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House.

SUBCOMMITTEE NO. 5.
Wnited States. Congress, OF THE
COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

NINETY-SECOND CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

PROPOSED AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION AND
LEGISLATION RELATING TO TRANSPORTATION AND

ASSIGNMENT OF PUBLIC SCHOOL PUPILS

Part 1

FEBRUARY 28, 29; MARCH 1, 2, 3, 6, 8, 9, 13, 15, 16; APRIL 12,

13, 26, 27 ; MAY 3, 4, 10, 18, AND 24, 1972

Serial No. 32

Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

80-449 0

WASHINGTON : 1972

KF21

J8666

1972

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

EMANUEL CELLER, New York, Chairman
PETER W. RODINO, JR., New Jersey WILLIAM M. MCCULLOCH, Ohio
HAROLD D. DONOHUE, Massachusetts RICHARD H. POFF, Virginia
JACK BROOKS, Texas

EDWARD HUTCHINSON, Michigan
JOHN DOWDY, Texas

ROBERT MCCLORY, Illinois ROBERT W. KASTENMEIER, Wisconsin HENRY P. SMITH III, New York DON EDWARDS, California

CHARLES W. SANDMAN, JR., New Jersey WILLIAM L. HUNGATE, Missouri

TOM RAILSBACK, Illinois JOHN CONYERS, JR., Michigan

EDWARD G. BIESTER, JR., Pennsylvania ANDREW JACOBS, JR., Indiana

CHARLES E. WIGGINS, California JOSHUA EILBERG, Pennsylvania

DAVID W. DENNIS, Indiana WILLIAM F. RYAN, New York

HAMILTON FISH, JR., New York JEROME R. WALDIE, California

R. LAWRENCE COUGHLIN, Pennsylvania EDWIN W. EDWARDS, Louisiana

WILEY MAYNE, Iowa WALTER FLOWERS, Alabama

LAWRENCE J. HOGAN, Maryland JAMES R. MANN, South Carolina

WILLIAM J. KEATING, Ohio
ABNER J. MIKVA, Illinois

JAMES D. McKEVITT, Colorado
PAUL S. SARBANES, Maryland
JOHN F. SEIBERLING, Ohio
JAMES ABOUREZK, South Dakota
GEORGE E. DANIELSON, California
ROBERT F. DRINAN, Massachusetts

Bess E. DICK, Staf Director
BENJAMIN L. ZELENKO, General Counsel

GARNER J. CLINE, Counsel

HERBERT FUCHS, Counsel
WILLIAM P. SHATTUCK, Counsel

JEROME M. ZEIFMAN, Counsel
HERBERT E. HOFFMAN, Counsel

DANIEL L. COHEN, Counsel
JOSEPH FISCHER, Law Revision Counsel
HOWARD C. EGLIT, Corrections Counsel

DONALD G. Benx, Associate Counsel
FRANKLIN G. POLK, A880ciate Counsel

THOMAS E. MOONEY, A88ociate Counsel
SAMUEL A. GARRISON III, A8sociate Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE NO. 5

EMANUEL CELLER, New York, Chairman JACK BROOKS, Texas

WILLIAM M. MCCULLOCH, Ohio WILLIAM L. HUNGATE, Missouri

RICHARD H. POFF, Virginia ANDREW JACOBS, JR., Indiana

EDWARD HUTCHINSON, Michigan ABNER J. MIKVA, Illinois

ROBERT MCCLORY, Illinois
JAMES ABOUREZK, South Dakota

BENJAMIN L. ZELENKO, General Counsel
FRANKLIN G. POLK, A88ociate Counsel
HERBERT E. HOFFMAN, Counsel

(11)

MDW 27se 72

CONTENTS

Hearing dates:

February 28, 1972.

February 29, 1972.

March 1, 1972.

March 2, 1972

March 3, 1972.

March 6, 1972.

March 8, 1972-

March 9, 1972

March 13, 1972-

March 15, 1972

March 16, 1972-

April 12, 1972..

April 13, 1972.

April 26, 1972.

April 27, 1972.

May 3, 1972..

May 4, 1972

May 10, 1972

May 18, 1972.

May 24, 1972

Text of bills.

Testimony of:

Abbitt, Hon. Watkins M., a U.S. Representative in Congress from

the State of Virginia.

Anderson, Mrs. Robert C., president, PTA Council, Pontiac, Mich...

