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Out of the dukedom; and confer fair Milan,
Alack, for pity!
Hear a little further, And then I'll bring thee to the present business Which now's upon us; without the which, this story Were most impertinent.
Wherefore did they not
That hour destroy us?
With colours fairer painted their foul ends.
Bore us some leagues to sea; where they prepar'd
Well demanded, wench;
cried out -] Perhaps we should read-cried on't.
a hint,] Hint is suggestion. So, in the beginning speech of the second act:
our hint of woe
A similar thought occurs in Antony and Cleopatra, Act V. sc.i:
it is a tidings
"To wash the eyes of kings." Steevens.
1 That wrings mine eyes.] i. e. squeezes the water out of them. The old copy reads
"That wrings mine eyes to't."
To what? every reader will ask. I have, therefore, by the advice of Dr. Farmer, omitted these words, which are unnecessary to the metre: hear, at the beginning of the next speech, being used as a dissyllable.
To wring, in the sense I contend for, occurs in the Merry Wives of Windsor, Act I. sc. ii: "his cook, or his laundry, or his washer, and his wringer." Steevens.
A rotten carcass of a boat,2 not rigg'd,
Alack! what trouble
Was I then to you!
O! a cherubim
Thou wast, that did preserve me! Thou didst smile, Infused with a fortitude from heaven,
When I have deck'd the sea5 with drops full salt;
of a boat,] The old copy reads-of a butt. Henley. It was corrected by Mr. Rowe. Malone. corr, ms, 1632
had quit it:] Old copy—have quit it. Corrected by Mr. Malone. "had" ms, 1632.
4 To cry to the sea that roar'd to us;] This conceit occurs again in the Winter's Tale:-" How the poor souls roar'd, and the sea mock'd them," &c. Steevens.
5 deck'd the sea-] To deck the sea, if explained, to honour, adorn, or dignify, is, indeed, ridiculous, but the original import of the verb deck, is to cover; so, in some parts, they yet say deck the table. This sense may be borne, but perhaps the poet wrote fleck'd, which I think is still used in rustic language of drops falling upon water. Dr. Warburton reads mock'd; the Oxford edition brack'd. Johnson.
Verstegan, p. 61. speaking of beer, says "So the overdecking or covering of beer came to be called berham, and afterwards barme." This very well supports Dr. Johnson's explanation. The following passage in Antony and Cleopatra may countenance the verb deck, in its common acceptation:
do not please sharp fate "To grace it with your sorrows."
What is this but decking it with tears?
Again, our author's Caliban says, Act III. sc. ii:
He has brave utensils,
"Which, when he has a house, he'll deck withal." Steevens. To deck, I am told, signifies in the North, to sprinkle. See ay's DICT. of North Country words, in verb. to deg, and to deck; and his DICT. of South Country words, in verb. dag. The latter signifies dew upon the grass!-hence daggle-tailed. In Cole's Latin Dictionary, 1679, we find,-" To dag, collutulo, irroro."
A correspondent, who signs himself Eboracensis, proposes that this contested word should be printed degg'd, which, says he, signifies sprinkled, and is in daily use in the North of England. When
Under my burden groan'd; which rais'd in me
How came we ashore?
Pro. By Providence divine.
Out of his charity, (who being then appointed
clothes that have been washed are too much dried, it is necessary to moisten them before they can be ironed, which is always done by sprinkling; this operation the maidens universally call degging. Reed.
6 An undergoing stomach,] Stomach is stubborn resolution. So, Horace: " gravem Pelidæ stomachum." Steevens.
7 Some food we had, and some fresh water, that A noble Neapolitan, Gonzalo,
Out of his charity, (who being then appointed
Master of this design,) did give us ;] Mr. Steevens has suggested, that we might better read-he being then appointed; and so we should certainly now write: but the reading of the old copy is the true one, that mode of phraseology being the idiom of Shakspeare's time. So, in the Winter's Tale:
This your son-in-law,
"And son unto the king, (whom heavens directing,)
Again, in Coriolanus:
waving thy hand,
"Which, often, thus, correcting thy stout heart,
"That will not hold the handling; or, say to them," &c.
