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of the reformed churches at this day, thac little more need be done, than to read that epistle to see our own likeness. 6. We have the
name, it is added, speaking of the English church, of a purely reformed church, which protests against the errors of popery, doctrinal and practical, but are we not dead as to faith and good works? We still have a name to live as a true church of Christ in our articles, homilies, and liturgy, but are we not dead as to the practice of all religious duties? And are we not ready to return into the bosom of the Popish church ?--This church state draws near to irs period. These wars, which are a juft punishment for our unbelief and apostacy, are introducing a glorious state in which brotherly love will prevail, &c.' But before this season, it is farther faid, how full of trouble and blood lhed will the nations on earth be! The dark and bloody way to the Philadelphian church-state is folemnly awful and very affecting.' We will not presume to controvert with our Author, any of his positions. We believe he means well, but how ftrange is is, that men of piety and learning should, so often, bewilder themselves and others in this book of the revelation ! Art. 32. Fifteen Sermons on select Subjects ; from the Manu.
fcripts of the late Reverend Thomas Broughton, A. M. Prebendary of Sarum, and Vicar of St. Mary Redcliff and St. Thomas, in Brilol. By the Reverend Thomas Broughton, A. M, of Wadham College, Oxford; and Vicar of Tiverton, near Bath, 8vo. 5 s. sewed. Cadell. 1778.
The hint for this publication, we are told, was suggesed by several of Mr. Broughton's late parishioners, among whom he resided upwards of thirty years; they expressed their wishes to become possessed of some of those discourses, which they had ofien heard from the pulpit with particular satisfaction: Some fermons they pointed out to bim, and others the Editor selected, eiteeming them edifying and useful. The subjects are as follows: The Example of Abraham's Faith; the Eloquence of Christ; the Parable of the Sower, in two parts; the good Samaritan ; the Parable of the rich Man and Lazarus, in Two parts; the Parable of the Ten Virgins; the Theory of Man; Hope in Chrift; the Joys of Heaven; the Repentance of a Sinner matter of joy in Heaven; the Duty of loving our Enemies; the argument from Miracles; the Conversion and Ministry of St. Paul' These discourses are sensible and practical.
SCHOOL-BOOK S. Art. 33. Arithmetic and Measurement, improved by Examples and
plain Demonstrations: wherein are laid down the different cultomary Perches, and other Measures, used in the several Parts of Great Britain and Ireland. Suitable to all Artills; but more especially those who are employed in Building, Gardening, Surveying Land, &c. To which is added, the Uie of an Initrument called a Tangent Rule, for the taking any given Diilance within a Quarter of a Mile. Revised, corrected, and improved. By William Davidion, Architect, and Land-Surveyor. 12o. 2. s. 6d. Högg.
The Author of this performance moves in a humble fphere; bus his labours may not, perhaps, on thas accoun', be a jot less usefui. We are all fo fond of inttructing men of genius and sciencs, --that is,
of giving to those who already are possessed of abundance,--that we utterly forget the artisan, the mechanic, and the labourer, who, in truth, ftand most in need of our aflitance, and through whom our knowledge and learning would often find the shorteft road to public utility. It is on these consideracions, that we think the Author of this little tract deserving of commendation : we may add, that his book is of a moderate price, which is no unimportant point at this day; and that the matter which it contains, is laid down in a manner so plain and easy to be understood, that we think every person, even of the meaneit capacity, mut comprehend it. Art. 34. Arithmetic in the first four fundamental Rules. With a
Collection of uleful Tables, &c. By J. Beccesworth, Master of the Academy in Quaker's Buildings, West Smithfield. 8vo. 3 d. Hogg
Useful, particularly to those who never learnt, or have forgotten, for want of practice, the rudiments of arithmetic. We are al. ways glad to see, and to encourage, these little cheap things, cal. culated for the accommodation of those who cannot afford to purchase dear books.
SERMONS I. Preached at Taunton, May 26, 1779, before an Assembly of the
Proteftant Diffenting Clergy. By the Rev. Sir Harry Trelawney, Bart. A. B. Published at the request of the Ministers. 4to. ise. Buckland, &c.
Rational, candid, benevolent, and pious. If the clergy would all preach in this strain, men would never cut one another's throats to prove themselves the true disciples of Jesus Chrift,who held throat. cutting in the utmost abhorrence. II. Compassion to Men's Souls the greatest Charity; and the Neceffity of
a Subscription for the support and Relief of Misionaries. ---Preached and published for the Benefit of the incorporated Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts; in consequence of the Lord Bishop of Worcester's circular Letter to the Clergy of his Diocese. By the Rev. Francis Rufford, B. A. Fellow of Wadham College, Oxford. 4to. 6d. Fielding and Walker.
Those who are intimately acquainted with American affairs, feem, generally, to agree in opinion, that the money raised here for the propagation of the Gospel in that part of the world, was never better employed than at this time, when it is so much wanted for the relief of those miffionaries, &c. who are sufferers for their inflexible attachment to this country.
The account of Mr. Crawford's Experiments and Observas tions on Animal Heat will be given in our next.
The well written letter of Eugenius, from Salisbury, in behalf of Mrs. Cowley's play of ALBINA, is acknowledged; but it has not induced the Reviewer of that tragedy to alter his opinion of is.
