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· The ARRANGEMENT, 1777,
WHEA T. Time of Sowing.
| Quantity of Seed, 29–9 to 30-10.24 Acres in L 1, 2. 491 Bushels of Mt. 24-9 to 7-il 181 P 1, 2, 3.411 28-1c, 1 l of S2. 2 - - M.
433 Acres. 193 Bushels of Seed.
WINTER TARES. O&ober 10. 3 Acres in O 1, 3. 7 Bushels of G. 30-10 to 2-11. 11 - Si
25-2 to 1-3.
PEA BEANS. 10 Acres of M. 3, 4,1 43 Bush. of Maz. Beans 5, 6.
of L; and Marlborough Peafe: half-and-half.
Saved from F2. | 26 Burh. last Year's 18 —
Fodder of 131 Acres.
L. 44 Bushels of Seed.
24-3 to 5—4. 29–3 to 6-4. 22—3 to 17-4.
O A TS.
( 15 Bush, off a Chalk. 8 Acres in B 3 and 4:3 21 - raised in E,
( 28 Alemouth, 5 - A 4 and 5.1 26 Alemouth. 10 G 1 and 2.325
* The time of sowiog L 1 and 2 was from the 29th of the Ninth month (September) to the zoth of the Tenth month (October) 1776. it Of Wheat which grew in the division M.
PASTURE. 10 Acres in H I and 2.
51 Acres in K 2. 12 I I and 2.
Ri, 5, and 6.
225 Acres. 451 Acres.
F ALLOW. MIX GRASS-LEY. 4. Acre in F 1. for Barl, and Clov. 11 Acres in A 1, 2, and 3. U 6, - K 4. for Oats and Clov. BI and 2.
S 4. for Cabbage.
S. for Turnips.
GIVEN UP, or LETT OFF.
14 - - N 1, 2, 3, and 4. 445 Acres.
1R 2. MEADOW.
4 Siray Lands.
R 3 and 4.
vain NOW coisaatin
269Acres in all, excluding hedge, ditch, &c.
218 - of hedge, ditch, roads, &c.
291 including waste. • Thus every rod of the Farm is arranged under the head to which it immediately appertained in the Year 1777. By this mode of Arrangement, every patch and every corner is brought into view ; no part, be it ever so minute, can escape notice; no ftraggling acre of fallow can be left unfirred; no ley forgot to be rolled; nor corn omitted to be disweeded : the eye, at one glance, takes in the whole economy of that year's management.
• In HARVEST,-he opens an Account, or Head, for every parti. cular crop, or vegetable, to be harvested. And as the hay or corn is carried, he registers, in the evening, the number of loads which have been carried during the course of the day; mentioning in one line, the month and day, the field, the number of Harvest loads ; and, of Hay, the estimated number of Sale.loads ; and guelles at the number of Quarters the Corn crops will yield. When the whole of any particular crop is carried, he adds up the real number of harvelt jags, and the supposed number of sale-loads of hay, and quarters of corn ; and thus ascertains the gross Produce of that crop...
· These Crop. Accounts, or Accounts of Produce, he either keeps mircellaneously, and afterwards digests them agreeable to the repositories, whether barns or stacks, to which the loads have been carried; or, which is more expeditious, he subdivides the heads according to the stacks he means to make, or the barns he intends to 6ll, with the respective crops, and carries with his pen the number of loads immediately to the Barn or Stack to which the Hay or Corn had been carried by the waggons. But useful as these accounts of Produce are in the Barn and Farm-yard Management, they do not give a distinct idea of the produce of each field; he therefore re classes them, so as to ascertain, precisely, the number of loads produced by each field or division ; in order to form a comparative judgment of the various species of management which have attended the different de. partments of the Farm ; and from thence to draw LESSONS OF FUTURE MANAGEMENT.'
After having given this table of the general arrangement of his farm, he proceeds, in the following part of the work, to review every article in detail. The fcantiness of our limits forbid us to enter into this detail-but we shall give an abridged specimen of the article Wheat, from which fome idea of the whole may be obtained.
WHE A T. 1777.
3 P.S2184 — S 331 — Sl 4s —431 Acres. - 106 Harvef Jags. 123 Quarters f..8
SOIL • L, clayey Loam, with a retentive Subsoil.' is, fandy Loam, with a retentive Subsoil. «P, gravelly Loam, with an absorbent Subsoil.
• The stiff land produced the best Crop; but it was beft-rilled and best-manured : there was very good Wheat on some of the lighter Soils; especially on the sandy Loam, which was in high Tilth and good heart. And
• Perhaps ;-Wheat affects almost every Species of Soil. .
