume.

N. B. For REMARKABLE PASSAGES, in the Extracts, see the

IN D E X, at the End of the Volume.

BRITISH PUBLICATIONS.

*. For the CONTENTS of the Foreign Articles, in the Appendix,

see the last Page of this Table.

137

A

10, 281

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75

A.

ANNALS of Europe,

ANSTEY. See Poetic.
DDRESS to Admiral Keppel, 147 ANTICIPATION, for the Year 1979,
to the People of Great

460
Britair;

231

continoed, ib.
to the Public on Education, 434 ANTIQUARIAN Repertory,
to the People of Great Britain, APPEAL. See SHORT.

467 APPLEGARTH's Theological Survey,
to the Representatives in Parlia-

233
ment,

ib.

B.
to both Houses of Parliament,

463 AGNIGGE WELLS, a Poeti, 235
Advice from a Lady of Quality to her BAMPFYLDE's Sonnets,
Children,

44 BARRETÍI's Scelta di Lettere familiari,
Arkin's Edition of Thomson,s Seasons, &c.

436
117 BATE's Flitch of Bacon, a Comic Ope.
AIR, fixed. See DOBSON. See PRIEST- ra,

233

BATEMAN's Appendix on Agiftment
AGRICOLA's Letters to Sir W. Howę, Tythe,
67 BEAZVILLE's Charity Sermoo,

160
AGRICULTURE. See ANDERSON. Bec, History of the Abbey of, 156
See MARSHALL.

BERRINGTON's Immaterialism deline.
ALARM, or Irish Spy,

308
ated,

33
ALBIN': Song Birds, in Oflavo, 73 BETTESWORTH's Arithmetic,

320
ALEXANDER's History of Women, 413 BIRDS. See ALBIN.
ALLIY's Widowed Queen, 438 BLOOD. See HEY.
ALVES, Şee ODIS,

BOTARELLI'S Italian Exercises, 156
AMERICA, Pamphlets relative to the BREASTS. See CLUBBE.
War there,
68, 70, 228, 230 BROUGXTON's Sermons,

319
ANDERSON's Inquiry into the Caules Brown's Reports of Cases in Parlia-

that have retarded the Advancement ment,
of Agriculcure,
127

BUIGH'

LEY.

65

144

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