ÅRT: I. Selectia quædam Theocriti Idyllia. Recensuit, variorum
Notas adjecit, fualque Animadverfiones, partim Latine, partim Anglice fcriptas, immiscuit, Thomas Edwards, S. T. P. 8vo. 5 s. in Sheets. Cambridge printed, and sold by Woodyer. 1779. O those who wish to have an intimate acquaintance with
the works of the Sicilian Bard, this selection will prove a very acceptable present. Dr. Edwards evinces a critical knowledge both of his author and the language in which he writes ; and if he has not cleared up every difficulty, and elucidated all that was obscure, it is not through want of labour or of attention. The original text consists but of about 350 lines, and yet the notes are extended through upwards of 250 pages, Beside two or three-and-twenty pages more of Addenda, Corrigenda, Collationes, &c. When, however, the variety of matter which is comprehended in the notes is considered, and when it is observed also that those notes are professedly written in ufum juventutis academicæ, many of whom may possibly stand in need of every assistance, we are not to wonder that our Editor has been so particular and minute in many of his animadverfions.
· Left his readers should be surprised to find some of the notes in Latin, and others in English, he acquaints them, in his preface, that they were written at his leisure hours, sometimes in one language, sometimes in the other, as chance or inclination directed him; and that he knows of no purpose it would have answered to have printed them uniformly in Latin or in English.
With all due deference to the Doctor's opinion in this matter, we must beg leave to dissent from him. Editions of ancient authors ought to be for the benefit of the learned world in general, and not to be confined to the advantage of a partiVOL. LXI.
cular country. Were every editor of an ancient author to write his notes sometimes in Latin, at others in his vernacular tongue, it would frequently happen that the advantages to be reaped from them would be extremely limited. Had Reiske, Heinfius, Scaliger, &c. adopted the same mode of editing that Dr. Edwards has chofen, it is not imposible but the Doctor himself might, in many instances, have been unable to have availed himself of their affiftance.
But our objection to Dr. Edwards's English notes rests not here: the notes themselves, we mean with respect to the style in which they are expressed, are highly exceptionable. As a proof of our assertion, we will give an extract from a note on a passage in the fourth Idyllium :
• If I rightly understand the Poet's representation, Battus and Corydon are talking at some distance from the olives. Battus accidentally turning his head, sees the calves browsing on the trees. He instantly cries out,
βαλλε κάθε τα μοσχια, τας γαρ ελαιας Τον θαλλον τρωγοντι τα δυσσοα: and whilst he is uttering the first words, he and Corydon both fet a running together; and when he has uttered the remaining words, both set a hooting together :
Σ16', ο Λεπαργος:
Σ76', α Κυμαιθα, &c.* Whity goes away before Battus gets to the olives: be therefore stops running, and stands ftill. Cymætha ftays where she is, and stirs not an inch. Corydon therefore continues running towards her; and swears he will be the death of ber, if the does not take herself somewhere else:
8X EO AXPEIS ; Ηξω, ναι τον Πανα, κακον τελος αντικα δωσων,
Ει μη απει τατωθεν : Whilft he is saying this, she runs away: he follows her ; both whilst he is saying it, and after he has said it. Having fol. lowed her, as far as he thinks necessary, he returns ; and goes to the place, where Battus is standing. But scarce is he there, when he sees her coming to the plants again:
Ιδ', αυ σαλιν αδε σοθερπει Upon this Battus sets out; determined to drive her to some purpose, and by a good drubbing give her enough of meddling with olive-trees, &c.
* • Our Poet is such an excellent painter here, that one cannot read
Σιτθ, ο Λεπαργος Σιτθ', α Κυμαιθα, σοτι τον λοφον without seeing the hurry and bulle, the cwo rustics are in."
It is surely fomething fingular, that a Writer who seems so intimately acquainted with the niceties of a dead language should pay so little attention to the delicacy of his own!
Among other respectable names, we frequently meet with that of Mr. Toup, so justly celebrated for his consummate knowledge in Greek literature, as a contributor to the improvement of the present work. An observation, however, of this Gentleman's has been admitted, in which we can by no means agree with him. His words are these :
« Ιdem χίμαρος et χείμαρρος, ut χίμετλον et χειμετλον. Utrumque ato ts Xeiuatos scilicet. Atque hinc notandus lusus Theocrisi Idyl. 1. 5.
Αίκα δ' αίγα λάβη τηνος γέρας, ές τε ΚΑΤΑΡΡΕΙ
A XIMAPOE. Nam verbum καταρρείν de lapfu aquarum five χειμαρρε dicitur. Sed Theocritus semper festivus est.”
Though it be pofible that χίμαρος and χείμαρρος may have, , according to Mr. Toup, the same derivation, and though there can be no doubt of the primary use of the word xalopptiv, yct surely there can be nothing forced or unnatural in the metaphorical sense in which Theocritus has hitherto been supposed to apply it. Had he intended such a play upon the words as Mr. Toup imagines, he must have been guilty of a most unmeaning and miserable pun.
At the end of the volume are two Appendicule ; one containing the Editor's reasons for not prefixing the accentual marks to his own and Mr. Warton's notes, which are judicious and satisfactory. In the other are given hints at a new method which the Doctor has discovered, of scanning Greek and Latin hexameters, the usual method being, as he tells us, erroneous. For a fuller explanation of his system we are to wait for the publication of the Miscellanea Criticas a work which will some time or other see the light. This new fyftem of profody will then not only be illustrated and explained, but also the objections which he thinks are likely to be made to it will be considered.
ART. II, Confiderations on the present State of the Church Enablife.
ment, in Letters to the Right Reverend the Lord Bipop of London. By John Sturges, M. A. Prebendary of Winchester, and Chaplain in Ordinary to his Majesty. 8vo. 3 s. sewed. Cadell. 1779. N these Letters, Mr. Sturges considers how far our eccle
fiaftical establishment, as it now subfifts in this country, is an institution fit for the purposes it was meant to answer, both with respect to religion and society; how far the clergy of England are worthy ministers of the religion of Christ, and useful members of our civil community. Y 2