After this general division, he proceeds to tåke notice of fuch remarks as have been suggested by the experiments relating to Wheat under the articles-Soil-Manure-Seed-Weather. Succeffion-Soil Process-Manure Process Seed Process
• Began Reaping the 12th of August, and finished the ad of September : Began Carrying the 26th of August, and finished the 8th of September.'
t? Low as this estimate may seem, it proved to be above the Truth; the whole Yield being only 903 Bushels of Head, and 60 Bushels of Tail ; amounting together to 12o Quarters and 3 Bushels. Where the Crop was large and much lodged, I laid it at a Quarter each Jag; but I apprehend it did not yield so much ; whereas in a yield. ing Year, a Jag of equal size to those alluded to will afford from two Quarters to twenty Bushels of Wheat. Such is the pernicious effect of a cold, wet Summer'
Vegetating Procefs–Vegetable Process-the Crop-Quốndals: We select what occurs under the head Seed Process as a specimen of this department:
SE ED-P ROCE s.
Time of Sowing • Began fowing the 29th of September, and finished the 7th of November.
One fide of Ll. was fown, from three weeks to a month, before the other side.
"The early fown was much the largest, rankelt Crop; but it was almost wholly lodged, and the Grain very light in the ear: Whereas ibe late fown, in general, food; the ears were large and well filled; and, although the Crop in the Field was not more than two-thirds so bulky as that of the early fown, I am of opinion that in the Barn the late-jiwn will prove the best Crop.
« This equality, however, is merely a casualty of the weather, Had the Summer proved moderately dry, the early.forwn would have been considerably the belt Crop; its plants in the Spring were far more numerous and healthy than those of the late-fown: and indeed, generally, the Time of Sowing is one of those mysteries of Agricul. ture, which being in some degree dependant on Chance, cannot be Dicely regulated by human forefight. There may, nevertheless, be one GENERAL RULE FOR THE TIME OF SOWING; which, taken in a general Sense, may, perhaps, be applicable to every Crop, and to every Country,
. Perhaps ;-Sow poor Land early; rich Land late.
• For if ihe Summer prove wet, a field which is out of heart runs no risque of being injured by Rankness, and the field which is full of Manure will be prevented from lodging.
! If the Summer prove dry, a field which is poor, and which does not get its surface maded before the drought set in, is in danger of being linced, or wholly burnt up; while a field (of Wheat at least) which is in heart, will force its way, in defiance of the dryness of the weather..
• Early and late, however, when applied to the Time of Sowing, may each of them have a diftinét meaning in different countries. And indeed not only every country, but every county, nay, every diftria, may have, with frie propriety, its peculiar time of fowing. However, as a general regulation of the above maxim, we may venture to say,
Perhaps ;--Begin with the Soil which is poor, and FINISH with that which is in heart.
. Preparation of the Seed. • Part of it was prepared by fteeping it in strong Lime.water, falted fufficiently to bear an egg; and afterwards limed.
• Part was sown without Preparation.
• By Experiment, No. 5;-Pickling the Seed seemed to be disadvantageous to the Crop.
By Experiments, No. 7 and 19;~There was not the leal advantage arose this year from Brining Wheat.
• This is the second year I have made Experiments on pickling Wbeat, without one instance in its favour. It has always happened, however, that the entire Pieces on which the Experiments have been made, were wholly free from Smut (the disease intended to be guarded against); and consequently no comparison could be made. More Experiments are therefore necessary to a final decision.
Mode of Sowing.
• Part, over the tale Plit, fluted.
"It must be observed, however, that this Experiment was made in'." L 1. a clayey Loam : on a light fandy Loam, the result might have been different; perhaps the reverse. With respect to a tiff, cold fcil, however, this is a very decisive Experiment: the part rown under-plit had not half the number of plants as had the past fown over-plit: and, generally,
Perhaps ;-On cold wet Land, two Bushels of Wheat fown ! over the fresh Plit, is an equivalent to three Bumel's plowed in.
. By Experiment, No. 10;- It was immaterial whether the Soil was harrowed, or left rough, after fowing under-plit.
• (This Experiment, however, is not lufficiently decisive.)
• A comparative Experiment was made between the fresh Plit rough, and the fresh Plit fured; but the whole was so lodged and so ravelled, the result was dubious.
· The fale Plit fluted was plowed when the Surface was covered two or three inches thick with the third Crop of Clover ; the fres Plit fluted was plowed when the Surface was quite bare, the Aftergrass having been paftured off very close.
6-By Experiment, No. 13 ;-It is better to flute the stale Plit plowed clovery, than the fresh Plit pastured.
• The Experiment on fluting the fale Plit plowed clovery was repeated in two or three different places, and the results were uniformly in its favour.
Quantity of Seed. • Various : On a par, about 2; Bushels an Acre; and the Crop in general too rank: but the Seed was principally fown over the fresla Plit, or fresh Flutes; and,
• Perhaps ;-Two Bushels of Wheat rown over a fresh Surface, is equal to two and half Bushels fown on a stale Plit. '
• A tenacious Soil is here more particularly spoken of; the fare, face of which, when newly plowed, abounds with cells and fissures, wbich readily receive the Seed ; but which are Thut or filled up by the first shower of Rain, or even by the Dews and the mouldering of the Soil; and when once these Seed cells, are closed, and the Surface has acquired a Varnish,--a glazen Gruf, it becomes difficult to cover the Seed effectually,