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is a breach of the Mosaic injunction against fealing. But it is much to be doubled whether a nosable house wise, when she finds a fly opportunity of getting a pound of tea, a piece of Brussels, or a gallon of nice Hollands for her own use, will think herself bound by the Jewith decalogue, provided he can elude the pains and penalties of a British act of parliament.

Sometimes mankind err in pracice, when their intentions may be acquitted ; but in the above cases, thele good ladies, though they always cunningly mean to defraud their country, are often pero fectly innocent in the fact; by thinking as little of the dvjfer as they do of the eighth commandment. I. Tbe Neceflity of a National Reformation.-Occasioned by the pre

fent critical State of the Nation,-at the Parith Church of Leeds, July 11, 1779, and publised by Requel. By Miles Arkinfon, A. B. 8vo. 6d. Wallis, &c.

Mr. Atkinson contends that sin is the source of all calamity, and that to repent and turn through Jesus Christ unto God, is the way 10 safety and peace.'-This Gentleman preaches to a congregation of Chriftians, not philosophers. III. Preparation for Death-Preached at the Interment of Mr. Sa

muel Knight, late of Shoreditch, near Taunton, Somerset (who was killed by the Fall of a Wall, Dec. 28, 1778, in the 411 Year of his Age). By Thomas Reader. 12mo. 3d. Buckland.

This Author lately diftinguished himself as a great calculator :not in the same line with the ingenious Dr. Price, but in a line quite out of the Doctor's reach, or indeed that of any other man of mere common sense. He hath plunged deep in futurisy, and having feer, he tells

Of things invisible to morial fight!" His present discourse, though not so profound as his Apocalyptical Vifions t, is tinctured with the same dark hue of myfticism. We give Mr. Reader ample credit for his piety, which is undoubted; but we wish he would allow his good sense to check his fanaticism. There is a warmth of colouring in some of his expressions, suitable enough to a popolar and illiterate audience ; but we apprehend that only che lowest and grosseft part of the Diflenters can hear, without disgust, such an expression as this — It certainly becomes us to ak with a kind of infinite solicitude. ' Is the dart which is to dislodge me from earth, now fleeping in obe milk and honey of God's gracious Covenant, or in the vengeance of God's justice?'-To have given an air of confistency to this curious antithelis, he hould have compared the justice of God to vinegar and gall.

Bat we will not attempt to meud what ought to be totally reprobated as injurious to religion, and disgraceful to the pulpit. IV. Tbi Duty and Character of a national Soldier, Jan. 2, 1779, at

the High Church in Hull, before the Nortinghamshire Milicia, commanded by Lord George Sutton, on the Delivery of the Colours to the Regiment. 8vo. 6d. Johnfon.

We cannot conceive why the name of the Preacher is with-held from this very sensible and animated publication. It is really an excellent discourse, and cannot fail of doing honour to its Author. + Seç Review for January, p. 75.

The

The friends of civil liberty will be peculiarly pleased with his senti. ments on that head. Surely the worthy Preacher was not afraid left offence Mould be taken at those sentiments! V. Ai New Broad Street, Aug. 1, 1775, on the Death of the late

Rev. Caleb Fleming, D. D. who departed this Life July 21, in the &ift Year of his Age. By John Palmer. With the Oration de. livered at the Interment, by Jofeph Towers. 8vo. Is. Johnson, A respectable commemoration of a very respectable character.

CORRESPONDENCE. IN N answer to the quere of Philodomus (Vid Rev. July, last page)

a Correspondent has sent us the following extract from Leigh's Body of Divinity, inserted in a treatise of Lawson's, printed in 1703, ch. s. Of the Rise of Mufical Instruments in the Churches professing Chriftianity. “Instruments of Music were not heard of in the Latin church, till the days of Pope Vitalian, who, about the year 660, invented and brought the use of Organs into the church.”

Balæni Angliæ Episcopus, &c. Our Correspondent adds, that an Abbot named Benedictus, brought with him from Rome, in the year 724, one John the arch-chaunter; who first caught the English how to fing in the choir, after the man. ner of Rome; but that Sternhold and Hopkins were the first wbo composed the Psalms of David in Englih metre.

The same Correspondent informs us that Mr. Cars, the tranflator of Lucian, is the very respectable Master of a boarding school in great repute, at Hertford :' this in answer to a note at the end of our Review for June.

** To the Correspondent who inquires concerning the further conīderation of Dr. Kippis's Biograpbia Britannica,' we reply,-the subject will be resumed on the appearance of the second volume,

The N. B. from the same Correspondent, relating to a macter of business, in the Publisher's department, is referred to Mr. Becket; who will answer the Gentleman's inquiry, if favoured with his address.

+++ Robertsonioni's Letter is received, and the “Prize Eflays” therein mentioned will be considered.

$19 The explanation of the proverbial phrase to “ Bear the Bell,being a matter somewhat foreign from our plan, has been fent to the St. James's Chronicle, and was inserted in that paper of Sept. 21.

*1* The Bishop of Offory's Harmony of the Gospels, and Marshall's Experiments and Obfervations concerning Agriculture and the Weaiher, in our next,

* The wafer has rendered the name illegible; but it seems to be John or James, or something Lawson. We have not the book to consuli.

THE

MONTHLY REVIEW,

For OCTOBER, 1779.

