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Shorte& and plainest . Manner, and supported by Examples, all taken from Cicero. Proper to be perused and learnt by Heart, by young People who have acquired a sufficient Knowledge of the Syntax. To which is added, a very concise Treatise on Numbers, newing in the fullest Light, the Way of expressing them in Latin. With the Roman Manner of counting the Days of Months. By

A. De Burcy. 12mo. Is. 6d. Printed for the Author. Sold · by Fielding and Walker.

This work is divided into five chapters. The firft consists of such general roles as were reducible under no particular head; the fecond is confined to-nouds; the third to pronouns; the fourch to verbs ; and the fifth to conjunctions, prepositions, adverbs, and other particles. The rules are drawn up with perspicuity and brevity, and in general, are judiciously exemplified. There are some, however, which we think not altogether unexceptionable ; those we mean, in which the young pupil is taught, that words are fometimes added in Latin merely for the sake of ornament. In this point, we apprehend the Writer to be mistaken. Whatever is merely useless, can never by good writers be considered as ornamental. It is poffible, indeed. that in a dead language, there will sometimes be shades of meaning too faint to strike the eye of a modern observer. Yet we may assure ourselves, that what may now appear to be altogether expletive, was originally intended to give fulness to the sense as well as hara mony to the period, either to add energy to the expression, or to render it more emphatical. That this, indeed, was the case, is obvious from many of the examples which Mr. De Burcy introduces as proving the contrary. * The Treatise on nouns of number will be very useful to young beginners, who generally find the Latin numerals extremely pero plexing. Art. 43. Institutes of Arithmetic, elementary and practical; de

figned as a Text-Book, for the Use of Schools. By William Gordon, Author of the Universal Accountant. 12mo. 2 s. Edin.

burgh printed : London sold by Richardson and Urquhart. 1779. • There is a kind of classical elegance, if we may lo express our. felves, in the method used throughout this book, which is not only new, but pleafing also. The definitions and rules are brief, clear, and distinct: but, as a school-book, we cannot help thinking, that there is a deficiency in the number of examples ; unless we are to fuppose it intended for youth of a riper age, than that at which with Ùs they usually set to learn arithmetic.

S E R M O N. 1. The Magiftrate's Dury with respect to Vice and Immorality, set forth,

-By a Minister of the established Church. 8vo. 6 d. 17793 Sold by Evans in Pater-nofter-row.

Whether this sermon was preached, or if preached, at what place, does not appear; it is, however, seasonably offered to the conīdera. tion of the public, particularly those to whom it is immediately addrefled, viz. all the magistrates of the kingdom.

After considering the magiftrate's duty to punish vice, and ens. merating several irregularities, which call for his particular regard ; fome objections to the exertion of his authority for this purpole, are answered ; and among the rest, the common, but often futile plea, that the magißrate is not called to act, unless some complaint is brought before him.


This Writer in Gifts, that there are several cases in which it is the magistrate's duty to visit suspected places, and search out offenders. He obferves particularly, that the legislature has laid a pecuniary penalty on mayors, sheriffs, &c. for not searching places suspected of unlawful games. On the whole, it is to be doubted, that there are magiftrates, who mighs profit (in the virtuous sense of the word) by a careful attention to the representations and advice delivered in this useful sermon.

CORRESPOND E N C E. To the AUTHORS of the MONTHLY REVIEW., GENTLEMEN, A Correspondent in your last, p. 399. maintains from Bingham,

that “the use of organs came into the church fince the time of Thomas Aquinas, anno 1250, and that they were introduced into churches by Martinus Sanutus, about the year 1290." But I think I car trace them at least a hundred years higher, on the authority of Gervas, the Monk of Canterbury, who wrote about the year 1194. In his description of Lanfranc's church, as it was before the fire in 1174, he has these words, Crux aufiralis fupra fernicemi organa geftare folebat *." And the ornamental foundation of this organ loti, being a projection faced with wainscotting painted, od which are the figures of St. Auguttine and St. Gregory, may fill be seen in that cathedral, over St. Michael's chapel, and is described by Mr. Goftling, in his ingenious · Walk,' p. 238. second edition. Youts, &c.


*.* We have read our worthy and learned Correspondent's letter, concerning the Doctrine of the Eternity of Hell Tormeots, with artention, but not with conviction. What we advanced upon that subject, in the Arcicle concerning Bishop Pearce's Sermons, was pot haltıly thrown out; but was the result of long and deep enquiry and reflection. We cannot, however, as Reviewers, enter into private controversies. If our Correspondent should resolve to lay his senciments before the Public, we shall give them a candid and ima partial confideration.

Att S. D.'s letter, relative to the want of a General INDEX to all the volumes of the Monthly REVIEW, has afreth excited our attention to that delign; concerning which we shall speedily come to a final determination.

*** Mr. Knox's Essays, Moral and Literary, Vol. II. in our next,

.. Decem Scriptores, .p. 1293

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ART. I. Voyage Pittoresque de la Grece. Chap. IV.-Travels through the dif.

ferent Parts of Greece, represented in a Series of Engravings. Large Folio. No. IV.. Paris. 1779. TT may be said of this noble and elegant work, that it ac

quires new charms, and new degrees of perfection, as it advances; mobilitate viget. The XXXIId plate, which begins this fourth part, contains a general chart of the isle of Paros, one of the most celebrated of the cluster called the Cyclades. Its opulence and population gave it a considerable ascendant over the neighbouring islands. Attacked in vain by Miltiades, conquered by Themistocles, pofleffed by Mithridates, and delivered up to the Romans, in consequence of the victorious arms of Sylla and Lucullus, it became the property of a noble Venetian † after the destruction of the Roman empire, was afterwards invaded by the successors of Mahomet, and subdued by

Barbarossa, in the reign of Soliman II. The remains of its an. - cient opulence and grandeur, which still strike the eye of the cua

rious traveller, are rich, precious, and interesting. Columns, sta. tues, cornices, architraves, of noble workmanship are discernible, in great abundance, in the walls of modern buildings, where they are lavished without taste, and placed without any order or arrangement. There is an old castle in this island, built of no other materials than the ruins of the most magnifi. cent ancient edifices. Paros was the native country of Archi

• See our account of No. III. in the last Appendix, vol. Ix., page 509. Numbers I. and II. were mentioned in former Reviews. .