Andrews, Rev. Stanley M., national coordinator, Action Now,

accompanied by Warren Richardson, General Counsel..

Arent, Albert E., chairman, National Jewish Community Relations

Advisory Council, representing nine national constituent member
agencies, accompanied by David Brody, director, Washington
Office of B'nai B'rith-Anti-Defamation League, and Mr. Joseph B.
Robison, director, Commission on Law and Social Action of the

American Jewish Congress..
Bakalis, Michael, Ph. D., Illinois superintendent of public instruction,

accompanied by Robert A. Lyons, director, Department of Equal
Education Opportunity, and Emmett Slingsby, assistant superin-

tendent of public instruction.--
Baker, Hon. La Mar, a U.S. Representative in Congress from the

State of Tennessee..
Baldwin, Donald, executive director, National Council Against Busing
Batdorf,' Irvin W., professor of New Testament literature, United

Theological Seminary, Dayton, Ohio....
Bennett, Hon. Charles E., a U.S. Representative in Congress from the

State of Florida.

Benson, Mrs. Bruce B., president, the League of Women Voters of the

United States..

Bevill, Hon. Tom, a U.S. Representative in Congress from the State of

Alabama...

Bickel, Alexander M., professor of law, Yale Law School..

Blackburn, Hon. Ben B., a U.S. Representative in Congress from the

State of Georgia.-

Brinkley, Hon. Jack, a U.S. Representative in Congress from the

State of Georgia...

1611

826

48
395

1365

13

و در تی

Page 1465

1536

68

9

1

961

997

1734

381

89

1714

1064

1178

896 968

Testimony of—Continued

Brown, J. R. (Joe), Sr., chairman, Americans Concerned About Today,

Greensboro, N.C.
Buice, Sam, chairman, Parents Against Forced Busing, St. Petersburg,

Fla
Cabell, Hon. Earle, a U.S. Representative in Congress from the State

of Texas.
Casey, Hon. Bob, a U.S. Representative in Congress from the State of

Texas.
Celler, Hon. Emanuel, a U.S. Representative in Congress from the

State of New York.
Clark, Ben, general chairman, Council of Citizens for Neighborhood

Schools of Dallas, Tex-
Cleveland, Mrs. Larnell A., Rochester, N.Y., accompanied by Mrs.

Geraldine Urbonas..
Cobau, John R., member of the steering committee, Grosse Pointe

Study and Action Committee for Education, Grosse Pointe, Mich..
Coleman, William T., Jr., Esq., chairman of the board, NAACP

Legal Defense Fund
Collins, Hon. James M., a U.S. Representative in Congress from the

State of Texas.
Corman, Hon. James C., a U.S. Representative in Congress from the

State of California..
Cristofano, Mrs. Mary Ann, president, United Schools Against Forced

Busing of Denver, Colo.-
Cutler, Lloyd N., Esq., co-chairman, Lawyers Committee for

Civil Rights Under Law, accompanied by John Doar, Esq., David

Tatel, and Ronald Rotunda..
Davis, W. Harry, member, Minneapolis, Minn., Board of Edu-

cation, accompanied by Frank Knoll, Executive Director, Urban

Coalition Action Council.
De Haven, Mrs. Joyce, a concerned mother, Dallas, Tex.
Devine, Hon. Samuel L., a U.S. Representative in Congress from the

State of Ohio..
Diaz, Mario, president, Board of Education, Southgate, Mich., Com-

munity School District, accompanied by George McCormick,

Superintendent of Schools..
Dingell, Hon. John D., a U.S. Representative in Congress from the

State of Michigan.
Doar, John. Esq., co-chairman, Lawyers Committee for Civil

Rights Under Law.
Doherty, David J., executive director, Pontiac, Mich., Urban Coali-

tion...
Downing, Hon. Thomas N., a U.S. Representative in Congress from

the State of Virginia ---
Ellison, Kaleel, president, Concerned Americans, Inc., of Jacksonville,

Fla., accompanied by Florida State Representatives Earl Dixon, Joe
Kennelly, and Ted Alvarez; and Roy N. Pooley on behalf of Citizens

for Democracy
Estes, Nolan, Ph. D., superintendent of schools, Dallas, Tex..
Farrell, Mrs.'James C., Pine Bluff, Ark.
Fisher, Hon. 0. C., a Ú.S. Representative in Congress from the State

of Texas..
Fleming, John, Ph. D., president, Board of Education of Richmond

County, Augusta, Ga-
Flowers, Hon. Walter, a U.S. Representative in Congress from the

State of Alabama..
Garcia, Hector P., M.D., American GI Forum of the United States,

Corpus Christi, Tex., accompanied by James De Anda, Esq.
Goldberg, Hon. Arthur J., former Associate Justice of the U.S.