I have left the passage in question as I found it, though with slender reliance on its integrity.
What Mr. Malone has styled "the idiom of Shakspeare's time," can scarce deserve so creditable a distinction. It should be remembered that the instances, adduced by him, in support of his position, are not from the early quartos, which he prefers on the score of accuracy, but from the folio 1623, the inaccuracy of which, with equal judgment, he has censured.
The genuine idiom of our language, at its different periods, can only be ascertained by reference to contemporary writers, whose works were skilfully revised, as they passed through the press, and are therefore unsuspected of corruption. A sufficient number of such books are before us. If they supply examples of phraseology, resembling that which Mr. Malone would establish, there is an end of controversy between us: Let, however, the
Rich garments, linens, stuffs, and necessaries,
'Would I might
But ever see that man!
"[Puls mrobe aqui_
disputed phrases be brought to their test before they are admitted; for I utterly refuse to accept the jargon of theatres and the mistakes of printers, as the idiom or grammar of the age, in which Shakspeare wrote. Every gross departure from literary rules may be countenanced, if we are permitted to draw examples from vitiated pages; and our readers, as often as they meet with restorations, founded on such authorities, may justly exclaim with Othello," Chaos is come again." Steevens.
8 Now I arise:] Why does Prospero arise? Or, if he does it to ease himself by change of posture, why need he interrupt his narrative to tell his daughter of it? Perhaps these words belong to Miranda, and we should read:
Mir. 'Would I might
But ever see that man!-Now I arise.
Pro. Sit still, and hear the last of our sea-sorrow.
Prospero, in p. 15, had directed his daughter to sit down, and learn the whole of this history; having previously by some magical charm disposed her to fall asleep. He is watching the progress of this charm; and in the mean time tells her a long story, often asking her whether her attention be still awake. The story being ended (as Miranda supposes) with their coming on shore, and partaking of the conveniences provided for them by the loyal humanity of Gonzalo, she therefore first expresses a wish to see the good old man, and then observes that she may now arise, as the story is done. Prospero, surprised that his charm does not yet work, bids her sit still; and then enters on fresh matter to amuse the time, telling her (what she knew before) that he had been her tutor, &c. But soon perceiving her drowsiness coming on, he breaks off abruptly, and leaves her still sitting to her slumbers. Blackstone.
As the words—“ now I arise”—may signify, "now I rise in my narration,”—" now my story heightens in its consequence," I have left the passage in question undisturbed. We still say, that the interest of a drama rises or declines. Steevens.
8. Stage direction ms. 1632. "Put on robe again he had laid off on p. 14. and in the printed copies does not take up at all. This plain that he does it here and arises for the purpose.
Mira. Heavens thank you for't! And now, I pray
(For still 'tis beating in my mind,) your reason For raising this sea-storm?
Know thus far forth.-
If now I court not, but omit,1 my fortunes
Will ever after droop.-Here cease more questions;
Come away, servant, come: I am ready now;
Ari. All hail, great master! grave sir, hail! I come To answer thy best pleasure; be't to fly,3
9 Now my dear lady,] i. e. now my auspicious mistress. Steevens. 1 I find my zenith doth depend upon
A most auspicious star; whose influence
If now I court not, but omit, &c.] So, in Julius Cæsar:
"Which taken at the flood, leads on to fortune;
"Is bound in shallows and in miseries."
'tis a good dulness,] Dr. Warburton rightly observes, that this sleepiness, which Prospero by his art had brought upon Miranda, and of which he knew not how soon the effect would begin, makes him question her so often whether she is attentive to his story. Johnson.
3 All hail, great master! grave sir, hail! I come
To answer thy best pleasure; be't to fly, &c.] Imitated by Fletcher in The Faithful Shepherdess :
66 -tell me sweetest,
"What new service now is meetest