† Mark Sanudo. • App, Rey. Vol. Ixi. ..Ii .


locus, the Aretin of ancient times, of Agoracrites, the disciple. of Phidias, and of Polignotes, Arcesilas, and Nicanor, who carried the art of encaustic painting to a considerable degree of perfection. This island is also famous for having furnished the Arundel marbles, which comprehend the principal epochas of Grecian history, from Cecrops to Alexander; and which are justly considered as one of the noblest literary ornaments of the university of Oxford.

The XXXIIId plate represents a Grecian dance at Paros.The XXXIVth the entrance of a marble quarry, in which an ancient basso-relievo iş placed, exhibiting a Bacchanal figure, ill executed. The XXXVth, which contains an accurate plan of the harbour of Nausa, where the Russians assembled their main force in the last war, furnishes our Author with an opportunity of entertaining the military reader with details rela: tive to the art of war.

The XXXVIth and the two following plates represent the entrance of the grotto of Anti-Paros, its geometrical plan and dimensions, and a view of its inside. This famous.grotto, whích, at this time, is such an interesting object to the naturalist, seems to have been unknown to the ancients, whom terror, perhaps, restrained from founding its depth, which some suppose to be .above 250 feet. The inhabitants of the island never attempted to descend into it before the year 1673, when M. de Nointel, the French Ambassador at Constantinople, went down, with a great part of his retinue, and other travellers, and had mass ce. lebrated in the lowest apartment of that vast cavern : the altar, employed on this occasion, was a stalagmite, whose height was 24 feet, and its base 20 feet diameter. Our Author had also the curiosity to undertake the formidable descent, and he describes, with the pen of a naturalist and a painter, the manner in which those masses of crystallization, which we find delineated in the XXXVIIth plate, are formed and augmented in their size and dimensions. The stalactites (like icicles, which during the winter hang from rocks that had been overflowed by the swelling torrents) grow and extend incessantly, in length, the conic figure, which they always derive from the mechanism of their formation ; while the drops that fall from them, when the filtration is abundant, form Nalagmites at the bottom of the cavern,, which rifing in a contrary direction, exhibit, at first, a range of columns, and at length joining the stalažites, unite with them in one folid mass. Notwithstanding the zealous cuLiwlity of our noble. and very ingenious Author, M. de CHOISEUL, to get at the extremity of this subterraneous cavern, he could not engage the inhabitants of the illand to affist him in this perilous enterprize, They told him that a goat, which


Tebröloyed on tits base 20ke the

thi hereus, drivenly in the attemptian that of onks of the

The x£on the labor : 36.5 chapels, rom them

werit altray in the grotto, after wandering a long time, came out in the isle of Nie. This story, however improbable, excited still more his curiosity; but he could not satisfy it.

In the XXXVIIIth plate we have a view of the village of St. . George in the island of Sciros; and in the XXXIXth a map of that island, in which Lycomedes is said to have reigned, when Theseus, driven from his dominions, fought there a retreat, and perished miserably in the attempt. The fuperftition of the inhabitants is still more exceffive than that of the other Greeks in the Archipelago ; it is nourished by the Monks of the convent of St. George, which are a colony of the monaftic republic of Mount Athos. The fuperior of this convent, who is always fent from Mount Athos, governs the isle of Sciros despotically," and strikes terror into the inhabitants by an image of his faint, which performs wonders of divination and vindi&tive justice; and thus draws ample contributions from the multitude. This convent is surrounded by 365 chapels, whose faints are a heavy burthen upon the laborious inhabitants.

The XLth plate represents the inhabitants of the island of Lemnos, the celebrated forge of Vulcan, in ancient times. - I. is natural to think that a volcano, or collection of fubterraneous fire, gave occasion to this fable; and, in effect, our Author found, throughout Greece, evident vestiges of the desolations produced by subterraneous fires, several of which burn ftill. But who would have thought, that the Iliad and Odyssey are nothing but the sacred and symbolical books of the priests of Siris (in Lucania); and that their Heroes and Deities are allegorical beings, designed to represent the disasters produced in the territory of Troy by subterraneous fires, which had before manifefted their terrors in several parts of Greece! This new piece of critical, or rather volcanic interpretation, is announced by our Author, as the invention of a Mr. Ciro Saverio Minervino, a learned Neapolitan, who has undertaken to prove it clearly in a work composed expressly for that purpose, -nay, who intends also to demonstrate that Homer was a fabulous being, and that the word Homer is no more than the title of the books, which have been attributed to him. This propensity to torment the immortal Author of the Iliad is not new. He has already passed through the hands of the chymists, who have pretended to discern, in his works, all the secret operations of their art, even the transmutation of metals; and he has been made, by some allegorical theologians, the mystical painter of the events of the Christian cburch, and of the miracles of its founder. This method of*** interpreting is similar to that of those divines and critics in Holland, who follow a certain Cocceius; one of whom, some time ago, spiritualized, in this manner, the labours of Hercules : making this hero pass for Jesus Christ, Alcmena for the Virgin



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