Supreme Court...
Golden, Harry, editor, Carolina Israelite, Charlotte, N.C..
Goldfarb, Norman, Council on Human Relations, Inc., Buffalo, N.Y.,

accompanied by Frank Mesiah.
Green, John Plath, Esquire, president, Dallas School Board, Dallas,

Tex.-

95

664

499

1178

572

101

1620 910 714

100

414

3

1510

1469 641

1389

955

Pare 1669

132

558

459

1313

184

1707

645

1563

1694

728

120

Testimony of—Continued

Gunning, Rosemary, member, New York State Assembly; secretary,

New York State Neighborhood School Council..
Hagan, Hon. G. Elliott, a U.S. Representative in Congress from the

State of Georgia...
Hause, Charles J., president, Save Our Country, Inc., Wilmington,

N.C.,, accompanied by H. M. Roland, Former School Super-
intendent..
Hawkins, Hon. Augustus F., a U.S. Representative in Congress from

the State of California.. Hemingway, J. W., director, community relations, Community Coali

tion for Public Schools, Jackson, Miss., accompanied by Peter H.
Stewart, executive director.
Hesburgh, Rev. Theodore M., Chairman, U.S. Commission on Civil

Rights...
Hicks, Hon. Louise Day, a U.S. Representative in Congress from the

State of Massachusetts..
Holmes, Mrs. Richard P., president, City Council of Parent-Teacher

Association, Richardson, Tex.--
Horn, Stephen, Ph. D., Vice-Chairman, U.S. Commission on Civil

Rights, accompanied by Lawrence Glick, Deputy General Counsel;
John Buggs, staff director, and Martin Sloan, staff director for civil

rights program and policy --
Jenkins, Casey, Concerned Parents Association, Nashville, Tenn., ac-

companied by Pat Nichol, Esq--
Jones, Frank E., M.D., Social Action Committee of Christians and

Jews of Nashville, Tenn.-
Jones, Hon. Walter B., a U.S. Representative in Congress from the

State of North Carolina.
Kleindienst, Hon. Richard G., Acting Attorney General of the United

States, Department of Justice, accompanied by Ralph E. Erickson,
Assistant Attorney General, Office of Legal Counsel; and Daniel J.

McAuliffe, Deputy Assistant Attorney General.
Kraehenbuehl, Mrs. A. O., Jr., Chesterfield County Council of

PTA's and' U.S. Citizens' for Neighborhood Schools, Richmond,

V&-----
Lemlow, Mrs. Morris, chairman, Mothers Support Neighborhood

Schools, Inc., San Francisco, Calif...
Lent, Hon. Norman F., a U.S. Representative in Congress from the

State of New York..
Lynch, Arthur, Charlotte, N.C., accompanied by T. M. Martin and

Walter McDaniel.
McCabe, Mrs. Irene, president, National Action Group, Pontiac,

Mich.
McCulloch, Hon. William M., a U.S. Representative in Congress from

the State of Ohio.
McNinch, Sam S., member, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of

Education.
Mantooth, Don W., Marion County chairman, the American Party

of Indiana.
Marcheschi, Henry, member, Pasadena, Calif., Board of Education..
Marsh, Henry L. III, vice mayor, city of Richmond, Va..
Marshall

, Burke, deputy dean, Yale Law School, on behalf of Common
Cause...
Maulden, Mrs. Julia Watson, member, Charlotte-Mecklenburg

School Board..
Minor, Mrs. James M., Jr., legislative chairman, Virginia Federation

of Women's Clubs.
Minshall, Hon. William E., a U.S. Representative in Congress from

the State of Ohio.-
Mitchell, Clarence M., director, Washington Bureau, NAACP
Mizell, Hon. Wilmer D., a U.S. Representative in Congress from the

State of North Carolina.
Morgan, Charles M., Jr., Esq., director, Southern Regional Office,

American Civil Liberties Union..

1139

1486

1396

162

1690

1601

2

284

612 1417 1459

405

1301

1377

466 1238

41

1327

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