TH

ART. I. Experiments and Observations concerning Agriculture and the

Wiather. By Mr. Marshall, Author of the “ Minutes of Agricul. tùre." 460. 7 s. 6d. fewed. Dodsley. 1779. HE choice that Solomon made of wisdom in preference

to every other endowment, considering that he was then a very young man, appears not a little extraordinary, and is a convincing proof that he was not, even at that period, destitute of a very considerable share of that estimable quality he wilhed to possess in ftill greater perfection ; but in the eyes of most young men, the brilliancy of GENÍUS seems more irresistibly alluring, although to such as are of riper years, it is often evident that this endowment more frequently proves hurtful than beneficial to its poffeffors, as it occasions a nicety of perception, and a keen irritability of temper, ill adapted to the ordinary occurrences of life. Convinced of this fact, Erasmus endeavoured to solace himself for the inconveniencies which had accrued to him from this cause, by writing his eulogium of FOLLY; and a later author *, with less wit, has more pathetically described the troubles that environ the man who is possessed of talents superior to those which the generality of mankind can boast.

This observation occurred to us on reading the work which is the subject of the present Article, and which is the production of a writer, who (if we mistake not) will, in time, feel the justness of these reflections still more forcibly than ourselves : for throughout the whole of his remarks we discover evident proofs of a lively and penetrating genius, running rapidly forward, in a career, in which he will be followed by few. He does not seem aware, that those who are the least able to

* Dr. John Gregory, in his Comparative View, &c. VOL. LXI.

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comprehend the excellences of his performance, will not only be most willing, but most able to discover its defects, and will be most successful, likewise, in pointing out those defects to others: for the little mind, incapable of comprehending the general plan of any great design, creeps along, pries into every trifle, catches at minute defects, and faithfully points them out to the multitude, whose contracted optics take in the same narrow range with itself t.

Old as we are now become in our literary labours, and accustomed to remark, for many years, the effects of different circumstances on the minds of men, it is hard to say whether, in many cases, we derive greater pleasure or pain from the perufal of works of genius. If we were to consider only ourselves,

+ There is a fiertè, a species of haughtiness in behaviour, too naiural to men of talents, which it were happy for themselves if they could correct, as it is perhaps the fource of more uneasiness than they can be aware of. We meet with a strong and most disgusting example of this, toward the end of the advertisement prefixed to the present volume, • The farm, says he, was let to a neighbour, whose birth, parentage, and education ; life, character, and VIOUR, are jointly and severally-not worth recording.'-The paffage is printed, as we have given it.

Notwithstanding our tenderness, and avowed partiality, for this Author, it is impossible for us to find words fufficiently expressive of our dislike of the foregoing passage; which is altogether unworthy of a place in any literary work. Leaving it, therefore, as indefenfible, in a liberal view, we shall only remonstrate with our Author on its impropriety with regard to himself. Mr. M. here affumes, with the utmoit arrogance, a pre-eminence over his neighbour, to which it is very posible his own vanity alone gives him a title. In certain respects it is highly probable our Author has greatly the advantage over his neighbour; in others, perhaps, the neighbour may excel our Author - and the walpithness of this remark is a strong prefumption with us that it is ro,

But granting it fhould be otherwise. Allowing even that this neighbour should be a much more insignificant person than he really is; if our Author has superior talents, ought he not to exercise these talents in cultivating a more liberal disposition of mind than can be expected from those to whom nature has been lefs bountiful? Ought he not also to know, that people of inferior abilities may be as vain of their talents as others, and must be more shocked at any contemptuous treatment than men of greater parts would be, because it preffes more upon the fore heel? Why then mould he wil. fully hurt them? Ic indicates a littleness of mind, to be capable of doing this, of which we hope our Author would be ashamed. Let him, moreover, be reminded, that indulging fallies of this kind, is usually attended by the most disagreeable consequences to the age gressor; it irritates beyond a poflibility of forgiveness; and may excite a thirst of vengeance which never can be satiated.

we should, in general, be highly pleased with these performances, because it is in these only we discover that novelty which can keep the mind from falling into a languid indifference, so natural to age; and because it helps to recal to memory the days of our youth, when the animal spirits, warm and glowing with beneficence, leaped with joy at the prospect of any thing that promised to be extensively useful: but when we turn our eyes to the authors of these works, and pass in ideal review the various disappointments that we forelee thickly rising around them, an involuntary figh escapes us, we embrace them as the children of our love, but we mourn over them as destined to struggle with difficulties which we are unable to avert.

When we reviewed the former work of this Author, these were our sensations,-nor are they changed by the perusal of the present performance. We saw him there sporting without fear. We see him here beginning to learn a little caution, but ftill hurried forward by the irresistible bent of his own genius. We discover fewer exuberances-less attachment to novelty and a somewhat greater degree of diffidence; but we do not perceive that the Author has yet obtained a clear view of the arduous nature of the undertaking in which he is engaged. Like Charles the Twelfth of Sweden, he seems to estimate the strength of other men by his own : than which nothing could be more fallacious. An apostle has said, that all things that are possible are not expedient-and an ancient legislator declared, that though his laws were not the most perfect which could be framed, they were the best that those people for whom they were intended could bear. In these sayings we discover much good sense, and we earnestly with that every improver would carefully attend to them.

This volume consists of a few experiments on agriculture, with some observations upon them, communicated to the Public chiefly with a view to serve as a model for the manner of recording agricultural experiments. As no explanatory words could give the reader such a proper idea of this operation as a fpecimen of the work, we ihall subjoin an extract from it, after having premised, that the Author prefixes to his book plan of his farm, on which the several fields are delineatedwhich fields are, for cafy reference, distinguished fimply by letters, as A, B, C, &c. and the several subdivisions are also marked, as A1, A 2, &c. &c. An account of the nature of the Toil-exposure, and other particulars, of each field, is also given-and its extent is marked in a separate table.

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